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Also this is Mr Wijat's favourite natural  remedy for cuts and infection  
...only 99pence at Tesco

99p jar of honey cures one man's painful eye infection  


Frank Dougan and the jar of miracle honey 



By SWNS | Yahoo Lifestyle –  Wed, Jul 25, 2012   


A shocked man who spent eight years searching for a cure for a chronic eye condition couldn't believe it when he finally found the remedy.
Frank Dougan, 62, lost his left eye when he was shot with a bow and arrow in a childhood accident and he later developed a painful infection called blepharitis. 
He visited doctors and eye specialists and spent a fortune on different drops over the years but nothing worked.
But he was finally cured when he cut his hand while on holiday in Jerusalem and he was advised to put honey on it.

Surprised by the results, when he returned home to Glasgow he bought a jar of 99p Tesco Value Honey and tried it on his eyelid - and within weeks the infection had cleared.
“It's unbelievable. It's incredibly effective,” he said yesterday. “I have spent a fortune on prescription eye drops over the years, I have a fridge full of them.
“It's funny that at the end of it all the cure would come in the form of a 99p jar of honey from the supermarket. And it's not bad on toast either.”
The retired soul DJ, who has played for celebrity fans like Rod Stewart, Shirley Bas
sey, Joe Cocker and Eric Clapton, lost his left eye as a 12-year-old lad.
 He has worn a prosthetic eye ever since, but it caused irritation at the end of the day and he eventually developed the painful infection which blighted him for eight years. 
Despite the pain, he kept on working as an international DJ, completing long residencies at top hotels around the world including Hong Kong and Düsseldorf.
Frank spent hours visiting doctors and eye specialists but none could find a long lasting treatment. He said: “I got shot in the eye by a bow and arrow when I was playing with friends as a kid. It was a terrible experience but I got through it and never let it hold me back. “Sometimes prosthetic eyes can cause irritation, especially at night after you have been wearing them all day. “Over the years I have learnt to live with it and I get a new eye made every few years. But eight years ago I began to get these infections that turned out to be blepharitis. “Lots of doctors gave me eyes drops, I have a whole fridge full and I have spent a fortune but nothing worked.”The fed up Scot retired three years ago and has spent his time travelling the world visiting historic monuments, all the while suffering intolerable pain.But in February Frank stumbled across the cure while on a trip to Jerusalem. He first spread the honey on his eyelid twice a day, including on his tear duct, and after just a few weeks the problem cleared up completely. He said: “I was staying at a B&B when I cut my hand. I didn't have a first aid kit and the owner recommended putting honey on it. “I did what he said and the cut healed overnight. Then weeks later I was at home
and got a terrible inflammation in my eye. “I thought I would give it a try and I haven’t had any problems since. I have looked it up and honey has anti-bacterial qualities so that must be it.
“Before that the best cure I could find was Johnson's tear free baby shampoo. “I would wash my eye out with it and the pain would go away, but it was only a temporary fix and the pain would always come back. But I went to the opticians a few weeks ago after using the honey and she said she couldn’t find any trace of blepharitis. “I have been all over the world and seen terrible illnesses in places where people can’t afford to go to the doctor. So to find a cure that’s so cheap could help so many people. “It’s fantastic. My life has improved so much and for 99p I get a massive 340 gram tub which last for months.” A Tesco spokesman said: “While we can’t attest to its healing powers, we can say for sure that Everyday Value Honey is great quality at a fantastic price and we’re delighted that it has helped one of our customers.” 
Consultant dermatologist Dr Sasi Attili, from onlineskinexpert.com added: “Honey does have anti-bacterial qualities and is used in medicine for wound healing and conditions such as leg ulcers. “It's hard to say whether a particular treatment will or won’t work because everyone is different, but honey has obviously worked well for this particular patient.”












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    UK’s top chocolate taster forced to quit on doctors’ orders
    Angus Kennedy says goodbye to his chocolate job 


    Chief Chocolate Taster Angus Kennedy ballooned by two stone 

     and developed dangerously high cholesterol because of his dream job  


    The UK’s most eminent chocolate taster has been forced to give up his sweet £30,000-a-year job because it’s playing havoc with his health.


    Angus Kennedy, 47, who tastes chocolate for confectioners including Mars and Nestle, put on two stone and has developed dangerously high
     cholesterol after being in his dream job for two years.


    Kennedy’s keen tastebuds have been relied upon by chocolatiers since 2010 and he also edits a confectionary trade journal, Kennedy’s Confection.
     But doctors have warned that if he carries on eating chocolate all day every day, he risks a heart attack. He’s also aiming to shrink down from
     13 and a half stone to his normal 11 and a half, which has involved cutting all chocolate from his diet.


    "Eating chocolate for a living really was the dream job. I was given a Golden Ticket to sample the world's craziest, tastiest new goodies and
     review them in the magazine,” Kennedy said.


    "The only problem with eating chocolate from nine to five, of course, is the predictable weight gain and high cholesterol. 

    "In the last couple of years, I've put on some considerable weight and a recent check-up showed my arteries were far from fighting fit. 

    "It was with regret that I stepped down from the magazine to concentrate on a less harmful - but certainly less sweet - career." 

    Dubbed ‘Willy Wonka’, Kenndy has been known to eat 3lbs of sweet goodies (around 25 Crème Eggs!) in a single day at trade shows.

    He now plans to focus on writing, but says, “I'll really miss being Willy Wonka." 

         








  • Two slices of cheese a day could reduce risk of diabetes

    Scientists find that fermentation of cheese could trigger a reaction that protects against diabetes

    Health conscious eaters may cut cheese out of their diet to avoid a wider waistline but new research suggests it could actually ward off diabetes.

    Scientists say the chances of developing type 2 diabetes could be reduced by around 12 per cent by eating just two slices of cheese a day.

    The findings conflict with current NHS guidelines, which advise on reducing the intake of dairy, red meat and other high saturated fat foods
    to help protect against the condition.

    British and Dutch researchers found that those who ate at least 55 grams of cheese a day - equivalent to around two slices –
    were 12 per cent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

    [Related article: Rapeseed oil - health hero or hazard?]

    The study, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, studied the diets of 16,800 healthy adults and 12,400 patients with type
    2 diabetes from eight European countries, including the UK. 

    Other dairy foods did not have the same beneficial effect as cheese, except for yoghurt. The probiotic bacteria found in cheese and yoghurt
    helps lower cholesterol and produces vitamin D, calcium and magnesium, which may help to prevent diabetes.

    Cheese lovers may be at less risk of diabetes because the cheese fermentation process triggers a reaction that protects against diabetes and
     heart problems, the scientists said.

     [Related article: Health symptoms women should never ignore]

    Despite the new findings, the charity Diabetes UK warned against eating more cheese until the results were confirmed from other studies. 

    “It is too simplistic to concentrate on individual foods”, said director of research Dr Iain Frame.

    “We recommend a healthy balanced diet, rich in fruit and vegetables and low in salt and fat. 

    “This study gives us no reason to believe that people should change their dairy intake in an attempt to avoid the condition.”










  • Cranberry juice can help prevent urine infections

    The folk remedy of drinking a glass of cranberry juice to help cure urine infections might be more fact than fiction after all,
    according to researchers in Taiwan




    Cranberry juice can help with urine infection, according to scientists 


    University Hospital.

    Researchers there conducted ten head-to-head trials of 1,500 volunteers between participants who had cranberry juice versus those who didn’t.
    The research revealed that drinking cranberry juice over a sustained period helped with urinary infections.

    [Related articleFive natural antibiotics to fight bad bacteria]

    However, it’s not as simple as just having a glass with your salad at lunch. You’d have to drink a couple of glasses a day for months, or even years,
    to see an effect.

    It also works better in women who have a recurring urine or bladder infection.

    The reason why cranberry juice is so effective is because it contains a substance that can prevent the bacteria E.coli from sticking
     to the walls of the bladder. This bacteria causes 80 per cent of urine infections.

    [Related articleThe health benefits of cranberries]

    More research needs to be done to discover the optimum dose of cranberry juice, according to the study.
    Though it’s thought that two or three glasses a day is ideal, as the effects of drinking it last for roughly eight hours after consumption.

    "I'm not sure how many of us would want to be drinking this every day for an indeterminate amount of time. It can be costly and calorific
    and some people just don't like the taste of it,” said Dr Ruth Jepson of the University of Stirling,
     who has been carrying out a similar study into cranberry juice.

    [Related articleWhen urinary incontinence affects your sex life]

    Doctors usually recommend drinking plenty of fluids if you have a urine infection – though a course of antibiotics may help the infection, too.

    What do you think? What would consider
    drinking cranberry juice regularly?





    Could superfoods beat breast cancer? One survivor recommends
    curry powder

    Lifestyle and diet could be powerful enough to keep cancer in remission, thinks one breast cancer patient who refused Tamoxifen




    A super healthy diet including the spice tumeric and superfoods could keep cancer at bay 


    A breast cancer patient, who refused the common cancer drug Tamoxifen generally given to patients following treatment,
    has credited her superfood diet for keeping her cancer from returning.

