Face Book Is Watching You Now

How to Stop Facebook from Tracking You

By Samantha Felix | Business Insider –  Thu, Sep 13, 2012 10:13 AM EDT
Most people don't realize that Facebook (FB) can continue to monitor their internet activity, even if they are no longer logged into the site.

Using "Facebook Connect," and other social plug-ins, Facebook is able to set up a cookie on any site that has a "Like" or "share" button, giving Facebook access to a startling amount of user information. Technically, the purpose of these plug-ins is to authenticate users, but it still has theability to collect personal information such as the IP address of your computer, browsing data, outside login information, phone numbers, etc.

The cookie, known as the "datr" cookie, has been a controversial topic for the past year. Using this cookie, among other things, Facebook knows what you have read on a web page even if you did not click the "like" button. As the Wall Street Journal reported, "for this to work, a person only needs to have logged into Facebook or Twitter once in the past month. The sites will continue to collect browsing data, even if the person closes their browser or turns off their computers."

To help users control how and when their information is tracked and distributed, companies such as Abine and Ghostery have developed tools that allow users to block Facebook social plug-ins, cookies, and other trackers.

We identified five practical options for consideration, including an option for web site publishers that will help protect their customers from trackers while keeping their websites running smoothly.
As Business Insider previously reported, Abine's DNT+ tool is a FREE add-on that monitors, tracks, and allows users to block any trackers and requests that may be following their internet activity. It is compatible with MAC or PC for Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Internet Explorer. It is currently able to block more than 600 trackers, and automatically updates to catch new trackers. Ghostery — similar to DNT+ but this add-on is also available for Opera. 
Similar to DNT+, Ghostery is a browser add-on, owned by Evidon, that protects consumer privacy while online. By giving the consumer visibility into who is tracking their online activity and allowing them to block all or specific trackers, it empowers users with the ability to stop third parties from collecting their personal information without permission. It currently has more than 16 million monthly users and pulls data from over 26 million web domains via an opt-in service of 7 million users.

Ghostery is free to download, free to use, and does not contain any adware or spyware. It is available for all major browsers: Firefox, Safari, Chrome, Opera and Internet Explorer.





Disconnect and Collusion for Chrome — A robust tool that will identify and block trackers, but is only available for Chrome.

(Collusion for Chrome)Chrome Disconnect Website
Similar to DNT+ and Ghostery, Chrome Disconnect allows you to stop third parties and search engines from tracking your web activity. Specifically, this tool focuses on allowing users to disconnect from sites such as Facebook, Digg, Google, Twitter, and Yahoo without risking the performance of the sites. The tool blocks identifiable cookies while allowing you stay logged into various sites.

Collusion for Chrome
This site allows users to then see which third parties are tracking them by graphing the spread of the data from sites to tracks, exposing them, and giving users the ability to block the trackers.

Consider adjusting browser settings to control trackers.

(Business Insider)Before downloading yet another piece of software on your computer, consider simply adjusting the settings on your browser.

Firefox: Firefox> Tools> Options> Privacy> click the box that says, "Tell websites I do not want to be tracked." Then you should set it to "never save your history" and remove cookies frequently.

Chrome: Chrome> Preferences> Settings> Advanced Settings> Privacy> Content Settings> Click, "Block Third Party Cookies and Site Data."

Safari: Safari> Preferences> Security> Accept Cookies> select "never." You might also want to consider browsing privately so your history and passwords are not stored, and thus accessible.

Internet Explorer 10: Microsoft's latest version of Internet Explorer 10 will default to a "Do Not Track" position. The browser will send a signal to advertisers altering them that users do not want to be tracked.

Evidon — A blocking and tracking tool for web publishers.

(Evidon)Evidon Encompass Revenue Protection: This product is designed for website owners who want to keep the intentional tracking code on their sites from spawning additional code from third parties. It allows websites to see all trackers and how they are affecting the site's performance, while securing the site's customer data.

Evidon Encompass Privacy: This is a tool designed specifically for web publishers to help them both comply with privacy regulations, ePrivacy Directive and “AdChoices” self-regulatory programs, and protect the private information of their customers. In addition to showing all of the trackers on a site, and where they are originating from, this tool also alerts web site owners of everything that needs to be disclosed to consumers about how their information is being used.
http://www.businessinsider.com/the-20-fastest-growing-brand-pages-on-facebook-in-august-2012-9?utm_source=0913&utm_medium=yahoosports&utm_term=&utm_content=&utm_campaign=partner 

Meet The 20 Fastest-Growing Companies On Facebook

Samantha Felix | Sep. 11, 2012


Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/the-20-fastest-growing-brand-pages-on-facebook-in-august-2012-9?op=1#ixzz26TMVpFUF
 
startup-120wide.pngHear from Ford, Pepsi and other Fortune 500 co's on measuring social media impact at "Social Media ROI," Business Insider's conference on top tactics for Facebook, YouTube, LinkedIn, Twitter, Instagram, Tumblr, Pinterest and more. September 27, 2012, in New York -- Reserve your ticket now.
August can be a slow month for marketers — it's post-Olympics, pre-football, after all. So how have marketers managed to keep Facebook traffic high when there seems to be a lot less to talk about?
This list of the top 20 consumer product brands that gained the most new fans on Facebook per day throughout the month of August shows how they attracted new "likes."
The data was generated by Likester, which operates a marketing platform called Likester AdCenter. The list does not consider entertainment brands, celebrities, or other social media companies, like YouTube


Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/the-20-fastest-growing-brand-pages-on-facebook-in-august-2012-9?op=1#ixzz26TMo2uZo
 

Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/the-20-fastest-growing-brand-pages-on-facebook-in-august-2012-9?op=1#ixzz26TMcXcli
 

Do Not Track Plus — A browser add-on that will identify and block trackers.


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                                                                                           Google Corporate History

    Our Philosophy

    Ten things we know to be true

    "The perfect search engine," says co-founder Larry Page, "would understand exactly what you mean and give back exactly what you want." When Google began, you would have been pleasantly surprised to enter a search query and immediately find the right answer. Google became successful precisely because we were better and faster at finding the right answer than other search engines at the time.

    But technology has come a long way since then, and the face of the web has changed. Recognizing that search is a problem that will never be solved, we continue to push the limits of existing technology to provide a fast, accurate and easy-to-use service that anyone seeking information can access, whether they're at a desk in Boston or on a phone in Bangkok. We've also taken the lessons we've learned from search to tackle even more challenges.

    As we keep looking towards the future, these core principles guide our actions.

    1. Focus on the user and all else will follow.

    Since the beginning, we've focused on providing the best user experience possible. Whether we're designing a new Internet browser or a new tweak to the look of the homepage, we take great care to ensure that they will ultimately serve you, rather than our own internal goal or bottom line. Our homepage interface is clear and simple, and pages load instantly. Placement in search results is never sold to anyone, and advertising is not only clearly marked as such, it offers relevant content and is not distracting. And when we build new tools and applications, we believe they should work so well you don't have to consider how they might have been designed differently.

    2. It's best to do one thing really, really well.

    We do search. With one of the world's largest research groups focused exclusively on solving search problems, we know what we do well, and how we could do it better. Through continued iteration on difficult problems, we've been able to solve complex issues and provide continuous improvements to a service that already makes finding information a fast and seamless experience for millions of people. Our dedication to improving search helps us apply what we've learned to new products, like Gmail and Google Maps. Our hope is to bring the power of search to previously unexplored areas, and to help people access and use even more of the ever-expanding information in their lives.

    3. Fast is better than slow.

    We know your time is valuable, so when you're seeking an answer on the web you want it right away – and we aim to please. We may be the only people in the world who can say our goal is to have people leave our homepage as quickly as possible. By shaving excess bits and bytes from our pages and increasing the efficiency of our serving environment, we've broken our own speed records many times over, so that the average response time on a search result is a fraction of a second. We keep speed in mind with each new product we release, whether it's a mobile application or Google Chrome, a browser designed to be fast enough for the modern web. And we continue to work on making it all go even faster.

    4. Democracy on the web works.

    Google search works because it relies on the millions of individuals posting links on websites to help determine which other sites offer content of value. We assess the importance of every web page using more than 200 signals and a variety of techniques, including our patented PageRank™ algorithm, which analyzes which sites have been "voted" to be the best sources of information by other pages across the web. As the web gets bigger, this approach actually improves, as each new site is another point of information and another vote to be counted. In the same vein, we are active in open source software development, where innovation takes place through the collective effort of many programmers.

    5. You don't need to be at your desk to need an answer.

    The world is increasingly mobile: people want access to information wherever they are, whenever they need it. We're pioneering new technologies and offering new solutions for mobile services that help people all over the globe to do any number of tasks on their phone, from checking email and calendar events to watching videos, not to mention the several different ways to access Google search on a phone. In addition, we're hoping to fuel greater innovation for mobile users everywhere with Android, a free, open source mobile platform. Android brings the openness that shaped the Internet to the mobile world. Not only does Android benefit consumers, who have more choice and innovative new mobile experiences, but it opens up revenue opportunities for carriers, manufacturers and developers.

    6. You can make money without doing evil.

    Google is a business. The revenue we generate is derived from offering search technology to companies and from the sale of advertising displayed on our site and on other sites across the web. Hundreds of thousands of advertisers worldwide use AdWords to promote their products; hundreds of thousands of publishers take advantage of our AdSense program to deliver ads relevant to their site content. To ensure that we're ultimately serving all our users (whether they are advertisers or not), we have a set of guiding principles for our advertising programs and practices:

    • We don't allow ads to be displayed on our results pages unless they are relevant where they are shown. And we firmly believe that ads can provide useful information if, and only if, they are relevant to what you wish to find – so it's possible that certain searches won't lead to any ads at all.
    • We believe that advertising can be effective without being flashy. We don't accept pop-up advertising, which interferes with your ability to see the content you've requested. We've found that text ads that are relevant to the person reading them draw much higher clickthrough rates than ads appearing randomly. Any advertiser, whether small or large, can take advantage of this highly targeted medium.
    • Advertising on Google is always clearly identified as a "Sponsored Link," so it does not compromise the integrity of our search results. We never manipulate rankings to put our partners higher in our search results and no one can buy better PageRank. Our users trust our objectivity and no short-term gain could ever justify breaching that trust.

    7. There's always more information out there.

    Once we'd indexed more of the HTML pages on the Internet than any other search service, our engineers turned their attention to information that was not as readily accessible. Sometimes it was just a matter of integrating new databases into search, such as adding a phone number and address lookup and a business directory. Other efforts required a bit more creativity, like adding the ability to search news archives, patents, academic journals, billions of images and millions of books. And our researchers continue looking into ways to bring all the world's information to people seeking answers.

