HMackennalEdgarBertram

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 The Great Grandson of Sir Edgar Bertram MacKennal has publiched a seven volume series of books in memory of his  grandfather called
                                Triumph of Truth
                 (Who's Watching The Watchers?)

                                             published by
                           the Australian Weekend News

to carry on Sir Edgar Bertram MacKennal's
life 
search for the truth in his art





Some works of Edgar Bertram Mackennal recently auctioned

Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, TruthSir Edgar Bertram Mackennal  Truth, 1894   sold: Apr 22, 2008 lot detail
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, Truth Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal  Truth, 1894  sold: May 4, 2004  lot detail

Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, Head of a woman (Mary Anderson)
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal Head of a woman (Mary Anderson), 1888 sold: Apr 16, 2008  lot detail

Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal - Past Auction Results

The following is one of 58 past auction results for Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal in artnet's Price Database,
the most comprehensive color-illustrated archive of fine art sales results worldwide.

Current Member Login  |  Subscribe Now

 
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, Truth
     
Artist   Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Title   Truth
Medium   bronze
Size   26 x 7.3 x 6.3 in. / 66 x 18.5 x 16 cm.
Year   1894 -
Description   Inscribed with title and stamped with foundry stamp on base
Bronze
Executed...
Misc.   Inscribed, Stamped
Sale Of   Sotheby's Sydney: Tuesday, April 22, 2008
[Lot 57]
Important Paintings
Estimate   *
Sold For   *


Provenance   Collection of the artist; thence by descent
Collection of Pippin Drysdale, Western Australia
Literature   Deborah Edwards, Bertram MacKennal, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2007, p.37 (illus.)

Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal - Past Auction Results

The following is one of 58 past auction results for Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal in artnet's Price Database,
the most comprehensive color-illustrated archive of fine art sales results worldwide.

Current Member Login  |  Subscribe Now

 
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, Truth
     
Artist   Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Title   Truth
Medium   bronze
Size   24.4 x 0 in. / 62 x 0 cm.
Year   1894 -
Found./Pub.   E. Gruet ed.
Misc.   Inscribed, Stamped
Sale Of   Sotheby's Melbourne: Tuesday, May 4, 2004
[Lot 136]
Fine Australian Art
Estimate   *
Sold For   *


Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal - Past Auction Results

The following is one of 58 past auction results for Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal in artnet's Price Database,
the most comprehensive color-illustrated archive of fine art sales results worldwide.

Current Member Login  |  Subscribe Now

 
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, Head of a woman (Mary Anderson)
     
Artist   Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Title   Head of a woman (Mary Anderson)
Medium   terracotta
Size   13.8 x 0 in. / 35 x 0 cm.
Year   1888 -
Edition   L/L
Misc.   Inscribed
Sale Of   Deutscher and Hackett: Wednesday, April 16, 2008
[Lot 22]
Pro
Estimate   *
Sold For   *


 


Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal

Sir Bertram Mackennal
Birth name Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Born 12 June 1863
Flag of Australia - Melbourne, Australia
Died 10 October 1931 (aged 68)
Flag of the United Kingdom - Watcombe Hall, near Torquay, UK[1]
Nationality Flag of Australia, Australian
Field Sculptor
Training Melbourne National Gallery
Influenced by Auguste Rodin[2]
Awards Knight Commander of the Victorian Order in 1921
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, KCVO (12 June 1863 – 10 October 1931), usually known as Bertram Mackennal was an Australian sculptor.

Biography

Bertram Mackennal was born in Fitzroy a suburb of Melbourne to parents who were both of Scottish descent. His father, John Simpson Mackennal, who was also a sculptor, provided his early training which was followed by studies at the school of design at the Melbourne National Gallery which he attended from 1878 to 1882. Marshall Wood, the English sculptor, who visited Australia in 1880, strongly advised him to go abroad. He left for London in 1882 to study at the National Gallery Schools, and for a time shared a studio with Charles Douglas Richardson and Tom Roberts. In 1884 he visited Paris for further study and married a fellow student, Agnes Spooner. On returning to England he obtained a position at the Coalport china factory as a designer and modeller. In 1886 he won a competition for the sculptured reliefs on the front of Parliament House, Melbourne, and returned to Australia in 1887 to carry these out.

