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September 8th, 2010

AUSTRALIA: BIKIES, TRIADS, OFFICIALS LINKED IN DRUG SMUGGLING RING

by ABC News

 

http://www.flarenetwork.org/learn/asia_and_pacific/article/australia_bikies_triads_officials_linked_in_drug_smuggling_ring.htm

One of the nation's biggest investigations into organised crime has exposed an international drug importation syndicate with links to the Comancheros outlaw bikie gang, Chinese triads and corrupt Australian officials

The two-year Operation Hoffman has uncovered how multi-million-dollar crime syndicates are operating like multinational enterprises, evading police by drawing on local and overseas resources and the latest technology.

It has led to major ecstasy, heroin and crystal methamphetamine drug busts across Australia, the biggest-ever drug bust on the Pacific island group of Tonga, and the discovery in May last year of a bikie armoury in Sydney - including automatic weapons and imitation police equipment.

Those arrested include alleged drug runners with links to Chinese triads and the Perth president of the Comancheros, Steven Milenkovski.

Despite Hoffman severely damaging the bikie group, the Comancheros have continued establishing a foothold in Melbourne under the control of local club controller Amad 'Jay' Malkhoun, a convicted heroin trafficker with interests in several Melbourne strip clubs

Operation Hoffman, a landmark multi-agency investigation led by the Australian Crime Commission, has also revealed the deep links between drug importers and rogue Australian maritime workers.

A joint ABC Four Corners and The Age investigation into organised crime can also reveal that:

  • In Victoria, authorities have uncovered links between corrupt Melbourne port workers, the Hells Angels and prominent Italian criminals
  • NSW police have identified a group of drug-importing Sydney port workers with government maritime security cards who have been active since 2004
  • Law enforcement agencies in Sydney recently updated a list of 150 organised crime targets in NSW alone

The two-year Operation Hoffman has uncovered how multi-million-dollar crime syndicates are operating like multinational enterprises, evading police by drawing on local and overseas resources and the latest technology.

It has led to major ecstasy, heroin and crystal methamphetamine drug busts across Australia, the biggest-ever drug bust on the Pacific island group of Tonga, and the discovery in May last year of a bikie armoury in Sydney - including automatic weapons and imitation police equipment.

Those arrested include alleged drug runners with links to Chinese triads and the Perth president of the Comancheros, Steven Milenkovski.

Despite Hoffman severely damaging the bikie group, the Comancheros have continued establishing a foothold in Melbourne under the control of local club controller Amad 'Jay' Malkhoun, a convicted heroin trafficker with interests in several Melbourne strip clubs.

One of Hoffman's key targets is Hakan Ayik, 32, from Sydney, who is understood to have worked as the local manager of an international drug syndicate with strong links to the triads and which used domestic criminal networks, including outlaw bikie clubs, as distributors and to provide muscle.

NSW police intelligence describes Ayik as a ''very serious money maker'' who ''generates a lot of money'' for the Comancheros and has multiple links to waterfront workers. Operation Hoffman ended earlier this month after NSW police issued an arrest warrant for Ayik for drug trafficking. It is believed he is now on the run.

The crime syndicate targeted by Hoffman also has links to allegedly corrupt NSW police analyst Terry Gregoriou, who was charged last December for allegedly leaking police files to the Comancheros via an intermediary.

The syndicate has also cultivated contacts with figures with access to the NSW prison system - including a serving prison officer - to pass money and messages to jailed crime figures.

Operation Hoffman's success lies in the cooperative efforts of traditionally mistrustful state and federal policing agencies, including NSW police, the NSW Crime Commission, the Australian Federal Police and anti-money laundering agency Austrac.

However, a senior law enforcement insider has revealed to Four Corners that despite its success, inadequate resourcing meant Operation Hoffman was unable to reach its full potential.

He said the criminal network it targeted "will reform very, very quickly". The insider said the ACC needed far more investigators to run major inquiries targeting the movement of illicit funds offshore, crucial to Operation Hoffman.

Under-resourced

The consensus among senior police is that the ACC is badly under-resourced given the size and reach, here and abroad, of Australia's new breed of technologically savvy and well-resourced underworld figures.

Federal Labor Senator Steve Hutchins, who is briefed by senior police as chairman of the ACC parliamentary committee, told Four Corners that major drug seizures had not affected the supply or price of drugs, which indicated Australia was clearly "not winning that war [against drug trafficking]".

Victorian Police Chief Commissioner Simon Overland said that drug data supported the view that policing agencies were only "making a small number of seizures in the total volume of drugs'' that enter the country.

This view is backed by former NSW police assistant commissioner Clive Small and the former head of Victoria's Purana gangland murder taskforce, Jim O'Brien.

"You'd have to be kidding yourself if you thought you were getting any more than probably 10 or 15 per cent off the street," Mr O'Brien said.

Senator Hutchins also called for reforms to combat organised crime on the waterfront because corruption in the sector was aiding the importation of drugs.

"The law enforcement agencies have been exposing what's been going on [on the waterfront] ... it's whether or not we as politicians are prepared to give them the weapons ... they need to combat it," he said.

Senior police sources have said the Federal Government's wharf security regime is a failure. The launching of a state and federal policing taskforce to combat organised crime on the wharves in NSW has been slowed due to inter-agency talks. It is set to be fully operational in the next fortnight.

The other frightening thing is that there believed form research undertaken that there is a strong link between Freemasonry and the Triads, and that Freemasons who want a murder carried out, who do not want to get their hands dirty, will use the Triads to do this work. After all, many senior Freemasons are senior judges, magistrates, barristers, police, politicians and so-called respectable businessmen who would never want to risk their reputations and/or the reputation of Freemasonry being links to a murder investigation, so their Triad connection is ideal. The Triads are already report in WikiPedia and other major reliable news and information organizations as being involved with illegal activities such as illegal gambling, loan sharking, money laundering, murder, heroin and opium, arms trafficking, prostitution, people smuggling, extortion, counterfeiting and, to a lesser extent, home invasion robberies.. etc, so another murder allegation against the Triads would bee seen as the Triads just going about their normal business activities.

http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/law-order/racing-watchdog-investigates-asian-crime-gang/story-fni0fee2-1226808017606

 

Racing watchdog investigates Asian crime gang

CARLY CRAWFORD- HERALD SUN-JANUARY 22, 2014

AN Asian triad is moving to infiltrate Australian horse racing, sparking an unprecedented investigation by racing authorities.

The Herald Sun can reveal a suspected senior figure, active within Hong Kong's notoriously violent crime gangs, has invested heavily in thoroughbred racing in Australia.

He owns a local horse stud and has connections to some of the biggest-name horses in Australian racing, including a Melbourne Cup runner.

Law enforcement and integrity figures believe the crime boss is a triad money launderer. Racing Integrity Commissioner Sal Perna confirmed he would investigate the man's activities with assistance from the Australian Crime Commission.

"We have received information about this matter and disclosed it to the ACC for assessment," Mr Perna said.

The Herald Sun cannot identify the figure or his assets for legal reasons.

The suspected triad figure is known to global integrity authorities as a key player in a powerful Hong Kong triad.

Hong Kong's dominant triads are the Sun Yee On and 14K.

A wealthy and apparently legitimate businessman, the figure heads a global manufacturing empire.

His business interests span a range of other fields, including mining, property, resources and horse racing.

He heads an international organisation that has secured ownership of a horse stud in Australia and has purchased a number of horses, according to industry figures. The stud acquired by his firm is home to some of the finest thoroughbred bloodlines in Australia. In a statement to the Herald Sun, Hong Kong police declined to publicly identify any triad members, but said: "Some individual members or persons claiming to have triad affiliations are occasionally found involving in criminal activities overseas or cross-boundary."

Triad-related crime accounts for about three per cent of all crime in Hong Kong, police said. The alleged triad figure heads a big investment firm that is listed on the Hong Kong stock exchange. Its business interests extend to Macau, the United Kingdom, China and Australia.

It does business out of a tropical tax haven.

The triad figure is listed as a director of a public company in Australia whose business relates to thoroughbreds. The Sun Yee On is Hong Kong's biggest, richest and best organised triad. It has tens of thousands of members and deals in nightclub standover, illegal gambling, drugs and extortion. According to officials from the Hong Kong Police Organised Crime and Triad Bureau, the Sun Yee On remains ¬active. Some of its members are alleged to have Communist Party links and dozens have been arrested for slashing to death members of rival gangs. Triad 14K is known for loansharking, illegal gambling and the brutal public executions of its rivals.

 

http://www.fas.org/irp/world/australia/docs/ncaaoc2.html

 

PARLIAMENT OF THE COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA

ASIAN ORGANISED CRIME IN AUSTRALIA

A Discussion Paper by the Parliamentary Joint Committee on the National Crime Authority
February 1995

(return to table of contents)

3. Asian Organised Crime - Definitions

3.1 The words 'Asian', 'organised' and 'crime' each require a brief comment in order to explain the scope of the remainder of this discussion paper.

3.2 The discussion paper deals with the three ethnically-based groupings commonly regarded as making up the 'Asian' organised crime of interest to Australian law enforcement agencies:

  • the various Chinese groups, sometimes referred to as the triads;
  • the Vietnamese groups;
  • and the Japanese groups, generally referred to as the yakuza or boryokudan.

3.3 The Report of the Review of Commonwealth Law Enforcement Arrangements recommended that the NCA have 'a strategic and/or coordination role' in respect of eleven matters, three of which were 'Chinese Triad Societies', 'Vietnamese organised crime groups', and 'Yakuza groups' (para. 7.50(4)). The Government has accepted this recommendation.

3.4 The Committee recognises that the vast majority of the ethnic communities referred to are not involved in organised, or indeed any, criminal activity. In using ethnicity as a defining factor, the Committee is following the well-established practice of law enforcement agencies both in Australia and overseas. In the view of these agencies, the particular criminal organisations use membership of the relevant ethnic group as a key factor in determining who is allowed to participate, especially at the more senior levels or in taking the major roles in particular crimes. Ethnic group membership is sometimes seen as a key factor enabling ethnic-group organised crime to be more successful than other groups. note#4 It is a matter for debate, however, whether the ethnic factor is sometimes overstated in the context of 'Asian organised crime' in Australia.

3.5 Russian organised crime has attracted a great deal of media interest since the break-up of the Soviet Union. However, it is not covered in this discussion paper, mainly because it is not conventionally considered as 'Asian'. Moreover, there is, it seems, little evidence that it has established any Australian presence so far. Only one significant case appears to have been reported, the one in 1993 by the Australian Federal Police (AFP): note#5

In January 1993, the AFP provided ACS [Australian Customs Service] with information which led to the targeting of Russian ships visiting Melbourne. As a result, a Russian seaman was arrested as he left the dock area in possession of 5.5kg of heroin and l50g of cannabis resin. Further inquiries resulted in the arrest of two alleged principals in Melbourne. This operation was the culmination of several years investigation and resulted in the identification of alleged syndicate members in the former Soviet Union and Australia. AFP members have travelled to Russia and as a result liaison has been established with the Russian police authorities.

3.6 However, by omitting consideration of Russian organised crime from this discussion paper, the Committee is not taking issue with the view that Australian agencies must remain alert to the real possibility that Russian-based criminal groups may target Australia. The Committee notes that the Report of the Review of Commonwealth Law Enforcement Arrangements recommended that the NCA have 'a strategic and/or coordination role' in respect of, amongst other groups, 'Eastern Block Organised Crime Groups', and that the Government has accepted this recommendation

3.7 Although geographically part of Asia, the Lebanon is not normally considered 'Asian' in the context of discussion of Asian organised crime. Hence, the Committee's discussion paper does not cover the activities of organised Lebanese criminal groups in Australia, although the Committee notes that such groups have for many years been involved in drug trafficking into Australia. note#6

3.8 Organised crime groups of ethnic Koreans reportedly exist in the United States, note#7 but there is nothing that the Committee is aware of to suggest they have established any presence in Australia.

3.9 The question of how best to define the term 'organised crime' has caused much debate over the years. note#8 For the purposes of this discussion paper, the Committee does not consider it necessary to enter into this debate or to define organised crime in any rigorous way. The following definition used by the NCA will serve: 'For the purpose of describing the broader criminal environment, the NCA defines organised crime as a systematic and continuing conspiracy to commit serious offences'. note#9

3.10 The Committee recognises, however, that an important issue in assessing the threat from, and the impact of, Asian organised crime in Australia is the degree to which it is organised. One of the suggestions made in this discussion paper is that Asian organised crime, as it impacts on Australia at least, is considerably less organised than might be thought from an uncritical reading of media reports. The Committee considers that the following observation made in 1989 by Dr Grant Wardlaw is pertinent in this context:

It seems that one problem we have is that we may often confuse criminal organisation or sophistication with organised crime. As society becomes more complex and as technologies open the way to new crimes or more sophisticated or larger scale ways of committing old ones, so the nature of crime is changing with the result that it is, almost by definition, becoming more organised. Looked at this way, most major crime will eventually become organised crime. Surely this is not what we mean when we speak of organised crime though, and use its existence to justify the creation of new investigative agencies and the legislating of new powers? Nevertheless, it seems to me that many of the cases, particularly in the drug trafficking field, which are cited as evidence of the grip of organised crime are evidence of nothing more than organisation and (rarely) sophistication. To be sure, this constitutes a serious law enforcement problem, but one which does not carry the sinister implications of being 'organised crime'. note#10

4. Chinese Organised Crime in Australia

Scope of Criminal Activity

4.1 The attention of Australian law enforcement agencies has focused on Chinese organised criminal activity in relation to a wide range of matters, including drug importation and distribution, illegal gambling, illegal prostitution, extortion, immigration malpractice and money laundering. A relatively new area in which organised ethnic-Chinese are believed to be prominent is sophisticated credit card fraud. note#11 There appears to be no solid evidence of significant organised, ethnic-Chinese, street gang activity, although it is difficult to be sure as there are many media reports that refer simply to 'Asian' gangs. note#12

4.2 The priority interest of Australian agencies has been in relation to organised, ethnic-Chinese, involvement in heroin trafficking into Australia from south-east Asia.

Drug Trafficking Activities

4.3 A 1991 assessment for the Commonwealth Government stated:

In terms of what might be termed 'mainstream' importation of heroin to meet Australian market demand, the principal source region (in terms of regularity of supply) is South-East Asia. This statement is not intended to diminish the importance and threat from other regions; a significant amount of heroin is known to be sourced from South-West Asia and the Middle East (even though seizure results indicate that these areas are responsible for 5 to 10 per cent of overall supply, some enforcement authorities estimate that the real order of magnitude is much higher than this). The assertion concerning South-East Asia as the principal source of heroin supply is persuasively based on both the consistent intelligence reporting on criminal activities and in the investigative outcomes of successful seizures of heroin. note#13

4.4 Others agree on the importance of south-east Asia as a source of the heroin arriving in Australia. The Report of the New South Wales Crime Commission for the year ended 30 June 1993, for example, stated on page 16 that 'the large importations mainly originate in China and South East Asia'. More recently, the Australian Federal Police (AFP) stated: 'Some 80% of the heroin seized in Australia can be sourced to the Golden Triangle' note#14 - that is, to the area in south-east Asia where Burma, Thailand and Laos meet.

4.5 Australian law enforcement agencies believe that ethnic Chinese have been for many years, and still are, the major organisers of heroin imports into Australia. A 1988 media report cited the National Crime Authority's Chinese liaison officer as saying that the Chinese had been linked to every major seizure of heroin in the previous two financial years, totalling 63 kg, and that an estimated 96 per cent of those cargoes seized had been triad-related. note#15

4.6 A 1991 assessment stated: 'The AFP and others estimate that Chinese crime groups are responsible for the importation of perhaps 80 per cent of all heroin being imported into Australia'. note#16 According to a media report based on a leaked 1992 national intelligence assessment, 85 to 90 per cent of heroin imports into Australia were organised by Chinese organised crime groups. note#17 The NSW Crime Commission reported in 1993: 'Essentially, heroin importation is largely controlled by persons of Chinese origin in Australia and overseas'. note#18 The AFP said in 1994 that:

Stability in the price of heroin and its quality in Australia indicate the importation of heroin into Australia is well organised and dominated by Chinese Organised Crime groups. Heroin is routed through Bangkok, the Malay Peninsula, Hong Kong and the People's Republic of China. note#19

4.7 Ethnic-Chinese are much less dominant in the distribution of heroin once it has been imported. The NSW Crime Commission reported in 1992 on organised heroin trafficking:

Some groups are concentrated at certain levels. Thus it has been observed that the highest stratum is often occupied by persons of Chinese origin who tend to be responsible for the introduction of much heroin to Australia and conduct the largest bulk transactions. It is unusual to find persons of Chinese origin in a supply stratum involving small quantities. The pattern is less consistent with other groups which will buy bulk locally and also engage in importation. Their associates within a group may occupy a range of levels in the supply chain and they will deal with groups which dominate particular levels such as the Chinese groups. note#20

4.8 A 1991 intelligence assessment stated:

One feature of heroin trafficking arrangements in Australia that reinforces the notion of an accommodation between operators, is that the majority of the importation efforts of the Chinese criminal groups is geared towards supplying other, non-Chinese, groups for their own distribution networks. The Chinese operate what is largely a heroin wholesale business, with little evidence of their further involvement downstream into retail distribution. note#21

Triad Societies and Chinese Organised Crime

4.9 In much popular discussion, Chinese organised crime is treated as synonymous with the triad societies, although the importance of the connection between the two is a matter for some debate. The following description of the triads is taken in edited form from a 1992 report of a United States Senate subcommittee: note#22

Modern triads trace their history to secret political societies formed in China during the 17th Century to overthrow the Ching Dynasty and to restore the Ming Dynasty to power. The term 'triad', later coined by British authorities in Hong Kong, is based on the triangular symbol found on flags and banners of the early secret societies. The symbol represents the three essential elements of heaven, earth, and man.

Because the early triads were attempting to topple the ruling elements of the day, and had, in fact, been persecuted in the past they developed secret forms of identification and communication. Triads today remain obsessively secretive and closed criminal fraternities. The triads also developed highly ritualized initiation ceremonies meant to instill a strong sense of secrecy, and more importantly, loyalty to other triad members. ...

The existence of triads is most extensively documented in Hong Kong, where the number of triad members is estimated to be in the tens of thousands, and to a lesser extent in Taiwan. ...