     Vicky Stewart explained to the Telegraph that her strict superfood diet incorporates plenty of fruit and veg and foods such as berries,
     known for their health benefits. It also relies heavily on turmeric, which Vicky claims "makes cancer cells commit suicide".
     Vicky was treated for breast cancer in 2008 and has been in remission for four years. She initially avoided dairy and became a vegan for a while. 

    She also tries to eat almost entirely organic."It's very unusual for breast cancer patients not to take the drug,” she said.
     "When I told the doctors I didn't want to take it,
     they just advised me to keep oestrogen out of my body, which is basically what the drug does.
    "The doctors absolutely will not say that the diet is going to do anything
     to help the cancer in any way, other than to say a healthy diet is going to help in the fight against any disease. 
    "This was four years ago and I think attitudes are
    changing a bit now so that these ideas are running alongside the more usual treatments. 
    "I believe absolutely enormously that my diet has assisted my recovery."Though experts are understandably wary
     about advocating cancer patients skip
    recommended drug treatment, there have been some studies that back up the idea that food can be used as medicine.
     Arecent investigation found that curcumin
    , found in turmeric, could kill bowel cancer tumours.Other lifestyle recommendations to prevent cancer returning include exercising
    for 30 minutes three times a week,
    not gaining any weight and reducing fat intake. And adding a little extra turmeric to your dinner might not be a bad idea either.


















Page 4















  • Call to ban cola ingredient linked to cancer

    A colouring which has been linked to cancer and is found in soft drinks including Coca-Cola must be banned in Britain,
    campaigners have said.


    Campaigners want to ban an ingredient found in cola © Rex






















    The chemical, which gives some cola-flavoured drinks their caramel colour, has been linked to causing cancer according to laboratory tests.

    The levels of the additive, known as 4-methylimidazole (4-MI), have already been reduced in Coca-Cola and Pepsi in the United States,
    after the state of California stipulated any food or drink containing it must be labelled with a cancer warning.

    No such change has yet been adopted in Britain or the rest of the world.

    Campaigners have now called on manufacturers to “respect the health of consumers”, and intend to write to health ministers calling for a ban
    of the colouring,

    Coca-Cola strenuously denies there is any human health risk from 4-MI, claiming no food safety watchdog in Britain and Europe has assessed
    it as a concern. The drink complies fully with European laws.

    According to research by American group Center for Science in the Public Interest, the amount of 4-MI found in British cans of
    Coca-Cola is 135 micrograms – 34 times higher than that found in the US drinks.

    Laboratory tests have shown that 4-MI can lead to increased tumours in animals, but no reports have been detected in humans.

    [Related articleCoca-Cola's 'secret ingredient revealed']

    Malcolm Clark, campaign co-ordinator at the Children’s Food Campaign, told the Daily Mail: “Coca-Cola seems to be treating its
    UK consumers with disdain. The company should respect the health of all of its customers around the world, by using caramel colouring
     that is free of known cancer-causing chemicals.

    “The UK Government must regulate to protect public health from companies that aggressively market sugar-laden drinks that lead to obesity,
    diabetes and tooth decay.”

    In March this year, Coca-Cola and Pepsi announced they would be changing their secret formulas in the United States
     to reduce the level of the chemical.

    The state of California had stipulated any food or drink containing the additive 4-methylimidazole (4-MI) must be clearly
    labelled with a cancer warning.

    The law was passed following a campaign by consumer rights groups.

    [Related articleSoft drinks targeted by anti-obesity campaigners]

    A spokesman for the British Soft Drinks Association told the Daily Mail there was no need to ban caramel colours containing 4-MI and said:
    “The 4-MI levels found in food and drink products pose no health or safety risks.

    “Outside the state of California, no regulatory agency in the world considers the exposure of the public to 4-MI as present in caramels as an issue.”

    Coca-Cola said it already planned to alter the use of the caramel colouring in Britain, but could not disclose a timescale for the change.

    It said: “We intend to expand the use of the reduced 4-MI caramel globally as this will allow us to streamline and
    simplify our supply chain, manufacturing, and distribution systems.”

    [Related articleExperts call for 10% 'fat tax' on soft
    drinks to prevent obesity
    ]

    A spokesman has said previously: “Caramel is a perfectly safe ingredient and this has been recognised by all European food safety authorities.

    “The caramel colour in all of our ingredients has been, is and always will be safe. That is a fact.”  





Page 5













  • Top 5 vegan chocolates from the UK

    Becoming a vegan is a process that doesn't happen overnight. Either you begin to realise that you just don't feel right eating the carcass
    of an animal anymore or
    you notice more and more that meat isn't as important a part of your diet as it once was. Then you begin to consume less and less animal based products
     over the coming days, weeks and months until you have fazed out this requirement completely.

    However, despite your main meals now being entirely vegan friendly you can still find that there are odd moments in your day when you
     crave a certain snack,
     delicatessen or piece of binge food to truly satisfy your sweet tooth.

    And, you guessed it, chocolate is normally a forbidden substance longed for by vegans. But fear not! There is now a wide variety of vegan
    chocolates in the UK.
    Here are five vegan chocolates that you can feed to people who haven't seen the vegan light yet that might just
    convince them to join the healthy party.

    Gourmet Raw

    This delightful website that has a plethora of wonderfully yummy treats that are healthy, tasty and packed full of goodness,
     ranging from brownies to chocolate spread.
     You can even send them your own ideas if you have a clever vegan recipe up your sleeve.

    Montezuma's

    When a company calls themselves chocolate innovators they will have to produce pretty impressive pieces of candy to live up to their reputation.
    And boy does Montezuma's deliver. Look out especially for their Dark 54% Giant Button Bag. They're addictive.

    Goodness Direct

    Despite appearing to look like a faceless global conglomerate Goodness Direct actually supplies a whole host of products that are key to a healthy,
     fresh and organic lifestyle.
     You even get free delivery when you spend over £35, which probably doesn't all have to be on chocolate.

    Plamil

    This is an exclusively Vegan company that have a wide range of chocolates available and their luxury mini chocolate bars are
    just so moreish you can eat through
     them in minutes and not feel guilty in the slightest.

    Viva

    This ethical shop has Vegan chocolate in different shapes and sizes for children and adults of all ages. Whether you want a
     "Moo Free Milk Chocolate Bar"
    to educate your youngsters or a "Mixed Truffle Bag" to devour yourself, Viva sells it all and with an affordable postal service to boot.

     

    Becoming a vegan is a process that doesn't happen overnight. Either you begin to realise that you just don't feel right
     eating the carcass of an animal anymore
     or you notice more and more
    that meat isn't as important a part of your diet as it once was. Then you begin to consume less and less animal based products
    over the coming days, weeks and
     months until you have fazed out this requirement completely. However, despite your main meals now being entirely vegan friendly
    you can still find that there are
     odd moments in your day when you crave a certain snack, delicatessen or piece of binge food to truly satisfy your sweet tooth. 
    And, you guessed it, chocolate is normally
     a forbidden substance longed for by vegans. But fear not! There is now a wide variety of vegan chocolates in the UK.
    Here are five vegan chocolates that you can feed
    to people who haven't seen the vegan light yet that might just convince them to join the healthy party.

    Gourmet Raw

    This delightful website that has a plethora of wonderfully yummy treats that are healthy, tasty and packed full of goodness,
    ranging from brownies to chocolate spread.
    You can even send them your own ideas if you have a clever vegan recipe up your sleeve.

    Montezuma's

    When a company calls themselves chocolate innovators they will have to produce pretty impressive pieces of candy to live up to their reputation.
    And boy does Montezuma's deliver. Look out especially for their Dark 54% Giant Button Bag. They're addictive.

    Goodness Direct

    Despite appearing to look like a faceless global conglomerate Goodness Direct actually supplies a whole host of products that are key to a healthy,
    fresh and organic lifestyle.
     You even get free delivery when you spend over £35, which probably doesn't all have to be on chocolate.

    Plamil

    This is an exclusively Vegan company that have a wide range of chocolates available and their luxury mini chocolate bars are just so
     moreish you can eat through
     them in minutes and not feel guilty in the slightest.

    Viva

    This ethical shop has Vegan chocolate in different shapes and sizes for children and adults of all ages. Whether you want a
    "Moo Free Milk Chocolate Bar"
    to educate your youngsters or a "Mixed Truffle Bag" to devour yourself, Viva sells it all and with an affordable postal service to boot.








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    Whole foods and your health – why and how to eat them

    Most food we eat is processed to make it taste better or last longer, but the way this food is processed often makes it less
     nutritious and adds chemicals, fats and sugars


    t’s not always easy to make sure you’re eating whole foods. Even supermarket packets that claim to be ‘whole’ often only have a token amount
     of wholegrain and bulk up the rest with the refined sugars and wheat you’re trying to avoid.


    Simply put, whole foods are those that are mostly or entirely unprocessed. They include fruits and vegetables, seeds and breads made with whole flour. 
    Janey-Lee Grace, a natural health expert, explains why and how to ensure you get as many nutrients as possible from natural sources
     in your diet and what ingredients to include.
     

    Top 10 diet foods that can make you fat


    Healthy? Maybe. But also secretly fattening...