While in Australia he obtained other commissions, including the figure over the doorway of Mercantile Chambers, Collins Street, Melbourne. He also met Sarah Bernhardt, who was on a professional visit to Australia, and strongly advised the young man to return to Paris, which he did in 1891. In 1893 he had his first success, when his full length figure "Circe", now at the National Gallery of Victoria, obtained a "mention" at the Salon and created a good deal of interest. It was exhibited later at the Royal Academy where it also aroused great interest, partly because of the prudery of the hanging committee which insisted that the base should be covered. Commissions began to flow in, among them being the figures "Oceana" and "Grief' for the Union Club, Sydney. Two Melbourne commissions brought him to Australia again in 1901, the memorial to Sir William John Clarke at the Treasury Gardens, Melbourne, and the sculptures for the Springthorpe Memorial in Kew.

He returned to London, and among his works of this period were the fine pediment for the local government board office at Westminster, a Boer War memorial for Islington, and statues of Queen Victoria for Ballarat, Lahore, and Blackburn. In 1907 his marble group "The Earth and the Elements" was purchased for the National Gallery of British Art under the Chantry Bequest, and in 1908 his "Diana Wounded" was also bought for the nation. This dual success brought Mackennal into great prominence, and he was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1909.

In the following year he designed the Coronation Medal for King George V and also won the important commission for the obverse design (the monarch's head) of the new coinage needed for the new reign from 1911. This is certainly his most enduring design. His initials, B.M., can be seen on the truncation of the King's neck on the obverse of all British coins of George V. His next important piece of work was the memorial to Gainsborough at Sudbury, which was followed by the memorial tomb of King Edward VII at St. George's Chapel, Windsor. He also did statues of King Edward VII for London, Melbourne, Calcutta and Adelaide.

He was the first Australian artist to be knighted.[3] He was created a Knight Commander of the Victorian Order in 1921, and was elected R.A. in 1922.

Among his later works were the nude male figure for the Eton War Memorial, the war memorial to the members of both houses of parliament in London, the figures of the soldier and the sailor for the cenotaph in Martin Place, Sydney, the bronze statue of King George V at Old Parliament House, Canberra, and the head of "Victory", presented to the Commonwealth by the artist, also at Canberra. He completed the Desert Mounted Corps memorial at the Suez Canal from the designs of Charles Web Gilbert a little while before his death. He died suddenly at his house, Watcombe Hall, near Torquay, Devon[1] on 10 October 1931, and was survived by Lady Mackennal and a daughter.

Sir William John Clarke, Melbourne (1901)

Boer War Memorial, Highbury Fields, Islington (1903)

King Edward VII, Melbourne (1920)

The Cenotaph, Martin Place, Sydney (1929)


http://www.victorianweb.org/sculpture/mackennal/bio.html

Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal: A Brief Biography

Deborah Edwards, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia


Bertram Mackennal (1863-1931) was the most significant Australian sculptor of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Born in Melbourne in 1863, the son of Scottish immigrant and architectural sculptor J. S. Mackennal, Bertram Mackennal studied at the National Gallery Schools in Melbourne (1878-1882) before he departed for Europe in 1882, seeking further training and greater opportunities for sculptural success.

Mackennal became an exceptional avant-garde artist in the 1890s. He was immersed in a radical new sculptural movement subsequently known as 'the New Sculpture' and was inspired by Symbolist, Art nouveau and new classicist tendencies. Living in Paris in the mid 1880s and again in the early 1890s, Mackennal became a commanding sculptural synthesiser, tempering the radical innovations, expressive surfaces, and sexualised subjects of Rodin with the style and sentiments governing more establishment conceptions. He was also strongly influenced by the progressive French interest in Florentine Renaissance traditions and its preoccupation with the eroticised body.

Based in London from the mid-1890s, Mackennal rose to sculptural prominence & creating the memorial tomb to King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra at Windsor, Britain's national memorial to Thomas Gainsborough in Sudbury, Suffolk, as well as sculptural projects for Britain's royalty and social elites, including Lord Curzon the Viceroy of India, and the Duke of Norfolk. Mackennal is renowned for the national memorial to Edward VII at Waterloo as well as works in Westminster Abbey, York Minster, Winchester Cathedral, the Palace of Westminster and St Paul's Cathedral, amongst others.