    8. The need for information crosses all borders.

    Our company was founded in California, but our mission is to facilitate access to information for the entire world, and in every language. To that end, we have offices in dozens of countries, maintain more than 150 Internet domains, and serve more than half of our results to people living outside the United States. We offer Google's search interface in more than 110 languages, offer people the ability to restrict results to content written in their own language, and aim to provide the rest of our applications and products in as many languages as possible. Using our translation tools, people can discover content written on the other side of the world in languages they don't speak. With these tools and the help of volunteer translators, we have been able to greatly improve both the variety and quality of services we can offer in even the most far-flung corners of the globe.

    9. You can be serious without a suit.

    Our founders built Google around the idea that work should be challenging, and the challenge should be fun. We believe that great, creative things are more likely to happen with the right company culture – and that doesn't just mean lava lamps and rubber balls. There is an emphasis on team achievements and pride in individual accomplishments that contribute to our overall success. We put great stock in our employees – energetic, passionate people from diverse backgrounds with creative approaches to work, play and life. Our atmosphere may be casual, but as new ideas emerge in a café line, at a team meeting or at the gym, they are traded, tested and put into practice with dizzying speed – and they may be the launch pad for a new project destined for worldwide use.

    10. Great just isn't good enough.

    We see being great at something as a starting point, not an endpoint. We set ourselves goals we know we can't reach yet, because we know that by stretching to meet them we can get further than we expected. Through innovation and iteration, we aim to take things that work well and improve upon them in unexpected ways. For example, when one of our engineers saw that search worked well for properly spelled words, he wondered about how it handled typos. That led him to create an intuitive and more helpful spell checker.

    Even if you don't know exactly what you're looking for, finding an answer on the web is our problem, not yours. We try to anticipate needs not yet articulated by our global audience, and meet them with products and services that set new standards. When we launched Gmail, it had more storage space than any email service available. In retrospect offering that seems obvious – but that's because now we have new standards for email storage. Those are the kinds of changes we seek to make, and we're always looking for new places where we can make a difference. Ultimately, our constant dissatisfaction with the way things are becomes the driving force behind everything we do.


    Update: We first wrote these "10 things" several years ago. From time to time we revisit this list to see if it still holds true. We hope it does – and you can hold us to that. (September 2009)

    The Google Culture

    Though Google has grown a lot since it opened in 1998, we still maintain a small company feel. At lunchtime, almost everyone eats in the office café, sitting at whatever table has an opening and enjoying conversations with Googlers from different teams. Our commitment to innovation depends on everyone being comfortable sharing ideas and opinions. Every employee is a hands-on contributor, and everyone wears several hats. Because we believe that each Googler is an equally important part of our success, no one hesitates to pose questions directly to Larry or Sergey in our weekly all-hands ("TGIF") meetings – or spike a volleyball across the net at a corporate officer.

    We are aggressively inclusive in our hiring, and we favor ability over experience. We have offices around the world and dozens of languages are spoken by Google staffers, from Turkish to Telugu. The result is a team that reflects the global audience Google serves. When not at work, Googlers pursue interests from cross-country cycling to wine tasting, from flying to frisbee.

    As we continue to grow, we are always looking for those who share a commitment to creating search perfection and having a great time doing it.

    ABOUT GOOGLE OFFICES

    Our corporate headquarters, fondly nicknamed the Googleplex, is located in Mountain View, California. Today it's one of our many offices around the globe. While our offices are not identical, they tend to share some essential elements. Here are a few things you might see in a Google workspace:

    • Local expressions of each location, from a mural in Buenos Aires to ski gondolas in Zurich, showcasing each office's region and personality.
    • Bicycles or scooters for efficient travel between meetings; dogs; lava lamps; massage chairs; large inflatable balls.
    • Googlers sharing cubes, yurts and huddle rooms – and very few solo offices.
    • Laptops everywhere – standard issue for mobile coding, email on the go and note-taking.
    • Foosball, pool tables, volleyball courts, assorted video games, pianos, ping pong tables, and gyms that offer yoga and dance classes.
    • Grassroots employee groups for all interests, like meditation, film, wine tasting and salsa dancing.
    • Healthy lunches and dinners for all staff at a variety of cafés.
    • Break rooms packed with a variety of snacks and drinks to keep Googlers going.
    • Other Google Resources
    • Offices
      Jobs at Google
      Diversity & Inclusion

                               
           
    Australian Weekend News


                                                                                                               October 2001

                      

               Anyone seen my little mate.. Earth The Worm"
                                        


    Front Page Ad Competition Free Front page as could be yours!

    Hit Counter
    Kiss of life for 108 year old paper

    Home ]
     Aims of the Weekend News ]Reap $10m each weekend ] Fearless Forum ]High Share Demand ] Rigby Returns ] Subscription ]Competitions ] Poems ]

    Old Daily News building now turned into Community News Group

    Community News Group 50% owned by Murdoch's Sunday Times and 50% West Australian Newspapers (WAN)
    to keep their joint stranglehold on WA lucrative advertising dollars.


    WESTERN AUSTRALIA’S MUCH LOVED Weekend News 
    is set to be relaunched as  an Australia-wide weekly newspaper.

    It will have inserts for each state and a worldwide presence on the Internet. The Daily News-Weekend News was mothballed in the early 1990s by the then owners of  the West Australian Newspaper group (WAN), because a former Trade Practices Commissioner  Bob Baxt told them that it was a monopoly to control both newspapers. But instead of selling  this valuable asset to an independent operator, WAN ran up millions of dollars worth of bills  and put it into liquidation.

    The Weekend News Publishing Group (WNPG), owner of the Weekend News masthead, is offering 100 free shares in International News Limited (INL), to each of the first
     100,000 subscribers to the Australian Weekend News. Also for a limited time, advertisers who spend $500 upwards will receive FREE, the equivalent value in $1 INL shares.
    The expectation is that INL will float on the Australian Stock Market as a public company  in January 2002.

    INL will also receive 50 per cent of the profits from the marketing rights of the McNaturals name by setting up McNaturals health food outlets, growing McNaturals fruit and vegetables  and providing McNaturals Healing Juices and mineral spring water.

    McNaturals promotes the greater use of naturally grown raw fruit and vegetables in your diet.

    Environmentally Friendly

    The other 50 per cent of McNaturals profits from the use of the McNaturals’ name will go to  McNaturals Education Foundation Ltd - a seperate non profit organisation set up to teach environmentally friendly practices and provide naturally grown food the way nature intended,  with no chemicals or pesticides.
    INL will publish the Australian Weekend News, and will be a broad-based media company  covering all facets of media. As well, the first 20,000 subscribers will receive an option to take up 2000 $1 INL shares, before the float of INL on the Australian Stock Exchange. A prospectus will be provided for those wishing to take up the option to buy 2000 $1 INL shares.  The aim is to provide ordinary Australians with their own newspaper, to be the people’s voice. Today, Australians receive their news mainly from Rupert Murdoch and Kerry Packer backed  organisations. According to a financial estimate, the Murdoch and Packer companies supply 49 per cent of  Australia’s information. The Australian Weekend News will contain international, national and a local news insert for  each state. Issues concerning women, children and minority groups will be given a fair airing, which is sadly  lacking in many publications. In the opinion of the owners of WNPG the low level of women and children’s issues dealt with  in the press reflects the lack of women in key positions in Australian organisations. To balance its content, the Australian Weekend News will be co-edited by a male and female editor.
    As part of the promotional drive, the Australian Weekend News/INL Group has taken over Health Arena newspaper, a well established integrated health publication that
    has a keen readership throughout WA. The May-June edition of Health Arena contains  an Australian Weekend News liftout as a lead-up to the re-launch. Be sure to pick up
    your May-June Health Arena, or subscribe to the Australian Weekend News and  have it mailed to you. You won’t be sorry, because it will be a rare collectors item.  The Rigby family promised a Paul Rigby cartoon all the way from Paul’s retirement retreat  in Florida, USA and a Peter Rigby article from his retreat in Margaret River.

                  I wish to ACT NOW..... I wish to SUBCRIBE!


    What an offer!

    Take out a yearly subscription and receive:

    FREE Mr Wijat and Erf the WormCollectors Mug FREE 100 INL Shares First 20,000subscribers also receive the option to take up a further 2,000 INL shares at $1 each


    Advertise and win!

    For every dollar you spend in advertising you receive the equivalent value in $1 INL shares for FREE.

    Spend $500and also be in the draw toWIN the Front Page Advertisment space FREE for 6 issues. PLUS Win a block of land in Collie!

    All subscribers' names will go into a draw for the prize of a residential block of land in Collie, just 30 minutes drive from the City of Bunbury, in WA South West.

    All who subscribe will receive a card that they will be able to use for discounts at various WA businesses. A list of these businesses will be supplied with the card.

    HAVE YOUR SAY! Do you want an independent voice in the media? Do you have any burning issues you want made public?

    WRITE 

    to the Australian Weekend News: PO Box 7633 Cloisters Square WA 6850 email:koala@upnaway.com

    Show Your Support SUBSCRIBE TODAY CLICK HERE

    CONTACT INFORMATION

    South Australia National Office: 1 Rover Avenue, Croydon, SA 5008 Tel: SA (08) 8340 8834   Fax: SA (08) 8242 3331
     

    Western Australia contact: PO Box 7633 Cloisters Square WA 6850 Tel: WA 0417 977 370 Fax: WA (08) 9317 4782

    Meet Mr Wijat's Team, working for Truth, Justice and the Australian Way!!!

    If you want the last laugh on pollies and powerbrokers, SEE YOU ALL SOON in The Adventures of Mr Wijat, Erf the worm, Super Hero Al and Marvellous Marvin exclusive to Australia's favourite and fearless newspaper, the
    AUSTRALIAN WEEKEND NEWS


    If you want the last laugh on pollies and powerbrokers, SEE YOU ALL SOON in The Adventures of Mr Wijat, Erf the worm, Super Hero Al and Marvellous Marvin exclusive to Australia's favourite and fearless newspaper, the
    AUSTRALIAN WEEKEND NEWS

       Mr Wijat   

    Erf, the Worm  

    Mr Wijat's
    Super-Hero Life-Saving Son, Al.
     

    Marvellous Marvin 

     

     

     




    SUBSCRIPTION FORM
    YOU can help bring back independent press to Australia!
    Advertising and Subscriptions to the
    AUSTRALIAN WEEKEND NEWS
    Limited Offer

    Please print out this form, fill in and fax to:
    (08) 9317 4782
    DO NOT EMAIL CREDIT CARD INFORMATION

    I wish to apply for a one-year subscription and/or spend advertising dollars in the Australian Weekend News and in due course receive my 100 free shares

     in INTERNATIONAL NEWS LIMITED (INL).

