Lady_MargaretThatcher

                                                                      Lady_MargaretThatcher

       Protesters complain about Margaret Thatcher's funeral cost

"....A number of determined protesters have expressed their anger at the pomp and expense of Baroness Thatcher's funeral.  Those opposed to the former prime minister and her policies made their feelings known on the streets of the capital, as well as in South Yorkshire. In London, protesters took to the streets as the former prime minister's coffin was moved from Westminster to St Paul's Cathedral. Patricia Welsh, a 69-year-old retired youth worker, joined the Facebook-organised demonstration at the junction of Ludgate Hill and Ludgate Circus. She said: "I am absolutely furious that Prime Minister David Cameron has decided to spend £10 million on a funeral when normal people are having to face cutbacks, libraries are closing and the NHS is being cut - for the funeral of a Conservative woman. Like anyone else she deserves a decent funeral, but not at the expense of the taxpayer." Scotland Yard said no-one had been arrested in the capital and thanked Londoners and visitors for their co-operation. Cabinet Office Minister Francis Maude, who oversaw the funeral arrangements, defended the spending on the event and claimed it will cost "much, much less" than the reported £10 million.
He did not reveal the actual cost of the funeral but said the state would always pay for the funeral and memorial service of a former prime minister, and Lady Thatcher's family would bear some of the cost.....
In the former mining community of Goldthorpe, South Yorkshire, an effigy of the late Tory leader had been strung up in a noose outside the Union Jack social club with signs reading: "Thatcher the milk snatcher" and "Thatcher the scab". There were plans to pull a replica of her coffin through the streets before setting it ablaze...." Read full Margaret Thatcher stories below....


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Joke about Margaret Thatcher.... taken in jest only... from our FaceBook Friends

"....Margaret Thatcher has only been in HELL for 5 days and she has already closed down 3 furnaces......"

Protesters complain at funeral cost

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/protesters-rail-over-funeral-cost-082741977.html#agkpZW8

A number of determined protesters have expressed their anger at the pomp and expense of Baroness Thatcher's funeral.

Those opposed to the former prime minister and her policies made their feelings known on the streets of the capital, as well as in South Yorkshire.

In London, protesters took to the streets as the former prime minister's coffin was moved from Westminster to St Paul's Cathedral.

Patricia Welsh, a 69-year-old retired youth worker, joined the Facebook-organised demonstration at the junction of Ludgate Hill and Ludgate Circus.

She said: "I am absolutely furious that Prime Minister David Cameron has decided to spend £10 million on a funeral when normal people are having to face cutbacks, libraries are closing and the NHS is being cut - for the funeral of a Conservative woman. Like anyone else she deserves a decent funeral, but not at the expense of the taxpayer."

Scotland Yard said no-one had been arrested in the capital and thanked Londoners and visitors for their co-operation.

Cabinet Office Minister Francis Maude, who oversaw the funeral arrangements, defended the spending on the event and claimed it will cost "much, much less" than the reported £10 million.

He did not reveal the actual cost of the funeral but said the state would always pay for the funeral and memorial service of a former prime minister, and Lady Thatcher's family would bear some of the cost.

In the former mining community of Goldthorpe, South Yorkshire, an effigy of the late Tory leader had been strung up in a noose outside the Union Jack social club with signs reading: "Thatcher the milk snatcher" and "Thatcher the scab". There were plans to pull a replica of her coffin through the streets before setting it ablaze.

In Liverpool, the city council made the decision not to show the funeral on the big screen in the town centre in Clayton Square. Lady Thatcher was seen as a particularly divisive politician by many in Merseyside due to her conflicts with the unions which affected thousands of dockers and her perceived lack of interest in the city's problems in the wake of the 1981 Toxteth riots.

Protesters turn back on coffin

Press Association – 17th April 2013

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/protesters-rail-over-funeral-cost-082741977.html#WsiJ4DL

Press Association - Phil Williams from Chester holds a banner outside the Courts of Justice in the Strand prior to the funeral service of Baroness Thatcher

Anti-Thatcher protesters on the streets of London for the former PM's funeral turned their backs as her coffin passed by.

Charmain Kenner, 58, was in Trafalgar Square as the hearse made its way towards St Paul's Cathedral and she highlighted the cost of the funeral as a reason for her protest.

She said: "Thatcher's policies were all about individualistic materialism. She created a much greater divide between rich and poor, she ruined many communities and many industries.