Mackennal was known as the creator of beautiful, empathetic portraits of many of the era's leading 'new women', including the actress Sarah Bernhardt and singer Nellie Melba. Similarly he established a reputation in both Paris and London as the creator of bold, sensual female nudes. His mythological and allegorical female figures, including Circe 1893, Truth 1894 and Salomé c 1895 for example, are archetypal New Sculptural works and attest to Mackennal's strength as an artist who refined upon nature yet retained a direct sense of the life model.

Mackennal returned to Australia only three times, yet he maintained close ties with this country and completed a significant number of public works for Australian sites - including the Martin Place cenotaph, the figures of Archbishop Kelly and Cardinal Moran at St Mary's Cathedral, and the Shakespeare memorial in Sydney, along with the monument to Edward VII, located in Adelaide, the monumental statue of Queen Victoria in Ballarat, the King Edward VII and Springthorpe memorials in Melbourne, and various statues of civic dignitaries in Brisbane and Perth. Mackennal's Springthorpe memorial is without question the most spectacular example of Art Nouveau and Symbolist inspired sculpture in this country.

Mackennal's status as an Australian 'cultural hero' is undeniable. His work directly influenced the growth and directions of sculpture in this country.

Images: Top: Abbey Altson Bertram Mackennal 1894 Art Gallery of New South Wales Accessioned 2004 Bottom:

Related Material

Selected works


See also


Art of Australia

References and external links

  1. ^ a b "Mackennal, Sir Edgar Bertram (1863 - 1931)" (HTML). Australian Dictionary of Biography,. 2007. http://www.adb.online.anu.edu.au/biogs/A100295b.htm. Retrieved on 2007-09-02. 
  2. ^ "Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, K.C.V.O., R.A.,
  3. 1863-1931" (HTML). victorianweb. 2007. http://www.victorianweb.org/sculpture/mackennal/mackennalov.html. Retrieved on 2007-09-02
  4.   ^ "MACKENNAL, SIR EDGAR BERTRAM 1863-1931" (HTML). Australian Art. 2007. http://www.australianart.com.au/sculptors.php?ID=7. Retrieved on 2007-09-02.
  5. This article incorporates text from the 1949 edition of Dictionary of Australian Biography from Project Gutenberg of Australia, which is in the public domain in Australia and the United States of America.
  6. Serle, Percival (1949). "Mackennal, Edgar Bertram". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. http://gutenberg.net.au/dictbiog/0-dict-biogMc.html#mackennal1. 
  7. Mackennals war sculptures in Australia
  8. The Victoria Web: Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
  9. A&A art and architecture: Mackennal, Edgar Bertram

http://www.victorianweb.org/sculpture/mackennal/index.html

Introduction


Bertram Mackennal by Abbey Altson. Art Gallery of New South Wales Accessioned 2004.

Born in Melbourne, Australia, the son of a Scottish architectural sculptor. First studied under his father, then at Melbourne School of Art. Arrived London 1882, entered R.A. Schools, but soon left for Paris. First exhibited at R.A., 1886. 1889-92 in Australia, having won competition for decoration of Government House, Victoria, 1893. Circe received honourable mention at Paris Salon. Much influenced by French Academic manner, then by Rodin's later style.

Works include: Memorial Tomb for Edward VII, St. Georges' Chapel, Windsor (joint commission with Sir Edwin Lutyens as architect); National Memorial to Gainsborough, Sudbury, Suffolk. Designed George V coinage.

A.R.A. 1909, K.C.V.O. 1921, R.A. 1922. [British Sculpture 1850-1914, p. 28.]

Bertram Mackennal by Abbey Altson. Art Gallery of New South Wales Accessioned 2004.

Biographical and Related Materials Materials

Works

References

Beattie, Susan. The New Sculpture. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983. Pl. 174.

British Sculpture 1850-1914. A loan exhibition of sculpture and medals sponsored by The Victorian Society. London: Fine Art Society, 1968.

Edwards, Deborah. Bertram Mackennal. Sydney: Art Gallery of New South Wales, 2007. This catalogue raisonné, which contains 150 color plates and an equal number of black-and-white illustrations, also comes with a CD-ROM. [Additional information, including how to order it.]