Triad societies all display some degree of hierarchy, and a typical triad has members organized by rank. Each rank carries a title and a numerical value, based on triad ritual. The leader of a triad is known as the 'Dragon Head,' and carries the rank '489'. Other 'office bearer' positions also exist, including '438', which is the second highest rank in a triad, and may be held by several different officials. ... other triad members are known as ordinary members or soldiers, and hold the rank of '49'. The relationships among individual triad members are based on ties between 'Dai-Lo's' (big brothers) and 'Sai-Lo's' (little brothers), where the Sai-Lo's give loyalty, support and sometimes money to their Dai-Lo, in exchange for protection and advice.

Although hierarchical in nature, triads tend not to be strictly controlled from the top, in contrast to more familiar crime groups such as La Cosa Nostra. Instead, triad members frequently branch out into their own criminal enterprises. While the triad leadership does not always initiate and direct the activities of all the triad members, triads clearly serve as international networking associations that facilitate such activity. Moreover, monetary profits from criminal activity of triad members often flow to the top in indirect ways, such as through gifts. ...

As one member of the Hong Kong-based 14K triad testified:

"I was not required to pay any percentage of profits to the 14K leadership. Triads do not work that way. Triad members do favors for each other, provide introductions and assistance to each other, engage in criminal schemes with one another, but triads generally do not have the kind of strictly disciplined organizational structure that other criminal groups like the Italian mafia have. For example, a triad member would not necessarily be required to get permission from the dragonhead of his particular triad in order to engage in a particular criminal undertaking - even if the particular deal involved an outsider or even a member of another triad. On the other hand, on the occasion of traditional Chinese holidays such as Chinese New Year, triad members traditionally give gifts to their 'big brother' or 'uncles' who often are office bearers in the triads."

Further testimony regarding relationships among Chinese crime groups came from Johnny Kon, a convicted heroin smuggler and triad member. He noted the importance of the Chinese concept of 'Guan Shi' in facilitating criminal relationships:

"Members of the Big Circle get power from 'Guan Shi' which is a relationship among people. Through such relationships, Big Circle members can call on triad members or other Big Circle members for help."

Triad membership is thus a valuable asset to the new international criminal. Triad membership facilitates criminal activities in a manner similar to the way membership in business associations facilitates the activities of a legitimate businessman. Thus, even though triads, as organizations, may not control a wide range of criminal activity, it is important for law enforcement officials to understand, investigate, and develop intelligence about triad organizations, because individual triad members are invariably involved in a wide range of criminal activity.

Although the criminal activities of triad members can be thought of as constituting both domestic and international activities, even domestic activities such as illegal gambling, extortion, and prostitution often have an international element. For example, prostitutes are imported or smuggled, sometimes against their will, over national borders, while proceeds from illegal domestic activities such as gambling are often laundered internationally. International activities include narcotics trafficking, money laundering, counterfeiting currency and credit cards, and alien smuggling. ...

The RHKP [Royal Hong Kong Police] estimate that there are currently about 50 triad societies in Hong Kong, with about 15 of those being very active. While it is very difficult to determine the exact number of triad members in Hong Kong, most authorities agree that there are at least 80,000. Some triads are thought to have as little as 100 members while Hong Kong's largest triad, the Sun Yee On, is believed to have at least 25,000 members.

After the Sun Yee On, the next largest triads are the Wo Group, including the Wo Hop To and at least nine other subgroups, which have over 20,000 Hong Kong members. The 14K Triad, including over 30 subgroups, is also believed to have over 20,000 Hong Kong members. The fourth largest group is the Luen Group with approximately 8,000 Hong Kong members. The Tung Group is thought to have approximately 3,000 Hong Kong members. All of these groups also have substantial overseas membership. Other triads exist with smaller membership. ...

The Big Circle Gang, which is sometimes referred to as a 'Mainland-based triad' is a relatively new group. This group initially consisted primarily of former Red Army Guards who left China for Hong Kong. Big Circle Gang members are particularly violent, specializing in armed robberies of jewelry stores in Hong Kong as well as in heroin trafficking. The Big Circle Gang is not technically a triad, but most Big Circle Gang members are also members of various triad societies. Johnny Kon, a former Big Circle associate and convicted heroin smuggler, testified that he helped organize a group of Big Circle Gang members into a tightly organized and disciplined group known as the Flaming Eagles which expanded from jewelry store robberies in Hong Kong to a world wide heroin distribution network. All of Kon's Big Circle associates were also members of other triads. ...

The main law enforcement body in Taiwan, the National Police Administration (NPA), recognizes two major Taiwan-based triads. The best known and largest of the two is the United Bamboo Gang, also known as the Chu Lien Pang. The second group is the Four Seas Gang, also known as Sei Hoi.

The United Bamboo Gang has an estimated membership of over 20,000. ... The Four Seas Gang has an estimated membership of over 5,000.

4.10 The Director of the United States Central Intelligence Agency told a United States Senate committee in April 1994:

These triads are fluid associations of criminals and quasi-legitimate businessmen based on contact networks and cultural, geographic and linguistic ties. ... The triads play an important role in worldwide heroin trafficking by facilitating transport and by providing a network of contacts for triad affiliated smugglers. They play a particularly important role in moving heroin through transshipment hubs, such as Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore, due to their influence over transportation unions and over shipping companies. note#23

4.11 Criminal triad societies of a sort are said to exist in Australia, even if they lack some of the characteristics of the traditional Hong Kong triad societies. The National Crime Authority's then Chairperson, Justice Stewart, said in 1988:

Broadly speaking, the Authority's investigations confirm earlier assessments that Chinese criminal elements in Australia have formed criminal associations, modelled to some extent on the traditional Chinese Triad secret societies such as exist in Hong Kong, Taiwan and elsewhere in Asia. These groups involve themselves in a wide range of criminal activities such as drug importation and distribution, extortion, fraud and money laundering.

There is no real evidence that these associations follow Triad initiation ceremonies or other rituals, or adopt a strict internal hierarchy. There is evidence however that members of well known Triad societies are resident in Australia and overseas members visit here from time to time for illegal purposes.

The power of individuals in these Australian Triad groups seems to be based on accumulated wealth, connections or demonstrated capacity for criminal enterprise rather than on traditional Triad power bases. Many of these people move with comparative ease between Australia, Hong Kong and elsewhere in South East Asia. note#24

4.12 In 1988, Mr Peter Lamb, at the time an AFP Assistant Commissioner, said that there were 'between three and ten' triad societies then operating in Australia.note#25 Media reports in 1988 claimed that Australian triad societies had perhaps 2,000 members. note#26 A 1989 report claimed that the 14K triad 'is well organised and well entrenched in Sydney, with offshoots in Melbourne'. note#27 In June 1991 a former NCA officer, Mr Carmel Chow, said: 'We are looking at maybe half a dozen triad groups in Sydney. We are talking about the Sun Yee On, the 14K, the Wo Yee Tong, the Big Circle. So really, we have half a dozen gangs now operating in Sydney.' note#28

4.13 The buyer of a 1988 importation into Sydney of 31 kg of heroin was (John) Chai Nam Yung, who was sentenced in March 1991 to 24 years' imprisonment for his part in the deal. He was described as the head of the Australian branch of the Wo Yee Tong triad, as well as being the owner of an illegal Sydney gambling club.note#29 A media follow-up story on the case said that 'Police sources here estimate that no more than half-a-dozen of these triad cells are operating in Australia, with an estimated membership of between 2000 and 3000' and that 'the majority of triad activity is centred on Sydney'. note#30 A 1992 internal report by the Asian division of the Victoria Police reportedly stated that there were known to be triads based in Melbourne and referred to members from triad groups such as the 14K, Sun Yee On, Wo Yee Tong and Wo Shing Wo. note#31

4.14 A 1992 United States report stated that the Sun Yee On triad has 'a presence' in several countries including Australia, the Wo Hop To triad 'has been tied to criminal activity' in Australia, and the Big Circle Gang 'has gained a foothold' in Australia. note#32 More recent reports from United States sources state that the 14K triad group and the Sun Yee On triad have a foothold in Australia. note#33 In September 1994, a member of the Victoria Police Asian crime squad told a court that the Sun Yee On triad had become more active in Melbourne in the previous year. note#34

4.15 The February 1994 Report of the Review of Commonwealth Law Enforcement Arrangements stated (para. 4.49):

Within Australia, it is apparent that several Triad societies do exist. As in Hong Kong, they provide a local pool of contacts for criminal ventures. Moreover, Australian residents who were Triad members in Hong Kong or other foreign countries have immediate access to a range of colleagues overseas who may be prepared to assist with criminal activities. There have been claims that certain Triad groups in Australia have operated as organisations when establishing gambling and protection rackets, but it is also possible that the criminals concerned were using a Triad's name for their own benefit and were acting outside the organisation.

4.16 As noted in paragraph 2.8 above, as long as people believe in the existence of powerful triad groups, they will be reluctant to resist the demands of those claiming to be triad members, or to inform police of their activities. This provides an incentive for ethnic-Chinese criminals to claim triad membership, however spurious the claim may be or however powerless and unorganised the triad in question may really be. note#35 Thus claims by criminals to be triad members cannot be taken at face value. Equally, assertions that criminal triads exist in Australia as powerful, well-organised, functioning entities must be treated sceptically insofar as the assertions are based on statements from criminals claiming membership in such organisations.

4.17 In 1988, the leaders of a non-criminal triad, the Melbourne-based Mun Ji Dong (MJD), which began life on the Victorian goldfields in the middle of the last century, presented their view on possible criminal triad presence in Australia. note#36

MJD members said law enforcement agencies were on the wrong track if they were working on the 'Chinese Mafia network' theory that international criminal Triads had established themselves in Australia and controlled a comprehensive range of criminal activities.

The MJD said there appeared little evidence that these crime Triads had established themselves here. A more realistic scenario was that some Chinese crime syndicates had individuals on the fringes of the Australian Chinese community, working as contacts for the importation of illicit narcotics and Asian prostitutes.

However, these people appeared to be low-profile operators without established criminal Triad power bases. 'I think we'd have spotted them (established Triad crime gangs) if they were around, but we haven't seen anything to suggest they've established themselves here,' said Mr Edmond Louey, a vice-secretary of the MJD.

Mr Louey said there were indications that some petty Asian criminals claimed 'heavy' Triad affiliations to intimidate victims.

MJD members dismissed suggestions that criminal Triads controlled illegal gambling: Chinese casinos in Melbourne and Sydney were operated by individuals.

4.18 There has in recent years apparently been some difference of opinion among law enforcement agencies in Australia and overseas about how important triads are to understanding and tackling Chinese organised criminal activity. The Chairperson of the National Crime Authority, Mr Tom Sherman told the Committee in 1992:

You get your two schools of thought, really. There is one school of thought that says the Triads are very important, and there is another school of thought that seems to be equally well informed that says that they are not so important. I suspect that, like all things, the truth lies somewhere in between.note#37

4.19 The National Crime Authority's General Manager, Operations, Mr Peter Lamb, made a similar point in a media interview in 1993: note#38

Asked if there was an organised Asian crime system in Australia, Mr Lamb said: 'I don't think anyone who has worked against organised crime would deny that.' But Mr Lamb said that was not to say groups like the Yakuza and Triads had cemented an illegal operation in Australia. The NCA's intelligence shows that some criminal groups in Australia have Triad members. But as Mr Lamb said: 'Whether that equates to the Triads being the real force behind the crime is another matter.'

4.20 As far as the Committee can discern, there is an increasing tendency to play down the relevance of triad links. It is not clear from the material available to the Committee to what extent this tendency is due to a better understanding of Chinese organised criminal activity, and to what extent it might reflect a shift in the way that activity is being conducted. There are suggestions that the more traditional, triad-oriented, way in which those criminal activities were once organised is increasingly being replaced by a more entrepreneurial, ad hoc, and multi-ethnic approach.

4.21 From a United States' perspective, the 1992 United States Senate subcommittee report previously referred to stated:

... neither triads, tongs nor gangs appear to be currently involved, as organizations, in heroin trafficking. While members of these groups frequently utilize their membership to benefit their heroin trafficking enterprises, the groups themselves are not typically part of the heroin smuggling.

... In fact, it is relatively easy for triad members to form criminal associations with members of other triads or with outsiders. note#39

4.22 An overview of the south-east Asian heroin trade was given to that subcommittee by a witness from the Central Intelligence Agency. He also stressed the fragmented, ad hoc organisation that was involved.

The main point is that Southeast Asian heroin trade is highly segmented with many independent organizations conspiring to supply the United States and other consuming countries. As heroin moves through the trafficking chain, control of the shipment is transferred several times:

In the initial phase, producers and refiners in Burma, Thailand and Laos obtain raw opium from farmers and refine it into heroin. Some three-quarters of the region's heroin refining capacity is concentrated just inside Burma.

In the second stage, international brokers in the region arrange the sale, consolidation and movement of large heroin shipments from refineries in Burma through Thailand to transshipment points elsewhere in Asia. note#40

Next, wholesale buyers, in places like Hong Kong and Singapore, purchase heroin from the brokers and move shipments to the United States for resale. The buyers are frequently connected with Chinese or other international organized crime groups.

Finally, retail distribution networks in the United States and Western Europe sell the product on the streets. They often have business connections with the Asian organized crime groups who dominate the wholesale business.

We believe that each heroin shipment has unique features. Processing, financing and transport operations are tailored according to the resources and requirements of the producers and the wholesale buyers. A single heroin shipment may involve multiple transactions between different brokers. note#41

4.23 A 1991 internal review of the NCA's Chinese organised crime reference (Iliad) stated:

Investigations under the Iliad Reference have, however, provided significant collateral for the proposition that Triad organisations in Australia are not central to the heroin trade, but are one element of the Chinese criminal environment in which criminal entrepreneurs undertake a variety of activities, including heroin importation. note#42

4.24 The Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence provided a 'national strategic assessment' in May 1992 called Chinese Organised Crime in Australia. The NCA informed the Committee that:

The ABCI Report considered a range of criminal activities including heroin importation and distribution, prostitution, illegal gambling, violence and money laundering. It also discussed Triad activities and questioned the importance of Triads to an understanding of COC [Chinese Organised Crime] activities in Australia. note#43

4.25 A 1993 paper by two Australian criminologists argued: 'Our ethnically Chinese criminals are just ethnic Chinese criminals; they can be organised in the corporate or enterprise sense but Triad membership or otherwise appears something of an irrelevance'. note#44 Another criminologist, Ian Dobinson, offered a similar view of the role of the triads in ethnic-Chinese organised heroin trafficking. He noted that '...law enforcement in Hong Kong appears to hold the view that small groups are involved and that there are no significant triad links'. note#45 He also argued that:

This is not to suggest that Chinese heroin groups are not 'organized'. Rather, it is to argue that they are not organized in the sense of large hierarchical syndicates inexorably linked to various triads. The significance of these groups in relation to their contribution to heroin availability cannot be denied, but Chinese involvement may be simply a reflection of a criminal counterpart to the legitimate economic dominance of ethnic Chinese in Southeast Asia.note#46

4.26 The prevalent view, therefore, appears to the Committee to be that whatever criminal triads exist in Australia do not operate as branches that are subject to control from some overseas headquarters. Indeed, it may be overstating things to regard them as enduring entities at all. In recent years in Australia, loosely-organised, syndicates appear to have been the predominant form in which Chinese organised crime has manifested itself. Some syndicate members may belong to a particular triad, others may belong to different triads, and some syndicate members may not have any triad connections.

4.27 The impetus for engaging in a particular criminal activity seems to come from the individuals rather than a triad. Syndicates form for particular purposes in very flexible ways and may dissolve once the immediate purpose, such as a major heroin importation, has been achieved. Alternatively they may re-form with altered membership for another purpose. Individuals may claim to be members of one triad at one time, and a different triad on a later occasion. The strength of a particular triad may be perceived to increase as particular successful criminals use it to facilitate their activities, and may rapidly decline if these criminals are arrested, retire or shift to another triad. In other words, this view suggests that Australian triads have little enduring strength, continuity of power, or inherent organisation.

Approach of the Law Enforcement Review Report

4.28 In describing the role of Chinese in 'major and organised crime in Australia', the February 1994 Report of the Review of Commonwealth Law Enforcement Arrangements, focused on the triads, note#47 although it did note that not all organised criminal activity undertaken by people from Chinese backgrounds could be attributed to the triad societies. note#48 In listing the criminal groups and activities upon which it thought the National Crime Authority should focus, the Review Report listed 'Chinese Triad Societies' rather than using an expression such as 'Chinese organised crime groups'. note#49

4.29 Too much, perhaps, should not be read into the expression used. Nonetheless, the Committee found this approach by the Review somewhat puzzling, given the preponderant view (set out above) that concentration on triad societies and membership in them is of only limited value in understand and tackling ethnic-Chinese organised criminal activity. It is interesting to contrast the Review's approach with an April 1994 statement by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation setting out the main international organised crime/drug enterprises that it regards as a major threat to United States society. On Asian organised crime, the statement does not refer to triad societies at all, but defines the groups as follows:

Asian Criminal Enterprises - the groups which pose the greatest threats are:
- Chinese criminal enterprises, such as criminally-influenced Tongs and their affiliated street gangs, which control illegal gambling, loansharking, and extortion activities in many Asian communities.
- Multi-ethnic Asian drug trafficking groups which smuggle Southeast·Asian heroin into the United States.
- Independent Asian gangs with international, national, or regional influence, including violent Chinese and Vietnamese gangs that are transient in nature.note#50

Geographic Spread within Australia

4.30 Justice Stewart told the Committee in 1988 that the NCA had not been able, due to lack of resources, to look at Chinese organised crime in any depth outside Sydney. However, it had evidence which strongly supported the conclusion that Chinese organised crime was just as entrenched in Melbourne as it was in Sydney, and that there was a strong Western Australian connection too. He suggested that wherever there was a Chinese community there would be some organised extortion. note#51

4.31 The South Australian Police Commissioner, Mr David Hunt, said in September 1994 that there was no direct evidence of triad activity in South Australia, although the number of Chinese prostitutes in Chinese-owned massage parlours had increased. note#52

4.32 In relation to the geographical scope of drug trafficking, an intelligence assessment in 1991 stated that:

Intelligence reports suggest strongly that, for most consignments of heroin, Sydney is the main destination point, with importation taking place either in Sydney itself or, on occasion, in other gateway airports for subsequent movement within the domestic transportation system across the country to Sydney. Border interdiction results from law enforcement operations show, likewise, a higher level of detections in Sydney than at any other port in Australia. note#53

4.33 Of the 33.667 kg of heroin seized at the Customs barrier in 1993, just over half (17.576 kg) was seized in NSW. note#54 Data for total seizures (ie. at the barrier and elsewhere in Australia) for 1993 also show the dominance of Sydney: of the 115.8 kg of heroin seized, 90 kg was seized in New South Wales. note#55To the extent that ethnic-Chinese groups dominate the import of heroin, this gives some measure of the distribution of their activities, although the figures fluctuate from year to year. Thus a single seizure of 71.6 kg in Sydney in 1993 accounts for nearly 80 per cent of the total seized in NSW during 1993. A single importation of over 120 kg that was seized in Darwin in September 1994 will similarly have a distorting effect on the 1994 figures.