"Basically, she ruined this country and, to add insult to injury, we're expected to pay for her funeral. We're going to be living with Thatcher's legacy for a long time yet."

Ms Kenner, who carried a sign bearing the words "If there's no such thing as society pay for your own funeral", said she had attended a party to celebrate Lady Thatcher's death.

"I've been protesting against Margaret Thatcher since the 1980s and I shall continue to do so," she added.

Patricia Welsh, a 69-year-old retired youth worker, joined the Facebook-organised demonstration at the junction of Ludgate Hill and Ludgate Circus in central London.

She said: "I am absolutely furious that Prime Minister David Cameron has decided to spend £10 million on a funeral when normal people are having to face cutbacks, libraries are closing and the NHS is being cut - for the funeral of a Conservative woman.

"Like anyone else she deserves a decent funeral, but not at the expense of the taxpayer."

Others took a stance against the "glorifying" of Lady Thatcher's funeral and cuts to the welfare state. Dave Winslow, 22, an anthropology student from Durham, said: "The message is that spending £10 million on such a divisive figure in times of austerity, especially when austerity is being imposed on the poor, is wrong, especially when harm is being caused to the disabled and the NHS."

 

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/comment/talking-politics/prime-ministers-presidents-thatcher-forgotten-legacy-105642674.html#fzlzKNz

 

Of prime ministers and presidents: Thatcher’s forgotten legacy

By Guest writer | Talking Politics

By Tony Hudson

It all started with Maggie.

Before the Iron Lady, Britain's prime minister and the American president seemed to be operating in completely different political systems.

While the US president is often referred to as 'the most powerful man in the world', it may be more accurate to say the president is 'the most influential man in the world' as his actual power – within the US at least – is very limited by the strict institutional rules created by the US constitution.

In the UK, the prime minister was a man operating from a position of potential weakness: everything about his ability to govern depended on the size of his majority in the Commons.

Then came Thatcher. She was the first prime minister to really make the UK premiership 'presidential'. Tony Blair followed in her footsteps, going even further and blurring the boundaries between the two roles at the summit of the US-UK special relationship.

Dr James Boys, a senior visiting research fellow at King's College, London, says the media often likes to talk about the American system being "broken" when a president struggles to get legislation passed.

"What they fail to take into account is that the system is designed that way – it's an invitation to struggle. It is designed to frustrate presidents so that every piece of legislation is scrutinised within an inch of its life."

By the time Thatcher struck up her unusually close relationship with Ronald Reagan, it was clear this unusually forceful prime minister and her constrained colleague across the Atlantic had more in common than most of their predecessors.

In the early years of American independence, the separation of powers was a key part of the new constitution. They wanted to avoid setting up a system which would allow any one person to wield too much influence over the direction of the government.

Things are different in Britain. The prime minister may not be the head of state (that honour falls to the nice lady who lives in the big house by St James' Park) but does not have anywhere near that much difficulty pursuing a political agenda. His or her power is derived from the legislature, rather than being separate from it.

"If you want a strong leader you can get a one with parliamentary system with a huge majority," Boys adds.

"In a presidential system you don't have the potential for a runaway leadership because the president is checked by congress at every step. Tony Blair was elected with a huge majority and was able to get a lot of things done."

There is, however, a trade-off.

Despite having more power with regard to getting an agenda passed through the government, it is actually the prime minister whose grip on the levers of power can be easiest to wrest away.

"We fluctuate between greater power and greater accountability," explains Michael Pinto-Duschinsky, a senior consultant on constitutional affairs at Policy Exchange.

"The prime minister has more power with a majority in parliament than a president without a majority of Congress but is in greater danger of dismissal than a US president if there is a loss of confidence."

Pinto-Duschinsky cites the recent examples of Thatcher and Blair as prime ministers who were hurried out of power by their own governing party - as summed up by Norman Tebbit in his tribute to the late Baroness, when he said he regretted leaving her "at the mercy of her friends".

What a difference from the man in the White House, who is very difficult to unseat. The proceedings against Richard 'I am not a crook' Nixon following the Watergate scandal were pre-empted by his resignation and the attempted impeachment of Bill Clinton was unsuccessful.

Even when the president leaves office, there is a lengthy period of transition between executives. When a new president is elected in November, they receive the title president-elect until they take the oath of office in January. When there is deeply unpopular president and a wildly popular president-elect – as was the case in 2008 with George W Bush and president-elect Barack Obama, the handover of power takes months.