Important Arts and Crafts Furniture and Works of Art, English, Foreign and European Bronzes I 830- I 930. Sale catalogue of 18 May 1975. London: Sotheby's Belgravia, 1975.



http://www.victorianweb.org/sculpture/mackennal/monograph.html

A Monograph and fully illustrated catalogue raisonné of Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal's sculpture (2007)

Deborah Edwards, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia



The Bertram Mackennal retrospective exhibition is accompanied by the first comprehensive monograph published on this artist. At 216 pages and produced in hard-cover version only, this book is lavishly illustrated with over 150 colour photographs featuring all of Mackennal's major sculptures as well as substantial archival photography. The publication also includes an attached, fully illustrated catalogue raisonné of Mackennal's sculptures, on CD-ROM.

This monograph features essays by leading sculpture scholars in Britain, America, Australia and New Zealand, including eminent British historian Benedict Read and American scholar David Getsy, and Australians Noel Hutchison, Juliette Peers, and curator Deborah Edwards. It presents the fruits of comprehensive research on the life and art of Bertram Mackennal in Paris, London and Australia, as both the creator of exceptional portraits and sculptural nudes, and as a prominent civic sculptor. Writers address major works located in the Palace of Westminster, Windsor Castle, Lord Curzon's Kedleston Hall, Derby, St Paul's Cathedral, Arundel Castle, and a range of major Australian and British art institutions. Subjects discussed range from Mackennal's significance in the context of European traditions; the artist's close connections with the most important theatrical personalities of the age; his preoccupation with Symbolism and the femme fatale; Mackennal's relationships with Australian sculptors, and his prominence as a designer of medals, coins and stamps.

The exhibition and publication have been conceived as two related, yet independent and equally important ventures, which will together encompass the life and career of an artist who eminent British sculpture historian Benedict Read has called 'one of the great sculptors of the period'. It is a must for all those interested in Australian art, in sculpture and in the traditions of the figurative nude.

Information about the monograph:

Title: Bertram Mackennal
Author: Deborah Edwards
Publication Category: Sculpture, Victorian Art, Australian Art
Binding: hardback
Illustrations: 150 colour images + 130 b&w
Size: 305 x 250mm portrait, 216 pages + CD-ROM: Catalogue Raisonné
ISBN: 1741740118
ISBN 13: 9781741740110
Price: $80.00
Available August 2007

To order contact:

THE GALLERY SHOP
Art Gallery of New South Wales
Art Gallery Rd The Domain Sydney 2000
Australia
tel +61 2 9225 1718, fax +61 2 9225 1630
e-mail galleryshop@ag.nsw.gov.au
Open 10-5pm everyday, Wednesday until 9pm

Related Material

http://www.victorianweb.org/sculpture/index.html

The Art of Sculpture in Victorian Britain

Works

It used to be assumed that sculpture was the original art of prehistoric man and that drawing and painting were much later acquisitions. This view was based on the erroneous idea that sculpture involved a much simpler process of reproduction than drawing — the idea that modelling or carving in the round was a process of direct imitiation, whereas drawing or painting required the translation of three-dimensional experience into two-dimensional abstraction. Nothing could be farther from the psychological facts. Volume, the notion of three-dimensional mass, is not given by direct visual perception. We see objects from several points of view and retain one particular and signicant aspect of a memory image. . . . It therefore requires an imaginative or at least a mental effort to pass beyond the memory image and construct a three-dimensional inage. We are aided in this task by other sensations or by the memory of such sensations — sensations of weight or touch — but this fact only serves to emphasize the complicated mental procedure involved in the conception and the representation of the solidity of a solid object. — Sir Herbert Read, The Art of Sculpture, p. 26-27

General

Theme and Subject

Genres

Individual Sculptors born before 1850

Individual Sculptors born after 1850

Sculpture from other countries


http://wwar.com/masters/m/mackennal-sir_bertram.html

Artist: Sir Bertram Mackennal ( - )
Artworks in Museum Collections: (32)
Click the artwork titles below to see actual examples of artwork or works of art relevant to works by Sir Bertram Mackennal.

Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco -
William Strang, Bertram and Bimi - Illustrations to Life"s Handicap, 19th - 20th century
The Metropolitan Museum of Art -
Conversation Piece Jan Ekels the Younger (Dutch, 1759-1793)Oil on canvas; 25 7/8 x 23 1/2
Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco -
William Strang, Bertram and the Bimi, plate 7 in the book, A Series of thirty Etchings ? illustrating Subjects from the Writings of Rudyard Kipling (London: Macmillan, 1901), 1901
Museum of Fine Arts -
Jules Dupr?, French, 1811-1889 Watering Place Oil on canvas 38.1 x 51.8 cm (15 x
Museum of Fine Arts -
Alexandre Gabriel Decamps, French, 1803-1860 Young Beggars Oil on canvas 27 x 33.3 cm (10
Museum of Fine Arts -
Claude Monet, French, 1840-1926 Meadow with Poplars about 1875 Oil on canvas 54.6 x 65.4
Museum of Fine Arts -
Pierre C?cile Puvis de Chavannes, French, 1824-1898 Homer: Epic Poetry (reduction of a mural in
Museum of Fine Arts -
Jean Baptiste Camille Corot, French, 1796-1875 Young Woman Weaving a Wreath of Flowers about 1866-70
-
Bertram G. Bruestle - Connecticut Landscape n.d. oil on canvas Florence Griswold Museum American
Museum of Fine Arts -
Jean Baptiste Camille Corot, French, 1796-1875 Farmyard at Sin, near Douai, with Children at Play
Museum of Fine Arts -
William Baxter Palmer Closson, American, 1848-1926 Mrs. David P. Kimball (Clara Bertram) about 1890 Pastel
Museum of Fine Arts -
Winslow Homer, American, 1836-1910 Twilight at Leeds, New York 1876 Oil on canvas mounted on
Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco -
Anonymous , The Death of the Virgin, late 15th century
The Metropolitan Museum of Art -
Louis Gueymard (1822-1880) as Robert le Diable, 1857 Jean-D?sir?-Gustave Courbet (French, 1819-1877)Oil on canvas; 58
Museum of Fine Arts -
Winslow Homer, American, 1836-1910 Girls on Cliff 1881 Opaque and transparent watercolor over graphite 32.5
Museum of Fine Arts -
Covered vase (meiping) vase; A) body, b) lid; Meiping Chinese Yuan dynasty, Yuan dynasty, mid-14th
Museum of Fine Arts -
Incense burner on three feet Chinese Yuan dynasty, Yuan dynasty, late 13th?early 14th century China
Museum of Fine Arts -
Johannes Bosboom, Dutch, 1817-1891 Interior of a Church Oil on canvas 79.7 x 66.4 cm
Museum of Fine Arts -
Thomas Sully, American (born in England), 1783-1872 The Rosebud 1839 Oil on canvas 72.39 x
Museum of Fine Arts -
William Morris Hunt, American, 1824-1879 Head of a Woman Mary B. Claflin 1872 Oil on
Museum of Fine Arts -
Ammi Phillips, American, 1788-1865 Reverend Jonas Coe about 1820 Oil on canvas 122.17 x 97.15
Museum of Fine Arts -
Johan Frederik Thaulow, Norwegian, 1847-1906 Snow-covered Cottages 1891 Pastel on canvas 50.2 x 61 cm
Museum of Fine Arts -
Unidentified artist, Dutch, second quarter 17th century Portrait of a Girl in Frisian Costume Holding
Museum of Fine Arts -
Joseph Mallord William Turner, English, 1775-1851 Dover Castle from the Sea 1822 Watercolor on paper
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Jean Fran?ois Raffa?lli, French, 1850-1924 St.-Etienne-du-Mont, Paris about 1897 Oil on panel 21.6 x 25.4
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Vase (meiping) vase; Meiping Chinese Yuan dynasty, Yuan dynasty, 14th century China Jingdezhen porcelain, Qingbaware
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Louis Eug?ne Boudin, French, 1824-1898 Washerwomen near a Bridge 1882 Oil on panel 32 x
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Marked by Edward Feline, free 1721 Tankard drinking vessel London, England England, (London), 1723-24 Silver
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Pascal Adolphe Jean Dagnan-Bouveret, French, 1852-1929 Woman in Breton Costume Seated in a Meadow (study
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Artnews Articles and Exhibition Information: (1)
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Queensland Art Gallery: Transformations: A Century of Sculpture
The exhibition opens with two works by Auguste Rodin, a great influence on 20th century sculpture. Smaller bronzes from late 19th/early 20th century explore the figure as an allegory and are presented with reference to t...