4.34 In addition, point of seizure is, of course, not necessarily a reliable guide to where the importer is based. In September 1994 an operation involving the AFP and other agencies resulted in the seizure of 37.5 kg of heroin in Perth and another 11 kg in Adelaide. note#56 According to media reports, police believed the heroin originated in the Golden Triangle. It had been imported into Australia on a bulk-carrier through the port of Geraldton by Chinese seamen recruited in southern China and Hong Kong. Police thought that the entire shipment was destined for Sydney and was organised by a Sydney-based group with links to Hong Kong and Canada. Those arrested included Chinese nationals resident in Australia, Hong Kong nationals and Chinese-Canadians.

Cooperation with Other Criminal Groups

4.35 The observation was made above (para. 4.7) that much of the heroin importation by Chinese criminal groups is directed towards supplying other, non-Chinese, groups for their own distribution networks. As an illustration, a former Queensland Criminal Justice Commission officer was reported in February 1994 as having said that Chinese heroin importers were the source for an ethnic-Romanian drug distribution network on Australia's eastern seaboard. note#57

4.36 The Western Australia Police Deputy Commissioner, Mr Les Ayton, was recently reported as saying: 'An emerging threat is the cooperation that is developing between Chinese and Italian organised groups (that are) complementing each other with their knowledge of importation practices and distribution networks'. note#58However, the Committee is not aware of other evidence for the emergence of this threat.

4.37 The extent of organised criminal connections between Vietnamese, Vietnamese-born Chinese (Sino-Vietnamese) and other Chinese is unclear. In 1988, Justice Stewart told the Committee that there was some evidence that Chinese organised criminals were using ethnic-Vietnamese as 'foot-soldiers'. note#59 There is more recent evidence that suggests that the Vietnamese are no longer so ready to adopt subordinate roles.

4.38 Deputy Commissioner Ayton recently said: 'Vietnamese criminals, initially, were used by Chinese organised crime for use as couriers and as part of the distribution network. There is good intelligence and anecdotal evidence that the Vietnamese (criminals) are now emerging as major importers of heroin.' note#60 Mr Ayton also said that Vietnamese criminals were acting in concert with Chinese criminals in serious and widespread credit card fraud. He said counterfeit credit cards were being manufactured in Hong Kong and were readily available in Australia to organised crime groups.

4.39 The Australian Federal Police Annual Report 1992-93, p. 57 noted: 'A national intelligence project into Chinese organised crime continued. Research in Sydney has been widened to focus on the Vietnamese and Sino-Vietnamese gangs engaged in heroin trafficking and money laundering.' The NCA's most recent annual report states that NCA investigations in Melbourne had 'identified a Sino-Vietnamese group involved in heroin importation, distribution and other offences'.note#61

4.40 A January 1994 media report referred to the activities of the Criminal Justice Commission and stated:

It is suspected that members of the Vietnamese community may have criminal links to members of the Chinese community in Brisbane. Because of the increasingly noticeable criminal activities of the ethnic Chinese from Vietnam as well as native Vietnamese, a CJC intelligence project has been launched to embrace total Asian crime in Queensland ... note#62

4.41 On the other hand, another recent media report cited an unnamed 'senior Perth academic' as saying that the Vietnamese and Chinese had been fighting for dominance in the Perth heroin market. note#63 The report said in the previous two years the wholesale price of heroin in Perth had dropped from $15,000 an ounce to about $8,000 while the strength (purity) on offer had doubled. Police considered it was plausible to attribute this to the effect of the competition.

4.42 Law enforcement agencies have a legitimate concern that their task will be made more difficult if different groups of organised criminals work together - if for example, the triads form alliances with Italian or Vietnamese organised crime groups. The inconclusive reports that this may be occurring are, however, open to more than one interpretation. They may be no more than a reflection of the view set out above - that much that might be attributed to triad activity is more accurately seen as the work of temporary syndicates and networking by individuals. In the context of this view, alliances with non-triad groups are just further evidence of the opportunistic and ad hoc nature of those who use the triad label.

Hong Kong's Reversion to Chinese Rule in 1997

4.43 Some years ago concerns began to be expressed that the return of Hong Kong to the control of the People's Republic of China in 1997 would lead to an exodus of triad members. It was feared that those leaving would try to establish themselves in criminal activities in countries such as Australia, note#64 although this view was not unanimous. note#65 However, the February 1994 Report of the Review of Commonwealth Law Enforcement Arrangements (para. 4.50) presented a different view:

While there had been concern that there would be an exodus of Triad members from Hong Kong to Australia in the lead up to 1997, it now seems probable that the Triads have already established themselves in southern China and that they are mostly unconcerned about the return to PRC rule.

4.44 It seems that the economic boom in China, especially the part nearest Hong Kong, combined with greater economic freedom in China, have presented attractive opportunities for Hong Kong-based organised criminals. There are media reports of increased triad activity in China, especially in the coastal areas, and in November 1994 China's Justice Minister said that the re-emergence of the triads in China was posing a serious threat to its social stability. note#66

(continue to start of section 5)

(return to table of contents)

ENDNOTES

4. See for example United States Senate, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics and International Operations of the Committee on Foreign Relations, Recent Developments in Transnational Crime Affecting U.S. Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy, Hearings, 21 April 1994 (US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994), p. 123 where Bill Olson, a former Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Narcotics and a Fellow at the National Strategy Centre set out what he regarded as five major characteristics of international organised crime:

... Fifth, such groups are generally ethnically based. This is a particular advantage when groups begin to operate beyond their original homes or in multi-ethnic societies. By relying on a closed community of people who speak the same language and have cultural clues about identity that outsiders cannot penetrate easily, such groups developed added protection against penetration by law enforcement.

5. Australian Federal Police, Annual Report 1992-93, p. 58. See also "Police follow drug trail to Russia", Canberra Times, 24 July 1993, p. 16.

6. See Review of Commonwealth Law Enforcement Arrangements, February 1994, AGPS, Canberra, paras. 4.56 - 4.59 for a brief description. See also "Australia the main target for Lebanese drug exports", Australian, 29 March 1994 (reporting claim by Lebanese Interior Ministry referring to cannabis and cocaine, as well as heroin).

7. See for example the evidence of the United States Assistant Attorney General, Criminal Division, Robert S. Mueller, before the US Senate, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, Asian Organized Crime, Hearing, 6 November 1991 (US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992), p. 167:

Let me speak for a moment about the Asian organized crime problem in this country. It, in essence, consists of 4 major groups: first, Chinese organized crime, including triads, criminally-influenced tongs, and street gangs; second, the Japanese criminal society known as the Boryokudan, or "Yakuza"; third, Vietnamese organized crime, which largely consists of street gangs; and, lastly, Korean gangs, some of which are closely associated with the Boryokudan.

8. For two recent contributions see: P. Dickie and P. Wilson, "Defining Organised Crime: An Operational Perspective", Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol. 4, no. 3, March 1993, p. 215; and D. Greaves and S. Pinto, "Redefining Organised Crime: Commentary on a Recent Paper by Phil Dickie and Paul Wilson", Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol. 5, no. 2, November 1993, p. 218.

9. National Crime Authority, Corporate Plan July 1993 - June 1996, AGPS, Canberra, 1993, p. 22.

10. G. Wardlaw, "Conceptual Frameworks of Organised Crime Useful Tools or Academic Irrelevancies?", paper delivered at the Australian Institute of Criminology's Organised Crime Conference, Canberra, 5-7 September 1989, p. 4.

11. See for example, para. 4.38 below and "Triads strike on gold cards", Sunday Mail (Brisbane), 23 October 1994, p. 34. See also United States Senate, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, The New International Criminal and Asian Organized Crime, Report, December 1992 (US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993), pp. 44-45 (footnote omitted):

Losses resulting from counterfeit credit card activity have risen dramatically over the past few years. Technological innovations during the mid-1980's managed to stem a previous spurt of counterfeiting, but the criminal sophistication of Chinese criminal groups based in Hong Kong has led to a notable resurgence of credit card counterfeiting in the past few years. Hong Kong-based counterfeiting rings were responsible for as much as 40 percent of the total worldwide counterfeit credit card losses of about $200 million in 1991. While much of the actual counterfeiting is done in such locales as Hong Kong, Thailand, Singapore, and Malaysia, the counterfeit cards are now being used in Europe, Australia, and North America as well.

12. See para. 5.12 below in the context of discussion of Vietnamese street gangs.

13. G. Wardlaw, D. McDowell and J. Schmidt, Australia's Illegal Drug Problem: A Strategic Intelligence Assessment, (A paper prepared by The Criminal Environment Assessment Unit), April 1991, Attorney-General's Department, Canberra, para. 5.11.

14. Australian Federal Police, "Australia's Relations with Thailand: An AFP Perspective", September 1994 (a submission from the AFP to the Foreign Affairs Sub-Committee of the Joint Parliamentary Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade), p. 4.

15. "Chinese Triads behind '86 pc of heroin seized'", Australian, 13 July 1988, p. 3. Note that the headline uses the figure 86% while the body of the story uses 96%.

16. G. Wardlaw, D. McDowell and J. Schmidt, Australia's Illegal Drug Problem: A Strategic Intelligence Assessment, (A paper prepared by The Criminal Environment Assessment Unit), April 1991, Attorney-General's Department, Canberra, para. 5.35.

17. "Asian crime gangs lead heroin imports", The Weekend Australian, 20-21 November 1993, p. 3

18. New South Wales, Report of the New South Wales Crime Commission for the year ended 30 June 1993, p. 16.

19. Australian Federal Police, "Australia's Relations with Thailand: An AFP Perspective", September 1994 (a submission from the AFP to the Foreign Affairs Sub-Committee of the Joint Parliamentary Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade), p. 4.

20. New South Wales, Report of the Crime Commission for the year ended 30 June 1992, para. 2.76.

21. G. Wardlaw, D. McDowell and J. Schmidt, Australia's Illegal Drug Problem: A Strategic Intelligence Assessment, (A paper prepared by The Criminal Environment Assessment Unit), April 1991, Attorney-General's Department, Canberra, para. 5.40.

22. United States Senate, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, The New International Criminal and Asian Organized Crime, Report, December 1992 (US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993), pp. 3-6, 10-11.

23. United States Senate, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics and International Operations of the Committee on Foreign Relations, Recent Developments in Transnational Crime Affecting U.S. Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy, Hearings, 20 April 1994 (US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994), p. 7.

24. Text of a public statement, 22 June 1988, reproduced in the NCA's Annual Report 1987-88, p. 66.

25. ABC TV, 7.30 Report, 24 October 1988 (transcript, p. 5).

26. For example, see "Chinese Triads behind '86 pc of heroin seized'", Australian, 13 July 1988, p. 3; "The story of a Chinese mafia", Melbourne Herald, 23 August 1988, p. 13; "The day of the Triads: Hong Kong's gangs move in on Australia", Newsweek, 8 November 1988.

27. "Big Circle Gang a maverick group", The Age, 13 May 1989, p. 4.

28. Channel Nine, Sixty Minutes, 23 June 1991 (transcript, p. 2).

29. "How Australian cops snared the triad's diplomat couriers", Sydney Morning Herald, 11 May 1991, p. 45; "The Asian Connection" The Bulletin, 2 April 1991, p. 86.

30. "The Asian Connection" The Bulletin, 2 April 1991, pp. 86, 87.

31. "Police report predicts rise in Asian crime", The Age, 10 August 1992, p. 1.

32. United States Senate, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, The New International Criminal and Asian Organized Crime, Report, December 1992 (US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993), pp. 9, 10, 11.

33. "Triads linked to Australia", West Australian, 7 September 1994, p. 7 citing "FBI documents".

34. "Police tell of triad push", Herald Sun, 14 September 1994, p. 10.

35. See for example R.J. Kelly, Ko-Lin Chin and J.A. Fagan, "The dragon breathes fire: Chinese organized crime in New York City", Crime, Law and Social Change, vol. 19, 1993, p. 258: "By emulating Triad initiation rites and internalizing Triad norms and values, they [gang members] can claim a certain traditional legitimacy within their communities. This folkloric benediction elevates them above the kind of simple street thug and enables them to instill a level of fear that no other ethnic gangs can match."

36. "Cut out the theatrics, 'good' Triad tells police", Australian, 19 November 1988, p. 4.

37. Parliamentary Joint Committee on the National Crime Authority, in camera Hansard, 27 November 1992, p. 87.

38. "Terror as Asian gangs rule the streets", Sun-Herald, 30 May 1993, pp. 12-13.

39. United States Senate, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, The New International Criminal and Asian Organized Crime, Report, December 1992 (US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993), p. 29.

40. More recent reports suggest that there has been a significant shift in the trafficking route, with only about half the heroin traffic passing through Thailand, with a significant proportion now going through China: "Pusher With A Cause", Far Eastern Economic Review, 20 January 1994, p. 26.

41. United States Senate, Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, Asian Organized Crime: The New International Criminal, Hearing, 4 August 1992 (US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992), pp. 67-68 (Evidence of D. Cohen, Associate Deputy Director for Intelligence, Central Intelligence Agency).

42. NCA, Shamrock Report, April 1991 quoted in a paper by the NCA Intelligence Branch, Progress Report to the Parliamentary Joint Committee on the National Crime Authority on the Chinese Organised Crime National Initiative, December 1992, para. 11.

43. ibid., para. 16.

44. P. Dickie and P. Wilson, "Defining Organised Crime: An Operational Perspective", Current Issues in Criminal Justice, vol. 4, no. 3, March 1993, p. 222.

45. I. Dobinson, "Pinning a Tail on the Dragon: The Chinese and the International Heroin Trade", Crime & Delinquency, vol. 39, no. 3, July 1993, p. 374.

46. ibid.

47. paras. 4.48 to 4.50.

48. para. 4.37.

49. para. 7.50(4).

50. United States Senate, Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics and International Operations of the Committee on Foreign Relations, Recent Developments in Transnational Crime Affecting U.S. Law Enforcement and Foreign Relations, Hearings, 20 April 1994 (US Gov. Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994), p. 81 (prepared statement, incorporated in the transcript, of James Frier, Deputy Assistant Director, Criminal Division, FBI). The statement also lists yakuza gangs and eurasian gangs (ie. from the former Soviet Union). Later in the statement (p. 83) the term "multi-ethnic Asian drug trafficking organizations" is expanded:

These groups are often comprised of Chinese, Thai and other Asian criminals, who frequently use their current or past membership in Triads, criminally-influenced Tongs, or gangs to facilitate their activities. These loosely organized groups are global in nature and scope, and are involved in the production, transportation, distribution, and money laundering aspects of international heroin trafficking.

51. Parliamentary Joint Committee on the National Crime Authority, in camera Hansard, 3 June 1988, p. 578.

52. "Fear of gang ties to prostitution", Advertiser, 22 September 1994, p. 9.

53. G. Wardlaw, D. McDowell and J. Schmidt, Australia's Illegal Drug Problem: A Strategic Intelligence Assessment, (A paper prepared by The Criminal Environment Assessment Unit), April 1991, Attorney-General's Department, Canberra, para. 5.27.

54. See Australian Bureau of Criminal Intelligence, Australian Drug Intelligence Assessment 1993, p. 35.

55. ibid., p. 38.

56. See "Arrests, drug seizure have hurt gang: police", West Australian, 24 September 1994, p. 31; "WA gateway for heroin", Sunday Times, 25 September 1994, pp. 1, 2; and "Massive hauls of high-grade heroin", Sunday Mail (Brisbane), 25 September 1994, pp. 12-13. A report subsequent to completion of this discussion paper indicated that the heroin was originally destined for Canada, and a last-minute change of destination by the ship resulted in the heroin coming to Australia: "Heroin trio face life in jail", West Australian, 10 December 1994, p. 6.

57. "Chinese import drug, Romanians control it", Sunday Mail (Brisbane), 13 February 1994, p. 13.

58. "Triads linked to Australia", West Australian, 7 September 1994, p. 4.

59. Parliamentary Joint Committee on the National Crime Authority, in camera Hansard, 3 June 1988, p. 578.

60. "Triads linked to Australia", West Australian, 7 September 1994, p. 4.

61. NCA, Annual Report 1993-94, p. 30.

62. "CJC probes ethnic links to cocaine, heroin", The Weekend Australian, 1-2 January 1994, p. 3.

63. "Cheap Asian heroin blamed for deaths", West Australian, 8 September 1994, p. 10.

64. See for example, NCA, Annual Report 1987-88, p. 66 (report of 22 June 1988 public statement by the NCA's Chairperson, Justice D. Stewart); M. Booth,The Triads, Grafton Books, London, 1990, pp. 137-38, 148-49; "Police report predicts rise in Asian crime", The Age, 10 August 1992, p. 1.

65. See for example, United States Senate, Committee on the Judiciary and the Caucus on International Narcotics Control, U.S. International Drug Policy - Asian Gangs, Heroin and the Drug Trade, Joint Hearing, 21 August 1990, p. 16 (statement of R.M. Bryant, FBI):

One theory puts forth the idea that the triads will basically leave Hong Kong and come to other countries such as the United States, Canada, Australia, whatever. The second theory held by the Royal Hong Kong Police is that they will remain in Hong Kong and exist under the People's Republic of China.

66. "Crackdown urged on rising organised crime", South China Morning Post 29 November 1994, p. 16. See also "Criminals know no boundaries", Sydney Morning Herald, 15 September 1994, p. 15:

Senior criminal intelligence officers in the Hong Kong police believe that the biggest of the Triad gangs, the Sun Yee On, which is thought to have more than 30,000 members in the British colony, now has a stranglehold on the government of Guangdong Province [in mainland China] which boasts one of the world's fastest growing economies.