    Juices and smoothies

    When totting up our daily intake of calories, many of us forget to take into account those that come in liquid form. However, the drinks you consume
     throughout the day can vastly contribute to weight gain. While smoothies and juices count towards your daily intake of fruit (and swapping fry-ups for a
    morning smoothie would certainly do wonders for your waistline!) supplementing meals with these sugary fruit drinks could add hundreds of extra calories
    on to your daily intake. Smoothies and juices contain more sugar but less fibre than whole fruit, making fresh fruit a much better snacking option.


    [Related article6 hidden causes of overeating]

    Cereal bars

    Many of us believe that cereal bars are the perfect healthy snack and breakfast-on-the-go. However, most breakfast bars are packed with cane sugar and corn syrup,
     not to mention high levels of fat. In fact, despite their healthy image, cereal bars can contain as much fat, sugar and calories as an average chocolate bar,
    and can cause crashes in blood sugar levels which will leave you craving more food.

    Dried fruit

    As with smoothies and juices, dried fruit has many beneficial properties and counts towards your daily intake of fruit.
     However, due to the concentration of sugars
     that occurs when fruit is dehydrated, it is also very high in calories and sugar when compared to the same amount of fresh fruit,
    and is much lower in fibre and nutrients.
     On top of this, many brands add sugar to dried fruit to improve the flavour, which boosts the calorie content even further.

    Diet drinks

    Many of us turn to sugar-free versions of our favourite drinks to help stay trim, yet diet drinks may actually be causing you to pile on the pounds.
     Research by the
    Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio found that those who consumed diet drinks daily experienced a 70 per cent greater increase
    in waist circumference than
     those who drank none, while a previous study showed that obesity risk increased by 41 per cent for each diet drink consumed.
    A suggested reason for this is that
    artificial sweeteners trigger appetite, and they may also inhibit the brain cells that make you feel full.

    Salads

    When eating out or buying food on the go, salads are generally presented as the “healthy option”. However, often this is not the case.
    While salads contain vegetables
    and other healthy ingredients, these are often buried under a layer of oily, sugary dressings which can be high in both fat and calories.
    Many salads do contain good fats that
    can help with weight loss (such as in the case of avocados and olive oil), yet this is not always so. Avoid those sneaky calories by drizzling
    your salads with a light dressing
     such as balsamic vinegar, or skipping the dressing entirely.

    Soup

    While soup can be the perfect weight loss food when prepared correctly, not all soups fall into the diet food category.
    In fact, many soups can rack up a significant amount
     of fat and calories, particularly those containing dairy products such as cream or cheese. On top of that, many soups are very high in salt,
    which can lead to bloating.
    To help stay trim and cut calories, try purchasing (or better yet, making your own) vegetable-based and cream-free soups.

    Dips

    Hummus is often perceived as the perfect diet-friendly dip. However, while the healthy snack is undoubtedly nutritious,
    it is also packed with calories and fat from
     its principle ingredients of oil and tahini. Another dip for dieters to watch out for is guacamole which, while traditionally packed
    with nutrients and good fats,
    often contains calorie-laden double cream. While most dips can be eaten in moderation, if you want to splurge guilt-free go for a
    homemade tomato salsa
     which is packed with nutritious ingredients and is almost fat-free.

    [Related articlesThe rules to dropping a dress size]

    Vegetable crisps

    Many people view vegetable crisps as the “healthy” alternative to the potato variety. However, while some vegetable crisps contain slightly
     more fibre and
    vitamins than potato crisps, this is not always the case and the difference is generally very slight, with most of the vitamins derived from
    fresh veggies being
     lost in the process of making them into crisps. On top of this, vegetable crisps are often just as high in fat and calories as potato ones and
     contain just as much salt.

    Popcorn

    Air-popped popcorn is a great nutritious, high-fibre and diet-friendly snack. However, when butter is added into the equation,
    the tasty snack can quickly lose
     its healthy credentials. Store-bought and cinema popcorn can be extremely high in fat and calories due to its liberal coating of butter and/or sugar,
     and is often also served in large quantities. Furthermore, as the TV-friendly snack is often eaten in front of a screen,
    we can easily consume far more than we intend
     to due to mindless snacking.

    Granola

    It’s marketed as a health food, is sold in health food stores and even looks remarkably healthy, so it must be a diet food, right?
     In the case of granola, sadly the answer is no.
    While granola is undoubtedly nutritious and full of fibre, it also contains high quantities of sugar and oil, making it extremely
    high in fat and calories.
    To help save your waistline, try eating granola in small portions or, better yet, switch to a lower fat sugar-free muesli which will
    deliver the same health
     benefits without the calories.

    Read more on realbuzz.com...

    Makeover your diet
    Top 10 worst fat traps
    Top 10 reasons why you’re not losing weight












  • All you need to know about oils


    Gone are the days when all you had to do was choose between sunflower or olive oil.  Now it seems you can by the oil from just about every plant,
     nut or seed out there but should we be adding them to our stir fries or drizzling them over our salads?  Find out with our at a glance guide to 9 of the best.

    Best oils to cook with

    Top rated -  rapeseed oil
    Rapeseed oil contains omegas 3, 6 and 9, essential fatty acids so it's great for heart health, brain health and joint mobility. 
      It is also a rich, natural source of vitamin E — essential for healthy skin and a strong immune system.
    High in mono-unsaturated fats and with less than half the cholesterol raising, saturated fats of olive oil it is one of the few natural
    oils that can be heated to deep-frying temperature without its antioxidants, character, colour and flavour spoiling.
    In short, one of the best oils there is and what's more — some of the very best rapeseed oils are produced right here in Britain.

    Best all rounder - olive oil 
    Olive oil is a great source of heart protecting, cholesterol lowering, monounsaturated fat as well as free radical fighting antioxidants
     known to protect the body against premature aging and cancer.  It can be used to cook with up to temperatures of
     180 degrees and is mild enough in flavour to be used with most dishes. 
     However, extra virgin olive oil (the oil that is extracted from the first press) is not quite so stable so it is best used cold.

    Best for tight budgets - sunflower oil
    Cheap, easy to find and a great source of the free radical fighting antioxidant  - vitamin E. 
    In fact, just 1-2 tablespoons contains all your daily requirement. It is also a good source of cholesterol reducing omega 6 polyunsaturates.
    However, it contains very few omega 3's so if you use sunflower oil regularly, you need to be sure you're getting enough omega 3s
     in your diet from other sources to balance things out. A chemically stable oil, it is suitable for deep-frying but don't
     be tempted to re-use the oil more than a couple of times as re-heating it to high temperatures can result in the formation
     of trans fatty acids known to raise cholesterol and increase the incidence of some cancers.

    [See also: Six bad things which are actually good for you]


    Best for high temperatures - groundnut oil

    Ground nut oil — sometimes called peanut oil has a high smoking point making it ideal roasting, making Yorkshire puddings or frying. 
     It is an excellent all-rounder and has a very neutral, light flavour perfect for use in oriental dishes that often combine quite delicate flavours.
    Do be careful though as this oil is made from peanuts so anyone with a nut allergy should steer well clear.

    Best for adding flavour - sesame oil
    Another great source of cholesterol lowering omega 6 fatty acids light sesame oil can be used for deep frying and
     the dark or heavy sesame oil (made from roasted sesame seeds) adds a delicious rich flavour to stir-fried meats or vegetables. 
      Used a lot in oriental dishes it's rich flavour works as a seasoning in itself.

    Best for rice dishes - avocado oil
    Avocado oil has very little if any omega three fatty acids but it is a great source of monounsaturated fats and is also rich in skin enhancing vitamin E.
      It has a slightly nutty flavour that is delicious drizzled over salads or rice dishes.  However, it can also be used to cook with as it has a higher smoking
    point than many oils so it's fine to grill, sauté or stir-fry with it.

    Best oils for dressings, drizzling and dipping

    Top rated - walnut oil
    A delicious, aromatic, nutty oil that is a good source of omega three fatty acids and tastes delicious (used as a dip along side a good balsamic vinegar)
    as a dip for freshly torn,
    warm breads  for warm breads.  It's also great for drizzling over salads and risottos and goes really well with white fish, meat, mozzarella and goat's cheese.
    However, this oil tends to become bitter when cooked and can go off very quickly so buy in small quantities and store in a cool, dark place.

    Best for vegetarians - linseed oil
    Linseed oil is a much richer source of omega 3 than any other oil and a great choice for strict vegetarians who need to
    get omega 3 fatty acids solely from plant foods.
     Omega three fatty acids help to lower the risk of heart disease and stroke, increase concentration (particularly in children),
    alleviate the symptoms of inflammatory
     conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and they may also help prevent Alzheimer's.  Linseed oil however, is not suitable for cooking
     as heat can make ittaste bitter and it can quickly become rancid if it is not stored correctly (in a cool dark place).  Studies show that if this happens the
    benefits are negated and possibly reversed.

    Best for drizzling - hazelnut oil
    Hazelnut oil is a great source of Vitamin E which helps to maintain a heart health, good skin, a healthy reproductive system and a strong immune system.
      Fairly pricey and not so readily available as many other oils it is worth seeking out either from your local health food store
    or on line to drizzle over salads, rice dishes or fresh pasta adding a delicious, subtle, nutty flavour.

    Crème fraiche or single cream: which is healthier?

    Top ten tips for being heartburn free forever

    Battle of the bulge - are your genes to blame?





  •            



  • Rapeseed oil - health hero or hazard?