    I understand if I am one of the first 20,000 subscribers I will receive an option to take

    up a further2,000 shares at $1 each in INTERNATIONAL NEWS LIMITED (INL) ACN 096 563 656.

    I hereby apply for a subscription to the AUSTRALIAN WEEKEND NEWS,

    a truly independent Australia-wide publisher, owned by the people - for the people.

    I understand that after I, or my organisation, have become a fully paid up subscriber of AWN,

    that if I, or my organisation, introduce other paid up subscribers we will receive

    an extra 50 INL shares for each one.

    I would like (please tick one box):

    A once only payment of $89.00 or
    A 60-day Invoice for $104.00 or
    $20 for a 2 month subscription

    I will pay by (please tick one box):

    Cheque Money Order or Credit Card  

    Credit Card Type:  e.g. VISA, Mastercard, other:
    Name on Card:   
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    Expiry Date:  

    Please tick the following boxes of your choice:

    I just want to cast my vote for an Independent People's Newspaper

    I'd like to help the Australian Weekend News

    Provide news and views

    I wish to spend $............................ in advertising and receive the equivalent value in $1 INL shares for FREE. Every $500 spent in advertising puts me in the draw to win the Front Page Advertisment space for 6 issues.

    I would like to claim my FREE Collectors handmade pottery mug with my yearly subscription. Please tick one box for your choice of mug design:

     Mr Wijat and Erf the Worm or 
    McNaturals

    Please reserve 2000 $1 shares in INL for me with my yearly subscription.

    NAME:  
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    DATE:   

    Please print out this form, fill in and mail with your payment to:
    Australian Weekend News, PO Box 7633, Cloisters Square, WA 6850

    or fax to: (08) 9317 4782

    South Australia
    National Office:

    1 Rover Avenue, Croydon, SA 5008
    Tel: SA (08) 8340 8834  
    Fax: SA (08) 8242 3331 or (08) 8340 3760  

    Western Australia contact:
    PO Box 7633, Cloisters Square, WA 6850
    Tel: WA 0417 977 370
    Fax: WA (08) 8340 3760

    email: koala@upnaway.com



    Aims of the
    Weekend News
    Publishing Group

    To establish a financially strong mainstream worldwide people's media group listed on the stock exchange, which can compete with other media on a fair and equitable basis.

    To have more than one million subscribers.

    To allow subscribers to have a say in the running of the Weekend News.

    To provide financial assistance, advice and work opportunities to subscribers.

    To provide an alternative workplace for journalists and others who work or want to work in the media industry.

    To provide a truly independent public voice.

    To provide quality, interesting and colourful news content.

    To provide assistance in publishing of articles, books and journals where other publishers have refused to assist.

    To provide legal assistance to subscriber shareholders.

    To provide affordable advertising to subscribers.

     

    HAVE YOUR SAY!
    Do you want an independent voice in the media?
    Do you have any burning issues you want made public?

    WRITE
    to the
    Australian Weekend News:
    PO Box 7633
    Cloisters Square
    WA 6850

    email:koala@upnaway.com



    Fearless Forum

    ACCORDING TO Angela Chan, the Chairperson of the Ethnic Communities Council of NSW,

    ownership of a major television network and newspaper by the same company could amount to

    "thought control… it's frightening".

    Jock Given, the director of the Communications Law Centre in Sydney, says: "If you have both the

    top rated TV network and the number two publisher, and line that up with what Murdoch already controls,

    then I think that this is very disturbing."

    It has been observed that if ownership of the media were to become overtly concentrated, new ideas might

    not even be formed, much less expressed.

    Democracy is a process that relies on new ideas being available to be passed around, chewed over and modified.

    If new ideas do not emerge, Democracy dies.

    Worldwide, most print media publications are bland, politically correct and have become

    monopolistic institutions.

    Where are the crusading investigative reporters and colourful columnists?

    The fire in the belly of the newspaper industry has gone out. It has been dampened by corporate overlords.

    The press has forgotten how to provide interesting, entertaining news which is why it is haemorrhaging

    via the Internet.

    It seems editors and journalists working on hardcopy newspapers are no longer allowed to be provocative,

    for fear of being given their termination notice. In addition, owners expect editors to know what is wanted

    of them without being told.

    The average reader sees major newspapers as effectively controlled by multi-national corporations

    and big business, who are behind the scenes involved with supporting one or another political party,

    and/or one big business entity.

    It is becoming rare to see in the print media truly independent investigative journalism.

    In this regard, Australia has a much more deep-rooted problem. This is partly caused by Australia's isolation,

    the power bases whom effectively control Australia taking advantage of the easygoing nature of Australians,

    and partly because there simply is no truly independent mainstream media outlet in Australia.

    What is urgently needed is independent press where average Australians can have a say when they

    feel their country is not being run on a fair and equitable basis by those who have assumed control of

    the legal and political system – a system that is meant to belong to all Australians, not just a select and

    powerful few.

    High demand for shares in new floats
    by Marvyn Moore 

    In 1997 a massive $28 billion was devoured in equities by small investors, who have now realised that

    there is more instant and retrievable profit in taking up parcels of shares in new promising share floats

    before listing.

    This option has been recognised as being better than investing in real estate, and as a result,

    the stock market is poised for exciting new growth, according to a report by Macquarie Equities.

    The report predicted that support fro small share issues would see an 88 percent increase in

    private sector floats from 1996 onwards, when they were $4.1 billion.

    Robert Credaro, Kim Ta and Roy Shackley, analysts for the McQuarie report describe retail investors as

    "very resilient".

    The now famous Telstra Float saw the appearance in the market of thousands of average small investors,

    most of whom were buying shares for the first time.

    These investors made instant profits on the day the Telstra shares were listed on the Australian Stock Exchange.

    The difference between these profits and profits made in real estate is that they are instantly retrievable

    with a simple phone call to your stock broker.

    INL expected to float at good price

    One of the reasons it is expected that the International News Limited (INL) shares will float at a good price

    is that none of the big institutional investors will be able to buy any large parcels of shares before the float.

    They will need to line up with ordinary people to subscribe to the Australian Weekend News, and be within

    the first 20,000 subscribers in order to receive their option to take up 2000 $1 shares.

    This will frustrate big institional investors who will end up having to try to buy the large shareholdings

    they would like to own in INL after the float from the ordinary people at a price the ordinary people are

    prepared to sell to them - if they want to sell their shares at all.

    Big institutional investors spend more than $3 billion on new share floats  each year and like to buy shares

    in all media floats.

    It will take only a few of these institutional investors to place buying orders at best after the float of INL

    on the stock exchange to make the shares in INL go to a fair price.

    It is expected that INL shares will go above the $5 price West Australian Newspapers Ltd sells for,

    because they will be tightly held with no large parcels of shares available for sale on the market.

    Share prices are set by supply and demand and if the demand is high, with few shares available to

    supply that demand, then the price must rise.

    For this reason we urge readers to subscribe to the Australian Weekend News and be the first 20,000

    who will receive a prospectus and an option for the purchase of 2000 $1 shares in the float.

    Win a block of land in Collie

    All who subscribe will receive a card that they will be able to use for discounts at various WA businesses.

    A list of these businesses will be supplied with the card.

    Subscribers' names will also go into a draw for the prize of a residential block of land in Collie,

    just 30 minutes drive from the City of Bunbury, in WA South West.

     

    The way we were

    New Shares Rocket in Record Debut
    DAILY NEWS 1969,
    PERTH, WA:

    Kia Ora Gold Corporation fully paid (25 cents) shares hit $5.50 in their stock exchange debut today.

    It was the most spectacular share opening in memory.

    It dwarfed the records of the Consolidated Gold Fields of Australia and Hamersley Holding debuts,

    which make history on the stock exchanges.

    Fortunes were made within minutes of the Adelaide and Sydney exchanges opening. Trading in other

    stocks was closed for 15 minutes in Adelaide while brokers bid frantically.

    The 10 per cent paid shares hit $5.30 in the opening burst.

    In Adelaide Kia Ora's 32-year-old executive director, Brian Hill, is reputed to hold more than 300,000 shares,

    a paper profit of more than $1.5 million.

    It is believed that one of the biggest gains to come from the Kia Ora float was by a Sydney stockbroker who

    could have made about $1 million in paper profit.

    Queensland senator Ian Woods - who still regards a bicycle as the best means of transport today -

    made a $250,000 paper profit in just one minute flat.

    He held just over 50,000 Kia Ora shares.

    The company's brilliant opening stemmed from its piggings in the nickel hot spot.

    Among its wide spread WA nickel leases, is one bordering the Poseidon nickel strike at Windarra,

    more than 100 miles north of Kalgoorlie.

    Kia Ora has also pegged and applied for 11 claims at Pioneer, the other hot nickel spot, and has claims

    in the Mount Keith area.

    Rigby returns to back a cause

    WORLD FAMOUS West Australian cartoonist Paul Rigby has agreed to provide

    the Australian Weekend News with a special collectors item cartoon which will appear next issue.

    Paul Rigby was the cartoonist whose art graced the back page of the Daily and Weekend News for many years.

    He saw himself as "the people's cartoonist", using his talent for drawing and humour to bring to light

    the common person's view of the games played by powerbrokers.

    In addition to Paul's cartoon, his son Pete will write an article for the collectors' edition.

    Be sure to get your subscription in today!

    "The Australian Weekend News will provide a reasonably priced

    alternative,

    that will be owned by the Australian people. "

    By subscribing to Australian Weekend Newsyou will help make history and you'll be sure to receive

    your copy of each edition.

    In relaunching the Weekend News as the Australian Weekend News, we are endeavouring to put the power

    of the press into the hands on the people.

    In WA advertisers have little choice about where to spend their money - and advertising rates continue to climb.

    The West Australian, for instance, promised economy of scale after the closure of the Daily-Weekend News,

    but has regularly increased its ad rates.

    The Australian Weekend News will provide a reasonably priced alternative, that will be owned by

    the Australian people.  Ed.

    RIGBY (in London) ON THE MOONWALK 
    Tuesday November 18, 1969

    "You'll hafta burn them off at the lights, or it's goodbye rock collection!!"



    Media giants reap $10m from WA each weekend

    by Marvyn Moore 

    Do West Australians want to keep ploughing money into giant media bodies?

    It is estimated that in WA alone, each weekend more than $1 million is spent on
    the West Australian Newspaper and the Sunday Times, and advertising revenue in
    both papers would amount to about $9 million.

    Independents fight on

    Five brave independent newspapers serve various areas of Perth and Fremantle and each week
    they fight against the might of the suburban Community Newspapers for advertising dollars.