This is not the case with the premiership.

"Our first-past-the-post system allows for 'removal van government' that allows removal vans to take away the prime minister's belongings the day after a general election," Pinto-Duschinsky points out.

Despite this danger, term limits have historically been something more favourable to a prime minister's retention of power than a president.

When a president is elected, they know exactly how long they have until re-election. Every four years, without fail, the American electorate decides upon their commander-in-chief.

The prime minister, on the other hand, has until recently had the opportunity to call an election whenever it best suited their re-election chances.

If the president had that power, Boys argues, the world could be a very different place, citing the record poll numbers president George HW Bush had in the immediate aftermath of the Gulf War.

"If he'd have had a choice, he would have gone to the country right after the Gulf War, been re-elected in a walk and you'd never have heard of Bill or Hillary Clinton.

"As it was, he had to wait two years, domestic concerns took over and Bill Clinton was able to defeat him in the 1992 election on the strength of his economic message."

Even though prime ministers have this extraordinarily advantageous power, knowing when to use it is vital. Gordon Brown enjoyed a spell of great popularity following his succession to the premiership after Tony Blair's resignation but failed to capitalise on it by not going to the country.

If he had, Boys argues, he would have been elected to a five-year term and we'd most likely not have a coalition government today.

The method the two positions are filled is also very different, and can produce very different reactions in the voting public.

The US president's name is on every voting ballot across the country on election day, whereas the prime minister can only attain the top job if the rest of his party performs well enough to secure him a majority (or, as is currently the case, he is able to form a coalition).

"The president is a unifying figure because he's voted for by the entire country, whereas the prime minister is elected as a result of having a party majority," says Boys.

"A lot of people from outside the UK cannot understand how we can have prime ministers that a lot of people hate, but unless you live in Sedgefield, you didn't vote for Tony Blair."

The increasing dominance of political leaders in voters' minds as they make up their minds about which party to vote for started with Thatcher, and is becoming more and more pronounced at each general election.

Labour MP Graham Allen, who wrote The Last Prime Minister: Being Honest About the UK Presidency, believes this may actually be changing as politics and media have become so inextricably linked over the last few decades.

"Over time, MPs in parliament have ceded their political sovereignty to their leaderships. People are increasingly voting based on who they believe should be prime minister rather than who would make the best local MP," he says.

Allen also argues while that may be how it was originally intended, the role of the British prime minister has become increasingly akin to the presidency.

"The power of the prime minister has been rapidly increasing over the last century with no parliamentary constraints.

"However unintended, we have developed a system where the prime minister is, in effect, the UK president. To the electorate, the party leaders have become the party. David Cameron is the Conservative party and Ed Miliband is the Labour party."

There may be many differences between the rules restricting and empowering those sitting in Downing Street and the White House. But in an increasingly globalised and media-centric world, British party leaders are becoming increasingly similar to presidential candidates. It's just yet another way in which Thatcher shaped the Britain we're living in today. As well as transforming the country, she helped fundamentally rework the way Britain views her successors.

 

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/protesters-rail-over-funeral-cost-082741977.html#SGBiQw4



 
 

Margaret Thatcher: Lingering legacy of hate after battle with 'enemy within’ curbed union power and saved economy

More than 20 years after she left Downing Street, Baroness Thatcher remains a figure of hate for the trade unions whose power she confronted and destroyed.

Anti-Thatcher protesters react to the death of the former Prime Minister as they gather at Trafalgar Square in London
Anti-Thatcher protesters react to the death of the former Prime Minister as they gather at Trafalgar Square in London Photo: AP
 
By Tim Ross, Political Correspondent 08 Apr 2013
 

Margaret Thatcher: Lingering legacy of hate after battle with 'enemy within’ curbed union power and saved economy

More than 20 years after she left Downing Street, Baroness Thatcher remains a figure of hate for the trade unions whose power she confronted and destroyed.

10:05PM BST 08 Apr 2013
 
Margaret Thatcher: coverage in full
Margaret Thatcher obituary
Margaret Thatcher death: latest reaction
Her decade-long struggle to break the stranglehold of the union barons on British industry made her one of the most divisive figures in political history. Business leaders paid tribute to her reforms for transforming the economy after she cured the debilitating “British disease” of strike fever.
“Baroness Thatcher’s leadership took the UK out of the economic relegation zone and into the first division,” said John Cridland, the director-general of the CBI. “What Baroness Thatcher did to reshape the British economy gave us a generation of growth.”
Simon Walker, the head of the Institute of Directors, said she came to power at a critical time and went on: “Britain was privileged to have a prime minister who understood the importance of entrepreneurs, aspiration and business. She will be sorely missed.”
However, for all the cheer she brought to British entrepreneurs, through privatisation, market forces and union reforms, many on the Left of politics will never forgive her for curbing the influence of organised labour.
 