    Y! Lifestyle nutritional expert, Rachael Anne Hill investigates some of the more common concerns.

    British produced, cold pressed, rapeseed oil is all the rage with celebrity chefs and high end restaurants, not to mention many nutritionists,
    doctors and dieticians.  

    Grown on our own soils by hardworking, diversifying farmers, rich in all those health enhancing essential fatty acids and brimming with
     immune boosting vitamin E,
    what’s not to like? Quite a lot it seems as the very same oil has allegedly been linked to a whole host of ills ranging from muscular sclerosis,
     mad cow disease, cancer, heart and lung disease and genetic engineering.

    So what is the truth about cold pressed, British produced rapeseed oils? Are they really safe to use as an alternative to our trusty olive oil?

    Rapeseed oil in jar with rape blossom © Rex






















    Rapeseed oil contains high levels of Erucic acid which is toxic to humans

    Old strains of rapeseed oil used to contain high levels (up to 40 per cent) of something called erucic acid which can indeed be toxic in the diet, especially to young children. 

    However, these strains were banned for use in the human food chain several decades ago. New varieties of plants have now been bred (see below) that produce oil
     containing less than one per cent erucic acid.  In 1977 a law was also brought in limiting the erucic acid content of foods to no more than 5 per cent of the total fatty acid
    content in products that contain more than 5 per cent fat.

    In truth however, most British produced cold pressed rapeseed oils contain less than 0.5 per cent. An amount deemed to be a very safe level.

    [Related feature: All you need to know about oils]


    Rapeseed oil is genetically modified

    New strains of rapeseed containing much lower, levels of erucic acid were developed in the 1970s. This was long before genetic engineering was in use, and was done
    using traditional plant cross breeding methods.   

    The plant breeding programs where simultaneously yet independently carried out in Europe and in Canada and in 1978 the Western Canadian Oilseed Crushers Association
     registered a product called ‘Canola’ which stands for Canadian Oil, Low Acid.

    Today in several countries around the world rapeseed oil is known as canola oil, whereas here in the UK, we still call it ‘rapeseed oil’.  In the states however, up to 93 per cent
    of canola oil has now been genetically modified to make it more resistant to pesticides but all British produced rapeseed oil is GM free.


    Rapeseed oil is so harmful it can kill insects such as aphids?

    Pour any culinary oil, including the very best olive oil over an insect and you’ll suffocate it. Vegetable oils in general are recommended
    by many horticulturists as a non-chemical,
     more environmentally friendly insect control method. This however, does not mean that eating rapeseed oil is harmful to human health.

    [Related article: Whole foods - what to eat for your health]


    Rapeseed oil is used as lubricants, penetrating oils, fuel, soap and paints?

    Any plant sourced oil can be used industrially to make lubricants, oils, fuel, soaps, paints, plastics, cosmetics or inks and many animal
    derived foods also have non-food uses,
    for example proteins in milk can be used to make glue.

    Rapeseed, palm, sunflower, soya, olive oils can be used to make biodiesel (in fact Rudolf Diesel,
    the inventor of the diesel engine powered it on peanut oil, as diesel fuel had
    not been invented!). This however, does not mean that oils approved for human consumption are poisonous or harmful.


    Rapeseed oil can cause various diseases, from emphysema to mad cow’s disease. 

    The truth is there are no sound scientific studies suggesting a link between British produced rapeseed oil and any disease.
    After extensive animal and human
    testing it has been proven to be absolutely safe to consume and will not produce these or any other diseases or conditions.
    It is, in fact, one of the healthiest oils you can buy.  


    It’s a good source of immune boosting, skin enhancing vitamin E and has just 7 per cent saturated fat compared to 14 per cent in olive oil or
    51 per cent in butter.
    It's also high in 
    omega-3 and omega-6and has a higher smoke point than most olive oils (the point at which disease-causing
    carcinogens and free radicals are released from the oil)
    making it a far healthier option when stir frying, baking or shallow frying foods.  

    Over the previous two decades, numerous clinical studies involving thousands of healthy volunteers, have examined the role of rapeseed oil
     in lowering blood cholesterol
    levels and reducing risk of coronary heart disease, cancer, diabetes and high blood pressure.
    The studies confirmed that when used as part of a balanced diet,
    it has been shown to lower blood cholesterol levels and decrease the risk of heart disease and stroke.


    So why are there so many scare stories surrounding British rapeseed oil? 

    A great deal of the negative health associations with British, cold pressed rapeseed oil seem to stem from an email or ‘fact’ sheet that was so full
    of horror stories it went viral.
      One of the craziest stories the email contained was that rapeseed oil is related to mustard from which mustard gas was made in WWII with
     the specific intention of killing people.
    In fact, rapeseed and mustard are related, however mustard gas was given its name because it has a mustard type aroma,
    apart from that there is no other link.
     














    How to eat like an expert

    Discover how nutritionists manage their diet by eating the right foods in the right portions at the right time.

    Take up juggling
    Increase your intake of vitamins, minerals, immune-boosting phytochemicals and age—defying antioxidants whilst significantly decreasing
     calories by 'ratio juggling'.
    Simply switch from making carbohydrates such as bread, pasta, cereals, rice or potatoes the biggest ratio of food on your plate to fruit or
    vegetables instead.
    This way, you'll keep blood sugars stable, hunger and food cravings at bay and, because we naturally prefer to eat carbs with
     fats (think bread without the marg,
    baked potatoes without the butter and crackers without the cheese), you'll automatically cut back on your fat intake too.

    How?

    • Swap your usual bowl of cereal for a bowl of chopped fruit with a spoon or two of cereal added.
    • Swap your midday ham salad sandwich for a large ham salad.
    • Swap a lunch time jacket potato for a bowl of vegetable soup.
    • Swap your shepherd's pie made from mince and potatoes with a few carrots on the side for one made from a filling of lean mince, 
    • carrots, peas, finely chopped onions and
    • celery with a sweet potato and leek topping. Then fill up the rest of the plate with broccoli or spring cabbage lightly sautéed in a little garlic and olive oil.
    • Swap the usual plate of spaghetti with two or three spoons of bolognese sauce on top for a plate of bolognese sauce made largely from tomatoes, 
    • peppers, carrots, peas 
    • and sweetcorn with a little extra lean meat added and one or two spoons of spaghetti added in.

    Go low GI

    Why?
    Low GI carbs release their sugars at a much slower pace into the blood stream, helping to keep energy levels high, cravings for fatty/sugary foods
     at bay and
    insulin production to a minimum - and because insulin helps the body to store fat, the less insulin you have the slimmer you're likely to be and
     the lower your risk
     of developing diabetes and heart disease will become.

    How?

    • Swap baguettes (GI 95) for wheat tortillas (GI 30).
    • Swap rice cakes (GI 74) and bagels (GI 72) for a slice of whole meal rye bread (GI 58) or whole meal stone-ground, heavy grain breads (GI 47).
    • Swap jacket potatoes (GI 101) for sweet potatoes (GI 46).
    • Swap white rice (GI 87) for barley (25).
    • Swap mashed potatoes (GI 101) for puy lentils (GI 26).

    Go high 'SI'
    'SI' stands for satiety index, a measure created by researchers at Sydney University. Foods that have a high 'SI' rating keep us feeling fuller for longer
    and include oats, apples, whole-wheat pasta, oranges, popcorn, beans, grapes and wholemeal bread. However, the most satiating nutrient of all is protein,
    so adding high quality, lean meat, fish, chicken, nuts and seeds to your food is a great way to control appetite which will naturally help to
    reduce your calorie intake.

    How?

    • Try smoked kippers or smoked salmon with scrambled eggs for breakfast.
    • Snack on a small handful of nuts and seeds, grapes, oranges, apples, low fat hummus and popcorn.
    • Swap your usual lunchtime pasta salad for a mixed bean salad or a tuna nicoise instead.
    • Swap your cheese sandwich for an open topped ham, chicken or beef one instead.
    • Swap your usual bowl of evening pasta for a chargrilled tuna or sirloin steak on a bed of lightly steamed pak choi or shredded spring 
    • cabbage sautéed in garlic
    • and a little olive oil.
    • Swap your usual mashed potato for lentils instead.
    • Add strips of lean beef to your stir-fry, beans to your casseroles and pulses to your curry and soups.


    Re-fuel — don't drool!

    If you were to drive from London to Edinburgh with only a little petrol you wouldn't expect your car to keep going on the 'promise' you'd fill it up
     when you get there -so why is it that that's exactly what we expect our bodies to do when we race through the day on an empty stomach
    drooling over all the fatty,
     sugary foods as we go? Instead, switch to eating the majority of your calories during the day when you need them most and watch the pounds drop off.

    How?

    • Make breakfast the largest meal of the day followed by a medium-sized lunch and a far smaller evening meal (try using a side plate in the
    • evenings rather than a dinner plate).
    • Always have a healthy, low GI snack such as a small handful of nuts, seeds or dried fruit, a low fat yogurt, some fruit or a wholegrain 
    • cracker topped with cottage 
    • cheese and grapes mid morning and mid afternoon.
    • Swap calorie-packed evening desserts for a low-fat yogurt or fresh fruit.
    • Don't have foods in the house that you know will tempt you into nibbling in the evenings.
    • Brush your teeth straight after dinner. You'll be amazed how effective that can be at stopping you from heading back into the kitchen!