    Because the Community Newspapers are 50 per cent owned by the West and 50 per cent
    by the Murdoch group, the independents face a situation in which the lion's share of advertising
    is out of reach.

    A reliable source in the media industry claims that the Sunday Times and the West Australian
    have cornered the real estate advertising market, as only a small degree of this advertising appears
    each week in the Community Newspapers. According to the source, a directive regarding this matter
     has apparently been handed down by the Sunday Times and the West Australian.

    An advertising manager from one of these independent newspapers said there was the constant
    fear of being extinguished.

    1980s monopoly ruling

    In the late 1980s, a former Trade Practices Commissioner Bob Baxt ruled that
    the West Australian's ownership of the Daily-Weekend News constituted a monopoly.
    But the owners of the West Australian have kept their grip on WA's advertising dollars.

    First, some time after Mr Baxt's ruling, the then owners of the West Autralian put
     the Daily-Weekend News into liquidation, throwing many people out of work.

    Second, it edged into obtaining control of the lucrative suburban newspaper advertising dollars.

    If Mr Baxt were to look at the situation as it is today, would he view it as a monopoly?

    Would he be surprised to see that the newspaper bosses have avoided tipping the scale of
     ownership of just 51 per cent of Community News to ensure they cannot be ruled as monopolising
     the industry? The West Australian owns 50 per cent of Community News while Murdoch owns
     the Sunday Times, which owns the other 50 per cent of Community News.

    This means neither can legally be ruled to be in control.

    As it stands, these two media giants maintain their stranglehold on WA's lucrative advertising market
    and control much of what West Australian's read.

    Many ordinary West Australians view the West Australian and the Sunday Times as monolithic media institutions that make a lot of money, charge too much for advertising and have lost the art of being entertaining.

    When a West Australian is asked "why do you buy one or other of the weekend pape
    rs" the reply often is: "I choose one of the weekend papers just for the colour TV Guide!".
    Another frequent reply is "I buy a weekend paper only for the classified ads".

    The Australian Weekend News interviewed a well established advertising agent in Adelaide recently who said that in his opinion most Australian buy newspapers for the classified ads, rather than for entertainment or editorial.

    The Weekend News/INL Publishing Group has managed to wrestle the
    108 Weekend News Masthead from WAN and is able to relaunch it as the Austarlian Weekend News.

    New cartoon characters have been created for the Australian Weekend News.
    Members of famous cartoonist Paul Rigby's family have offered to help develop them for
    use in a new cartoon.

    A "greenie" character, Erf the Worm, will be hidden inside the cartoon for readers to find,
    as in the old days when they had to find Paul Rigby's man and dog.

    Paul Rigby reminisces

    The Australian Weekend News spoke to Paul Rigby before he went into semi-retirement
    after years of working for the New York Daily.

    He reminisced about his many years as a feature cartoonist with the Daily-Weekend News, recalling how the paper was run like one big happy family.

    The West Australian, which had controlled it for 108 years, managed to give it the status of the "poor sister" paper, while the Saturday West made all the money.

    This resulted in keeping others from gaining a strong foothold on the weekend newspaper
    advertising market and ensured that hte West did not have to share its yearly profits of more
     than $100 million.

    This profit is now shared by the West Australian and the Murdoch controlled mastehead,
    the Sunday Times.

    Today, the old Daily-Weekend News building on the corner of Roe and Lake Street has been
    turned into the Community Newspaper group's headquarters.

    Blood, sweat and tears

    It was within these walls that much blood sweat and tears of the staff to the Daily-Weekend News
    was expended.

    The old Daily-Weekend News used to print Paul Rigby's cartoon on the back page, with his famous
     man and dog hidden in it somewhere. West Australians used to pick up the paper, turn it over,
    and read Rigby's cartoon first.

    In the suburbs, the topic around dinner was often whatever Rigby was tilting at that day.

    The Daily-Weekend News was always lively, interesting and entertaining.

    It is with this standard in mind that the relaunching
    of the Australian Weekend News will be undertaken.

    Said of the
    West Australian and Sunday Times:
    "lost the art of being entertaining"

    "charge too much for advertising" Said by Paul Rigby about the old
    Daily-Weekend News:
    "the paper was run like one big happy family:" Marvyn Moore writes:
    The Daily-Weekend News was always lively, interesting and entertaining.
     
    It is with this standard in mind that the relaunching of
     the Australian Weekend News will be undertaken.


    HAVE YOUR SAY!
    Do you want an independent voice in the media?
    Do you have any burning issues you want made public?

    WRITE to the
    Australian Weekend News:
    PO Box 7633
    Cloisters Square
    WA 6850

    email:koala@upnaway.com

                         Newspaper reads "Equal Pay for Equal Work"

                     
         "It also means I can sit around doing nothing all day,  just like you"

                                         Poem of the Month God and Money

                              God put us on this earth to make it a better place, All we have done is turn it into a rat race.
                              We get up in the morning and drive our cars like mad, We pollute the air and kill the trees, which makes me very sad,
                             No matter how much God gives us, We still want more and more,
                             There does not seem to be a number that we will settle for.

                             You ask people to help you and   They look at you aghast,  And walk quickly past.
                              But when you go through the pearly gates, With your money in hand, God will gently take it off you,
                            And whisper "everybody's equal in this land".

                       Bert E. Pratt

                Go to the Subscription Form, tick the advertising box to  show your interest and submit your form then we will contact you,

                or  Click here to Email us to discuss your requirements.

                    Win a block of land in Collie!

                  All Weekend News Subscribers will go into a draw for the prize of a residential block of land in Collie,  just 30 minutes drive
     from the City of Bunbury,  in WA South West.


    The Google Culture

    Though Google has grown a lot since it opened in 1998, we still maintain a small company feel. At lunchtime, almost everyone eats in the office café, sitting at whatever table has an opening and enjoying conversations with Googlers from different teams. Our commitment to innovation depends on everyone being comfortable sharing ideas and opinions. Every employee is a hands-on contributor, and everyone wears several hats. Because we believe that each Googler is an equally important part of our success, no one hesitates to pose questions directly to Larry or Sergey in our weekly all-hands ("TGIF") meetings – or spike a volleyball across the net at a corporate officer.

    We are aggressively inclusive in our hiring, and we favor ability over experience. We have offices around the world and dozens of languages are spoken by Google staffers, from Turkish to Telugu. The result is a team that reflects the global audience Google serves. When not at work, Googlers pursue interests from cross-country cycling to wine tasting, from flying to frisbee.

    As we continue to grow, we are always looking for those who share a commitment to creating search perfection and having a great time doing it.

    Business Overview

    As with its technology, Google has chosen to ignore conventional wisdom in designing its business. The company started with seed money from angel investors and brought together two competing venture capital firms to fund its first equity round. While the dotcom boom exploded around it and competitors spent millions on marketing campaigns to "build brand," Google focused instead on quietly building a better search engine.

    The word quickly spread from one satisfied user to another. With superior search technology and a high volume of traffic at its Google.com site, Google's managers identified two initial opportunities for generating revenue: search services and advertising.

    Google grows and business blooms

    Over time, these two business lines evolved into complementary networks. Google AdWords advertisers create ads to drive qualified traffic to their sites and generate leads. Google publishing partners deliver those ads targeted to relevant search results powered by Google AdSense. With AdSense, the publisher shares in the revenue generated when readers click on the ads.

    For sites wishing to have more control over their intranet or site searches, Google developed the Google Search Appliance, a scalable and secure appliance that delivers accurate search results across any number of documents.

    Google continues to think about ways in which technology can improve upon existing ways of doing business. New areas are explored, ideas prototyped and budding services nurtured to make them more useful to advertisers and publishers. However, no matter how distant Google's business model grows from its origins, the root remains providing useful and relevant information to those who are the most important part of the ecosystem – the millions of individuals around the world who rely on Google search to provide the answers they are seeking.

    Google AdWords for Advertisers

    Google designed AdWords for advertisers who want to reach a qualified audience as efficiently as possible. Advertisers select their own target keywords and only pay when customers click on their ads. It's easy to create ad text and manage online advertising accounts with no large upfront payment required. All that's needed is five minutes and a credit card. The ads appear across Google's growing roster of partners, including thousands of sites from America Online to the Washington Post, and are targeted to relevant search and content pages.

    Google's experienced sales and service team optimize campaigns for our larger advertisers. Our staff of AdWords experts work with advertisers to select the appropriate keywords and generate the matching creative, then carefully monitor the campaign to improve its performance over time by winnowing keywords and rewriting copy based on what is most effective. There's no limit to the number of keywords that an advertiser can select and each keyword can be matched with a different creative execution. Recent advertisers include Amazon, Cisco Systems and Staples.

    Google provides all of its advertisers with a full complement of reporting services to enable fine tuning of campaigns and real-time intelligence about which components are performing best. Advertisers can further increase efficiencies by targeting their campaigns to specific geographies or languages.

    Google AdSense and Web Site Services

    Google believes relevant advertising can be as useful as search results or other forms of content. And that advertising can enhance the experience for visitors to a publisher's website, while helping publishers recover some of their investment in creating content of value. Google AdSense™ combines Google Search technology with our base of keyword advertisers to deliver ads that precisely target search results or the content on a site's pages, no matter how specialized the subject matter. Advertisers, publishers, and information seekers all profit as a result.

    Signing up for AdSense is easy -- it only takes a few minutes to apply. And our sales team helps customize the program for sites receiving more than 20 million page views a month.

    • AdSense serves relevant ads on content pages search result and content pages as well as dormant domain pages.Google Search Services enable publishers to provide Google web search on their own pages – results that can be used to generate revenue with the AdSense for Search program The Google Search Appliance, a scalable and secure device that provides Google quality search across an individual website or intranet.
    • Google Wireless Services deliver Google search results via PDAs, wireless phones and other mobile devices powered by many of the world's leading wireless service providers.



    Quick Profile

    Mission Google's mission is to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful.

    Quick Facts

    Founded: 1998 Founders: Larry Page and Sergey Brin Incorporation: September 4, 1998 Initial public offering (NASDAQ): August 19, 2004
    Headquarters: 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway, Mountain View, CA 94043 Offices: Locations of our offices around the world. Management: Our executives and board of directors.
    Investor Relations: Financial and corporate governance information.