During last year’s TUC annual conference in Brighton, one stallholder even sold T-shirts emblazoned with the slogan: “A generation of trade unionists will dance on Thatcher’s grave.” The items were withdrawn, but the episode underlined the depth of animosity she continues to provoke, above all, in the hearts of former mine workers and their families.
David Hopper, the general secretary of the Durham Miners’ Association, who turned 70 on Monday, said Lady Thatcher’s death was the best present he could have hoped for.
“It looks like one of the best birthdays I have ever had,” he declared. “There’s no sympathy from me for what she did to our community. It’s a great day for all the miners.”
The reaction will have been echoed privately in the homes of thousands of former miners and other retired industrial workers. Such enduring bitterness seems likely to remain a part of her legacy for many years. To her supporters, however, it represents a sign of the extent to which she cured the “sick” power balance which had crippled British businesses and politicians before she came to No 10.
In the months leading up to the 1979 general election, the British economy had been brought to brink of collapse by the “winter of discontent”, which saw public sector staff on strike for weeks. Mountains of rubbish accumulated in city streets and, in Liverpool, bodies even remained unburied.
Although the crisis occurred under Labour, it marked the culmination of a period in which politicians of both parties, including her predecessor as Tory leader, Ted Heath, had been humiliated by the unions. When given the opportunity to tackle the power of the union barons head-on, Baroness Thatcher saw it as the domestic equivalent of the Falklands War.
“We had to fight the enemy without in the Falklands,” she observed in relation to the miners’ strike. “We always have to be aware of the enemy within, which is much more difficult to fight and more dangerous to liberty.”
The recession of the early 1980s had seen Britain’s manufacturing sector shrink, reducing union strength. Then, on March 9, 1984, the leader of the National Union of Mineworkers emerged as the face of her new enemy.
Arthur Scargill arrested at Orgreave
After a wave of job losses and pit closures, Arthur Scargill called his members out on a national strike, without first holding a ballot to gain their support. This handed a major tactical advantage to the Prime Minister as it divided the miners, some of whom, especially in Nottinghamshire, continued to work, keeping the power stations running.
The government later stockpiled coal and MI5 infiltrated both striking and working miners’ groups as the conflict between government and unions escalated. On May 29, violent clashes at the Orgreave coking plant near Sheffield saw 84 pickets arrested and 28 injured, along with 41 policemen. Mr Scargill was among those arrested and charged.
On March 4, 1985, almost exactly a year after the strike was called, miners voted to return to work, handing Baroness Thatcher her victory.
The result of the clash was clear. During her years in office, union power and support melted away. The Conservative government introduced a series of employment laws which curbed the influence of the unions.
Mass picketing was outlawed, ballots had to be held before industrial action could be taken, and union leaders had to face regular elections. Union membership stood at 12 million in the late 1970s but had fallen to almost half that total by the end of the 1980s. The number of working days lost through industrial action slumped from 29 million in 1979, falling to record low levels of less than half a million by the end of the 1990s.
Industrial relations in Britain would never be the same. Many, including David Cameron, believe her actions saved the economy.
 
08 Apr 2013 08 Apr 2013 08 Apr 2013 09 Apr 2013 08 Apr 2013 08 Apr 2013
 
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Protesters complain at funeral cost

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/protesters-rail-over-funeral-cost-082741977.html#agkpZW8

A number of determined protesters have expressed their anger at the pomp and expense of Baroness Thatcher's funeral.

Those opposed to the former prime minister and her policies made their feelings known on the streets of the capital, as well as in South Yorkshire.

In London, protesters took to the streets as the former prime minister's coffin was moved from Westminster to St Paul's Cathedral.

Patricia Welsh, a 69-year-old retired youth worker, joined the Facebook-organised demonstration at the junction of Ludgate Hill and Ludgate Circus.

She said: "I am absolutely furious that Prime Minister David Cameron has decided to spend £10 million on a funeral when normal people are having to face cutbacks, libraries are closing and the NHS is being cut - for the funeral of a Conservative woman. Like anyone else she deserves a decent funeral, but not at the expense of the taxpayer."