John Winston Lennon
 

The Fringe Shows Have Talent Team anounce a new movie

                        
Give Peace A Chance


Click on the above photos to find out more about "Give Peace a Chance - The Movie"


Friday Night with Jonathan Ross
This interview  by Jonathan Ross with Yoko Ono-Lennon are a must watch

Click here to view Jonathan Ross Interviewing Yoko Ono-Lennon-Part1

Click here to view Jonathan Ross Interviewing Yoko One-Lennon- Part2




  • Airs Next:BBC-1 at Friday 10:35 PM (60 min.)
  • Status:Returning Series
  • Premiered:November 2, 2001
  • Show Categories:Talk Shows
With a cheeky gag never too far away and a wit sharper than his own suits, don't expect the guests to get an easy ride on the way to plugging their latest film, book, session in rehab or range of underpants. Funny, likeable and unlike any other chat show host, if you get to sit with Jonathan you're doing something right. Either that, or you're just Ricky Gervais.


Click here to view John Lennon & Yoko Ono stage a 'bed-in'


Click here to view Yoko One-Lennon discussing

forgiving Mark Chapman for shooting John Lennon


Click here to view Yoko Ono-Lennon interview with Jay Leno

Click here to view Yoko Ono-Lennon interview with Barbara Waters

Click here to view interview with Sean Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 1

Click here to view interview with Sean Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 2

Click here to view interview with Sean Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 3

Click here to view interview with Sean Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 4

Click here to view interview with Sea Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 5


Click here to view interview with Sean Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 6

Click For more info of Sean Ono-Lennon and his album Friendly Fire

Click here to view early interview with the Beatles Part 1

Click here to view early interview with the Beatles Part 2

Click here to view early interview with the Beatles Part 3


Click here to view a Promo for Attempt 3.4- The Movie produced by the Fringe Shows Have Talent Team at the 2007 the Edinburgh Fringe Festival soon to be at your local cinema as the beginning of many alternative cinema filmed live from Fringe Performances around the world

Click here to view John Lennon Singing Give Peace a Chance


Click here to view  John Lennon Singing Imagine Live

Click here to read more about the life of John Lennon who lost his life just trying to Give Peace a Chance and trying to get everyone in the world to image a world were everyone loved each other and so there was no more need for wars

Click here to read more about Yoko Ono-Lennon who is carrying on John Lennon's work to Give Peace a Chance with her special expression where everyone says to everyone else they first meet  "I LOVE YOU" as Yoko Ono-Lennon said during the Love In For Peace days where John and Yoko stayed in Bed For Peace...
"....if everyone can be happy and love each other...no one will want to kill anyone else...as only sad people want to kill others... happy people do not want to kill anyone..."


Click here to hear John Lennon's Funny Response

Click here to here John Lennon Singing Imagine

Click here to here John Lennon Live

Click here to see Yoko Ono Lennon speaking about her feelings on the forgiveness of Mark Chapman for pulling the trigger of the gun that killed her husband John Lennon

Click here to see John and Yoko in bed for peace

Cick here to see John Ono Lennon and Yoko Ono Lennon's views on Government Officials and police who appear to have have made John  Lennon a government target and set John Up on his drug charge that was being used against him in his attempts to gain the right to stay in the USA to find Yoko's Daughter

John Lennon Interview (Funny Response)

Click here to see John Lennon and friends singing Give Peace A Chance

John Lennon and Yoko Ono Dick Cavett Show Excerpt 1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gfCBFhB_RQs

John Lennon and Yoko Ono Dick Cavett Show Excerpt 2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=78L_v3_ufQ0&feature=related

John Lennon and Yoko Ono - Dick Cavett Show Excerpt 3

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rosgATGkP_s&feature=related

John Lennon and Yoko Ono Dick Cavett Show Excerpt 4
 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4nM65_ut05s&feature=related

John Lennon and Yoko Ono Dick Cavett Show Excerpt 5
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lYPV-QYJI-k&feature=related

John Lennon and Yoko Ono Dick Cavett Show Excerpt 6
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aYg-UjN88Cc&feature=related

John Lennon-on Yoko Breaking Up the Beatles
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IALrFZTS1yM&feature=related

John Lennon talks about drugs & Kyoko Cox

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9LftibKEA7U&NR=1


 

1.Imagine Memorial in Strawberry Fields, Central Park West
2.Strawberry Fields plaque in Central Park West
3. John and Yoko


Lennon's views on McCartney



Above: Southeast view of the Dakota from Central Park West, in front of which the death of John Lennon occurred.
Police artist's drawing of the murder, The entrance to the Dakota building where Lennon was shot

Lennon and Chapman, A memorial statue of Lennon in Havana, Cuba, The Imagine Peace Tower in Iceland

Friday Night with Jonathan Ross
This interview  by Jonathan Ross with Yoko Ono-Lennon are a must watch

Click here to view Jonathan Ross Interviewing Yoko Ono-Lennon-Part1

Click here to view Jonathan Ross Interviewing Yoko One-Lennon- Part2




  • Airs Next:BBC-1 at Friday 10:35 PM (60 min.)
  • Status:Returning Series
  • Premiered:November 2, 2001
  • Show Categories:Talk Shows
With a cheeky gag never too far away and a wit sharper than his own suits, don't expect the guests to get an easy ride on the way to plugging their latest film, book, session in rehab or range of underpants. Funny, likeable and unlike any other chat show host, if you get to sit with Jonathan you're doing something right. Either that, or you're just Ricky Gervais.


Click here to view John Lennon & Yoko Ono stage a 'bed-in'



Click here to view Yoko One-Lennon discussing

forgiving Mark Chapman for shooting John Lennon




Click here to view Yoko Ono-Lennon interview with Jay Leno

Click here to view Yoko Ono-Lennon interview with Barbara Waters


Click here to view interview with Sean Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 1


Click here to view interview with Sean Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 2

Click here to view interview with Sean Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 3

Click here to view interview with Sean Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 4

Click here to view interview with Sea Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 5


Click here to view interview with Sean Ono-Lennon on his album Friendly Fire Part 6

Click For more info of Sean Ono-Lennon and his album Friendly Fire

Click here to view early interview with the Beatles Part 1


Click here to view early interview with the Beatles Part 2


Click here to view early interview with the Beatles Part 3


Click here to view a Promo for Attempt 3.4- The Movie produced by the Fringe Shows Have Talent Team at the 2007 the Edinburgh Fringe Festival soon to be at your local cinema as the beginning of many alternative cinema filmed live from Fringe Performances around the world


Click here to view John Lennon Signing Give Peace a Chance


Click here to view  John Lennon Singing Imagine Live

   JOHN WINSTON LENNON

Lennon rehearsing "Give Peace a Chance" in Montreal, Quebec, Canada in 1969

Lennon rehearsing "Give Peace a Chance" in Montreal, Quebec, Canada in 1969


The Beatles arriving in the U.S. in 1964.

John Lennon in 1964, John Lennon and Yoko Ono (1969). John Lennon giving  his peace sign


Above:
The entrance to the Dakota building where Lennon was shot
Lennon's comic, "The Daily Howl".

Birth name John Winston Lennon
Born 9 October 1940
Liverpool, England
(1940-10-09)
Died 8 December 1980 (aged 40)
New York City, New York, United States
Genre(s) Rock, pop rock, psychedelic rock, experimental rock, rock and roll
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter, Writer, Poet, Artist, Peace activist, actor
Instrument(s) Vocals, guitar, piano, bass, harmonica, banjo
Years active 1957 – 1976, 1980
Label(s) Parlophone, Capitol, Apple, EMI, Geffen, Polydor
Associated acts The Quarrymen, The Beatles, Plastic Ono Band, The Dirty Mac
Website www.johnlennon.com

Notable instrument(s)
Rickenbacker 325
Epiphone Casino
Gibson J-160E
Martin D-28
Fender Bass VI
Les Paul Junior

Mendips; George and Mimi Smith's home, where Lennon lived for most of his childhood and adolescence.
Lennon's guitars.

John Lennon in 1964

John Lennon


John Winston Ono Lennon,[1][2] MBE (born John Winston Lennon; 9 October 1940 – 8 December 1980) was an English rock musician, singer, writer, songwriter, artist, actor and peace activist who gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. Lennon along with Paul McCartney formed one of the most influential and successful songwriting partnerships and "wrote some of the most popular music in rock and roll history".[3] Lennon revealed his rebellious nature and wit on television, in films such as A Hard Day's Night, in books such as In His Own Write, and in press conferences and interviews. He was controversial through his work as a peace activist, artist, and author.

After The Beatles, Lennon launched a successful solo career, during which he wrote and recorded many songs such as "Give Peace a Chance" and "Imagine". After a self-imposed "retirement" from 1976 to 1980, Lennon reemerged with a comeback album, but was murdered one month later in New York City on 8 December 1980.

Lennon had two sons: Julian Lennon, with his first wife Cynthia Lennon, and Sean Ono Lennon, with his second wife, avant-garde artist Yoko Ono.