    Helpful Links

    Google Offices WordlWide

    United States

    Google Inc. 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway Mountain View, CA 94043 Phone: +1 650-253-0000 Fax: +1 650-253-0001
    Google Ann Arbor
    201 S. Division St. Suite 500 Ann Arbor, MI 48104 Phone: +1 734-332-6500 Fax: +1 734-332-6501
    Google Atlanta Millennium at Midtown 10 10th Street NE Suite 600 Atlanta, GA 30309 Phone: +1 404-487-9000 Fax: +1 404-487-9001
    Google Austin 9606 North MoPac Expressway Suite 400 Austin, TX 78759
    Google Boulder 2590 Pearl Street Suite 100 Boulder, CO 80302 Phone: +1 303-245-0086 Fax: +1 303-535-5592
    Google Cambridge 5 Cambridge Center, Floors 3-6 Cambridge, MA 02142 Phone: +1 617-575-1300 Fax: +1 617-575-1301
    Google Chapel Hill 410 Market St Suite 415 Chapel Hill, NC 27516
    Google Chicago 20 West Kinzie St. Chicago, IL 60610 Phone: +1 312-840-4100 Fax: +1 312-840-4101
    Google Detroit 114 Willits Street Birmingham, MI 48009 Phone: +1 248-593-4000 Fax: +1 248-593-4001
    Google Irvine 19540 Jamboree Road 2nd Floor Irvine, CA 92612 Phone: +1 949-794-1600 Fax: +1 949-794-1601
    Google Kirkland 747 6th Street South, Kirkland, WA 98033 Phone: +1 425-739-5600 Fax: +1 425-739-5601
    Google Madison 301 S. Blount St. Suite 301 Madison, WI 53703 Phone: +1 608-669-9600 Fax: +1 608-669-9601
    Google New York 76 Ninth Avenue 4th Floor New York, NY 10011 Phone: +1 212-565-0000 Fax: +1 212-565-0001
    Google New York Chelsea Market Space (mail cannot be received at this address) 75 Ninth Avenue 2nd and 4th Floors New York, NY 10011 Phone: +1 212-565-0000 Fax: +1 212-565-0001
    Google Pittsburgh Google Inc. Collaborative Innovation Center 4720 Forbes Avenue Lower Level Pittsburgh, PA 15213 Phone: +1 412-297-5400 Fax: +1 412-297-5401
    Google Reston 1818 Library Street Suite 400 Reston, VA 20190 Phone: +1 202-370-5600 Fax: +1 202-370-5601
    Google San Francisco 345 Spear Street Floors 2-4 San Francisco, CA 94105 Phone: +1 415-736-0000
    Google Santa Monica 604 Arizona Avenue Santa Monica, CA 90401 Phone: +1 310-460-4000 Fax: +1 310-309-6840
    Google Seattle 651 N. 34th St. Seattle, WA 98103 Phone: +1 206-876-1800 Fax: +1 206-876-1701
    Google Washington DC 1101 New York Avenue, N.W. Second Floor Washington, DC 20005 Phone: +1 202-346-1100

    Asia Pacific

    Australia

    Google Sydney Google Australia Pty Ltd. Level 5, 48 Pirrama Road, Pyrmont, NSW 2009 Australia Phone: +61 2 9374 4000 Fax: +61 2 9374 4001

    China Mainland

    Google Beijing Tsinghua Science Park Bldg 6 No. 1 Zhongguancun East Road Haidian District Beijing 100084 Phone: +86-10-62503000 Fax: +86-10-62503001
    Google Guangzhou L30, Unit 3007, Teemtower, Teemmall, 208 Tianhe Road, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, 510620
    Google Shanghai 16F, Raffles City No.268 Xizang Zhong Road, Huangpu District Shanghai, China 200001 Phone: +86-21-61337666

    Hong Kong

    Google Hong Kong Tower 1, Times Square 1 Matheson Street Room 1706 Causeway Bay, Hong Kong Phone: +852-3923-5400 Fax: +852-3923-5401

    India

    Google Bangalore Google India Pvt. Ltd No. 3, RMZ Infinity - Tower E Old Madras Road 3rd, 4th, and 5th Floors Bangalore, 560 016 IndiaPhone: +91-80-67218989
    Google Gurgaon  Google India Pvt Ltd 8th and 9th Floors Tower C Building No.8 DLF Cyber City Gurgaon India 122002 Phone: +91-124-4512900
    Google Hyderabad Google India Pvt. Ltd Block 1, DivyaSree Omega Survey No. 13, Kondapur Village, mHyderabad Andhra Pradesh, India
    Google Mumbai
    Google India Pvt Ltd 264-265 Vaswani Chambers 1st Floor Dr Annie Besant Road Mumbai, 400 025 India Phone: +91-22-6611-7200

    Japan

    Google Japan Headquarters 6F Cerulean Tower 26-1 Sakuragaoka-cho Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 150-8512
    Google Osaka 20F, Hankyu Grand Building 8-47, Kakuda-cho, Kita-ku Osaka

    Korea

    Google Seoul Google Korea LLC. 22nd Floor, Gangnam Finance Center 737 Yeoksam-dong Kangnam-gu Seoul 135 984 South Korea Phone: +82-2-531-9000 Fax: +82-2-531-9001

    Singapore

    Google Singapore #38-01/01A 8 Shenton Way Singapore 068811 Phone: +65 6521-8000 Fax: +65 6521-8901

    Taiwan

    Google Taipei
    Level 73, Taipei 101 Tower 7 Xinyi Road, Sec. 5, Taipei, 110 Taiwan Phone: 886 2 8729 6000 Fax: 886 2 8729 6001

    Europe

    Czech Republic

    Google Prague Praha City Center Klimentska 46 Prague, Czech Republic 11002

    Denmark

    Google Aarhus Aabogade 15 8200 Aarhus N Denmark
    Google Copenhagen Google Denmark ApS Frederiksborggade 20, 1st Floor 1360 Copenhagen K. Denmark

    Finland

    Google Helsinki Helsinki

    France

    Google Paris 38 avenue de l'Opéra 75002 Paris France Phone: +33 (0)1 42 68 53 00 Fax: +33 (0)1 53 01 08 15

    Germany

    Google Hamburg Google Germany GmbH ABC-Strasse 19 20354 Hamburg Germany Phone: +49 40-80-81-79-000 Fax: +49 40-4921-9194
    Google Munich Google Germany GmbH Dienerstrasse 12 80331 Munich Germany

    Greece

    Google Athens Athens Tower 2-4 Mesogeion Avenue Athens 11527, Greece Phone: +30 210 7454333

    Hungary

    Google Budapest Árpád Fejedelem útja 26-28. Budapest, Hungary 1023

    Ireland

    Google Dublin Google Ireland Ltd. Gordon House Barrow Street Dublin 4 Ireland Fax: +353 (1) 436 1001

    Italy

    Google Italy Corso Europa 2 20122 Milan Phone: +39 02-36618 300 Fax: +39 02-36618 301

    Netherlands

    Google Amsterdam Claude Debussylaan 34 Vinoly Mahler 4 Toren B, 15th Floor Amsterdam, Netherlands 1082, Netherlands Phone: +31 (0)20-5045-100 Fax: +31 (0)20-524-8150

    Norway

    Google Oslo C.J. Hambros plass 2C N-0164 Oslo Phone: +47 22996288 Fax: +47 22996010

    Poland

    Google Kraków Rynek Glowny 12, II floor 31-042 Krakow PolandmPhone: +48 (12) 68 15 300 Fax: +48 (12) 68 15 362
    Google Wroclaw Bema Plaza, V pietro Plac Gen. Jozefa Bema nr 2 50-265 Wroclaw Poland Phone: +48 71-734-1000

    Portugal

    Google Portugal Avenida da Liberdade, 110 1269-046 Lisboa, Portugal

    Russian Federation

    Google Moscow OOO Google 7 Balchug st. Moscow 115035 Russian Federation Phone: +7-495-644-1400 Fax: +7-495-644-1401
    Google St. Petersburg Alia Tempora ul. Mayakovskogo Bldg 3B Floors 8-9 Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation, 191025 Phone: +7 (812) 313-4800 Fax: +7 (812) 313-4801

    Spain

    Google Madrid Torre Picasso Plaza Pablo Ruiz Picasso 1 Madrid 28020 Phone: +34 91-748-6400 Fax: +34 91-748-6402

    Sweden

    Google Luleå Sweden Aurorum 2 Luleå, 977 75 Sweden
    Google Stockholm Kungsbron 2 111 22 Stockholm

    Switzerland

    Google Zürich Brandschenkestrasse 110 8002 Zürich Switzerland Phone: +41 44-668-1800 Fax: +41 44-668-1818

    United Kingdom

    Google London
    Google UK Ltd Belgrave House 76 Buckingham Palace Road London SW1W 9TQ United Kingdom Phone: +44 (0)20-7031-3000 Fax: +44 (0)20-7031-3001
    Google Manchester Google UK Ltd Peter House Oxford Street Manchester M1 5AN

    Canada

    Google Montreal 1253 McGill College, Suite 250 Montreal, Quebec, H3B 2Y5 Phone: 514-670-8700 Fax: 514-670-8701
    Google Toronto Toronto Life Square 10 Dundas Street East Suite 600 Toronto, Ontario M5B 2G9 Phone: +1 416-915-8200 Fax: +1 416-915-8201
    Google Waterloo 340 Hagey Blvd 2nd Floor,Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 6R6 Phone: 519-880-2300 Fax: 519-880-3401

    Latin America

    Argentina

    Google Buenos Aires Dock del Plata Alicia Moreau de Justo 350, 2nd floor Buenos Aires, C1107AAH Phone: +54-11-5530-3000 Fax: +54-11-5530-3001

    Brazil

    Google Sao Paulo Google Brasil Internet Limitada Av. Brigadeiro Faria Lima nº 3900 5th floor, Itaim Sao Paulo, 04538-132 Brazil Phone: +55-11-3797-1000 Fax: +55-11-3797-1001

    Mexico

    Google MexicoPaseo de la Reforma #115, Piso 22 Col. Lomas de Chapultepec México D.F. 11000, México Phone: +52 55-5342-8400 Fax: +52 55-5342-8401

    Middle East

    Egypt

    Google Cairo 19 El Shahid Helmy El Masry St. Almaza Area- P.O. Box 150 Heliopolis, Cairo Egypt

    Israel

    Google Haifa Building 30 MATAM, Advanced Technology Center PO Box 15096 Haifa, 31905 Israel
    Google Tel Aviv Google Israel Ltd. Levinstein Tower 23 Menachem Begin Road Tel-Aviv, 66183 Israel

    Turkey

    Google Istanbul Google Advertising and Marketing Ltd Sti Kanyon Ofis Binasi Kat. 6 Buyukdere Cad. No. 185 Levent, Istanbul 34394

    United Arab Emirates

    Google UAE Dubai Internet City Building 9, office 220/221 P.O Box 502966 Phone: +971 4 4370 680 Fax: +971 4 4370 681



    Technology Overview

    We stand alone in our focus on developing the "perfect search engine," defined by co-founder Larry Page as something that, "understands exactly what you mean and gives you back exactly what you want." To that end, we have persistently pursued innovation and refused to accept the limitations of existing models. As a result, we developed our serving infrastructure and breakthrough PageRank™ technology that changed the way searches are conducted.