Scotland Yard said no-one had been arrested in the capital and thanked Londoners and visitors for their co-operation.

Cabinet Office Minister Francis Maude, who oversaw the funeral arrangements, defended the spending on the event and claimed it will cost "much, much less" than the reported £10 million.

He did not reveal the actual cost of the funeral but said the state would always pay for the funeral and memorial service of a former prime minister, and Lady Thatcher's family would bear some of the cost.

In the former mining community of Goldthorpe, South Yorkshire, an effigy of the late Tory leader had been strung up in a noose outside the Union Jack social club with signs reading: "Thatcher the milk snatcher" and "Thatcher the scab". There were plans to pull a replica of her coffin through the streets before setting it ablaze.

In Liverpool, the city council made the decision not to show the funeral on the big screen in the town centre in Clayton Square. Lady Thatcher was seen as a particularly divisive politician by many in Merseyside due to her conflicts with the unions which affected thousands of dockers and her perceived lack of interest in the city's problems in the wake of the 1981 Toxteth riots.

Protesters turn back on coffin

Press Association – 17th April 2013

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/protesters-rail-over-funeral-cost-082741977.html#WsiJ4DL

Press Association - Phil Williams from Chester holds a banner outside the Courts of Justice in the Strand prior to the funeral service of Baroness Thatcher

Anti-Thatcher protesters on the streets of London for the former PM's funeral turned their backs as her coffin passed by.

Charmain Kenner, 58, was in Trafalgar Square as the hearse made its way towards St Paul's Cathedral and she highlighted the cost of the funeral as a reason for her protest.

She said: "Thatcher's policies were all about individualistic materialism. She created a much greater divide between rich and poor, she ruined many communities and many industries.

"Basically, she ruined this country and, to add insult to injury, we're expected to pay for her funeral. We're going to be living with Thatcher's legacy for a long time yet."

Ms Kenner, who carried a sign bearing the words "If there's no such thing as society pay for your own funeral", said she had attended a party to celebrate Lady Thatcher's death.

"I've been protesting against Margaret Thatcher since the 1980s and I shall continue to do so," she added.

Patricia Welsh, a 69-year-old retired youth worker, joined the Facebook-organised demonstration at the junction of Ludgate Hill and Ludgate Circus in central London.

She said: "I am absolutely furious that Prime Minister David Cameron has decided to spend £10 million on a funeral when normal people are having to face cutbacks, libraries are closing and the NHS is being cut - for the funeral of a Conservative woman.

"Like anyone else she deserves a decent funeral, but not at the expense of the taxpayer."

Others took a stance against the "glorifying" of Lady Thatcher's funeral and cuts to the welfare state. Dave Winslow, 22, an anthropology student from Durham, said: "The message is that spending £10 million on such a divisive figure in times of austerity, especially when austerity is being imposed on the poor, is wrong, especially when harm is being caused to the disabled and the NHS."

 

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/comment/talking-politics/prime-ministers-presidents-thatcher-forgotten-legacy-105642674.html#fzlzKNz

 

Of prime ministers and presidents: Thatcher’s forgotten legacy

By Guest writer | Talking Politics

By Tony Hudson

It all started with Maggie.

Before the Iron Lady, Britain's prime minister and the American president seemed to be operating in completely different political systems.

While the US president is often referred to as 'the most powerful man in the world', it may be more accurate to say the president is 'the most influential man in the world' as his actual power – within the US at least – is very limited by the strict institutional rules created by the US constitution.

In the UK, the prime minister was a man operating from a position of potential weakness: everything about his ability to govern depended on the size of his majority in the Commons.

Then came Thatcher. She was the first prime minister to really make the UK premiership 'presidential'. Tony Blair followed in her footsteps, going even further and blurring the boundaries between the two roles at the summit of the US-UK special relationship.

Dr James Boys, a senior visiting research fellow at King's College, London, says the media often likes to talk about the American system being "broken" when a president struggles to get legislation passed.

"What they fail to take into account is that the system is designed that way – it's an invitation to struggle. It is designed to frustrate presidents so that every piece of legislation is scrutinised within an inch of its life."

By the time Thatcher struck up her unusually close relationship with Ronald Reagan, it was clear this unusually forceful prime minister and her constrained colleague across the Atlantic had more in common than most of their predecessors.