In 2002, respondents to a BBC poll on the 100 Greatest Britons voted Lennon into eighth place. In 2004, Rolling Stone magazine ranked Lennon number 38 on its list of "The Immortals: The Fifty Greatest Artists of All Time" and ranked The Beatles at number one. He was also ranked fifth greatest singer of all time by Rolling Stone in 2009.[4]

Early years: 1940–1957

John Winston Lennon was born in the Liverpool Maternity Hospital, Oxford Street, Liverpool, to Julia Lennon (née Stanley) and Alfred (Alf, or Freddie) Lennon, during the course of a German air raid in World War II. Julia's sister, Mary Smith, (Mimi) ran through the blacked out back roads to reach the hospital. A two mile trek to the hospital, she used the explosions to see where she was going.[5][6][7] He was named after his paternal grandfather, John 'Jack' Lennon, and Winston Churchill.[7] Alf was a merchant seaman during World War II, and was often away from home, but sent regular pay cheques to Julia, who was living with the young Lennon at 9 Newcastle Road, Liverpool, but the cheques stopped when Alf went AWOL in 1943.[8][9] When Alf eventually came home in 1944, he offered to look after his wife and son, but Julia (who was pregnant with another man's child) rejected the idea.[10] After considerable pressure from her sister, Mary "Mimi" Smith (who contacted Liverpool's Social Services to complain about Julia), she handed the care of Lennon over to Mimi.[11] In July 1946, Alf visited Mimi and took Lennon to Blackpool, secretly intending to emigrate to New Zealand with him.[12] Julia followed them, and after a very heated argument, Alf made the five-year-old Lennon choose between Julia or him, and Lennon chose him twice. As Julia walked away, however, Lennon began to cry and followed her. Alf then lost contact with Lennon until the height of Beatlemania, when father and son met again.[13]

John Winston Lennon was born in the Liverpool Maternity Hospital, Oxford Street, Liverpool, to Julia Lennon (née Stanley) and Alfred (Alf, or Freddie) Lennon, during the course of a German air raid in World War II. Julia's sister, Mary Smith, (Mimi) ran through the blacked out back roads to reach the hospital. A two mile trek to the hospital, she used the explosions to see where she was going.[5][6][7] He was named after his paternal grandfather, John 'Jack' Lennon, and Winston Churchill.[7] Alf was a merchant seaman during World War II, and was often away from home, but sent regular pay cheques to Julia, who was living with the young Lennon at 9 Newcastle Road, Liverpool, but the cheques stopped when Alf went AWOL in 1943.[8][9] When Alf eventually came home in 1944, he offered to look after his wife and son, but Julia (who was pregnant with another man's child) rejected the idea.[10] After considerable pressure from her sister, Mary "Mimi" Smith (who contacted Liverpool's Social Services to complain about Julia), she handed the care of Lennon over to Mimi.[11] In July 1946, Alf visited Mimi and took Lennon to Blackpool, secretly intending to emigrate to New Zealand with him.[12] Julia followed them, and after a very heated argument, Alf made the five-year-old Lennon choose between Julia or him, and Lennon chose him twice. As Julia walked away, however, Lennon began to cry and followed her. Alf then lost contact with Lennon until the height of Beatlemania, when father and son met again.[13]

Throughout the rest of his childhood and adolescence, Lennon lived with his Aunt Mimi and her husband George Smith, who had no children of their own, in Woolton, in a house called "Mendips" (251 Menlove Avenue). Mimi bought volumes of short stories for Lennon, and George, who was a dairyman at his family's farm, engaged Lennon in solving crossword puzzles, and bought him a harmonica. (Smith died on 5 June 1955).[14][12] Julia Lennon visited Mendips almost every day, and when Lennon was 11 he often visited her at 1 Blomfield Road, Liverpool. Julia taught Lennon how to play the banjo, and played Elvis Presley's records for him. The first song he learned was Fats Domino's "Ain't That A Shame".[15][16]

Lennon was raised as an Anglican and attended Dovedale County Primary School until he passed his Eleven-Plus exam.[17][18] From September 1952 to 1957, he attended the Quarry Bank High School in Liverpool, where he was known as a "happy-go-lucky" pupil, drawing comical cartoons and mimicking his teachers.[19][20][21]

Julia bought Lennon his first guitar in 1957, which was a Gallotone Champion acoustic (a cheap model that was "guaranteed not to split").[22] Julia insisted it be delivered to her house and not to Mimi's, who hoped that Lennon would grow bored with music; She was sceptical of Lennon's claim that he would be famous one day, often telling him, "The guitar's all very well, John, but you'll never make a living out of it."[22][23] On 15 July 1958, when Lennon was 17, Julia was killed on Menlove Avenue (close to Mimi's house) when struck by a car driven by an off-duty police officer.[24][25] Her death was a bond between Lennon and Paul McCartney, who also had lost his own mother (to breast cancer) on 31 October 1956.[26]

Lennon failed all his GCE O-level examinations, and was only accepted into the Liverpool College of Art with help from his school's headmaster and Mimi. There, Lennon met his future wife, Cynthia Powell, when he was a Teddy Boy.[27] Lennon was often disruptive in class and ridiculed his teachers, resulting in them refusing to have him as a student.[28][29] Lennon failed an annual Art College exam despite help from Powell, and dropped out before his last year of college.[30]

The Beatles: 1957–1970

When Lennon decided that he wanted to try making music himself, he and fellow Quarry Bank Grammar School friend, Eric Griffiths, took guitar lessons at Hunts Cross in Liverpool, although Lennon gave up the lessons soon after.[31] Lennon started The Quarrymen in March 1957.[32] On 6 July 1957, Lennon met McCartney at the Quarrymen's second concert at the St. Peter's Church Woolton Garden fête.[33][34] McCartney's father told his son that Lennon would get him "into a lot of trouble", but later allowed The Quarrymen to rehearse in the front room at 20 Forthlin Road.[35][36] There, Lennon and McCartney began writing songs together. The first song Lennon completed was "Hello, Little Girl" when he was 18 years old, which later became a hit for the Fourmost.[37] McCartney convinced Lennon to allow George Harrison to join the Quarrymen (even though Lennon thought Harrison to be too young) after Harrison played the song "Raunchy" for Lennon on the upper deck of a bus.[38] Harrison joined the band as lead guitarist, and Stuart Sutcliffe — Lennon's friend from art school — later joined as bassist.[39][40] After a series of name changes, the group decided on The Beatles. Lennon was always considered the leader of the group, as McCartney explained: "We all looked up to John. He was older and he was very much the leader - he was the quickest wit and the smartest and all that kind of thing."[41][42]

Allan Williams became the Beatles' first manager in May 1960, after they had played in his Jacaranda club.[43] A few months later he booked them into Bruno Koschmider's Indra club in Hamburg, Germany.[44][45] Lennon's Aunt Mimi was horrified when he told her about the trip to Hamburg, and pleaded with him to continue his studies.[46] After the first residency Sutcliffe left The Beatles to concentrate on his artwork, and to be with his girlfriend, Astrid Kirchherr. McCartney took over as bass player for the group.[47] Koschmider reported McCartney and drummer Pete Best for arson after the two attached a condom to a nail in the 'Bambi' (a cinema where they were staying) and set fire to it.[48] They were deported, as was Harrison for working under age.[49] A few days later Lennon's work permit was revoked and he went home by train.[50]

After Harrison turned 18 and the immigration problems had been solved, The Beatles went back to Hamburg for another residency in April 1961. While they were there, they recorded "My Bonnie" with Tony Sheridan.[51] News of Sheridan and The Beatles' record was published on the front page of Mersey Beat — a Liverpool music magazine — which was available at Brian Epstein's music store, and prompted Epstein to order extra copies from Polydor.[52] In April 1962, The Beatles went back to Hamburg to play at the Star-Club, and were told that Sutcliffe had died two days before they arrived.[53] This was another blow for Lennon, after losing his uncle and his mother.[53]

On 9 May 1962, George Martin signed The Beatles to EMI's comedy label, Parlophone. After their first recording session, Martin voiced his displeasure with Best.[54] It was decided that Ringo Starr, drummer with Rory Storm and the Hurricanes, should join, although it was left to Epstein to inform Best. Epstein dismissed Best on 16 August 1962, almost exactly two years after Best had joined the group.[55][56] The Beatles released their first double-sided original single, "Love Me Do" b/w "P.S. I Love You" on 5 October; it reached #17 on the British charts (although Starr did not play on these tracks, Martin having secured the services of Andy White, a session drummer, before he knew Best had been replaced). On 11 February 1963, the group recorded their first album Please Please Me in one day with Lennon suffering from a common cold.[57] Originally the Lennon-McCartney songs on the first pressing of the album, as well as the single "From Me to You" and its B-side "Thank You Girl", were credited to "McCartney-Lennon", but this was later changed to "Lennon-McCartney".[58] Lennon and McCartney usually needed an hour or two to finish a song, most of which were written in hotel rooms after a concert, at Wimpole Street — Jane Asher's home — or at Cavendish Avenue; McCartney's home[59] or at Kenwood (Lennon's house).[60] The album and single hit #1 in Britain, and EMI offered the album to their U.S. subsidiary, Capitol Records, but they turned it down.[61] Epstein finally secured a deal with Vee-Jay Records; a predominantly black R&B and gospel label.[62] Neither the single or the accompanying album, Introducing The Beatles were successful in the US. By the time the group recorded "She Loves You", they were dropped from Vee Jay and once again, Capitol declined to release their records. EMI were forced to release it on the even more obscure Swan Records label.[63] It did eventually hit #1 in January 1964, after Capitol Records finally released "I Want To Hold Your Hand" in America. Following their historic appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show, The Beatles would embark on a two-year non-stop period of productivity: constant international tours, making movies, and writing hit songs. Lennon wrote two books, In His Own Write and A Spaniard in the Works,[64] while The Beatles achieved recognition from the British Establishment when they were appointed Members of the Order of the British Empire in the 1965 Queen's Birthday Honours.[65]