 

 



Julian Assange on Sweden, Persecution of WikiLeaks & Decay of Rule of Law




http://dissenter.firedoglake.com/2012/08/31/julian-assange-on-the-persecution-of-wikileaks-sweden-decay-of-rule-of-law/

David Cameron the Prime Minster of the United Kingdom, and George Osborne the Chancellor of the United Kingdom,
who are the people in charge of running the United Kingdom have forgotten about the Rule of Law and allow the UK Authorities
which they control, to make up their own  rule of law when ever it suits them and their paymasters such as the US Government .....
..


David Cameron the Prime Minster of the United Kingdom, 


George Osborne the Chancellor of the United Kingdom,


By: Kevin Gosztola Friday August 31, 2012
Ecuador granted diplomatic asylum to WikiLeaks editor-in-chief Julian Assange around two weeks ago. He remains in the Ecuadorian embassy in London, where he has been living for over two months. He delivered a speech expressing gratitude to Ecuador, Latin America and his supporters days after the decision was announced by Ecuador. Assange also highlighted the United States’ war on whistleblowers and dissidents and urged the country to dissolve its investigation into WikiLeaks.

Now, in an interview by Jorge Gestoso for Telesur, a pan-Latin American news station based in Venezuela, Assange addresses the political persecution he faces from the United States, why Ecuador was right to grant asylum, the Swedish case against him and the efforts to marginalize the WikiLeaks organization by refusing to consider it a journalistic organization or by accusing it of having “blood on its hands” for releasing documents.

“I am a person that it has been established is under a political persecution by the United States and its allies,” Assange declares. “That’s a fact. That fact was recognized, though we had to put a lot of work into giving the Ecuador government evidence about that fact.”
He goes on to express his belief that Ecuador “has been right to demonstrate its values in this case” and contends they went the “extra mile” in defending his rights because they correlate with Ecuador’s values. He knew Latin America supported WikiLeaks, but he was pleasantly surprised with the solidarity the region has shown recently.
In regards to the case in Sweden, Assange says he is going through the formal methods of cooperation. He noted the country’s prosecution authority had “refused to accept a written sworn statement.”
When Gestoso uses the words rape, sexual molestation, etc, to describe the allegations he faces, he dismisses the use of such language and told Gestoso it had been the police in Sweden that ultimately chose to bring this case, not any women. And, he expresses anxiety and frustration over trying to respond to allegations that are discussed in the media:
…It’s like to wrestle with a pig. You get mud all over yourself and it just suits the people who are throwing mud. If you respond, you bring yourself into the situation. You legitimize the scurrilous allegations that are being made against you. This sort of situation—People care about women. They care about children. And they don’t like to see bad things happen to them so when you make such an accusation against someone the instinct is to fight for the alleged victims. I have this instinct…
He acknowledges why people would be upset with the thought that he committed these allegations, but nonetheless, urges those viewing to read original police reports posted online that show what people involved in this have actually said. He recounted how he had stayed in Sweden five weeks then in the middle of the release of US diplomatic cables an Interpol red notice was put out, which was “not right” for someone who had been “completely cooperative in trying to assist an investigation.”

Prompted by Gestoso, he shares his view on Sweden’s neutrality or ability to act independent from the United States’ agenda:
Sweden’s a very interesting country. There’s historically a lot of good things about Sweden. There’s important advances of some kinds that were made in the ’70s, but it’s changed in a very sad way and most Swedes—Swedes who are old enough see what has happened and they see the change. And they see a state that has said it was proud of its neutrality. There’s been questions, even in the ’70s, about how neutral it was. [It's] to a position now where Sweden is on over 100 NATO committees, where its forces under US command in Afghanistan,
where it’s the fifth in to Libya with planes. It was the first to have its parliament to vote to send planes into Libya. It’s the number one
per capita arms manufacturer in the world, nearly double that of Israel. It was number one supplier of arms to the United States during the Iraq War in absolute terms. And it is now currently the third largest arms supplier to the United States.
Assange references a cable from a US ambassador to Sweden sent in 2009that was sent under the heading, “New Swedish Defense Priorities: Sweden Puts Neutrality In The Dustbin Of History.”
The founder takes on the notion that WikiLeaks is not engaged in investigative journalism. Particularly insightful is Assange’s explanation of how the word “journalist” has been turned against the
organization by media and political elites:
This particular word, journalist, has never had such power as in relation to the assault on WikiLeaks—the concern as to the definition of this word. Now, when a cameraman goes to war and he photographs something and comes back, we all acknowledge he’s a war journalist, even though he is not writing an opinion piece.

He adds:
It is simply not physically possible to write individual news stories about one million documents. That is not possible. We work at a higher level, which is that we create the structure of analysis. So that is,after all verification and publication is done, to, for example, with the Afghan war logs, to show exactly where on maps people were killed, how many by the size of the circle on the map…

…US involvement in Afghanistan, State Department, Syria government—these are big organizations. These organizations have to be understood by understanding their many millions of pieces all at once and that’s what we do. I don’t care whether people call this journalism or not. That’s completely irrelevant. This is more important than that. It’s about adding to our shared intellectual
record, documenting what is actually going on, producing just change as a result of our documentation.

To a key allegation against the WikiLeaks that the organization has “blood on its hands” after the release of US documents, he illuminates the “rhetorical trick” to shift attention from the bloodshed caused by the US to WikiLeaks. He notes there has been no claim by the US government that the organization has been directly responsible for any
deaths but mentions how the Afghanistan War Logs showed several thousand people had been directly killed in Afghanistan by US forces.
Twenty thousand people had been indirectly killed. They’re a “machine to put blood all over Afghanistan.” The US military was shown to be spreading blood all over—the blood of children, the blood of women, the blood of men and the blood of its own soldiers. But it turned the facts around and pointed at WikiLeaks and said, no, that organization has blood on its hands.

Media corruption only contributed to cementing this perception. There are more results on Google when one searches for “WikiLeaks” and “blood on hands” than when one searches for “Pentagon” and “blood on hands,” despite all the wars fought including the most recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Gestoso asks Assange about the Internet, social media and social movements. He outlines how Western powers had the globe on a trajectory toward “pending transnational totalitarianism” because of the total surveillance that now exists.

This exchange occurs:
GESTOSO: So, it’s almost like something perverse if you want. The official line is we’re promoting or we are living in states that are democratic. We’re talking about some Western countries. When in reality….

ASSANGE: It’s completely perverse. It’s completely perverse. It’s in such runaway accelarating decay, the rule of law in the west. We saw this with Guantanamo Bay. That’s where it first—detention without trial in Guantanamo. You now have a case I worked on, the Omar Khadr case, young man, fifteen years-old, detained, from Afghanistan. He has been kept in Guantanamo for ten years now. He’s gone from being a boy to be a man in Guantanamo. The only life he knows now is Guantanamo.
Over 80 people there, cleared for release. Even the US government says they were never terrorists. Still there after years. The most grievous offense against the rule of law to deliberately and intentionally order the murder of your own citizens outside of any judicial process, where there is no possibility to review…

Finally, as is being widely reported in the media, Assange says he thinks he could be in the embassy for six months to a year. What is likely to precipitate an end to the standoff, he hopes, is the dropping of the case in Sweden by the authorities. (He did not mention going before the International Court of Justice to argue for “safe passage” to Ecuador.)
“I must continue the fight. The fight is not just about me,” he concludes.
It is not just about me. I have an organization of people and supporters and others who are close allies who have also been attacked and targeted. This is not just a persecution of an individual. This is a persecution of an organization. This is a persecution of a group. This is persecution of people, who believe in something, who believe in human rights, who actually believe in this, who are not just using it for propaganda purposes to bash the Soviet Union or to bash China or something but who actually believe that it is important because we want a civilization that is civilized…

When there’s arbitrary law, when the rule of law is in collapse, there’s no safe place you can go. You can’t decide that, well, if I pal up to this bit of the establishment here or there and if I keep my head down, I’ll be okay because it is arbitrary. It’s unpredictable. It doesn’t matter if you do something that is perceived to be wrong or perceived to be right because it is arbitrary. So, it is necessary for us, for me, for everyone to continue that fight because otherwise we are all moving toward an international system of arbitrary rule by complex groups that are connected to each other. It’s not about the electoral system. It’s non-democratic rule of these people for their own interests. I mean, they need to understand by supporting such actions they are moving their societies into a regime where even they
won’t like the outcome.

http://dissenter.firedoglake.com/2012/08/31/julian-assange-on-the-persecution-of-wikileaks-sweden-decay-of-rule-of-law/

http://www.truthdig.com/eartotheground/item/are_liberals_too_eager_to_believe_sex_charges_a_j_assange_20120831/ 
16 August 2012 Julian Assange: UK 'threat' to arrest Wikileaks founder
Ecuador has accused the UK of making a "threat" to enter its embassy in London to arrest Wikileaks' Julian Assange.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-19259623

The BBC's Nick Childs: "The diplomatic temperature has been rising"

Mr Assange took refuge at the embassy in June to avoid extradition to 
Sweden, where he faces questioning over assault and rape claims, which
he denies. Ecuador says a decision on his claim for political asylum will come later.
The UK Foreign Office says it can lift the embassy's diplomatic status to fulfil a "legal obligation" to extradite the 41-year-old.
In an official note to the Ecuadoreans it said it was "surprised" by media reports that "Ecuador is about to take a decision and proposes
to grant asylum to Mr Assange".
The BBC's Tim Reid, outside the embassy, said Ecuador had accused the UK of "intimidating" behaviour and that it was "surprised and disappointed" by what had gone on.
In June, the UK's Supreme Court dismissed Mr Assange's bid to reopen his appeal against extradition and gave him a two-week grace period before extradition proceedings could start.
It was during that fortnight, while on bail, that he sought refuge.
The Wikileaks website he founded published a mass of leaked diplomatic cables that embarrassed several governments, particularly the US's, in 2010.
Mr Assange says he fears that if extradited to Sweden, he will then be passed on to the American authorities.
A number of police officers are outside the Ecuadorean embassy, in Knightsbridge, where some of Mr Assange's supporters have also gathered.
Three protesters have been arrested outside the embassy after minor scuffles.
The BBC's Stuart Hughes says some of the demonstrators have been chanting: "Julian Assange, freedom fighter."
Protests have also been held outside the British embassy in Ecuador's capital.

Images from Quito showed protesters holding signs saying: "We are sovereign, not colonies" and a union jack being stepped on.
'Improper' threat
At a news conference in Quito on Wednesday, Ecuador's Foreign Minister, Ricardo Patino, said a letter from the UK government had been delivered through a British embassy official.
"Today we received from the United Kingdom an express threat, in writing, that they might storm our embassy in London if we don't hand over Julian Assange," he said.
"Ecuador rejects in the most emphatic terms the explicit threat of the British official communication."
He said such a threat was "improper of a democratic, civilised and rule-abiding country".

He added: "If the measure announced in the British official communication is enacted, it will be interpreted by Ecuador as an unacceptable, unfriendly and hostile act and as an attempt against our sovereignty. It would force us to respond.

"We are not a British colony."

A Foreign Office spokesman said the UK remained "determined" to fulfil its obligation to extradite Mr Assange.

"Throughout this process we have drawn the Ecuadoreans' attention to relevant provisions of our law, whether, for example, the extensive human rights safeguards in our extradition procedures, or to the legal status of diplomatic premises in the UK," the spokesman said.
"We are still committed to reaching a mutually acceptable solution."
The law the UK has informed Ecuador it could use in the case is the Diplomatic and Consular Premises Act 1987.
It allows the UK to revoke the diplomatic status of an embassy on UK soil, which in this case would potentially allow police to enter the building to arrest Mr Assange for breaching the terms of his bail.
The act was introduced after PC Yvonne Fletcher was shot outside the Libyan Embassy in London in 1984.

'Legal obligations'
The Foreign Office note to Ecuador stated: "We very much hope not to get this point [revoking diplomatic status], but if you cannot resolve the issue of Mr Assange's presence on your premises, this route is open to us."
It also said that it must meet its legal obligations to arrest Mr Assange and extradite him to Sweden.

The note went on: "We remain committed to working with you amicably to resolve this matter. But we must be absolutely clear this means that should we receive a request for safe passage for Mr Assange, after granting asylum, this would be refused, in line with our legal obligations."
The Ecuadorean foreign minister told reporters an announcement on Mr Assange's bid for political asylum would be issued on Thursday at 07:00 local time (13:00 BST).
The BBC's Bridget Kendall said she believed it was "quite likely" that Ecuador would grant Mr Assange asylum because it had reacted strongly to the UK and may not want to be perceived to be buckling under pressure
However, he could still be arrested if he left the embassy, she said. Our correspondent could not recall a precedent in which the Diplomatic
and Consular Premises Act 1987 had been used in this way.
And former government lawyer Carl Gardner told BBC Radio 4's Today programme legal advisers would be "urging the most extreme caution".
In 2010, two female ex-Wikileaks volunteers accused Mr Assange, an Australian citizen, of committing sexual offences against them while he was in Stockholm to give a lecture.
Mr Assange claims the sex was consensual and the allegations are politically motivated.
In June, judges at the UK's Supreme Court dismissed his final appeal against extradition to Sweden.
An offer by Ecuador to allow Swedish investigators to interview Mr Assange inside the embassy was rejected.

 Supporters of Mr Assange have been gathering outside the embassy

Related StoriesQ&A: Julian Assange and asylum 16 AUGUST 2012, UK 
Assange's ties with Ecuador 20 JUNE 2012, LATIN AMERICA & CARIBBEAN
Timeline: Swedish Assange case 16 AUGUST 2012, EUROPE
Ecuador to make Assange decision 14 AUGUST 2012, UK
Is it legal to hide in an embassy? 02 MAY 2012, MAGAZINE

http://www.truthdig.com/avbooth/item/clint_eastwood_tells_us_something_about_the_republican_party_20120831/?l
Michael Moore: People Should Start to Practice the Words ‘President Romney’


Posted on Aug 30, 2012 HuffPost Live

The Academy Award-winning director is among those predicting a Romney victory in November. Why? Because the right is outstripping the left in money and motivation. And because Obama’s performance over the last
four years has discouraged the liberal public.

“What is being done to inspire the base?” Moore asked. “I don’t think ads are gonna do it. I think he’s gotta act. He should have started acting four years ago. This is what’s so upsetting to me. ... He should not have compromised with Congress. ... He hasn’t followed through on the things he said he was going to do. ... Young people who voted for him four years ago are not that enthused and are not out there working right now like they were four years ago. And I think the Democrats are depending on our fear of going back to Republicans running the show—that that’s what’s going to motivate enough of our people to get out. I don’t know.”

—Posted by Alexander Reed Kelly. Follow him on Twitter: @areedkelly.

HuffPost Live:

Are Liberals Too Eager to Believe Sex Charges Against Julian Assange?


Posted on Aug 31, 2012

gnuckx (CC BY 2.0)

What happens when the predatory interests of a national security state and those of women’s rights advocates seem to coincide, as in the case of WikiLeaks publisher and accused rapist Julian Assange? A murky witch hunt, in which some liberals forget that suspects are innocent until proven guilty, JoAnn Wypijewski writes in The Nation.

Wypijewski reminds us that Swedish police were unusually quick to initiate the process of arrest when one of the women now involved in the charges against Assange asked authorities to require that he take an STD test after the two had unprotected sex. Upon seeing the authorities’ eagerness to arraign Assange, that woman refused to give
further testimony. Not long after, the Swedish prosecutor’s office withdrew the arrest warrant for rape and molestation on the grounds
that the charges were not appropriate to the women’s claims. For some reason, that decision was overturned a week later, after the Swedish authorities allowed Assange to leave the country. (A detailed account of this sequence of events, with statements from the women that seem to exonerate Assange, can be read here.)

The dubious circumstances surrounding Sweden’s sexual misconduct charges—taken with Assange’s status as public enemy No. 1 in the West—suggest that the public’s legitimate desire to see officials investigate suspects of rape and violence against women is being exploited by governments looking to protect their own
interests—namely, their ability to continue committing illegal acts in secret worldwide. In their eagerness to defend the rights of women, Wypijewski argues, some writers and activists, however just their cause in general, may have become unwitting supporters of a government’s malicious attempt to silence one of its ablest critics.

—Posted by Alexander Reed Kelly. Follow him on Twitter: @areedkelly.

JoAnn Wypijewski in The Nation:

If the Swedish claims against Assange had involved anything but sex, it’s unlikely that liberals, and even some self-described radicals,
would be tiptoeing around this part of the story, either by asking “So I guess he’s a bad guy?” or by arguing “Of course he needs to answer
for his crimes.” If it were anything but sex, we would insist on the presumption of innocence. We have instead gotten comfortable with presuming guilt and trusting in the dignified processes of law to guarantee fairness.
“Believe the victim” entered the lexicon decades ago for historically understandable reasons. Women had been denied their own due process, in a sense—their right to make a complaint and expect justice, not vilification or worse. They are still being denied and derided, as the idiot spewings of Republican Senate candidate Todd Akin illustrate.
The mutation of basic rights into an imperative for belief, and of full citizens into victims, has not made women any safer, but its cultural manipulation—particularly in high-profile cases—has struck at the foundations of civil liberty in a way that may not have been anticipated. 


WhoMurderedThomasAllwood

                                                              

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                                                                      Thomas Allwood 
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                                       to expose the Haywicks Farm Fraud and Murder  Gang

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Ancestors of Thomas Allwood

Thomas Allwood (1785 - 1831) - Genealogy

www.geni.com/people/Thomas-Allwood/6000000009367781871
23 Apr 2011 – Genealogy for Thomas Allwood (1785 - 1831) on Geni with over 100 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. Page updated April 23, ...

Ancestors of Thomas Allwood

www.pickfamily.com/1409.htm
8 Jan 2012 – Thomas Allwood. Born: 1750, Alvechurch, Worcester, England; Marriage: Mary; Died: Abt 1806 aged about 56. picture. bullet Research Notes: ...