    From the beginning, our developers recognized that providing the fastest, most accurate results required a new kind of server setup. Whereas most search engines ran off a handful of large servers that often slowed under peak loads, ours employed linked PCs to quickly find each query's answer. The innovation paid off in faster response times, greater scalability and lower costs. It's an idea that others have since copied, while we have continued to refine our back-end technology to make it even more efficient.

    The software behind our search technology conducts a series of simultaneous calculations requiring only a fraction of a second. Traditional search engines rely heavily on how often a word appears on a web page. We use more than 200 signals, including our patented PageRank™ algorithm, to examine the entire link structure of the web and determine which pages are most important. We then conduct hypertext-matching analysis to determine which pages are relevant to the specific search being conducted. By combining overall importance and query-specific relevance, we're able to put the most relevant and reliable results first.

    • PageRank Technology: PageRank reflects our view of the importance of web pages by considering more than 500 million variables and 2 billion terms. Pages that we believe are important pages receive a higher PageRank and are more likely to appear at the top of the search results.

      PageRank also considers the importance of each page that casts a vote, as votes from some pages are considered to have greater value, thus giving the linked page greater value. We have always taken a pragmatic approach to help improve search quality and create useful products, and our technology uses the collective intelligence of the web to determine a page's importance.

    • Hypertext-Matching Analysis: Our search engine also analyzes page content. However, instead of simply scanning for page-based text (which can be manipulated by site publishers through meta-tags), our technology analyzes the full content of a page and factors in fonts, subdivisions and the precise location of each word. We also analyze the content of neighboring web pages to ensure the results returned are the most relevant to a user's query.

    Our innovations don't stop at the desktop. To give people access to the information they need, whenever and wherever they need it, we continue to develop new mobile applications and services that are more accessible and customizable. And we're partnering with industry-leading carriers and device manufacturers to deliver these innovative services globally. We're working with many of these industry leaders through the Open Handset Alliance to develop Android, the first complete, open, and free mobile platform, which will offer people a less expensive and better mobile experience.

    Life of a Google Query

    The life span of a Google query normally lasts less than half a second, yet involves a number of different steps that must be completed before results can be delivered to a person seeking information.

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    3.
     The search results are returned to the user in a fraction of a second.
        1. The web server sends the query to the index servers. The content inside the index servers is similar to the index in the back of a book - it tells which pages contain the words that match the query.
    2.The query travels to the doc servers, which actually retrieve the stored documents. Snippets are generated to describe each search result.

    Google Management

    Co-founders Larry Page, president of Products, and Sergey Brin, president of Technology, brought Google to life in September 1998. Since then, the company has grown to more than 10,000 employees worldwide, with a management team that represents some of the most experienced technology professionals in the industry. Eric Schmidt joined Google as chairman and chief executive officer in 2001.

    Board of Directors

    Operating Committee

    Key executives by function:

    Engineering

    Products

    Sales

    Legal

    • Kent Walker, Vice President & General Counsel
    • David Lawee, Vice President, Corporate Development
    • Megan Smith, Vice President, New Business Development, and General Manager, Google.org

    Finance

    Business Operations

    Google.org

    • Megan Smith, Vice President, New Business Development, and General Manager, Google.org

    Google's Operating Committee



    Eric Schmidt  Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer

    Since joining Google in 2001, Eric Schmidt has helped grow the company from a Silicon Valley startup to a global enterprise. Under his leadership, Google has dramatically scaled its infrastructure and broadened its offerings while maintaining a culture of strong innovation. His background uniquely prepares him to lead Google's efforts toward technological solutions that focus on users. With founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page, and the rest of the executive team, Eric oversees the company's technical and business strategy. Prior to joining Google, Eric was the Chairman and CEO of Novell and Chief Technology Officer at Sun Microsystems, Inc., where he led the development of Java, Sun's platform-independent programming technology. Earlier in his career, Eric was a member of the research staff at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) and held positions at Bell Laboratories and Zilog. He holds a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from Princeton University as well as a master's and Ph.D. in computer science from the University of California, Berkeley. Eric is a member of President Obama's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2006 and inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences as a fellow in 2007. Eric also chairs the board of the New America Foundation.



    Larry Page Co-Founder & President, Products

    Larry Page was Google's founding CEO and grew the company to more than 200 employees and profitability before moving into his role as president of products in April 2001. He continues to share responsibility for Google's day-to-day operations with Eric Schmidt and Sergey Brin. The son of Michigan State University computer science professor Dr. Carl Victor Page, Larry's love of computers began at age six. While following in his father's footsteps in academics, he became an honors graduate from the University of Michigan, where he earned a bachelor's degree in engineering, with a concentration on computer engineering. During his time in Ann Arbor, Larry built an inkjet printer out of Lego™ bricks. While in the Ph.D. program in computer science at Stanford University, Larry met Sergey Brin, and together they developed and ran Google, which began operating in 1998. Larry went on leave from Stanford after earning his master's degree. In 2002, Larry was named a World Economic Forum Global Leader for Tomorrow. He is a member of the National Advisory Committee (NAC) of the University of Michigan College of Engineering, and together with co-founder Sergey Brin, Larry was honored with the Marconi Prize in 2004. He is a trustee on the board of the X PRIZE, and was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2004.



    Sergey Brin Co-Founder & President, Technology

    Sergey Brin, a native of Moscow, received a bachelor of science degree with honors in mathematics and computer science from the University of Maryland at College Park. He is currently on leave from the Ph.D. program in computer science at Stanford University, where he received his master's degree. Sergey is a recipient of a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship as well as an honorary MBA from Instituto de Empresa. It was at Stanford where he met Larry Page and worked on the project that became Google. Together they founded Google Inc. in 1998, and Sergey continues to share responsibility for day-to-day operations with Larry Page and Eric Schmidt.

    Sergey's research interests include search engines, information extraction from unstructured sources, and data mining of large text collections and scientific data. He has published more than a dozen academic papers, including Extracting Patterns and Relations from the World Wide Web; Dynamic Data Mining: A New Architecture for Data with High Dimensionality, which he published with Larry Page; Scalable Techniques for Mining Casual Structures; Dynamic Itemset Counting and Implication Rules for Market Basket Data; and Beyond Market Baskets: Generalizing Association Rules to Correlations.

    Sergey has been a featured speaker at several international academic, business and technology forums, including the World Economic Forum and the Technology, Entertainment and Design Conference. He has shared his views on the technology industry and the future of search on theCharlie Rose Show, CNBC, and CNNfn. In 2004, he and Larry Page were named "Persons of the Week" by ABC World News Tonight.


    Nikesh Arora President, Global Sales Operations and Business Development

    Nikesh oversees all revenue and customer operations, as well as marketing and partnerships. Since joining Google in 2004, he has held several positions with the company. Most recently, he led Google's global direct sales operations. He also developed and managed the company's operations in the European, Middle Eastern and African markets and was responsible for creating and expanding strategic partnerships in those regions for the benefit of Google's growing number of users and advertisers. With a background as an analyst, Nikesh's main areas of focus have been consulting, IT, marketing and finance. Prior to joining Google, he was chief marketing officer and a member of the management board at T-Mobile. While there, he spearheaded all product development, terminals, brand and marketing activities of T-Mobile Europe. In 1999, he started working with Deutsche Telekom and founded T-Motion PLC, a mobile multimedia subsidiary of T-Mobile International. Prior to joining Deutsche Telekom, Nikesh held management positions at Putnam Investments and Fidelity Investments in Boston. Nikesh holds a master's degree from Boston College and an MBA from Northeastern University, both of which were awarded with distinction. He also holds the CFA designation. In 1989, Nikesh graduated from the Institute of Technology in Varanasi, India with a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering.


    Laszlo Bock Vice President, People Operations

    Laszlo Bock leads Google's people function globally, which includes all areas related to the attraction, development and retention of "Googlers." Laszlo joined Google from the General Electric Company, where most recently he was a vice president of human resources within GE Capital Solutions. He had earlier served as vice president of compensation and benefits for GE Commercial Equipment Financing. Before GE, Laszlo was a management consultant at McKinsey & Company, serving clients in the technology, private equity and media industries on issues of organizational design, talent acquisition and development, and cultural transformation. Laszlo's client work also extended to broader business growth and turnaround strategy. Earlier, he worked as a compensation consultant at Hewitt Associates, an HR consultancy. Laszlo earned an MBA from the Yale University School of Management and a bachelor's degree in international relations from Pomona College.


    Shona L. Brown Senior Vice President, Business Operations, Google Inc.

    Shona L. Brown joined Google in 2003 and took on the responsibility of building both the People Operations and Business Operations groups. Prior to joining Google she was a partner at McKinsey & Company, a management consulting company, where her focus was working with consumer technology companies on growth, innovation and transformation. Shona is the author of Competing on the Edge: Strategy as Structured Chaos, which introduced a new strategic model for competing in volatile markets. She is a director of the following non-profit organizations: San Francisco Jazz Organization, The Bridgespan Group and the Exploratorium. She also serves on the board of PepsiCo. Shona has a bachelor's degree in computer systems engineering from Carleton University in Canada, an M.A. in economics and philosophy from Oxford University (which she attended as a Rhodes scholar), and a Ph.D. and postdoctoral degree from Stanford University's Department of Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management.


    W. M. Coughran, Jr. Senior Vice President, Engineering

    Bill Coughran leads the broad systems infrastructure group underlying Google's products and services, including cluster management, storage, search systems, and a number of product engineering efforts. He joined Google engineering in early 2003. Throughout his extensive career in computing, Bill has been involved with networking, secure, and distributed systems as well as computational science and engineering. Before joining Google, Bill co-founded and served as CEO and in other executive roles at Entrisphere in Silicon Valley. Earlier, he was head of Bell Labs' Computing Sciences Research Center, where C, C++, Unix, Plan 9, and Inferno were created. He has also worked in computational science and distributed systems. Bill currently serves on the boards of directors for nSolutions Inc and Clearwell Systems Inc. In addition, he is an author of more than 50 publications and has served on several scientific boards/committees and technical advisory bodies. He has also held adjunct and visiting positions at Stanford, the ETH, and Duke. Bill holds a Ph.D. in computer science from Stanford University as well as degrees in mathematics from Caltech.