Lennon complained that nobody heard them play for all the screaming, and their musicianship was beginning to suffer.[66] By the time he wrote his 1965 song "Help!", Lennon had put on quite a bit of weight and said he was subconsciously crying out for help and seeking change.[67]

The catalyst for this change occurred on 4 March 1966, when Lennon was interviewed for the London Evening Standard by Maureen Cleave, and talked about Christianity by saying: "Christianity will go. It will vanish and shrink. I do not know what will go first, rock 'n' roll or Christianity...We're more popular than Jesus now."[68] Five months later, an American teen magazine called Datebook reprinted part of the quote on its front cover.[69]

The American Bible Belt protested in the South and Midwest, and conservative groups staged public burnings of Beatles' records and memorabilia.[70] Radio stations banned Beatles music and concert venues cancelled performances. Even The Vatican got involved with a public denouncement of Lennon's comments. On August 11, 1966, the Beatles held a press conference in Chicago, Illinois, in order to address the growing furore.

Lennon: "I suppose if I had said television was more popular than Jesus, I would have gotten away with it, but I just happened to be talking to a friend and I used the words "Beatles" as a remote thing, not as what I think - as Beatles, as those other Beatles like other people see us. I just said "they" are having more influence on kids and things than anything else, including Jesus. But I said it in that way which is the wrong way."

Reporter: "Some teenagers have repeated your statements - "I like the Beatles more than Jesus Christ." What do you think about that?"

Lennon: "Well, originally I pointed out that fact in reference to England. That we meant more to kids than Jesus did, or religion at that time. I wasn't knocking it or putting it down. I was just saying it as a fact and it's true more for England than here. I'm not saying that we're better or greater, or comparing us with Jesus Christ as a person or God as a thing or whatever it is. I just said what I said and it was wrong. Or it was taken wrong. And now it's all this."

Reporter: "But are you prepared to apologise?"

Lennon: "I wasn't saying whatever they're saying I was saying. I'm sorry I said it really. I never meant it to be a lousy anti-religious thing. I apologise if that will make you happy. I still don't know quite what I've done. I've tried to tell you what I did do but if you want me to apologise, if that will make you happy, then OK, I'm sorry."[71]

The governing members of the Vatican accepted his apology and the furor eventually died down, but constant Beatlemania, mobs, crazed teenagers, and now a press ready to tear them to pieces over any quote was too much to handle. The Beatles soon decided to stop touring, and indeed, never performed a scheduled concert again.

Lennon later wrote, "I always remember to thank Jesus for the end of my touring days; if I hadn't said that The Beatles were 'bigger than Jesus' and upset the very Christian Ku Klux Klan, well, Lord, I might still be up there with all the other performing fleas! God bless America. Thank you, Jesus."[68]

In a 2008 article marking the 40th anniversary of the Beatles' "White Album" release, the Vatican newspaper, L'Osservatore Romano, published a statement about Lennon's remark about Jesus and The Beatles' popularity: "The remark by John Lennon, which triggered deep indignation, mainly in the United States, after many years sounds only like a 'boast' by a young working-class Englishman faced with unexpected success, after growing up in the legend of Elvis and rock and roll. The fact remains that 38 years after breaking up, the songs of the Lennon-McCartney brand have shown an extraordinary resistance to the passage of time, becoming a source of inspiration for more than one generation of pop musicians." [72]

Lennon left The Beatles in September 1969 (Starr had previously left and then returned during 1968, and Harrison had left on 10 January 1969, during the filming for Let It Be, but returned after a Beatles' meeting at Starr's house two days later).[73] Lennon agreed not to make an announcement while the band renegotiated their recording contract, but McCartney released a question-and-answer interview that he had written himself in April 1970, declaring that he was no longer a member of The Beatles.[74] Lennon's reaction when told was, "Jesus Christ! He [McCartney] gets all the credit for it!" Lennon later told Rolling Stone: "I was a fool not to do what Paul did, which was use it to sell a record," (McCartney's first solo album) and later wrote, "I started the band. I finished it."[75]

In 1970, Jann Wenner recorded an interview with Lennon that was played on BBC radio in 2005. The interview reveals Lennon's bitterness towards McCartney and the hostility he felt that the other members had for Ono. Lennon said: "One of the main reasons The Beatles ended is because we got fed up with being sidemen for Paul. After Brian Epstein died we collapsed. Paul took over and supposedly led us. But what is leading us when we went round in circles?"[76] Lennon later expressed his displeasure with the scant credit Harrison gave him as an influence in his autobiography, I Me Mine, and was unhappy that McCartney's songs, such as "Yesterday", "Hey Jude" and "Let It Be", were more often covered than his own contributions. Lennon also spoke warmly of his former band members, however, by saying: "I still love those guys. The Beatles are over, but John, Paul, George and Ringo go on."[34]

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Solo career

At the end of 1968, Lennon performed as part of the group Dirty Mac, in The Rolling Stones' film Rock and Roll Circus. The supergroup, made up of Lennon, Eric Clapton, Keith Richards and Mitch Mitchell, also backed Ono's performance.[77] Lennon and Ono were married on 20 March 1969, and he soon released a series of 14 lithographs called "Bag One" depicting scenes from their honeymoon.,[78] eight of which were deemed indecent and most were banned and confiscated.[79]

Lennon and Ono recorded three albums of experimental music together: Unfinished Music No.1: Two Virgins, [80] an album known more for its cover than the musical content, Unfinished Music No.2: Life with the Lions, and Wedding Album. His first "solo" album was Live Peace in Toronto 1969—recorded prior to the breakup of The Beatles—recorded at a Rock 'n' Roll Festival in Toronto with The Plastic Ono Band. He also recorded three solo singles: the anti-war anthem, "Give Peace a Chance", "Cold Turkey", and "Instant Karma!". Following The Beatles' split in 1970, Lennon released John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band, a raw emotional album that dealt with Lennon's pain in losing his mother and split with The Beatles. It included "Working Class Hero", which was banned by BBC Radio for its inclusion of the word "fucking".[81]

His album Imagine followed in 1971, and the title song would later become an anthem for anti-war movements. The song "How Do You Sleep?" was widely perceived as a personal attack against McCartney, although Lennon later claimed that he wrote the song about himself.[82][83] On 31 August 1971, Lennon left England for New York, and released the "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" single in December of 1971.[84] To advertise the single, Lennon and Ono paid for a billboard in Times Square, which read, "WAR IS OVER" in large text with "if you want it" in much smaller text underneath.[85] Some Time in New York City was released in 1972. Recorded with Elephant's Memory, it contained songs about women's rights, race relations, Britain's role in Northern Ireland, and Lennon's problems obtaining a United States Green Card.[86] Lennon had been interested in left-wing politics since the late 1960s, and reportedly donated money to the Trotskyist Workers Revolutionary Party.[87]

In 1972, Lennon released "Woman Is the Nigger of the World". Many radio stations refused to broadcast the song, although Lennon was allowed to perform it on The Dick Cavett Show.[88] On 30 August 1972 Lennon and Elephant's Memory gave two benefit concerts at Madison Square Garden in New York to benefit the patients at the Willowbrook State SchoolStaten Island.[89] These were to be Lennon's last full-length concert appearances.[90] mental facility on

In November 1973, Lennon released Mind Games, which was credited to "the Plastic U.F.Ono Band". He also wrote "I'm the Greatest" for Starr's album Ringo (his own demo version of the song appears on the John Lennon Anthology) and produced "Too Many Cooks (Spoil The Soup)" for Mick Jagger. In September 1974, Lennon released Walls and Bridges and the single "Whatever Gets You Thru the Night" (a #1 duet with Elton John). A second single from the album, "#9 Dream", was released in December. He wrote "Goodnight Vienna" for Starr, and played piano on the recording.[91] On 28 November, Lennon made a surprise guest appearance at Elton John's Thanksgiving concert at Madison Square Garden after he lost a bet with John that "Whatever Gets You" would reach #1.[92] Lennon performed "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds", "Whatever Gets You Thru the Night" and "I Saw Her Standing There". Lennon rush-released Rock 'n' Roll, an album of cover songs, in February 1975 – with Phil Spector as producer – before Roots: John Lennon Sings the Great Rock & Roll Hits was released (issued by Morris Levy on the Adam VIII label).[93]