Airlie Beach and Conway Beach in the heart of the Witsundaysnever to be replaced 80 acres of ocean front with hills views over looking the pacific ocean, suilable for health retreat and private home on each 40 acres....... The idealistic life style land has 10,000 acres of rain forrest bordering the side and back with the ocean on the front with your own glorious beach and privacy that simply can not be found anywhere else, yet a hop skip and jump from the world wide famous tourist destination of Airlie Beach.... the Gateway to the glorious Witsunday Islands where you can spend your days sailing and swimming amoungst the tropical fish at the Great Barrier Reef...
$Aust 100 million for 80 acres

for this once in a life time 80 acres with absolute ocean front in the Witsundays Queensland Australia
or
$Aust 50 million  for 40 acres





which has 10,000 acres of national forrest bordering the property on the side and back, with the road on the other other side of the property that give easy access from the road to the two house blocks already ready for a new mansion on one, and a health retreat on the other, both with different, but absolutely unreplaceable views of both the Pacific Ocean and the Conway National Park......The vendor will consider a part or full trade for a business and/or house and motel, hotel, office block anywhere in the world.
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Real Estate Manager
Email: info@edinburghfringefest.com
        








Beautiful Airlie and Palm Beach in 
sunny Queensland Australia

Once in a life time opportunity 
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Sell your 500,000 pound home in the in the UK convert you pounds to nearly three times in Australian dollars buy this two beroom luxury unit in the Gold Coast of sunny Queensland where the sun shines all year round, which has absolute beach frontage, no roads between the unit and the ocean....
 you just walk straight onto the ocean from your unit and into the waves of the ocean 12 months a year and 

Real Estate Manager
Email: info@edinburghfringefest.com

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DUMBs - Deep Underground Military Bases built for the Elite from Taxation collected from hard working Americans, when things get hard to survive on the Earths surface through a nuclear blast, earthquakes, floods etc



Ex-CIA Agent and preffessor exposes how and why the elite control the World Part One





Ex-CIA Agent and preffessor exposes how and why the elite control the World Part Two




Ex-CIA Agent and preffessor exposes how and why the elite control the World Part Three




Ex-CIA Agent and preffessor exposes how and why the elite control the World Part Four





Ex-CIA Agent and preffessor exposes how and why the elite control the World Part Five




Greg Hallett & the Spymaster

                                                           http://www.greghallett.com/books.html
Aldios Hitler- Father of Adolph Hitler and Son of a Rothschild

                                    
                               New Zealand -Greg Hallett Author of the following books

HITLER WAS A BRITISH AGENT,

                                                                                         

How to Take Over the World, 


                                                                                            
                                                                                               How To Taker Over The World
                                                                                              
                                                                         

New Zealand- A Backmailers guide, 

                                                                 

Gifting The United Nations to Stalin

                                                                                                                                                          

Stalins British Training,

ABOUT THE AUTHORS
The authors' wake up each morning quite surprised they are still breathing.

The Spymaster has worked in a background of undeclared hostilities over many years. He has gone undercover amongst Nazis, Communists, Marxists and some of the most vicious gangs of criminals in New Zealand. Several times other people have been killed in his place in cases of mistaken identity. The Spymaster has been arrested more times than he can remember and by more outfits than he can remember. He has been on both sides of enforcement operations. He has an in-depth knowledge of offenders in New Zealand and is often sought out by people in high places. Former Prime Minister Rob Muldoon once said of him: "If St Peter ever made a mistake and let you into heaven, there'd be a fistfight in the first five minutes".

Greg Hallett trained in various psychological models in parallel with his architecture degree and training. He travelled widely behind the Iron Curtain during the Cold War, hitchhiking on planes, making bunks out of airmail bags, to party and report between cities. His contacts in Eastern Europe led to deep penetration of the Soviet State, how it functioned and how it was to colonise the West. It was these qualifications that led him to buy buildings in Moscow immediately after the Berlin Wall fell. This led to interviews with the KGB and their revelations about the planned sex-communism and deconstruction of Westerners. What they had planned for the West happened in the West. Equally all modern history can be dated back to 1945. What Hitler planned for the world happened to the world over the next sixty years.

When Hallett teamed up with the Spymaster they found they had many of the insights and historical answers to many of the controversies of Europe from WWII to the Cold War and the present . . . not completely disregarding aspects of the future.

In listening to each other's stories they noticed a lot of common ground and have attempted to lay this bare.

"Take of it what you will. We don't expect you to reject sixty years of official history overnight, but we do expect you to view it with new-found suspicion."

"Any serious attempt at the truth creates controversy and we expect Hitler Was A British Agent 
to be considered as the most expedient option of creating war."

The Spymaster says that he will often go on operations and end up in entirely the wrong place with the wrong people at the wrong time, but always much wiser. Through such coincidences, history is often more explicable to the ordinary man than a lot of complicated analysis. We found "filling-in-the-gaps analysis" to be a primary cause of ill-informed history. As such, Hallett and the Spymaster have teamed up to give you riveting insights into how the enemies of war are created and how enemies work together to prolong and expand wars.

The authoritative and unique insider's look at Hitler outlines his missing year, his British psychological training and financial support, his British-linked minders, and the British sabotage of the Hitler assassination attempts. It outlines in great detail, Operation WINNIE THE POOH, Hitler's escape out of Berlin on 2 May 1945, who he flew with, what planes he caught, their serial numbers, where he flew to, who greeted him, where he spent the remainder of his life and what he eventually died of.

WWII has passed its 60-year suppression rule.

Despite this, information coming out about WWII is still controlled as it reflects on how the current wars are carried out.

File theft is such common practise it is a forerunner to any elevation.

Two Intelligence agencies have regularly stolen Hitler was a British Agent and "it has been read at the highest levels" during the final phases of writing. As quickly as it was written it was stolen, and in August 2005 word got back that they would let it out. This came with further inside information and at least one historical act.


STOMPING ON OLD CHESTNUTS
This is a whole new and unique look at all the old chestnuts surrounding Adolf Hitler's rise to power. The author uses the personal assistance of a Spymaster in marshalling much new material surrounding Hitler's origins, his sexuality, and his British Training, long hidden by a conspiracy of British and American political leaders. He takes an in depth look at the British Royal Family and finds them wanting, full of spies, perverts, and morons, with the morons being the least dangerous.
He delves into the James Bond myths and finds the true James Bond was a lot younger and more homicidal than anyone had previously thought. He interview James Bond III on one of the last 'hits' on Adolf Hitler, well after his official death.
He also provides a new take on the mystery surrounding Rudolph Hess. An amazing thought-provoking study from the already detail history of Hess. State secrets abound on nearly every page.

Greg Hallett: "I interviewed the KGB in Moscow in December 1989 at a point when they were open, due to lack of pay. At the time you could buy information for the price of a meal. This led to some psychological information being supplied which led to international contacts and meeting with a Spymaster. The Spymaster and other intelligence operatives have been briefing me for the past three years resulting in ten books. This is book five of ten (and just to confuse you) there are four books in this immediate series."

Hitler was a British Agent covers Hitler's incestuous parentage, his training in Britain, his sex with men, his bizarre sexual habits with women, including fake suicides and murders made to look like suicides. It delves into Hitler's psychiatric condition and how, during his missing year, he was manipulated by 'deconstruction' to perform as a British Agent, that is, an agent for the British war machine.
The book covers Hess and doppelgänger Hess' simultaneous flight to Britain, Anthony Blunt's conception by a royal, Wallis Simpson's sexual practises with King Edward VIII and how she leaked British secrets to Hitler. 
Hitler was a British Agent covers Operation JAMES BOND to remove Martin Bormann out of Berlin and exposes for the first time Operation WINNIE THE POOH to remove Hitler out of Berlin. It reveals that the origins of the Cold War were in the hunt for the missing Hitler from 1 May 1945 and this became the excuse for surveillance in virtually every country in the world. Hitler was a British Agent leaves an air that everything that happens now, happens because of 1945. 
In the 18 chapters it covers the masterful deceptions of war, the creation of war, the training of top level double agents, the repeated faking of their deaths and their escapes, making this book something of an illusion-buster with applications to the analysis of war now and formulas for the time in between wars. The book explains how the 'real' history applies to the 'real' present. 
Many intelligence officers were interviewed in writing this book and they have given the low-down on what really happened in the many wars from 1936. In some cases, they, or their fathers, were the main players in the vignettes. These personal histories date back to the Spanish Civil War with George Orwell and redefine the origins of Animal Farm.

Hitler Was A British Agent is full of Intelligence jokes.

On 2 July 2008 Greg Hallett lodged a Notice of General Appeal citing Helen Clark's attempted murders and murder.

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Greg Hallet New Zealand Author exposes how New Zealand political, police and court system is run by a mafia operation which is headed by security organisations such as the CIA, the KGB, ASIO and Mossad who sell drugs, commit murder and run peodofile rings Part One



Greg Hallet New Zealand Author exposes how New Zealand political, police and court system is run by a mafia operation which is headed by security organisations such as the CIA, the KGB, ASIO and Mossad who sell drugs, commit murder and run peodofile rings Part Two




Greg Hallet New Zealand Author interview with Dr James Fetzer exposes how New Zealand political, police and court system is run by a mafia operation which is headed by security organisations such as the CIA, the KGB, ASIO and Mossad who sell drugs, commit murder and run peodofile rings
Greg Hallet also talks about his books which include Hitler was a British Agent, How to Control The World Part One of 12



Greg Hallet New Zealand Author interview with Dr James Fetzer exposes how New Zealand political, police and court system is run by a mafia operation which is headed by security organisations such as the CIA, the KGB, ASIO and Mossad who sell drugs, commit murder and run peodofile rings Part one of 12
Greag Hallet also talks about his books which include Hitler was a British Agent, How to Control The World Part Two



Greg Hallet New Zealand Author interview with Dr James Fetzer exposes how New Zealand political, police and court system is run by a mafia operation which is headed by security organisations such as the CIA, the KGB, ASIO and Mossad who sell drugs, commit murder and run peodofile rings 
Greag Hallet also talks about his books which include Hitler was a British Agent, How to Control The World Part Three 



Greg Hallet New Zealand Author interview with Dr James Fetzer exposes how New Zealand political, police and court system is run by a mafia operation which is headed by security organisations such as the CIA, the KGB, ASIO and Mossad who sell drugs, commit murder and run peodofile rings
Greag Hallet also talks about his books which include Hitler was a British Agent, How to Control The World Part Four out of 12



Greg Hallet New Zealand Author interview with Dr James Fetzer exposes how New Zealand political, police and court system is run by a mafia operation which is headed by security organisations such as the CIA, the KGB, ASIO and Mossad who sell drugs, commit murder and run peodofile rings 
Greag Hallet also talks about his books which include Hitler was a British Agent, How to Control The World Part Five out of 12




Greg Hallet New Zealand Author interview with Dr James Fetzer exposes how New Zealand political, police and court system is run by a mafia operation which is headed by security organisations such as the CIA, the KGB, ASIO and Mossad who sell drugs, commit murder and run peodofile rings 
Greag Hallet also talks about his books which include Hitler was a British Agent, How to Control The World Part Seven of 12



Greg Hallet New Zealand Author interview with Dr James Fetzer exposes how New Zealand political, police and court system is run by a mafia operation which is headed by security organisations such as the CIA, the KGB, ASIO and Mossad who sell drugs, commit murder and run peodofile rings 
Greag Hallet also talks about his books which include Hitler was a British Agent, How to Control The World Part Eight of 12







Greg Hallett talks about his book Hitler was a British Agent with Sweedish Radio Part One


Greg Hallett talks about his book Hitler was a British Agent with Sweedish Radio Part Two


Greg Hallett talks about his book Hitler was a British Agent with Sweedish Radio Part Three


Greg Hallett talks about his book Hitler was a British Agent with Sweedish Radio Part Four



Greg Hallett talks about his book Hitler was a British Agent with Sweedish Radio Part Five



Greg Hallett talks about his book Hitler was a British Agent with Sweedish Radio Part Six







Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs








Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part One




Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part Two






Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part Three





Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part Four




Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part Five




Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part Six





Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part Seven




Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part Eight




Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part Nine





Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part Ten





Michael Rupert Ex Police Officer for the LA Police Departments exposes CIA selling Drugs Part Eleven


Polidics.com

“C.I.A. Selling Drugs” Says Ex-Agent






http://polidics.com/911/cia-exposed.html

Ex C.I.A. agent breaks it down for american media and public on CNN. Shows documentation on drug dealing money laundering C.I.A.

 Shane Stafford  12.25.07

This man, Michael Ruppert is telling the truth!!! I have done some more research on the topics he speaks of and our nation will be in peril if we do not elect Ron Paul. Ron Paul will lead this country to success and offer our citizens more freedom.

http://www.ronpaulforums.com/showthread.php?147215-The-CIA-selling-drugs

The CIA selling drugs 

www.ronpaulforums.com/showthread.php?147215...CIA-selling-dru...
2 posts - 2 authors - Last post: 19 Jul 2008
Make some popcorn and watch this vid. http://getcnn.com/2008/07/the-cia-selling-drugs-must-watch/

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  1. Vision Free Media: CIA Selling drugs in South Central Los Angeles 

    visionfreemedia.magnify.net/video/CIA-Selling-drugs-in-South-Cent;...
    29 Nov 2007 – Video: Deemanpower wrote: Brother, Sister, Crips, Bloods, Black people... wake up! UNCLE SAM WANTS YOU... to keep selling...
  2. C.I.A. Selling Drugs” Says Ex-Agent | Polidics.com 

    tweetmeme.com/story/.../cia-selling-drugs-says-ex-agent-polidicscom
    I mean, it's not like the CIA has been selling drugs since the 50's http://bit.ly/4c3lPB http://bit.ly/OD6dg.
  3. AKMAL SHAIKH HAS BEEN EXECUTED - Wireclub 

    www.wireclub.com/topics/politics/conversations/.../1 - United States
    Top people Shapshifting into Lizards, C.I.A. selling drugs, man that is really far out stuff. But like I say, you are a nice guy and a real character. ...

CIA Selling drugs in South Central Los Angeles 

http://www.livevideo.com/video/CD44598ABA2941F294F5CE4CC03F8200/cia-selling-drugs-in-south-cen.aspx

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JOHN STOCKWELL EX CIA AGENT TALKING ABOUT THE INFLUENCE THE CIA 
HAVE ON THE WORLD MEDIA IN PROVIDING FALSE NEWS FOR TO ACHIVE CERTAIN AIMS 
OF THE CIA AND THOSE THAT FUND AND CONTROL THE CIA Part One




JOHN STOCKWELL EX CIA AGENT TALKING ABOUT THE INFLUENCE THE CIA 
HAVE ON THE WORLD MEDIA IN PROVIDING FALSE NEWS FOR TO ACHIVE CERTAIN AIMS 
OF THE CIA AND THOSE THAT FUND AND CONTROL THE CIA Part Two




JOHN STOCKWELL EX CIA AGENT TALKING ABOUT THE INFLUENCE THE CIA 
HAVE ON THE WORLD MEDIA IN PROVIDING FALSE NEWS FOR TO ACHIVE CERTAIN AIMS 
OF THE CIA AND THOSE THAT FUND AND CONTROL THE CIA Part Three



DUMBS (Deep Underground military Bases) in the USA, built for the elite...
 not for ordinary people....
they have Fema Camps for ordinary people....whne the works has physical problems like a worls nuclear war... 
earth changing in a major way...




C
IA Agents...Cointelpro...Provacateurs...




The real question is: 
Who really controls the world security organisation such as 
CIA (USA), 
KGB(Russia), 
MI5(UK), 
MI6(UK), 
Mossad(Israel), 
ASIO(Australia).... etc
Part answer: Certainly not the governments of these countries.......
So who does really control these security organisations that create wars, 
supply illegal drugs, 
murder people that are not liked by those who control these security agencies
support terrorists activity etc


 
John Stockwell ex CIA Agent speaks out about CIA Involvment in 
manipulating the world media with false information,
suplying Drugs
 to American people and other around the world 
to make money to buy arms to create wars, 
to create confusion and dramas, 
to control people
and the general immorality of the CIA operations and aims_ Part One




John Stockwell ex CIA Agent speaks out about CIA Involvment in 
manipulating the world media with false information,
suplying Drugs
 to American people and other around the world 
to make money to buy arms to create wars, 
to create confusion and dramas, 
to control people
and the general immorality of the CIA operations and aims
_ Part Two


Watch this space ......more to come on this interesting subject....



Central Intelligence Agency of the United States

CIA drug trafficking


Several sources indicate the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) may have been involved in several drug traffickingoperations. Often, they claimed, the CIA worked with groups which it knew were involved in drug trafficking, so that these groups would provide them with useful intelligence and material support, in exchange for allowing their criminal activities to continue[1], and impeding or preventing their arrest, indictment, and imprisonment by U.S. law enforcement agencies.[2]
The CIA supported various Afghan rebel commanders, such as Mujahideen leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, who were fighting against the government of Afghanistan and the forces of the Soviet Union which were its supporters.[5] Historian Alfred W. McCoy stated that:[6]
CIAQ and Kuomintang opium smuggling operations 
"In most cases, the CIA's role involved various forms of complicity, tolerance or studied ignorance about the trade, not any direct culpability in the actual trafficking ... [t]he CIA did not handle heroin, but it did provide its drug-lord allies with transport, arms, and political protection. In sum, the CIA's role in the Southeast Asian heroin trade involved indirect complicity rather than direct culpability."