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Sir Bertram Mackennal (1873 - 1932) Biography, Artwork Images, Exhibitions, Reviews
Sir Bertram Mackennal
Portrait of Sir Bertram Mackennal [picture] /
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal RA (1863-1931)
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, K.C.V.O., R.AA., 1863-1931
Circe by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Grief by Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
[Shop in Fitzroy, at one time the home of Sir Bertram Mackennal]


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Truth by Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Artist   Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Title   Truth
Medium   bronze
Size   26 x 7.3 x 6.3 in. / 66 x 18.5 x 16 cm.
Year   1894 -
Description   Inscribed with title and stamped with foundry stamp on base
Bronze
Executed...
Misc.   Inscribed, Stamped
Sale Of   Sotheby's Sydney: Tuesday, April 22, 2008
[Lot 57]
Important Paintings
Estimate   *
Sold For   *


Provenance   Collection of the artist; thence by descent
Collection of Pippin Drysdale, Western Australia
Literature   Deborah Edwards, Bertram MacKennal, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, 2007, p.37 (illus.)



Truth by Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Artist   Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Title   Truth
Medium   bronze
Size   24.4 x 0 in. / 62 x 0 cm.
Year   1894 -
Found./Pub.   E. Gruet ed.
Misc.   Inscribed, Stamped
Sale Of   Sotheby's Melbourne: Tuesday, May 4, 2004
[Lot 136]
Fine Australian Art
Estimate   *
Sold For   *



Head of a Woman by Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Artist   Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Title   Head of a woman (Mary Anderson)
Medium   terracotta
Size   13.8 x 0 in. / 35 x 0 cm.
Year   1888 -
Edition   L/L
Misc.   Inscribed
Sale Of   Deutscher and Hackett: Wednesday, April 16, 2008
[Lot 22]
Pro
Estimate   *
Sold For   *


For more detail on Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal,
go to www.inlnews.com


Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, KCVO (12 June 1863 – 10 October 1931), usually known as Bertram Mackennal was an Australian sculptor.

Bertram Mackennal was born in Fitzroy a suburb of Melbourne to parents who were both of Scottish descent. His father, John Simpson Mackennal, who was also a sculptor, provided his early training which was followed by studies at the school of design at the Melbourne National Gallery which he attended from 1878 to 1882. Marshall Wood, the English sculptor, who visited Australia in 1880, strongly advised him to go abroad. He left for London in 1882 to study at the National Gallery Schools, and for a time shared a studio with Charles Douglas Richardson and Tom Roberts. In 1884 he visited Paris for further study and married a fellow student, Agnes Spooner. On returning to England he obtained a position at the Coalport china factory as a designer and modeller. In 1886 he won a competition for the sculptured reliefs on the front of Parliament House, Melbourne, and returned to Australia in 1887 to carry these out.

While in Australia he obtained other commissions, including the figure over the doorway of Mercantile Chambers, Collins Street, Melbourne. He also met Sarah Bernhardt, who was on a professional visit to Australia, and strongly advised the young man to return to Paris, which he did in 1891. In 1893 he had his first success, when his full length figure "Circe", now at the National Gallery of Victoria, obtained a "mention" at the Salon and created a good deal of interest. It was exhibited later at the Royal Academy where it also aroused great interest, partly because of the prudery of the hanging committee which insisted that the base should be covered. Commissions began to flow in, among them being the figures "Oceana" and "Grief' for the Union Club, Sydney. Two Melbourne commissions brought him to Australia again in 1901, the memorial to Sir William John Clarke at the Treasury Gardens, Melbourne, and the sculptures for the Springthorpe Memorial in Kew.

He returned to London, and among his works of this period were the fine pediment for the local government board office at Westminster, a Boer War memorial for Islington, and statues of Queen Victoria for Ballarat, Lahore, and Blackburn. In 1907 his marble group "The Earth and the Elements" was purchased for the National Gallery of British Art under the Chantry Bequest, and in 1908 his "Diana Wounded" was also bought for the nation. This dual success brought Mackennal into great prominence, and he was elected an associate of the Royal Academy in 1909.