    David C. Drummond Senior Vice President, Corporate Development and Chief Legal Officer

    David Drummond joined Google in 2002, initially as vice president of corporate development. Today as senior vice president and chief legal officer, he leads Google's global teams for legal, government relations, corporate development (M&A and investment projects) and new business development (strategic partnerships and licensing opportunities). David was first introduced to Google in 1998 as a partner in the corporate transactions group at Wilson Sonsini Goodrich and Rosati, one of the nation's leading law firms representing technology businesses. He served as Google's first outside counsel and worked with Larry Page and Sergey Brin to incorporate the company and secure its initial rounds of financing. During his tenure at Wilson Sonsini, David worked with a wide variety of technology companies to help them manage complex transactions such as mergers, acquisitions and initial public offerings. David earned his bachelor's degree in history from Santa Clara University and his JD from Stanford Law School.


    Alan Eustace Senior Vice President, Engineering & Research

    Alan Eustace is one of Google's senior vice presidents of engineering. He joined Google in the summer of 2002. Prior to Google, Alan spent 15 years at Digital/Compaq/HP's Western Research Laboratory where he worked on a variety of chip design and architecture projects, including the MicroTitan Floating Point unit, BIPS – the fastest microprocessor of its era. Alan also worked with Amitabh Srivastava on ATOM, a binary code instrumentation system that forms the basis for a wide variety of program analysis and computer architecture analysis tools. These tools had a profound influence on the design of the EV5, EV6 and EV7 chip designs. Alan was promoted to director of the Western Research Laboratory in 1999. WRL had active projects in pocket computing, chip multi-processors, power and energy management, internet performance, and frequency and voltage scaling. In addition to directing Google's engineering efforts, Alan is actively involved in a number of Google's community-related activities such as The Second Harvest Food Bank and the Anita Borg Scholarship Fund. Alan is an author of 9 publications and holds 10 patents. He earned a Ph.D. in computer science from the University of Central Florida.



    Urs Hölzle Senior Vice President, Operations & Google Fellow

    Urs Hölzle served as the company's first vice president of engineering and led the development of Google's technical infrastructure. His current responsibilities include the design and operation of the servers, networks and datacenters that power Google. He is also renowned for both his red socks and his free-range Leonberger, Yoshka (Google's top dog). Urs joined Google from the University of California, Santa Barbara where he was an associate professor of computer science. He received a master's degree in computer science from ETH Zurich in 1988 and was awarded a Fulbright scholarship that same year. In 1994, he earned a Ph.D. from Stanford University, where his research focused on programming languages and their efficient implementation. As one of the pioneers of dynamic compilation, also known as "just-in-time compilation," Urs invented fundamental techniques used in most of today's leading Java compilers. Before joining Google, Urs was a co-founder of Animorphic Systems, which developed compilers for Smalltalk and Java. After Sun Microsystems acquired Animorphic Systems in 1997, he helped build Javasoft's high-performance Hotspot Java compiler. In 1996, Urs received a CAREER award from the National Science Foundation for his work on high-performance implementations of object-oriented languages. He was also a leading contributor to DARPA's National Compiler Infrastructure project. Urs has served on program committees for major conferences in the field of programming language implementation, and is the author of numerous scientific papers and U.S. patents.



    Jeff Huber Senior Vice President, Engineering

    Jeff Huber joined Google in 2003 and is a senior vice president of engineering. In this role, Jeff leads the technology development and innovation efforts for the company's advertising and monetization systems, including Google's AdWords and AdSense programs, as well as Google Apps, including Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Docs, Google Reader, Google Groups, Orkut, Blogger and Picasa. Jeff brings more than 15 years of experience in large scale systems design and operation, online consumer product development, high volume transaction processing and engineering management. Prior to joining Google, Jeff was vice president of architecture & and systems development at eBay, where he championed the development of their product search infrastructure and expansion of the platform API program. Before eBay, Jeff was senior vice president of engineering at Excite@Home, where he led consumer product and infrastructure development for the largest broadband service provider. Earlier in his career, he was a technology consultant with McKinsey & Company, and founded a software development start-up. Jeff holds a bachelor's degree in computer engineering from the University of Illinois and a master's degree from Harvard University.



    Omid Kordestani Senior Advisor, Office of the CEO and Founders

    As senior advisor to the CEO and founders, Omid is focused on identifying new revenue opportunities for the company. Previously, he was senior vice president of global sales and business development, and was directly responsible for Google's worldwide revenue generation efforts as well as the day-to-day operations of the company’s sales organization. As Google's "business founder," Omid led the development and implementation of the company's initial business model. After joining the company in 1999, he brought Google to profitability in record time, generating more than $10 billion in revenue in 2006. Omid has more than 20 years of high-technology consumer and enterprise experience, holding key positions at several start-ups, including Internet pioneer Netscape Communications. As vice president of business development and sales, he grew Netscape's online revenue from an annual run-rate of $88 million to more than $200 million in 18 months. Prior to Netscape, he held positions in marketing, product management, and business development at The 3DO Company, Go Corporation and Hewlett-Packard. Omid received an MBA from the Stanford Graduate School of Business and a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from San Jose State University.



    Patrick Pichette Senior Vice President & Chief Financial Officer

    Patrick Pichette is Google's chief financial officer. He has nearly 20 years of experience in financial operations and management in the telecommunications sector, including seven years at Bell Canada, which he joined in 2001 as executive vice president of planning and performance management. During his time at Bell Canada, he held various executive positions, including CFO from 2002 until the end of 2003, and was instrumental in the management of the most extensive communications network in Canada and its ongoing migration to a new national IP-based infrastructure. Prior to joining Bell Canada, Patrick was a partner at McKinsey & Company, where he was a lead member of McKinsey's North American Telecom Practice. He also served as vice president and chief financial officer of Call-Net Enterprises, a Canadian telecommunications company. Patrick earned a bachelor's degree in business administration from Université du Québec à Montréal. He holds a master's degree in philosophy, politics and economics from Oxford University, where he attended as a Rhodes Scholar. He also serves on the board of Engineers Without Borders (Canada).



    Jonathan Rosenberg Senior Vice President, Product Management

    Jonathan Rosenberg is an industry veteran who oversees the teams that manage Google's innovative product portfolio and go-to-market strategies. In this role, Jonathan oversees the design, creation and improvement of all of Google's products, from consumer offerings to publisher and business services. He directs the teams with a special focus on delivering exceptional user experience, continuous innovation, and highly relevant, accountable, and untraditional marketing. Prior to joining Google in 2002, Jonathan founded, led and managed some of the most innovative product development teams of the Internet's first era. He was the founding member of @Home's product group and served as senior vice president of online products and services after the merger of Excite and @Home. Prior to that, Jonathan managed the eWorld product line for Apple Computer. Earlier, he was director of product marketing for Knight Ridder Information Services in Palo Alto, California, where he directed development of one of the first commercially deployed online relevance ranking engines and menu-driven Boolean search services for consumers.  Jonathan holds an MBA from the University of Chicago and a bachelor's degree with honors in economics from Claremont McKenna College, where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa.



    Rachel Whetstone Vice President, Public Policy and Communications

    Rachel Whetstone joined Google in 2005, after 15 years advising senior politicians and companies on their strategic communications. She leads the company's global teams for public policy and communications.Rachel has a bachelor’s degree in history from Bristol University.



    Susan Wojcicki Vice President, Product Management

    Susan Wojcicki is vice president of product management responsible for managing Google's monetization and measurement platform products including AdWords, AdSense and Google Analytics. Susan has a long history with Google. She has been responsible for AdSense since 2002, and has managed both AdSense and AdWords since 2006. Prior to that, she led the initial development of several consumer products including Google Books, Google Images and Google Video. Before joining Google, Susan worked at Intel and was a management consultant at Bain and R.B. Webber & Company. She graduated with honors from Harvard University, holds an MS from the University of California at Santa Cruz, and an MBA from the Anderson School of Management at UCLA.

    Engineering



    Vinton G. Cerf Vice President & Chief Internet Evangelist

    Vinton G. Cerf is vice president and Chief Internet Evangelist for Google. He is responsible for identifying new enabling technologies and applications on the Internet and other platforms for the company. Widely known as a "Father of the Internet," Vint is the co-designer with Robert Kahn of TCP/IP protocols and basic architecture of the Internet. In 1997, President Clinton recognized their work with the U.S. National Medal of Technology. In 2005, Vint and Bob received the highest civilian honor bestowed in the U.S., the Presidential Medal of Freedom. It recognizes the fact that their work on the software code used to transmit data across the Internet has put them "at the forefront of a digital revolution that has transformed global commerce, communication, and entertainment." From 1994-2005, Vint served as Senior Vice President at MCI. Prior to that, he was Vice President of the Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI), and from 1982-86 he served as Vice President of MCI. During his tenure with the U.S. Department of Defense's Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) from 1976-1982, Vint played a key role leading the development of Internet and Internet-related data packet and security technologies. Since 2000, Vint has served as chairman of the board of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) and he has been a Visiting Scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory since 1998. He served as founding president of the Internet Society (ISOC) from 1992-1995 and was on the ISOC board until 2000. Vint is a Fellow of the IEEE, ACM, AAAS, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the International Engineering Consortium, the Computer History Museum and the National Academy of Engineering. Vint has received numerous awards and commendations in connection with his work on the Internet, including the Marconi Fellowship, Charles Stark Draper award of the National Academy of Engineering, the Prince of Asturias award for science and technology, the Alexander Graham Bell Award presented by the Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf, the A.M. Turing Award from the Association for Computer Machinery, the Silver Medal of the International Telecommunications Union, and the IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal, among many others. He holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from UCLA and more than a dozen honorary degrees.



    Stuart Feldman Vice President, Engineering

    Stu is responsible for engineering activities at Google’s offices in the eastern half of the Americas. Before joining Google, he worked at IBM for eleven years. Most recently, he was Vice President for Computer Science in IBM Research, where he drove the long-term and exploratory worldwide science strategy in computer science and related fields, led programs for open collaborative research with universities, and influenced national and global computer science policy. Prior to that, Stu served as Vice President for Internet Technology and was responsible for IBM strategies, standards, and policies relating to the future of the Internet, and managed a department that created experimental Internet-based applications. Earlier, he was the founding Director of IBM's Institute for Advanced Commerce, which was dedicated to creating intellectual leadership in e-commerce. Before joining IBM in mid-1995, Stu was a computer science researcher at Bell Labs and a research manager at Bellcore. In addition he was the creator of Make as well as the architect for a large new line of software products at Bellcore. Stu did his academic work in astrophysics and mathematics and earned his AB at Princeton and his PhD at MIT. He is President of ACM (Association for Computing Machinery) and received the 2003 ACM Software System Award. He is also a Fellow of the IEEE, a Fellow of the ACM, and serves on a number of government advisory committees.