Mexico

According to Peter Dale Scott, the Dirección Federal de Seguridad was in part a CIA creation, and "the CIA's closest government allies were for years in the DFS". DFS badges, "handed out to top-level Mexican drug-traffickers, have been labelled by DEA agents a virtual 'license to traffic.'"[7] Scott says that "The Guadalajara Cartel, Mexico's most powerful drug-trafficking network in the early 1980s, prospered largely because it enjoyed the protection of the DFS, under its chief Miguel Nassar (or Nazar) Haro, a CIA asset."[7]

Iran Contra Affair

Released on April 13, 1989, the Kerry Committee report concluded that members of the U.S. State Department "who provided support for the Contras were involved in drug trafficking... and elements of the Contras themselves knowingly received financial and material assistance from drug traffickers."
In 1996 Gary Webb wrote a series of articles published in the San Jose Mercury News, which investigated Nicaraguans linked to the CIA-backed Contras who had smuggled cocaine into the U.S. which was then distributed as crack cocaine into Los Angeles and funneled profits to the Contras. The CIA was aware of the cocaine transactions and the large shipments of drugs into the U.S. by the Contra personnel and directly aided drug dealers to raise money for the Contras.
In 1996 CIA Director John M. Deutch went to Los Angeles to attempt to refute the allegations raised by the Gary Webb articles, and was famously confronted by former Los Angeles Police Department officer Michael Ruppert, who testified that he had witnessed it occurring.[8]

Venezuelan National Guard Affair

The CIA - in spite of objections from the Drug Enforcement Administration, allowed at least one ton of nearly pure cocaine to be shipped intoMiami International Airport. The CIA claimed to have done this as a way of gathering information about Colombian drug cartels. But the cocaine ended up being sold on the street.[9]
In November 1996 a Miami jury indicted former Venezuelan anti-narcotics chief and longtime CIA asset, General Ramon Guillen Davila, who was smuggling many tons of cocaine into the United States from a Venezuelan warehouse owned by the CIA. In his trial defense, Guillen claimed that all of his drug smuggling operations were approved by the CIA.[10]

Haiti

According to unnamed sources in the mid 1980s, the CIA created a unit in Haiti, whose purported purpose was anti-drug activity, but was in reality "used as an instrument of political terror", and was heavily involved in drug trafficking. The members of the unit were known to torture supporters of Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and threatened to kill the local head of the DEA. According to one U.S. official, the unit was trafficking drugs and never produced any useful drug intelligence.[11]

Panama

The U.S. military invasion of Panama after which dictator Manuel Noriega was captured.

See also: Illegal drug trade in Panama
In 1989, the United States invaded Panama as part of Operation Just Cause, which involved 25,000 American troops. Gen. Manuel Noriega, head of government of Panama, had been giving military assistance to Contra groups in Nicaragua at the request of the U.S.—which, in exchange, allowed him to continue his drug-trafficking activities—which they had known about since the 1960s.[12][13] When the DEA tried to indict Noriega in 1971, the CIA prevented them from doing so.[12] The CIA, which was then directed by future president George H. W. Bush, provided Noriega with hundreds of thousands of dollars per year as payment for his work in Latin America.[12] However, when CIA pilot Eugene Hasenfus was shot down over Nicaragua by the Sandinistas, documents aboard the plane revealed many of the CIA's activities in Latin America, and the CIA's connections with Noriega became a public relations "liability" for the U.S. government, which finally allowed the DEA to indict him for drug trafficking, after decades of allowing his drug operations to proceed unchecked.[12] Operation Just Cause, whose ostensible purpose was to capture Noriega, pushed the former Panamanian leader into thePapal Nuncio where he surrendered to U.S. authorities. His trial took place in Miami, where he was sentenced to 45 years in prison.[12]
Noriega's prison sentence was reduced from 30 years to 17 years for good behavior.[14] After serving 17 years in detention and imprisonment, his prison sentence ended on September 9, 2007.[15] He was held under U.S. custody before being extradited to French custody where he was sentenced to 7 years for laundering money from Colombian drug cartels.[16]

See also




INL YahooNews - Sunday   23 October, 2011


Post-Mortem Confirms Gaddafi Shot In Head


Colonel Gaddafi / Reuters

Post-mortem as man claims reponsibility

The post-mortem on the body of ousted Libyan dictator Muammar Gaddafi has been carried out. 'Multiple wounds'

Related links


Vehicles belonging to forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi explode after an air strike by coalition forces, along a road between Benghazi and Ajdabiyah March 20, 2011. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic

The hunt for Gaddafi in 60 seconds

After eight months of war, wild celebrations broke out in Libya as National Transitional Council leaders declared they had killed Muammar Gaddafi. "Impact" music composed by Jason Livesay. (Warning: graphic content)  Video 

Colonel Gaddafi (PA)

Desperate Gaddafi 'offered money, gold'

A witness has claimed that Muammar Gaddafi bargained for his life with riches before he was killed. 'In a bad way'

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Post-Mortem Confirms Gaddafi Shot In Head

INL NEWS
By Emma Hurd, Sky correspondent, Tripoli |

A post-mortem examination has confirmed Colonel Muammar Gaddafi died of a shot to the head, according to Libya's chief forensic pathologist.
Dr Othman al Zintani said doctors had completed the examination of the Libyan leader's body, but would not reveal further details.
A medical source said Col Gaddafi's body also had a bullet in the abdomen, Reuters reported.
There has been international alarm that the deposed dictator was apparently shot by his captors in a frenzied attack after he was seized alive near Sirte.
A video circulating on the internet shows a crowd gathering around a man who claimed to have fired the fatal bullet.
This contradicts the claims of the National Transitional Council (NTC) interim leadership that Col Gaddafi was fatally wounded in crossfire while being transported to hospital.
The country's prime minister Mahmoud Jibril said the bullet to the head may have been fired by one of his own guards during a shootout with NTC forces.
Mr Jibril said a medical report showed Col Gaddafi was already wounded when he was found in a drainage tube.
He said: "He was taken out, put in that truck and on their way to the field hospital they got crossfire on both sides and they didn't know if the bullet in the head was coming from his own security brigades or from the revolutionary people."
Meanwhile, thousands of Libyans have queued to view his bloodied corpse at a commercial freezer in a shopping centre in the city of Misratah.
It is a macabre tourist attraction, with people filing past the body filming it on their mobile phones.
The corpse was reportedly returned to public view after the post-mortem examination was carried out.
Meanwhile, Sky News has learned the interim government had reached a deal with Col Gaddafi's extended family to hand over his body.
NTC foreign affairs spokesman Ahmed Jibreel said the transfer may be imminent.
But he admitted it had not yet been decided where the tyrant will be buried.
In Benghazi, the interim leadership is preparing for a mass celebration to formally mark the "liberation" of Libya.
The declaration of the end of the eight-month-long war will signal the start of the transition to democracy in Libya, with elections promised by June next year.
The NTC chose to stage the event in the eastern city because the people there led February's uprising against Col Gaddafi's rule.
But the choice of Benghazi also indicates the challenges that still lie ahead in uniting the country.
There have been some misgivings in both the capital Tripoli and Misratah about the people of Benghazi claiming "the glory" for the liberation of the country.
The NTC is still working to establish an effective base in Tripoli, several months after the city was freed from Gaddafi's control.
Disarming the fighting militias, who have local and tribal loyalties, will also be a test of the authority of the NTC.
But overall, the mood in Libya is one of relief and celebration.
In Martyrs' Square in Tripoli - formerly Green Square - crowds are proclaiming the start of a new era in the country.

Syria-based TV to air Gaddafi speech on Thursday

INL News  By Ahmed Tolba | Reuters –  Thu, Oct 6, 2011

CAIRO (Reuters) - A Syria-based television channel said it would broadcast a speech by deposed Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi on Thursday.
The last time the outside world heard from Gaddafi was in a broadcast on September 20 on Arrai TV, the same channel that will broadcast Thursday's speech.
(Reporting By Ahmed Tolba)


Libyan PM says wishes Gaddafi had not been killed

INLNews - INLNews.com
By Andrew Roche | Reuters 

LONDON (Reuters) - Libya's Prime Minister Mahmoud Jibril said in an interview with the BBC on Saturday he wished former dictator Muammar Gaddafi had not been killed and instead had been put on trial for his crimes.
Gaddafi's body remained on public display in Libya on Saturday, bearing wounds assumed to have been inflicted by fighters who hauled him from a drain in his hometown Sirte.
"To be honest with you at the personal level I wish he was alive. I want to know why he did this to the Libyan people," the BBC quoted Jibril as saying in remarks made available ahead of broadcast early on Sunday.
"I wish I were his prosecutor in his trial, you know," he added. "Because this is the question which is in everybody's mind: Why? Did the Libyan people deserve what he did throughout 42 years of oppression, of killing, of everything?"
UN Human Rights Commissioner Navi Pillay has called for an investigation of the killing. Asked whether he would conduct a full investigation and allow an international team to monitor it, Jibril said:
"Yes, that would be absolutely okay with us you know, but for the body when it's buried, you know, according to Islamic rule ... when it's buried, it's buried.
"We got the coroner's report, I saw the body myself. I can testify that there were no bruises on his face or on his body."
Jibril acknowledged there had been "some limited violations of human rights" in Libya's revolution.
He also suggested Libya's interim authorities might welcome continued support from NATO beyond the end of October, when it plans to conclude its air campaign.
"I don't think there will be a need for that, but just in case," he said.
(Writing by Andrew Roche; Editing by Sonya Hepinstall)


Drivers arrested over child's death
Gaddafi Post-Mortem On Day Of Liberation
Britain braced for 'severe rain'
Australia hunts killer shark

Autopsy completed on Muammar Gaddafi's body - source

INL News By Rania El Gamal | Reuters –
MISRATA, Libya (Reuters) - Libyan forensic doctors carried out an autopsy overnight on the body of Muammar Gaddafi, the former Libyan leader killed last week, one of the people involved in the autopsy told Reuters on Sunday.
"We worked all through the night. We just got done," said the source, who spoke on condition of anonymity. He did not reveal any of the autopsy's findings.
The autopsy was carried out at a morgue in the city of Misrata, about 200 km (130 miles) east of Tripoli. Local officials said Gaddafi's body would now be brought back to the cold store at an old market in Misrata where it has been on public display.
(Reporting by Rania El Gamal; Writing by Christian Lowe; Editing by Alison Williams)


TRIPOLI (Reuters) - Muammar Gaddafi's … More »



Photo

U.S. rating likely to be downgraded again: Merrill

3:20pm EDT
NEW YORK - The United States will likely suffer the loss of its triple-A credit rating from another major rating agency by the end of this year due to concerns over the deficit, Bank of America Merrill Lynch forecasts.

Sarkozy backs down on ECB crisis role

4:15pm EDT
BRUSSELS - French President Nicolas Sarkozy backed down on Sunday in the face of implacable German opposition to demands to use unlimited European Central Bank funds to fight the euro zone's deepening sovereign debt crisis. | Video
A man carries an injured girl after an earthquake in Tabanli village near the eastern Turkish city of Van October 23, 2011. REUTERS/Abdurrahman Antakyali/Anadolu Agency

Hundreds feared dead after quake hits Turkey

VAN - A powerful earthquake which shook southeast Turkey may have killed up to 1,000 people as it triggered the collapse of dozens of buildings across the region.  Full Article | Video 
Voters display stained fingers to the photographer after they cast ballots at a polling station in Tunis October 23, 2011. REUTERS/Anis Mili

Huge turnout in Tunisia's Arab Spring election

TUNIS - Tunisian voters poured into polling stations on Sunday to vote in their country's first free election, 10 months after vegetable seller Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire in an act of protest that started the Arab Spring uprisings.  Full Article | Video 
A shopper walks down an aisle in a newly opened Walmart Neighborhood Market in Chicago September 21, 2011.  REUTERS/Jim Young

Week Ahead: Growth seen picking up steam

The U.S. gross domestic product in the third quarter will likely show consumer spending and business investment has improved, quelling some recession fears, according to Reuters Correspondent Jason Lange.  Video 
People wait in line to enter a
government job centre in Malaga, southern Spain April 29, 2011. REUTERS/Jon Nazca

Europe's lost generation stuck in junk jobs

MADRID - With Spain's high youth unemployment rate, young professionals accept any conditions in starting their careers. More and more people in Portugal and Italy also have so-called junk jobs: temporary contracts now used by all kinds of companies.  Full Article 
An airplane takes off from Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi International Airport October 20, 2011.  REUTERS/Chaiwat Subprasom

Airlines ride crest of Southeast Asia boom

BANGKOK/SINGAPORE - Five years after Southeast Asia's biggest airport by passenger capacity opened in Bangkok, hailed as the dawn of a new breed of Asian mega-airports, Suvarnabhumi is already running at over-capacity.  Full Article 

Stretching / Fotolia

Do you want to live until you're 100?

A cardiologist has drawn up his simple checklist of the things that will lengthen your lifespan. 'Not rocket science'

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Misha B / Rex

Misha B accused of bullying contestants

Rock week has erupted into a judges' row as Tulisa and Louis bring up Misha's backstage antics. 'Attitude problems'

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Man City players celebrate (PA)

City humiliate United in demolition derby

Manchester City completely obliterated their arch-rivals in a truly unbelievable Manchester derby. Match report

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Marco Simoncelli (Reuters)

MotoGP star killed in horrifying smash

MotoGP rider Marco Simoncelli has been killed in a sickening crash in which his helmet came off. More

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Man on CCTV walking past injured toddler

Drivers arrested over viral hit-and-run

Police in China have arrested two drivers suspected of running over a toddler whose death stunned the Web. CCTV

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Occupy London camp

'We'll be here until they sort things out'

Anti-capitalist protesters form another camp in London, a week after setting up base at St Paul's Cathedral. More

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Paranormal Activity 3 / Paramount

Paranormal Activity 3 creeps into theatres

The film guarantees supernatural chills as it competes with 'Contagion' and 'We Need To Talk About Kevin'. Reviews

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Rescuers searching for survivors

Up to 1,000 dead in Turkey earthquake

As many as 1,000 people are feared dead following a 7.2 magnitude earthquake in Turkey. Trapped victims

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Brit star gives us some lip in the US

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Tunisia election / PA

Huge turnout for first free election

Tunisians have voted in the country's first free election, 10 months after the Arab Spring uprisings started. Queues

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Alternatives to TV for kids at half-term

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Robin van Persie (PA)

Van Persie fires Arsenal to victory

Robin van Persie came off the bench to score twice and lead Arsenal to a third consecutive win. Match report

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Everton players celebrate (PA)

Everton stun Fulham in injury time

Two stoppage-time goals gave Everton an extraordinary victory over Fulham at Craven Cottage. Match report

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Mariah's twins. Photo: Getty

Twin bundles of joy

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'Young Apprentice' and 'Spooks'

Return of Apprentice, end of Spooks

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Sneak peek: We Need to Talk About Kevin

The best-selling book 'We Need to Talk About Kevin' has been made into an intense new movie. Exclusive clip

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10 reasons to celebrate iPod's birthday

Apple's iPod music player is 10 years old today and it's come a long way since 2001. Captured hearts and wallets

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Great White shark

Australia hunts shark after attack

A US man suffered 'traumatic fatal injuries' after being viciously attacked by a great white. Third death in months

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All Blacks celebrate (AFP)

New Zealand edge France in thrilling final

France's incredible bravery went unrewarded as they lost the World Cup final by a single point. Match report

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John Court in Coronation Street (ITV)

Killer makes shocking return to Corrie

A killer returns to 'Coronation Street' and kidnaps someone, while Yusef's plotting again on 'EastEnders'. Preview

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The week in pictures

In pictures: The week's top stories

Greek riots, the Dale Farm eviction and a suspicious giant slipper all captured headlines this week. News gallery

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'Portal 2'

What starred at the Golden Joysticks?

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How to get the heritage look

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Harry Judd's performance and judge Alesha Dixon

Alesha defects to give series' first 10

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Cut the price, but not the taste

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Chelsea (PA Photos)

Nine-man Chelsea crash to defeat at QPR

Chelsea had two men sent off as they lost to QPR in the Premier League west London derby. Match report

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The little ways companies pick our pockets

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Cities where you can shop till you drop

Those who love shopping and exploring at the same time would love these top retail therapy destinations. Surprises

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Beef steak

Top chef's secrets for the perfect steak

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Do you know these films from the last line?

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Mario Balotellli

'Firework madness' burns striker's home

Accident-prone Mario Balotelli reportedly fled his burning home after letting off fireworks in the bathroom. Cash saved

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Emma. Photo: Sunday Night

Pre-emptive action

Meet the young women choosing to remove their breasts to avoid cancer.


Costa Blanca / Fotolia

Brits killed in Spain flash flood named

An elderly British couple have been swept to their deaths in a flash flood while holidaying in Spain. Wall of water

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Kesha and Beatles. Photos: Columbia/Capitol

Hear it to believe it

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http://polidics.com/911/cia-exposed.html

                                                                                                                         WhyWasNickClayMurderedP1

http://www.godlikeproductions.com/forum1/message1500522/pg1

< Rik Clay exposes 2012, then mysteriously dies.. >, Anonymous Coward, User ID: 1355436 United States 05/21/2011 09:22 PM

Re: >>><<<< Rik Clay exposes 2012, then mysteriously dies.. >>><<<<
nwo murder is NOT mysterious
Anonymous Coward, User ID: 1370832, United States, 06/07/2011 08:05 PM
Re: >>><<<< Rik Clay exposes 2012, then mysteriously dies.. >>><<<<
Google Rik Clay Red Ice and listen to all 4 hours of the groundbreaking interviews. It is a MUST. He exposes prisonplanet.com, 9/11 truth, etc. Classic researcher with work as pertinent as ever.
CaladoriCooperSimmonsClaySchafer
mafia have paid murderers for "hits"
nwo mafia have paid murderers who wear pentagrams on their devil "uni-form"
Anonymous Coward User ID: 1370832 United States 06/07/2011 08:08 PM
Re: >>><<<< Rik Clay exposes 2012, then mysteriously dies.. >>><<<<
and don't forget Jim Keith. Add him to the above list of folks taken out for not being controlled opposition.
nothing mysterious about RIK CLAYs murder, tragic, horrible, disgusting, shameful, but not mysterious
RIP Rik Clay
Silenced by liars for telling the truth.





Nik Clay

"......Many observers believe that if Rik was murdered, then somewhere in his  work, he must have hit a central nerve......"
Reece Woodstock
Chief Editor, Vision Report Watch






Above: London 2012 Olympic Games Logos....


".......Why was Nik Clay murdered?
Why Murdered Nik Clay?
These questions need to be answered by someone....."
stated by Michael McMannus .... Head of The AWN News Investigation Team appointed into finding out why and how and whom murdered Nick Clay just after
Rik Clay went public with his work about  into conspiracy, symbolism and  synchromysticism (his blog was named The Cosmic Mind)  on the popular Red Ice  Creations Radio show in 2008,



 Its because of a specific set of circumstances that occurred in  2008 involving someone called Rik Clay.

Many of you may not be aware of the case surrounding Rik Clay. Rik  Clay was  a young researcher into conspiracy, symbolism and  synchromysticism (his blog was named The Cosmic Mind) who apparently took his own life after an adrenal breakdown.
After Rik Clay went public with his work on the popular Red Ice  Creations Radio show in 2008, he went missing a few days later. 
Everything connected to Rik’s work was removed and a few weeks  later Rik Clay was found dead. 
Rik’s friends who had published back up’s of his blog took them down  and refused to discuss it any further stating they were scared.