Lennon made his last stage appearance on ATV's 18 April 1975 special called A Salute to Lew Grade performing "Imagine", "Stand By Me" (cut from the televised edition), and "Slippin' and Slidin'" from his Rock 'n' Roll LP.[94] Lennon's backup band was BOMF (also known as "Etc." that evening).[95] The band members wore two-faced masks which were digs at Grade, with whom Lennon and McCartney had been in conflict because of Grade's control of The Beatles' publishing company. Dick James, The Beatles' publisher, had sold his majority share in Maclen Music (Lennon's and McCartney's publishing company) to Grade in 1969. During "Imagine", Lennon interjected the line "and no immigration too", a reference to his battle to remain in the United States.[86] In October 1975, Lennon fulfilled his contractual obligation to EMI/Capitol for one more album by releasing Shaved Fish, a greatest hits compilation. On 9 October 1975 – Lennon's 35th birthday – his son Sean Ono Lennon was born. Lennon wrote and recorded "Cookin' (In The Kitchen of Love)" with Ringo Starr in June 1976, his last recording session until his 1980 comeback.[96] In 1977, Lennon announced he would be taking three years off to raise Sean. Lennon emerged from retirement in November 1980, releasing Double Fantasy, which also featured Ono. In June 1980, Lennon had traveled with Sean to Bermuda for a sailing trip on a 43-foot sloop, where he wrote songs for the album.[97] The name of the album was taken from a species of freesia flowers that Lennon had seen in the Bermuda Botanical Gardens. He liked the name and saw it as a perfect description of his marriage to Ono.[98] After the release of the album, Lennon started planning the next album, Milk and Honey.[99] Lennon was asked whether the group were dreaded enemies or the best of friends in 1980. He replied that they were neither, but had not seen any of them for a long time. Lennon said that the last time McCartney had visited Lennon they had watched the episode of Saturday Night Live, in which Lorne Michaels made a $3,000 cash offer to get The Beatles to reunite on the show.[100] They had considered going to the studio to appear as a joke, but were too tired.[34] This event was fictionalized in the 2000 television film, Two of Us.[101]

Marriages and relationships

In one of his last major interviews, in September 1980, Lennon said that he had never questioned his chauvinistic attitudes towards women until he met Ono. Lennon was always distant with his first son, Julian, but was close to his second son, Sean, calling him "My pride". Near the end of Lennon's life, he said that he accepted the role of househusband, after taking on the role of a wife and mother in his relationship with Ono.[34]

Cynthia Lennon

Cynthia Powell met Lennon at the Liverpool Art College in 1957.[27] Although Lennon was not her type, she was attracted to him. After hearing Lennon comment favorably about another girl who looked like Brigitte Bardot, Powell changed the color of her hair to blonde.[102] Their relationship started after a college party before the summer holidays when Lennon asked Powell to go a pub with him and some friends.[103] Powell told him she was engaged (to a young man called Barry, in Hoylake) so Lennon stormed off, shouting, "I didn't ask you to fucking marry me, did I!?"[104] Lennon was often jealous, and once slapped Powell across the face (knocking her head against the wall) the day after he saw her dancing with Sutcliffe.[105] In mid-1962, Powell discovered she was pregnant with Lennon's child.[106] They were married on 23 August at the Mount Pleasant Register Office in Liverpool. Manager Epstein thought a married Beatle might alienate some fans and insisted the Lennons keep their union a secret. John Charles Julian Lennon was born in Sefton General Hospital on 8 April 1963.[107]

Lennon was on tour and would not see Julian for three days, and shortly after went on holiday to Spain with Epstein, which would lead to speculation of an affair between the two (Epstein was widely known to be homosexual). Shortly afterwards, at Paul McCartney's twenty-first birthday party, a drunken Lennon physically attacked Cavern Club MC Bob Wooler for saying "How was your honeymoon, John?" (Wooler was referring to Lennon's marriage, and not Lennon's holiday in Spain with Epstein).[108] In 1991, a fictionalized account of the Lennon/Epstein holiday was made into an independent movie called The Hours And Times.[109] Lennon was distant to Julian, who felt closer to McCartney than to his father. Julian later said, "I've never really wanted to know the truth about how dad was with me. There was some very negative stuff talked about me ... like when he said I'd come out of a whiskey bottle on a Saturday night.[34] Stuff like that. You think, where's the love in that? Paul and I used to hang about quite a bit ... more than dad and I did. We had a great friendship going and there seems to be far more pictures of me and Paul playing together at that age than there are pictures of me and my dad."[110]

Cynthia Lennon had become aware of Lennon's infidelities, but cites his increasing drug use[111] When Lennon and The Beatles went to Bangor to meditate, Powell and Lennon were separated on the train platform. A policeman, who did not recognize her, kept her from boarding the train. As she watched Lennon's train pull out of the station, she broke into tears. In the documentary Imagine she explained, "Normally I wouldn't have broken down, I'd have kept my cool... I knew I'd get there anyway. But at that point I felt so sad. This was symbolic of our life... I'm getting off at this station."[112] Lennon later tried to sue Powell for divorce, claiming she had committed adultery and not him.[113] When it was discovered that Ono had become pregnant, Powell petitioned Lennon for divorce. During negotiations Lennon refused to give his wife any more than £75,000, supposedly saying, "What have you done to deserve it? Christ, it's like winning the bloody pools." The case was settled out of court, with Powell receiving £100,000, £2,400 annually, custody of Julian and the Lennons' house (Kenwood).[114] for their growing apart. She was also aware of Lennon's friendship with Ono. Eventually, according to Powell, she actually suggested to Lennon that perhaps Ono was the woman for him.

When Lennon and Ono moved to New York, Julian would not see his father again until 1973.[115] During the time Lennon and Ono were separated, he lived with his personal assistant, May Pang. With Pang's encouragement, it was arranged for Julian (and Powell) to visit Lennon in Los Angeles, where they went to Disneyland.[116] Julian started to see his father more regularly, and played drums on "Ya Ya" from Lennon's 1974 album Walls and Bridges.[117][118] Lennon also bought Julian a Gibson Les Paul guitar, and a drum machine[119][120] In his 1980 Playboy interview, Lennon was quoted as saying: "Sean was a planned child, and therein lies the difference. I don't love Julian any less as a child. He's still my son, whether he came from a bottle of whiskey or because they didn't have pills in those days. He's here, he belongs to me, and he always will."[34] In an interview shortly before his death, Lennon said he was trying to re-establish a connection with the then 17-year-old Julian, and confidently predicted that "Julian and I will have a relationship in the future." Both Julian and Sean Lennon went on to have recording careers years after their father's death.[121] After Lennon's death, it was revealed that Julian was not mentioned in Lennon's will.[122] It was said that Ono gave Julian £20 million, which Julian refuted by saying that it was minimal compared to the figure reported.[110] for Christmas in 1973, and encouraged Julian's interest in music by showing him some chords.

Yoko Ono

There are two versions of how Lennon and Ono met: The first version says that on 9 November 1966, Lennon went to the Indica gallery in London, where Ono was preparing her conceptual art exhibit, and they were introduced by gallery owner John Dunbar.[123][124][34] The second version is that in late 1965, Ono was in London compiling original musical scores for a book that John Cage was working on.[125] She knocked on McCartney's door, but he declined to give her any manuscripts as he kept all his originals, but suggested that Lennon might oblige. When asked, Lennon gave the original handwritten lyrics to "The Word" from Rubber Soul to Ono. They were reproduced in Cage's book, Notations.[126] Lennon was intrigued by Ono's "Hammer A Nail" Piece: patrons hammered a nail into a wooden board, creating the art piece. Lennon wanted to hammer a nail in the clean board, but Ono stopped him because the exhibit had not opened. Dunbar then said to Ono, "Don't you know who this is?" Ono had not heard of The Beatles but relented, on the condition that Lennon pay her five shillings. Lennon then said, "I'll give you an imaginary five shillings and hammer an imaginary nail."

Lennon began his physical relationship with Ono—seven years his senior—in May 1968, after Lennon returned from India, where he had received numerous postcards from Ono, who was in London.[85] As Cynthia Lennon was in Greece on holiday, Lennon invited Ono to his home, where they spent the night recording what would become the Two Virgins album, and later said they made love at dawn.[127][128] When Cynthia returned home she found Lennon and Ono, who was wearing Cynthia's bathrobe, drinking tea together. Lennon simply said, "Oh, Hi".[129] Cynthia filed for divorce later that year, on the grounds of Lennon's adultery, which was proven by Ono's pregnancy. Ono later miscarried John Ono Lennon II on 21 November 1968.[130]

During Lennon's last two years in The Beatles, he and Ono began public protests against the Vietnam War. Lennon sent back his MBE insignia in 1969, which Queen Elizabeth had bestowed upon him in 1965.[131] He wrote: "Your Majesty, I am returning this in protest against Britain's involvement in the Nigeria-Biafra thing, against our support of America in Vietnam, and against "Cold Turkey" slipping down the charts. With love. John Lennon of Bag."[132][133] The couple were married in Gibraltar on 20 March 1969, and spent their honeymoon in Amsterdam campaigning for an international "Bed-In" for peace. They planned another "Bed-in" in the United States, but were denied entry. The couple then went to neighbouring Montréal, and during a "Bed-in" at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel recorded "Give Peace a Chance".[134] Lennon and Ono often combined advocacy with performance art, as in their "Bagism", which was first introduced during a Vienna press conference. Lennon detailed this period in The Beatles' song "The Ballad of John and Yoko".[135] In April 19