    Ben Fried Chief Information Officer

    Ben is Chief Information Officer, overseeing the company's global technology systems. His extensive hands-on experience in technology includes stints as a dBASE II programmer, front-line support manager, Macintosh developer, Windows 1.0 programmer, and Unix systems programmer. Prior to joining Google, he spent more than 13 years in Morgan Stanley's technology department, where he rose to the level of Managing Director. During his time there, he led teams responsible for software development technology, web and electronic commerce technologies and operations, and technologies for knowledge workers. Ben earned a bachelor's degree in computer science from Columbia University








    Megan Smith Vice President, New Business Development, and General Manager, Google.org
    Megan oversees teams that manage early-stage partnerships, explorations and technology licensing. She also leads the Google.org team, guiding strategy and developing new partnerships and internal projects with Google's engineering and product teams. She joined Google in 2003 and has led several of the company's acquisitions, including Keyhole (Google Earth), Where2Tech (Google Maps), and Picasa. She also co-led the company's early work with publishers for Google Book Search. Previously, Megan was the CEO and, earlier, COO of PlanetOut, the leading gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender online community. Under her leadership, PlanetOut grew tenfold in reach and revenue. Prior to that, Megan was at General Magic for six years working on handheld communications products and partnerships. She also worked in multimedia at Apple Japan in Tokyo. Over the years, Megan has contributed to a wide range of engineering projects, such as designing an award-winning bicycle lock; working on a space station construction research project that eventually flew on the U.S. space shuttle; and running a field-research study on solar cookstoves in South America. She was also a member of the MIT-Solectria student team that designed, built, and raced a solar car in the first cross-continental solar car race, covering 2000 miles of the Australian outback. She was selected as one of the 100 World Economic Forum technology pioneers for 2001 and 2002. Megan holds a bachelor's degree and a master's degree in mechanical engineering from MIT, where she now serves on the board. She completed her master's thesis work at the MIT Media Lab.


    Vic Gundotra Vice President, Engineering

    Vic joined Google in 2007 as a Vice President of Engineering, responsible for mobile applications and developer evangelism. In addition, he is responsible for product management and marketing for mobile products at Google. He also oversees applications development. Previously, Vic spent 15 years at Microsoft, where he worked on a variety of products and operating systems, including Windows 3.0, NT, Windows XP, and Vista. He was recognized by MIT as a "Young Innovator under 35" for his work in sparking the Microsoft's change from Win32 to the .NET programming model. Most recently, Vic was General Manager of Microsoft's developer outreach efforts worldwide, including evangelism and strategy for products like Windows Vista, Visual Studio, Microsoft Office, Microsoft CRM, and Windows Mobile. Vic holds two patents in the area of distributed computing and identity-based access to cloud resources.



    Udi Manber Vice President, Engineering

    As a Vice President of Engineering, Udi is responsible for core search. Before joining Google early in 2006, Udi was CEO of A9.com, a Senior VP at Amazon.com, and Yahoo's Chief Scientist. He started working on search algorithms in 1989 with the invention of Suffix Arrays (with Gene Myers) while he was a professor at the University of Arizona, and he was a co-developer of several search packages, including Agrep, Glimpse, WebGlimpse, and Harvest. He started developing search and other software tools for the web 2 months after Mosaic was announced in 1993, and continued ever since. While in academia, he also worked in the areas of theoretical computer science, computer security, distributed systems, and networks. He won a Presidential Young Investigator Award in 1985. Udi holds a Ph.D. in Computer Science from the University of Washington.




    Nelson Mattos Vice President, Engineering, EMEA

    Nelson joined Google in 2007, and as VP of Engineering for the EMEA region, he is responsible for all engineering and product development activities. Prior to joining Google, he worked in various capacities at IBM for 15 years. Most recently, Nelson was an IBM Distinguished Engineer and Vice-President of Information and User Technologies at IBM Research. He led an organization of researchers worldwide who worked on projects involving search, structured and unstructured information processing and analytics, natural language processing, conversational and multimodal interaction, business collaboration tools, visualization technologies and overall user experience. He was also an IBM Distinguished Engineer and Vice-President, Information Integration for the IBM Software Group, for which he created a portfolio of products that grew into a several hundred million dollar business, brought several key technologies to market, and drove five key acquisitions in support of this segment. Nelson's career with IBM also included key roles in DB2 development, leading major SQL extensions, and driving worldwide database standards; in this capacity, he contributed to the design of SQL99 through more than 300 accepted proposals. Prior to IBM, Nelson was an associate professor at the University of Kaiserslautern in Germany, where he was involved in research on object-oriented and knowledge base management systems. Nelson received his Ph. D. in Computer Science from University of Kaiserslautern and also holds bachelor's and master's degrees in Computer Science from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil. He has published over 80 papers on database management and related topics, holds 13 patents, and is the author of book, An Approach to Knowledge Base Management.


    Brian McClendon Vice President, Engineering

    Brian leads the engineering group for Google's geo products, which include Google Maps, Earth, Local Search, SketchUp, Street View, Ocean, Mars and Moon. Brian joined Google in 2004 via the acquisition of Keyhole Corporation where he was head of engineering, a founder, and a member of the board. Prior to Keyhole, Brian was a founder at Intrinsic Graphics and an Engineering Director at @Home Network. Previously, he spent eight years at Silicon Graphics developing high-end workstation 3D graphics subsystems like GT, GTX, RealityEngine and InfiniteReality. He holds two issued patents including the one for KML, which is now an open standard for GIS data. Brian has a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering from the University of Kansas.



    Cosmos Nicolaou Vice President, Engineering

    As a vice president of engineering, Cos is responsible for the infrastructure that supports web search. Cos joined Google in 2003 and since then has worked on a number of different properties, including Froogle, Google Video and Google News, before spending the last three years working on search. Prior to Google, Cos worked at a number of start-ups, including co-founding Nemesys Research, which was sold to FORE Systems in 1996. He later moved to the U.S. with FORE Systems in 1999. He also led the development teams for Akamai Technology's streaming and storage teams from 1999 to 2002, when these were the first such services to be offered at internet scale. Cos has a bachelor's degree with first class honors from University College London and a Ph.D. from Cambridge University, both in computer science.



    Sridhar Ramaswamy Vice President, Engineering

    Sridhar directs engineering for Google's AdWords advertising products. Since joining Google in 2003, Sridhar and his teams have taken a lead role in defining the vision and direction of AdWords. Prior to joining Google, he held several roles at E.piphany. Most recently, he was director of engineering for the company's Analytic Platform. Previously, he held research positions at Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies and Bell Communications Research (Bellcore). Sridhar earned a bachelor's degree in computer science from the Indian Institute of Technology Madras. He received his Ph.D. and master's degree in computer science from Brown University. He has published numerous papers on database systems and database theory.



    Andy Rubin Vice President, Engineering

    Andy joined Google in 2005 is responsible for the overall product strategy and development of the Android platform. Prior to joining Google, Andy was founder and CEO of Android, a company he incubated as an entrepreneur in residence at Redpoint Ventures. Android was acquired by Google in 2005. Previously, Andy was president and chief executive officer of Danger Inc. where he helped create the Sidekick, one of the first consumer data devices. Earlier, he was instrumental in building and shipping WebTV, the first interactive television-based Internet service, which was acquired by Microsoft in 1995. He also led the effort to ship the Motorola Envoy, one of the first wireless PDAs for General Magic, and helped design the first host-based software modem for Apple Computer. Andy began his career as a software engineer for Carl Zeiss A.G., maker of industrial and consumer optical products. He is the author of numerous patents in wireless communications.



    Shiva Shivakumar Vice President and Distinguished Entrepreneur

    As Vice President and Distinguished Entrepreneur, Shiva specializes in spinning up new technologies and businesses. Since joining Google in 2001, Shiva and his teams have launched a variety of products in core ads and search, including AdSense, Google Search Appliances, Sitemaps and Webmaster Tools. Shiva played a key role in building Google's engineering centers including Kirkland/Seattle, Bangalore and Zurich engineering centers. Prior to joining Google, he co-founded Gigabeat.com, an online music company later acquired by Napster. Shiva received a B.S. summa cum laude in Computer Science & Engineering from UCLA. He completed a Masters and PhD in Computer Science from Stanford University, where he received the 1999 Arthur Samuel Dissertation Award. Shiva is the author of numerous research papers and U.S. patents, and serves on program committees for major conferences on databases, data mining and information retrieval.



    Alfred Spector VP of Research and Special Initiatives

    Alfred joined Google in November of 2007 and is responsible for the research across Google and also a growing collection of special initiatives – typically projects with high strategic value to the company, but somewhat outside the mainstream of current products. Previously, Alfred was Vice President of Strategy and Technology IBM's Software Business, and prior to that, he was Vice President of Services and Software Research across IBM. He was also founder and CEO of Transarc Corporation, a pioneer in distributed transaction processing and wide area file systems, and was an Associate Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, specializing in highly reliable, highly scalable distributed computing. Alfred received his Ph.D. in Computer Science from Stanford and his A.B. in Applied Mathematics from Harvard. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, a Fellow of the IEEE and ACM, and the recipient of the 2001 IEEE Computer Society's Tsutomu Kanai Award for work in scalable architectures and distributed systems.



    Benjamin Sloss Treynor Vice President, Engineering

    Ben joined Google as Site Reliability Tsar in 2003. In that role he has led the development and operations of Google's production software infrastructure, network, and major user-facing services. Earlier, Ben held engineering management roles at Seven Networks as Vice President of Engineering, at E.piphany as an engineering director, and at Versant Object Technology, in roles ranging from individual contributor to Vice President of R&D. Ben started his career at Oracle at age 17 as a software engineer. Ben holds bachelor's and master's degrees in Computer Science from Stanford University, and an MBA from the University of California- Berkeley Haas School of Business.



    Jeff Dean Google Fellow

    Jeff joined Google in 1999 and is currently a Google Fellow working in the Systems Infrastructure Group. Jeff has designed and implemented large portions of the company's advertising, crawling, indexing and query serving systems, along with various pieces of the distributed computing infrastructure that sits underneath most of Google's products. At various times, Jeff has also worked on improving search quality, statistical machine translation, and various internal software development tools, and he has had significant involvement in the engineering hiring process. rior to joining Google, Jeff was at DEC/Compaq's Western Research Laboratory, where he worked on profiling tools, microprocessor architecture, and information retrieval. Earlier, he worked at the World Health Organization's Global Programme on AIDS, developing software for statistical modeling and forecasting of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. eff is an author of more than 20 publications and a co-inventor on more than 25 patents. He earned a B.S. in computer science and economics (summa cum laude) from the University of Minnesota and received a Ph.D. and a M.S. in computer science from the University of Washington. In 2009, he was elected to the National Academy of Engineering, which recognized his work on "the science and engineering of large-scale distributed computer systems."



    Sanjay Ghemawat Google Fellow

    Sanj