Many 
observers believe that if Rik was murdered, then somewhere in his  work, he must have hit a central nerve.



http://www.jdtippit.com/

J.D. TIPPIT
Credit: Dale K. Myers/Tippit Family Collection 
(1924-1963)

In Dallas, Texas there is a city memorial honoring the dedicated men and women of law enforcement who have given their lives in the line of duty. They are Dallas heroes - men and women whose strength of character endured the ultimate test. They leave family and friends who will forever wonder what might have been.

One of those so honored is J.D. Tippit, the 39-year-old father of three who was gunned down on an Oak Cliff side-street on November 22, 1963 - forty-five minutes after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

The man arrested for Tippit�s murder was Lee Harvey Oswald, a 24-year-old employee of the Texas School Book Depository who was later accused of assassinating the President. The world press declared Tippit a hero for trying to stop Oswald�s escape. Sympathy and thousands of dollars in donations poured in from the heart of a grieving nation.

Two days later, in a dizzying culmination of violence, Oswald himself was murdered by nightclub owner, Jack Ruby. On Monday the twenty-fifth, amid rumors of conspiracy, the President, his accused assassin, and Dallas� faithful public servant were laid to rest.

Four decades of official investigations into the events of November 22nd have not squelched the curiosity of an increasingly distrustful nation. Conspiracy theorists have demonized all of the major players in this tragic drama - including the Dallas cop who was once called a hero. In the cynical world of conspiracy, Tippit is instead a cop on the take, paid to kill Oswald as part of an elaborate plot to overthrow the government.

To others, J.D. Tippit was just an ordinary man who through a chance encounter stumbled into history. But to those who knew him, J.D. Tippit embodied the essential ingredients of the American hero.

This website is lovingly dedicated to his memory.


http://www.erichufschmid.net/JFK/Toronto-connection.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._D._Tippit

J. D. Tippit


Dallas Police Department photo of Tippit in 1952
J. D. Tippit (September 18, 1924 – November 22, 1963) was a police officer with the Dallas Police Department who, according to two government investigations including the Warren Commission, was shot and killed by Lee Harvey Oswald after Tippit stopped Oswald following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Oswald's initial arrest was for Tippit's murder, not Kennedy's.

Tippit was born in Clarksville, Red River County, Texas, to Edgar Lee Tippit, a farmer, and Lizzie Mae Rush. The Tippit and Rush families were of Englishancestry, their ancestors having immigrated to Virginia from England by 1635.[1] It is sometimes reported that J.D. stood for "Jefferson Davis", but in fact, the letters did not stand for anything in particular.[2] Tippit attended public schools through the tenth grade and was raised as a Baptist. He entered the United States Army on July 21, 1944, and was assigned to the 513th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the US 17th Airborne Division. He saw combat in Operation Varsity, the airborne crossing of the Rhine River in March 1945, earning a Bronze Star, and remained on active duty until June 20, 1946.
Tippit was married to Marie Frances Gasway on December 26, 1946, and the couple had three children (whose ages were 14, 10, and 5 at the time of his death[3]). That same year, he went to work for the Dearborn Stove Company. He next worked for Sears, Roebuck and Company in the installation department from March 1948 to September 1949, when he moved to Lone Star, Texas, and attempted cattle raising.
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1944 – 1946
Unit 513th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 17th Airborne Division
Battles/wars World War II
*Battle of the Bulge
*Operation Varsity
Awards Bronze Star
World War II Victory Medal
Tippit attended a Veterans Administration vocational training school at Bogata, Texas, from January 1950 until June 1952. He was then hired by the Dallas Police Department as a patrolman on July 28, 1952. Officer Tippit served capably and was cited for bravery in 1956 for his role in disarming a fugitive.
At the time of his death, Tippit was assigned to Dallas Police vehicle #10, had badge #848 and was earning a salary of $5,880 a year as a Dallas police officer. He was also working two other part-time jobs.


Tippit's squad car on E. 10th Street in Dallas shortly after his shooting.

Murder

On November 22, 1963, J.D. Tippit was working beat number 78, his normal patrol area in south Oak Cliff, a residential area of Dallas.[4] At 12:45 p.m., 15 minutes after the President's assassination, Tippit received a radio order to move to the central Oak Cliff area as part of a concentration of police around the center of the city. At 12:54 Tippit radioed that he had moved as directed. By then several messages had been broadcast describing a suspect in the Kennedy assassination[5] as a slender white male, about 30 years old, 5 feet 10 inches (1.78 m) tall, and weighing about 165 pounds (75 kg).
According to the Warren Commission, at approximately 1:11–1:14 p.m.,[6] Tippit was driving slowly eastward on East 10th Street when — about 100 feet (30 m) past the intersection of 10th Street and Patton Avenue — he pulled alongside a man who resembled the broadcast description of Lee Harvey Oswald.[7][8] The man walked over to Tippit's car and apparently exchanged words with him through an open vent window.[9] Tippit opened his car door and as he walked toward the front of the car, the man drew a handgun and fired three shots in rapid succession, hitting Tippit three times in the chest. The man then walked up to Tippit's fallen body and fired a fourth shot directly into his head, fatally wounding him.[10]
The Warren Commission identified twelve people who witnessed the shooting,[11] or its aftermath.[12] Domingo Benavides saw Tippit standing by the left door of his parked police car, and a man standing on the right side of the car. He then heard shots and saw Tippit fall to the ground. Benavides stopped his pickup truck on the opposite side of the street from Tippit's car. He observed the shooter fleeing the scene and removing spent cartridge cases from his gun as he left. Benavides waited in his truck until the gunman disappeared before assisting Tippit. He then reported the shooting to police headquarters, using the radio in Tippit's car.[13] Helen Markham witnessed the shooting and then saw a man with a gun in his hand leave the scene.[14] Markham identified Lee Harvey Oswald as Tippit’s killer in a police lineup she viewed that evening.[15] Barbara Davis and her sister-in-law Virginia Davis heard the shots and saw a man crossing their lawn, shaking his revolver, as if he were emptying it of cartridge cases. Later, the women found two cartridge cases near the crime scene and handed the cases over to police. That evening, Barbara Davis and Virginia Davis were taken to a lineup and both Davises picked out Oswald as the man whom they had seen.[16]
Taxicab driver William Scoggins testified that he saw Tippit's police car pull up alongside a man on the sidewalk, as he his sat in his taxicab nearby. Scoggins heard three or four shots and then saw Tippit fall to the ground. As Scoggins crouched behind his cab, the man passed within twelve feet of him, pistol in hand, muttering what sounded to him like, "poor dumb cop" or "poor damn cop."[17] The next day, Scoggins viewed a police lineup and identified Oswald as the man whom he had seen with the pistol.[citation needed]
The Commission also named several other witnesses[18] who were not at the scene of the murder, but who claimed to have seen a man they later identified as Oswald running between the murder scene and the Texas Theater, where Oswald was subsequently arrested.[19]
Four cartridge cases were found at the scene by eyewitnesses. It was the unanimous testimony of expert witnesses before the Warren Commission that these spent cartridge cases were fired from the revolver in Oswald's possession to the exclusion of all other weapons.[20]

Criticism of the case against Oswald

Since the Warren Commission Report was published in 1964, some researchers have alleged discrepancies in witness testimony and physical evidence which they believe calls into question the Commission's conclusions regarding the murder of Tippit. These critics cite evidence indicating that Oswald may have had an accomplice in the killing, or that possibly Tippit was killed by an assailant (or assailants) other than Oswald. According to Warren Commission criticJim Marrs, Oswald's guilt in the assassination of Kennedy is placed in question by the presence of "a growing body of evidence to suggest that [he] did not kill Tippit".[21] Others say that multiple men were directly involved in Tippit's killing. Conspiracy researcher Kenn Thomas has alleged that the Warren Commission omitted testimony and evidence that two men shot Tippit and that one left the scene in a car.[22]
William Alexander, the Dallas assistant district attorney who had recommended that Oswald be charged with the Kennedy and Tippit murders, has also been critical of the Commission's version of the murder, stating that its conclusions on Oswald's movements "did not add up", and that "certainly, he may have had accomplices."[23]

Allegations regarding timeline

Some researchers, including Anthony Summers and Robert Groden, point to evidence that Tippit's murder may have taken place earlier than the time given in the Warren Report.[24][25][26] The Warren Commission concluded that the shooting occurred at 1:16 p.m. from the police tapes that logged Domingo Benavides' use of the radio in Tippit's car. However, Benavides testified that he did not approach the car until "a few minutes" after the shooting, because he was afraid that the gunman might return.[27] He was assisted in using the radio by witness T.F. Bowley, who testified to Dallas police that he arrived at the scene after the murder, and that the time was 1:10 p.m.[28]
Some critics of the Warren Commission version believe that Oswald did not have sufficient time to travel the nine-tenths of a mile from his house to the scene where Tippit was killed.[29] The timing is of critical importance because, according to the Warren Commission, Oswald arrived at his rooming house at around 1:00 p.m.,[30] then left "3 or 4 minutes" later,[31] and was last seen by his housekeeper a moment later standing at the corner bus stop.[32] The Commission’s own test[33] and estimation of Oswald’s walking speed[34] demonstrated that one of the longer routes to the Tippit shooting scene took 17 minutes and 45 seconds to walk.[35] Additionally, no witness ever surfaced who saw Oswald walk from his rooming house to the murder scene.[36]
Witness Helen Markham initially told the FBI that the shooting occurred "possibly around 1:30 p.m.,"[37] but she later told the Warren Commission: "I wouldn't be afraid to bet it wasn't 6 or 7 minutes after 1."[38][39] Deputy Sheriff Roger Craig stated that when he heard the news that Tippit had been shot, he looked at his watch and noted that the time was 1:06 p.m. However, in a later statement to the press, Craig seemed unsure about the time of the shooting.[40]
Warren "Butch" Burroughs, who ran the concession stand at the Texas Theater where Oswald was arrested, told author James Douglass in 2007 that Oswald came into the theater between 1:00 and 1:07 p.m., which if true would make Oswald's alleged 1:16 shooting of Officer J.D. Tippit impossible.[41] This was a claim that Burroughs had made earlier in the documentary, The Men Who Killed Kennedy.[42]

Allegations regarding witness testimony and physical evidence

Only two Commission witnesses were identified as actually having seen the shooting, Helen Markham and Domingo Benavides. Joseph Ball, senior counsel to the Commission, has referred to Markham's testimony as "full of mistakes," and characterized her as an "utter screwball."[43]
Domingo Benavides initially said that he did not think he could identify the assailant and was never asked to view a police lineup,[44] even though he was the person closest to the killing.[45] Benavides later testified that that the killer resembled pictures he had seen of Oswald.[46] Other witnesses were taken to police lineups. However, these lineups have been criticized as flawed in that they consisted of people who looked very different from Oswald. In one case, the lineup was composed of five "young teenagers" and Oswald.[47][48]
Additionally, certain witnesses who did not appear before the Commission identified an assailant who was not Oswald. Both Acquilla Clemons and Frank Wright witnessed the scene from their respective homes, within one block of the murder. Clemons saw two men near Tippit’s car just before the shooting.[49]After the shooting, she ran outside and saw a man with a gun whom she described as "kind of heavy." He waved to the second man, urging him to "go on".[50] Frank Wright also emerged from his home and observed the scene seconds after the shooting. He described a man standing by Tippit’s body who had on a long coat, and who quickly ran to a car parked nearby and drove away.[51][52][53] There have also been concerns about ballistic evidence and finger print evidence on the police car that seemed to make it less likely that Oswald was the killer.
Some researchers have questioned whether the cartridge cases recovered from the scene were the same as those that were subsequently entered into evidence. Two of the cases were recovered by witness Domingo Benavides and turned over to police officer J.M. Poe. Poe told the FBI that he marked the shells with his own initials, "J.M.P." to identify them.[54] Sergeant Gerald Hill later testified to the Warren Commission that it was he who had ordered police officer Poe to mark the shells.[55] However, Poe's initials were not found on the shells produced by the FBI six months later.[54][56][57] Testifying before the Warren Commission, Poe said that although he recalled marking the cases, he "couldn’t swear to it."[58][59] Poe later told researchers that he was absolutely certain that he had marked the shells.[60] The identification of the cartridge cases at the crime scene raises more questions. Sergeant Gerald Hill examined one of the shells and radioed the police dispatcher, saying: "The shell at the scene indicates that the suspect is armed with an automatic .38 rather than a pistol."[61] However, Oswald was reportedly arrested carrying a non-automatic .38 Special revolver.[62][63] The number of cartridge shells found at the crime scene raises further questions for some. Sergeant Gerald Hill, who took possession of Oswald's revolver upon his arrest, reported that the gun's six chambers were fully loaded with unspent cartridges and that Oswald had no ammunition on his person.[64]

Aftermath

On the evening of the assassination, both Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy and the new President, Lyndon B. Johnson, called Tippit's widow to express their sympathies.[65] Jacqueline Kennedy wrote a letter expressing sorrow for the bond they shared. The plight of Tippit's family also moved much of the nation and a total of $647,579 ($4.5 million in 2009) was donated to them following the assassination. One of the largest individual gifts was the $25,000 ($176,600 in 2009) that Abraham Zapruder donated after selling his film of the assassination.
A funeral service for J.D. Tippit was held on November 25, 1963, at the Beckley Hills Baptist Church, with the burial following at Laurel Land Memorial Park in Dallas.[65] His funeral occurred on the same day as those of both Kennedy and Oswald.[66][67]
In January 1964, Tippit was posthumously awarded the Medal of Valor from the American Police Hall of Fame, and he also received the Police Medal of Honor, the Police Cross, and the Citizens Traffic Commission Award of Heroism.
Tippit's widow married Dallas police lieutenant Harry Dean Thomas in January 1967.
In movies, Tippit has been portrayed by Price Carson in 1991's JFK, and David Duchovny in 1992's Ruby.