In the early years of American independence, the separation of powers was a key part of the new constitution. They wanted to avoid setting up a system which would allow any one person to wield too much influence over the direction of the government.

Things are different in Britain. The prime minister may not be the head of state (that honour falls to the nice lady who lives in the big house by St James' Park) but does not have anywhere near that much difficulty pursuing a political agenda. His or her power is derived from the legislature, rather than being separate from it.

"If you want a strong leader you can get a one with parliamentary system with a huge majority," Boys adds.

"In a presidential system you don't have the potential for a runaway leadership because the president is checked by congress at every step. Tony Blair was elected with a huge majority and was able to get a lot of things done."

There is, however, a trade-off.

Despite having more power with regard to getting an agenda passed through the government, it is actually the prime minister whose grip on the levers of power can be easiest to wrest away.

"We fluctuate between greater power and greater accountability," explains Michael Pinto-Duschinsky, a senior consultant on constitutional affairs at Policy Exchange.

"The prime minister has more power with a majority in parliament than a president without a majority of Congress but is in greater danger of dismissal than a US president if there is a loss of confidence."

Pinto-Duschinsky cites the recent examples of Thatcher and Blair as prime ministers who were hurried out of power by their own governing party - as summed up by Norman Tebbit in his tribute to the late Baroness, when he said he regretted leaving her "at the mercy of her friends".

What a difference from the man in the White House, who is very difficult to unseat. The proceedings against Richard 'I am not a crook' Nixon following the Watergate scandal were pre-empted by his resignation and the attempted impeachment of Bill Clinton was unsuccessful.

Even when the president leaves office, there is a lengthy period of transition between executives. When a new president is elected in November, they receive the title president-elect until they take the oath of office in January. When there is deeply unpopular president and a wildly popular president-elect – as was the case in 2008 with George W Bush and president-elect Barack Obama, the handover of power takes months.

This is not the case with the premiership.

"Our first-past-the-post system allows for 'removal van government' that allows removal vans to take away the prime minister's belongings the day after a general election," Pinto-Duschinsky points out.

Despite this danger, term limits have historically been something more favourable to a prime minister's retention of power than a president.

When a president is elected, they know exactly how long they have until re-election. Every four years, without fail, the American electorate decides upon their commander-in-chief.

The prime minister, on the other hand, has until recently had the opportunity to call an election whenever it best suited their re-election chances.

If the president had that power, Boys argues, the world could be a very different place, citing the record poll numbers president George HW Bush had in the immediate aftermath of the Gulf War.

"If he'd have had a choice, he would have gone to the country right after the Gulf War, been re-elected in a walk and you'd never have heard of Bill or Hillary Clinton.

"As it was, he had to wait two years, domestic concerns took over and Bill Clinton was able to defeat him in the 1992 election on the strength of his economic message."

Even though prime ministers have this extraordinarily advantageous power, knowing when to use it is vital. Gordon Brown enjoyed a spell of great popularity following his succession to the premiership after Tony Blair's resignation but failed to capitalise on it by not going to the country.

If he had, Boys argues, he would have been elected to a five-year term and we'd most likely not have a coalition government today.

The method the two positions are filled is also very different, and can produce very different reactions in the voting public.

The US president's name is on every voting ballot across the country on election day, whereas the prime minister can only attain the top job if the rest of his party performs well enough to secure him a majority (or, as is currently the case, he is able to form a coalition).

"The president is a unifying figure because he's voted for by the entire country, whereas the prime minister is elected as a result of having a party majority," says Boys.

"A lot of people from outside the UK cannot understand how we can have prime ministers that a lot of people hate, but unless you live in Sedgefield, you didn't vote for Tony Blair."

The increasing dominance of political leaders in voters' minds as they make up their minds about which party to vote for started with Thatcher, and is becoming more and more pronounced at each general election.

Labour MP Graham Allen, who wrote The Last Prime Minister: Being Honest About the UK Presidency, believes this may actually be changing as politics and media have become so inextricably linked over the last few decades.

"Over time, MPs in parliament have ceded their political sovereignty to their leaderships. People are increasingly voting based on who they believe should be prime minister rather than who would make the best local MP," he says.

Allen also argues while that may be how it was originally intended, the role of the British prime minister has become increasingly akin to the presidency.

"The power of the prime minister has been rapidly increasing over the last century with no parliamentary constraints.

"However unintended, we have developed a system where the prime minister is, in effect, the UK president. To the electorate, the party leaders have become the party. David Cameron is the Conservative party and Ed Miliband is the Labour party."