In the following year he designed the Coronation Medal for

King George V

and also won the important commission for the obverse design (the monarch's head) of the new coinage needed for the new reign from 1911. This is certainly his most enduring design. His initials, B.M., can be seen on the truncation of the King's neck on the obverse of all British coins of George V. His next important piece of work was the memorial to Gainsborough at Sudbury, which was followed by the memorial tomb of 

King Edward VII

at

The Queen's Free Chapel of the College of St. George, Windsor Castle Members of the public outside St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, waiting to watch the Garter Procession

Members of the public outside St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle, waiting to watch the Garter Procession

St. George's Chapel, Windsor. He also did statues of King Edward VII for London, Melbourne, Calcutta and Adelaide.

He was the first Australian artist to be knighted. He was created a Knight Commander of the Victorian Order in 1921, and was elected R.A. in 1922.

Among his later works were the nude male figure for

School Yard, Eton College

theEton War Memorial, the war memorial to the members of both houses of parliament in London, the figures of the soldier and the sailor for the cenotaph in

Cenotaph, Martin Place.

No. 1 Martin Place

Martin Place, Sydney, the bronze statue of King George V at

Opening of Parliament House in May 1927

Old Parliament House viewed from across reflecting pools

Old Parliament House viewed from Queen Victoria Terrace

Old Parliament House, Canberra, and the head of "Victory", presented to the Commonwealth by the artist, also at Canberra. He completed the

The Desert Mounted Corps Memorial at Mt Clarence, Albany, Western Australia. The memorial originally stood in Port Said, Egypt, until it was damaged in anti-British riots, during the Suez Crisis of 1956. Albany is also linked with the corps by the fact that the Anzac mounted units left Australia from there in November 1914.
Memorial for the horses of the Desert Mounted Corps located in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, Australia

Desert Mounted Corps memorial at the

Suez Canal, as seen from Earth orbit
Suez Canal, as seen from Earth orbit Suez Canal from the designs of Charles Web Gilbert a little while before his death. He died suddenly at his house, Watcombe Hall, near Torquay, Devon on 10 October 1931, and was survived by Lady

http://myweb.tiscali.co.uk/speel/sculpt/mackenna.htm

Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal RA (1863-1931)

The sculptor Bertram Mackennal was born in Melbourne, Australia. He learned art from his father, then at the Melbourne National Gallery School (where Rupert Bunny was a fellow student), and came to England to study the antique at the British Museum in 1883. The following year he entered the Royal Academy Schools, but the teaching did not prove agreeable to him, and he soon left, to go to Paris. There, still aged only 19, he set up his own studio, while continuing his studies with visits to the workshops of a variety of eminent sculptors.

Back in England Mackennal became head of the art department of the Coalport Potteries in Shropshire. However, in 1887 he won a competition to provide relief carvings for the Victoria State houses of Parliament, and he spent two years back in Australia working on this commission. After rather mixed success, he achieved fame with his statue Circe in 1893. By this time he was back in London, and it was there that he settled, becoming one of the more important sculptors of his time.


Tragedy enveloping Comedy

The illustration shows a typical work by Mackennal. He specialised in rather ideal figures, often female nudes, with art nouveau-style faces, and often on complex plinths with symbolic decor. As well, he made various portrait sculptures.

An example of Mackennal's more formal portrait statues is the Edward VII in Waterloo Place, London. An excellent Boer War Memorial is in Islington. Apparently he also designed the coins of that era. He also made sculpture for Australia House (see the walk on the Strand).

Here is a detailed account of Mackennal's war sculptures in Australia.

Sculpture pages // Australian art and Britain // Other artists

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Sample: Here are the top 3 of 58 past auction results for Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal:


Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, Truth
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Truth, 1894
sold: Apr 22, 2008
lot detail
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, Truth
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Truth, 1894
sold: May 4, 2004
lot detail
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal, Head of a woman (Mary Anderson)
Sir Edgar Bertram Mackennal
Head of a woman (Mary Anderson), 1888
sold: Apr 16, 2008
lot detail


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