References

Compiled From Records of Land Patents, 1633–1680, in The Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland, 1968, Genealogical Publishing Co., p.465 ^ Dale K. Myers, "Biography: A Boy Named J.D.", J.D. Tippit Official Home Page. ^ Congressional Record of the 88th Congress, 1963: House of Representatives. p. 23471. ^ Warren Commission Report, Chapter 4 — The Assassin, The Killing of Patrolman J. D. Tippit, p. 165. ^ Warren Commission Report, page 5. ^ Thefirst report of Tippit's shooting was transmitted over Police Channel 1 some time between 1:16 and 1:19 p.m., as indicated by verbal time stamps made periodically by the dispatcher. Specifically, the first report began 1 minute 41 seconds after the 1:16 time stamp. Before that, witness Domingo Benavides could be heard unsuccessfully trying to use Tippit's police radio microphone, beginning at 1:16. Dale K. Myers, With Malice: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Murder of Officer J.D. Tippit, 1998, p. 384. ISBN 0-9662709-7-5. ^ Oswald was 5 feet 9 inches (1.75 m) tall and weighed 150 pounds (68 kg). Warren Commission Hearings Vol. XXVI, p. 521. ^ Warren Commission Report, page 7. ^ Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 19, p. 113, Barnes Exhibit A, Right side of Tippit squad car, showing open wing vent window. Mrs. Markham was on the opposite side of the street and a half block back. ^ Groden, Robert. The Search for Lee Harvey Oswald, (New York: Penguin Group, 1995), p. 129. ISBN 0-670-85867-6 ^ Warren Commission Report, page 166 ^ By the evening of November 22, five of them (Helen Markham, Barbara Davis, Virginia Davis, Ted Callaway, Sam Guinyard) had identified Lee Harvey Oswald in police lineups as the man they saw. A sixth (William Scoggins) did so the next day. Three others (Harold Russell, Pat Patterson, Warren Reynolds) subsequently identified Oswald from a photograph. Two witnesses (Domingo Benavides, William Smith) testified that Oswald resembled the man they had seen. One witness (L.J. Lewis) felt he was too distant from the gunman to make a positive identification. Warren Commission Hearings, CE 1968, Location of Eyewitnesses to the Movements of Lee Harvey Oswald in the Vicinity of the Tippit Killing. ^ Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 6, Testimony of Domingo Benavides. ^ Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 3, p. 305, Testimony of Mrs. Helen Markham. ^ Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 3, p. 318, Testimony of Helen Markham. ^ Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 3, p. 342, Testimony of Mrs. Barbara Jeanette Davis. Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 6, p. 454, Testimony of Mrs. Charlie Virginia Davis. ^ Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 3, pp. 322-27, Testimony of William W. Scoggins. ^ Warren Commission Report, pp. 166–169. Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 23, p. 817, CE 1968, Location of eyewitnesses to the movements of Lee Harvey Oswald in the vicinity of the Tippit killing. ^Warren Commission Report, page 8. ^ Warren Commission Report, Appendix 10: Expert Testimony, Revolver Cartridges and Cartridge Cases. ^ Marrs, Jim.Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy, (New York: Carroll & Graf, 1989), p. 340. ISBN 0-88184-648-1 ^ Thomas, Kenn, ed. (2000). "The Tippit Connection".Cyberculture Counterconspiracy: A Steamshovel Web Reader. 2. Escondido, California: The Book Tree. p. 63. ISBN 978-1-58509-126-3. ^ Summers, Anthony,Not in Your Lifetime, Warner Books, 1998, ISBN 0-7515-1840-9, p. 75. ^ Summers, Anthony, Not in Your Lifetime, Warner Books, 1998, ISBN 0-7515-1840-9, p. 72. ^ Groden, Robert. The Search for Lee Harvey Oswald, (New York: Penguin Group, 1995), pp. 134-137. ISBN 0-670-85867-6 ^ The Killing of Patrolman J.D. Tippit, Warren Commission Report, Chapter 4, The Assassin, p. 165. ^ Testimony of Domingo Benavides, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 6, p. 448. ^Commission Exhibit No. 2003, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 24, p. 202. ^ Perry 2003, p. 391. ^ Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 6, p. 440, Testimony of Earlene Roberts. His housekeeper testified that "it must have been around 1 o'clock, or maybe a little after," but then concluded, "what time I wouldn't want to say." The Warren Commission estimated that Oswald arrived at his rooming house "about 12:59 to 1 p.m." (Warren Commission Report, Chapter 4: The Assassin, p. 163). The HSCA, in its reconstruction of the event, concluded Oswald arrived at “approximately 12:55 P.M.” (HSCA Record 180-10115-10004, September 19, 1977, p. 2). ^ Testimony of Earlene Roberts, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 6, p. 440. ^ Affidavit of Earlene Roberts, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 7, p. 439, December 5, 1963. ^ Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 6, p.434, Testimony of William W. Whaley. The route Commission investigators walked "at an average walking pace" to the Tippit shooting site in 17 minutes 45 seconds was described in testimony as the "long way around route", and "not the most direct route". ^ calculated from the time of events given in the Warren Report by researcher Sylvia Meagher, see Accessories After the Fact, Vintage Books, ISBN 0-679-74315-4, p. 255 ^ Other researchers disagree. The Warren Commission measured the distance from Oswald's rooming house to the site of Tippit's shooting as nine-tenths of a mile (1.4 km). A person walking at a pace of 4 miles (6.4 km) per hour would take 12 minutes 45 seconds to make the journey. A filmed reenactment traveled the distance in 11 minutes 10 seconds. ^ Hurt, Henry, Reasonable Doubt, Henry Holt & Co., 1988. ISBN 0-03-004059-0 p.145 ^ FBI report of interview with Helen Markham on November 22, 1963, Warren Commission Document 5, FBI Gemberling Report, p. 79. ^ Testimony of Mrs. Helen Markham, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 3, p. 306. ^ Groden, Robert. The Search for Lee Harvey Oswald, (New York: Penguin Group, 1995), p. 136. ISBN 0-670-85867-6 ^ Craig, Roger, When They Kill a President, 1971, ASIN: B00072DT18. Yet Craig wrote in that same account,
At that exact moment [of the discovery of Oswald's rifle in the Texas School Book Depository] an unknown Dallas police officer came running up the stairs and advised Capt. Fritz that a Dallas policeman had been shot in the Oak Cliff area. I instinctively looked at my watch. The time was 1:06 p.m. A token force of uniformed officers was left to keep the sixth floor secure and Fritz, Day, Boone, Mooney, Weitzman and I left the building.
However, witness Seymour Weitzman testified to the Warren Commission that Oswald's rifle was not discovered until about 1:22 p.m. (Testimony of Seymour Weitzman, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 7, p. 109) Craig gave an even later time for the Tippit shooting — 1:40 p.m. — in an interview with Penn Jones published in the Los Angeles Free Press in March 1968. He accepted Jones' correction that it was "a little before 1:15." ^ Douglass, James. JFK and the Unspeakable: Why He Died and Why It Matters, (New York: Touchstone/Simon & Schuster, 2008), pp. 290, 466. ISBN 978-1-4391-9388-4 ^ Turner, Nigel. The Men Who Killed Kennedy, Part 4, "The Patsy", 1991. ^ Summers, Anthony, Not in Your Lifetime, Warner Books, 1998, ISBN 0-7515-1840-9, p. 68. ^ Testimony of Domingo Benavides, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 6, pp. 451-52. ^ Marrs, Jim. Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy, (New York: Carroll & Graf, 1989), p. 341. ISBN 0-88184-648-1 ^ Testimony of Domingo Benavides, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 6, p. 452. ^ Marrs, Jim. Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy, (New York: Carroll & Graf, 1989), p. 341. ISBN 0-88184-648-1 ^ Turner, Nigel. The Men Who Killed Kennedy, Part 5, "The Witnesses", 1991. ^Turner, Nigel. The Men Who Killed Kennedy, Part 4, "The Patsy", 1991. ^ Summers, Anthony, Not in Your Lifetime, Warner Books, 1998, ISBN 0-7515-1840-9, pp. 70-71. Two eyewitnesses to the aftermath, Sam Guinyard and Ted Callaway, ran to 10th and Patton and found Tippit lying in the street beside his car. Callaway picked up Tippit's gun, which lay beneath him outside of the holster. He and Scoggins attempted to chase down the gunman in Scoggin's taxicab.Warren Commission Report, p. 169. ^ Interview November 12, 1964 by George and Patricia Nash for The New Leader. Wright claimed that the killer escaped the crime scene in a gray automobile; he later altered his story, claiming that it was another man who drove off in the gray coupe, while the killer ran alongside, yelling back and forth with the driver. Myers, pp. 76–78. ^ Marrs, Jim. Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy, (New York: Carroll & Graf, 1989), p. 342. ISBN 0-88184-648-1 ^ Summers, Anthony, Not in Your Lifetime, Warner Books, 1998, ISBN 0-7515-1840-9, p. 71. ^ a b Commission Exhibit No. 2011, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 24, p. 415. ^ Testimony of Gerald Lynn Hill, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 7, p. 49. ^ Marrs, Jim. Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy, (New York: Carroll & Graf, 1989), p. 343. ISBN 0-88184-648-1 ^ Summers, Anthony, Not in Your Lifetime, Warner Books, 1998, ISBN 0-7515-1840-9, p. 69. ^ Marrs, Jim. Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy, (New York: Carroll & Graf, 1989), p. 343. ISBN 0-88184-648-1 ^ Testimony of J.M. Poe, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 7, p. 69. ^ Hurt, Henry, Reasonable Doubt, Henry Holt & Co., 1988. ISBN 0-03-004059-0 p.153 ^ Commission Exhibit No. 1974, Warren Commission Hearings, vol. 23, p. 870. ^ Marrs, Jim. Crossfire: The Plot that Killed Kennedy, (New York: Carroll & Graf, 1989), p. 342. ISBN 0-88184-648-1 ^ Summers, Anthony, Not in Your Lifetime, Warner Books, 1998, ISBN 0-7515-1840-9, p. 70. ^ Groden, Robert, "The Killing of a President," Penguin Books, 1993 ISBN 0-670-85267-8 pp. 97–100. ^ a b Herbers, John (November 26, 1963). "Slain Policeman Is Honored by Dallas". The New York Times: p. 15. ^ Associated Press (November 26, 1963). "Bells Toll for Officer Tippit". The Boston Globe: p. 10. ^ Janson, Donald (November 26, 1963). "Oswald Is Buried in Texas in a Wooden Coffin". The New York Times: p. 14.  

External links

    J.D. Tippit website by Dale Myers.
    "Pain lingers for Tippit's widow," Dallas Morning News, January 27, 2004.
    Entry on J.D. Tippit
    J.D. Tippit at Find-A-Grave
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._D._Tippit

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._D._Tippit



JFK  A Toronto connection? 18 April 2007
Is this one of the assassins?
Were the Bronfmans involved?




Two important lessons to learn from the 9/11 attack:
1) The 9/11 "truth seekers" who get publicity or promotion are protecting the Zionists; they are trying to deceive, control, and manipulate.
2) The Zionists played a major role in the 9/11 attack. The other people are only in a supporting role, and may even have been duped into joining. 
 

The JFK assassination seems to be exactly the same. Virtually all of the JFK "researchers" who get publicity are Zionist Deniers. 
 
Ignore the primary JFK investigators
If there are any honest researchers in the JFK assassination, they are certainly in the same situation as Bollyn and Hufschmid; namely, they are ignored by most of the JFK investigators.
Mark Lane, a Jewish lawyer who works with the American Free Press, has written books about the Kennedy assassination, and he was involved in the legal cases of other suspicious events.
However, the evidence suggests that Mark Lane is actually a Zionist who pretends to protect the Goyim: 
 Bollyn-MarkLane.html 
 AmericanDeceptionPress.html
“Trust me! 
I love Goyim”
Who might have been shooting at JFK?
Mary Moorman took a photograph of Kennedy as he drove by. A news reporter named Featherstone was extremely concerned about this photograph, and he took it from her. (If you have my book, Painful Questions, an Analysis of the September 11 Attack, you can find a description of this on page 143 under the title America's Free Press is a Disgrace)
If you realize that the Zionists are dominating the media, you must consider that Featherstone realized that Mary Moorman was in a location to get a photo of very critical evidence that would expose the Kennedy assassination as a scam. Apparently, it did not contain any damaging evidence, so he eventually returned it to her.
The photograph does not have much detail. The center portion of her photo is below, and a higher resolution, full size version is here.
In the upper right corner of the Moorman photo, standing on the light-colored concrete wall, are Abraham Zapruder and a woman who is holding him steady as he films the assassination.
As I imply in my book, Zapruder wanted the woman to hold him steady because he was concerned that the numerous loud gunshots would cause him to tremble.
A PDF file of the 2 chapters on Kennedy are here: 
Hufschmid-Kennedy-chapters-only.pdf 
(these chapters are actually my initial reaction to the Warren report, not an analysis of the JFK killing):
The Americans consider that day to be a tragedy, but to the Zionists it was just another successful event in the development of Israel and their takeover of the USA.
They wanted it documented for their historical records. Zapruder was equivalent to those five dancing Israelis who were documenting the event of September 11. 
Info about the dancing Israelis: 
Bollyn-dancing-Israelis.html 
 
A higher quality photograph of the same scene taken by a different photographer a few seconds earlier than the Mary Moormon photo is in a book by Robert Groden: 
www.jfkmurder.com/home.html
The important section of his photo is below: 
Zapruder and the women are in the upper right corner, but in this photograph are two figures which appear to be men wearing hats standing behind the concrete wall.
Robert Groden's book has a photo (below) of a man reenacting the scene to show how the men would stand behind the concrete wall. This also shows that they had a nice view of the street.
Zapruder was standing close to these two men, and as he moved the camera to follow Kennedy down the street, it appears that one of the men can be seen in some of the frames.
At the bottom of frame # 413 of Zapruder's film, there appears to be a man with a hat among the vegetation (green arrow):
Robert Groden's book has a photo taken from Zapruder's position to help us understand frame # 413. By comparing the light poles and the signs on the light poles, you can see that the vegetation has been trimmed. Below is a close-up, and below that is a wide shot.
 


The witnesses to the assassination describe lots of gunshots, which implies there was more than one shooter.
Also, in my chapters on Kennedy in my book, I point out that most of the witnesses were certain that the shots were coming from this area, and that the witnesses said police were looking for bullet shells in that area.
It would appear that one or both of the two men behind the concrete wall may have been shooters. But who were they?
I cannot verify the following speculations. I put them out in the hope so that other people will come forward with information to verify or disprove them. 
 
Was Lee Harvey Oswald in Mexico?
The official story says that Lee Harvey Oswald visited the Soviet Embassy in Mexico City.
This man is supposed to be Oswald at the Soviet Embassy in Mexico.
Either people are getting photographs mixed up, or this person was pretending to be Oswald.
Some people think he might be a Russian; some people think he was one of the shooters; and some people think his name is Jack (Forshaw?), from Toronto, Canada.
Robert Groden's book about Oswald has the photograph below of Jack Ruby's Carousel Club.
On the right side -- a close-up is below -- some people think the man #1 is Clyde Forshaw, the nephew of Jack Forshaw, and that he is worried about the photographer taking his photo.
Man #2 is Jack Ruby (yellow box shows Ruby in a similar position for comparison), and #3 is the Oswald double, not the Oswald who was arrested for the killing.
If the accusations are true that these two men are Clyde and Jack Forshaw from Toronto, that means some of the main assassins were brought in from Toronto, not France, Russia, or the CIA.
By the way, some people think Clyde was the man who shot officer Tippit.
Furthermore, since the Forshaws supposedly work for organized crime, not government agencies, then everybody who blames the assassination on the American government is either mistaken or deliberately lying.
Photos of Oswald and/or the double: 
www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/LHO.htm
Which of the many thousands of theories on JFK are correct? We may never know, but learn from 9/11: be suspicious of the people who are getting promotion as JFK investigators. 

 
The mysterious plane crash of JFK Jr.
If the Toronto connection is correct, then we may have an explanation of what happened to JFK Jr.'s airplane.
On July 12, JFK Jr. flew his private plane to the small Buttonville Airport outside of Toronto to meet with officials of Magna International Inc., including vice-president Keith Stein and Belinda Stronach, daughter of the company's founder, Frank Stronach. 
www.cbc.ca/world/story/1999/07/19/pilot990719.html
Frank Stronach supposedly arrived in America with no money. Today he is a billionaire in auto parts and horseracing. 
www.cbc.ca/lifeandtimes/stronach.html
Some newspapers were wondering about the relationship between Bill Clinton and Frank Stronach's daughter Belinda, such as this. She also denied other relationships, such as thiswith hockey player Tie Domi.
Why would an American president associate with billionaire families who have such suspicious friends and behavior?
The gambling businesses have always attracted organized crime, so we should consider the possibility that Stronach is involved in a crime network.
If Stronach's company is involved in organized crime, why would Kennedy fly to Toronto to meet with them? The official story is that Stronach was considering investing in Kennedy's magazine, which was not profitable.
Four days later, as he was flying his little airplane from the Essex County Airport in Fairfield, New Jersey back to his home city, the airplane crashed into the ocean. There are accusations that the tail of the plane broke off, although the official story is that Kennedy was a lousy pilot, at least compared to the pros, such as Hani Hanjour, who crashed into the Pentagon.
Here is the speculation I need help verifying:
• Frank Stronach and Keith Stein are involved in organized crime, and at a very high level.
• Stronach tricked Kennedy into visiting by pretending that he might invest in Kennedy's newspaper. He may have also have offered information about the JFK assassination. He insisted that Kennedy come up for a meeting because he didn't want to discuss it over the telephone.
• Stronach wanted Kennedy to fly into the small Buttonville airport outside of Toronto because there is very little security at small airports.
• Somebody put an explosive device in the airplane that would be activated by radio control. They waited until Kennedy was over the ocean, and then they set off the explosives and blew the tail off the airplane.
• If the photo of the man at the Mexican Embassy is Jack Forshaw from Toronto, and if the man in the other photo is his nephew, Clyde, then we should consider the possibility that the same Zionist gang that killed JFK also killed JFK Jr., and the Forshaw family are their hired assassins. 
 

If this scenario is true, who would have hired the Forshaws? We many never know, but we should consider that the Bronfmans are one of the key decision makers.
The Bronfman family is from Canada, and they initially became rich from their Seagram Company, which sells liquor. 
The Bronfmans worked with Meyer Lansky and lots of other Jewish criminals, such as Arnold Rothstein, who owned gambling casinos in New York.
By the way, some people believe Rothstein has a relative, Murray, who changed his name to "Sumner Redstone" to hide the connection. We are foolishly allowing a member of this criminal gang to influence our view of the world.
Joe Kennedy was also involved in the sale of alcohol, but he was a rival with the Bronfman and Lansky gang. 
 
Now consider that the rumors are true that John and Robert Kennedy:
• did not want to be part of organized crime; actually, they wanted to arrest the criminals.
• wanted to get the Rothschilds and other families out of the American monetary system.
• wanted to stop Israel from developing nuclear weapons
• were standing up to Henry Kissinger and Walt Whitman Rostow, who wanted the Vietnam War
• were forcing J. Edgar Hoover -- of the Federal Bureau of Israel -- to clamp down on organized crime rather than continue to pretend that there is no such thing as organized crime
• did not want to fake the Apollo moon landing 
 

Even if only some of these rumors are true, you can see that there would be thousands of Zionists and other criminals who would want to kill the Kennedys.
The Bronfman family rules over a large Zionist criminal enterprise. Toronto seems to be a center for organized crime, and not just Jewish gangs, but Italian, Vietnamese, and who knows how many others.
The Bronfmans have had decades of experience with crime, so they are easily capable of arranging complex murders. They also control a lot of politicians, such as the McCain family, and their Zionist friends in the media will help cover up their crimes. 
  
 
John McCain and other officials should dress in the appropriate manner so that we don't mistake them for independent humans.

  
 
They always “Blame the Gooooys!”
Most of the 9/11 truth seekers and Kennedy investigators blame the Goyim.... the Goy in the CIA, the Goy in the Pentagon, the Goy in the New World Order. 
Over and over and over, it's always the same story. “The Goy did it!
But the evidence shows that it's the Zionists in the Pentagon, the Zionists in the FBI, the Zionists in the media, the Zionists in the government.
We are suckers, fools, jerks, and losers if we continue to allow these Zionists to instigate wars, blow up levees in New Orleans, and fabricate Holocaust stories. Are the police or citizens ever going to get fed up with organized crime?
If the citizens would stop going to horse races, strip clubs, and movie theaters, and if they would stop buying newspapers, magazines, and drugs, they could drive these criminal gangs into financial difficulty, and then maybe the hired assassins would turn on their masters. 
  
  
 
Investigate Toronto's crime network
Toronto has a lot of wealth




Nik Clay

"......Many observers believe that if Rik was murdered, then somewhere in his  work, he must have hit a central nerve......"
Reece Woodstock
Chief Editor, Vision Report Watch



".......Why was Nik Clay murdered?
Why Murdered Nik Clay?
These questions need to be answered by someone....."
stated by Michael McMannus .... Head of The AWN News Investigation Team appointed into finding out why and how and whom murdered Nick Clay just after
Rik Clay went public with his work about  into conspiracy, symbolism and  synchromysticism (his blog was named The Cosmic Mind)  on the popular Red Ice  Creations Radio show in 2008,



 Its because of a specific set of circumstances that occurred in  2008 involving someone called Rik Clay.

Many of you may not be aware of the case surrounding Rik Clay. Rik  Clay was  a young researcher into conspiracy, symbolism and  synchromysticism (his blog was named The Cosmic Mind) who apparently took his own life after an adrenal breakdown.
After Rik Clay went public with his work on the popular Red Ice  Creations Radio show in 2008, he went missing a few days later. 
Everything connected to Rik’s work was removed and a few weeks  later Rik Clay was found dead. 
Rik’s friends who had published back up’s of his blog took them down  and refused to discuss it any further stating they were scared.

Many 
observers believe that if Rik was murdered, then somewhere in his  work, he must have hit a central nerve.










http://www.visionreportwatch.com/w23vision-june2012.pdf






Above: London 2012 Olympic Games Logos....


London Olympics 2012 and ZYON


A New World Order Watch Media Publication (www.visionreportwatch.com)         June, 2012: Issue 24

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LONDON OLYMPICS 2012 & ZION
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Welcome to the Vision Report Watch
The 2012 London Summer Olympics marks the first time a city has hosted the coveted spectacle on  three different occasions. The first was in 1908 and the second in 1948 after a delay owing to World War  II. Then, like now, the event was mired in controversy before it had even begun. The bid process for the  2012 Olympics got off to an inauspicious start when London unveiled its Olympic logo on 4 June 2007. 
Those who did not ridicule it expressed their bemusement at its amateurish design, despite th