There may be many differences between the rules restricting and empowering those sitting in Downing Street and the White House. But in an increasingly globalised and media-centric world, British party leaders are becoming increasingly similar to presidential candidates. It's just yet another way in which Thatcher shaped the Britain we're living in today. As well as transforming the country, she helped fundamentally rework the way Britain views her successors.

 

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/protesters-rail-over-funeral-cost-082741977.html#SGBiQw4




 

Lady Thatcher

Lady Thatcher, who has died aged 87 from a stroke, was not only Britain’s first woman Prime Minister, she was also the outstanding peacetime leader of the 20th century.

For more than a decade Margaret Thatcher enjoyed almost unchallenged political mastery, winning three successive general elections. The policies she pursued with ferocious energy and unyielding will resulted in a transformation of Britain’s economic performance.
The resulting change was also political. But by discrediting socialism so thoroughly, she prompted in due course the adoption by the Labour Party of free market economics, and so, as she wryly confessed in later years, “helped to make it electable”.
As for the effects of the Thatcher phenomenon upon British society, these were both more ambiguous and more debatable. Her remark “there is no such thing as society” was wrenched altogether out of the context of the interview in which it was made, and made to seem to be an advocacy of naked individualism, when she was really calling for more personal responsibility. Yet, rightly or wrongly, the 1980s came to be seen as a time of social fragmentation whose consequences are still with us.
Margaret Thatcher was the only British prime minister to leave behind a set of ideas about the role of the state which other leaders and nations strove to copy and apply. Monetarism, privatisation, deregulation, small government, lower taxes and free trade — all these features of the modern globalised economy were crucially promoted as a result of the policy prescriptions she employed to reverse Britain’s economic decline.
Above all, in America and in Eastern Europe she was regarded, alongside her friend Ronald Reagan, as one of the two great architects of the West’s victory in the Cold War. Of modern British prime ministers, only Margaret Thatcher’s girlhood hero, Winston Churchill, acquired a higher international reputation.
 

Margaret Thatcher obituary: Her early life

Margaret Hilda Roberts was born on October 13 1925 at Grantham, Lincolnshire, the second child of Alfred and Beatrice Roberts.

1929: Left to right: Margaret Thatcher, aged 4, with her sister Muriel, aged 8
Margaret Roberts, left, aged 4, with her older sister Muriel in 1929 
08 Apr 2013
Her father was a specialist grocer, the owner of two shops, where Margaret, her sister Muriel and their mother often worked. Alfred Roberts was the dominant influence in Margaret’s early life. A largely self-taught, intensely serious man, he was a locally venerated Methodist lay-preacher; he was also highly political.
Although he stood as a ratepayer candidate for the council, becoming alderman and mayor, he was a strong Conservative . Margaret developed what would be a lifelong appreciation of the sense of duty, the good neighbourliness and the civic pride which characterised the best of life in Grantham. She particularly admired the solidarity and generosity which marked out organisations such as Rotary, of which her father was a leading member.
Through Rotary, her family received an Austrian Jewish girl called Edith into their home after the Anschluss in 1938. Edith’s accounts of persecution induced in Margaret a particular loathing of anti-Semitism long before she came to represent the heavily Jewish Finchley constituency. The war years often saw the Roberts family gathered around their wireless listening to Churchill’s broadcasts. It would often be remarked that in later life Margaret Thatcher showed stronger hostility to Nazism — and, indeed, to Germany — than those who had been involved in combat.
She enjoyed her school years in Grantham. But when her thoughts turned to university it was Somerville College, Oxford, not the local Nottingham University, for which she plumped. And it was at Somerville that she duly arrived in 1943 to read Natural Sciences.
Once at Oxford, she proved a competent and hard-working Chemistry student. Her tutor was the Nobel Prize-winning (and extremely Left-wing) Dorothy Hodgkin. Hodgkin was helpful to her charge, obtaining a number of modest grants to help her make ends meet, but Margaret looked for friendship to the Methodist Church and, naturally, to politics.
She had joined the Oxford University Conservative Association (OUCA) as soon as she went up, and in the 1945 general election she campaigned for Quintin Hogg in Oxford and was a warm-up speaker for the Tory candidate back home in Grantham.
The following year this serious, determined and by now extremely attractive young woman was elected OUCA president, only the third woman to hold that position. Among Margaret’s contemporaries at university, her closest personal and political friend was Edward Boyle, for whom she retained a deep affection long after their views had diverged.
In 1947 Margaret Roberts went down from Oxford with a solid second-class degree and a growing political ambition. Yet the possibility of her managing to fulfil that dream looked remote. Having no independent income, she had to start earning a living at once. After several rejections, she began work at BX Plastics, outside Colchester. Later she worked as a research chemist at J Lyons in Hammersmith.
The move to London was necessary because Margaret Roberts had, in 1949, been selected as prospective Tory parliamentary candidate for Dartford. The choice was unusual: Dartford was an industrial seat where, it was then considered, a young woman politician might seem out of place . Aged just 24, she was the youngest woman candidate in the 1950 general election, and her picture appeared in the Illustrated London News and even in the West German press, where she was described as “junge Dame mit Charme”.
 

Margaret Thatcher obituary: her early political life

In December 1951, Margaret Roberts was married to Denis Thatcher at Wesley’s Chapel in City Road.

November 9, 1959: Margaret Thatcher watches her children Carol and Mark play
November 9, 1959: New MP Margaret Thatcher watches her children Carol and Mark play Photo: PA
 
1:48PM BST 08 Apr 2013
She was the second Mrs Thatcher, Denis having been divorced, and had not intended to marry so soon. But Denis brought stability, and though she had not married him for his money he brought that too, having inherited a family paint firm.
Margaret no longer had to work, and her life as the dutiful housewife of an often absent travelling businessman palled. So she started to study Law at home. In August 1953 she gave birth to twins, Mark and Carol. While still recovering in hospital, Mrs Thatcher sent in her application for the Bar finals, and then decided to specialise in tax law. Arguably this, too, was another way of training for Finance Bills.
In 1954 Margaret Thatcher was shortlisted for Orpington, but a local candidate got the seat. She now wrote to Conservative Central Office to say that she had no further thought of a parliamentary career for many years; but then, in February 1956, she seemed to change her mind and asked to be placed once more on the list of candidates.
The problem for her lay not with Central Office, but rather with the constituency party selection committees, which raised questions about the propriety and practicality of a young married woman with children pursuing a political career. None the less, in the summer of 1958, Margaret Thatcher applied for the safe seat of Finchley, in north London. She was selected, though not unanimously, and it took time to overcome the resentment of the defeated faction. In the 1959 election she was returned with a majority of more than 16,000.
In the House of Commons Margaret Thatcher quickly felt at home. Having come second in the annual ballot for Private Members’ Bills, she decided on a measure to prevent the exclusion of the press from council meetings. Sir Keith Joseph was the junior minister deputed to liaise with the Bill’s proposer. This was a first, but crucial, meeting, for he was later to be one of her key allies. The Thatcher speech introducing the Bill was acknowledged as a minor Commons triumph.
In October 1960 Margaret Thatcher joined Harold Macmillan’s government as Parliamentary Secretary at the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance. The choice was less a matter of merit than of tokenism — Pat Hornsby-Smith had wanted to leave the government, and so it was necessary to find another woman. But Margaret Thatcher was in the right department to suit her talents. She ever afterwards thought that those capable of mastering the subject of social security were well-equipped for high office; it was one of the reasons why she later conceived such a good opinion of John Major as Minister of State (1986-1987).
In the consultations to select a successor to Macmillan in 1963, Margaret Thatcher told the Whips that she supported Alec Douglas-Home — an unlikely choice, perhaps, for a young female meritocrat. At the election that year she held Finchley with a majority of 9,000. But the Conservatives were out, and Harold Wilson became Prime Minister.
Almost equally unlikely, for different reasons, was the fact that in the new leadership contest Margaret Thatcher supported Edward Heath rather than the favourite, Reginald Maudling. To add to the irony, it was Keith Joseph who persuaded her to switch her vote to Heath. Joseph told her as she wavered: “Ted has a passion to get Britain right.”
Margaret Thatcher and Heath had known each other for some years, and he promoted her to be spokesman on tax under the Shadow Chancellor, Iain Macleod. There had been some speculation that she might enter the Shadow Cabinet, but Heath had apparently decided (as he told Jim Prior) that if she came in they would never get her out again.
In any case, the new portfolio was to Margaret Thatcher’s taste. With her training as a tax lawyer, her head for figures, her retentive memory and her sharp tongue, she excelled in the role. In 1967 she became front-bench spokesman on fuel and power, and the following year was moved by Heath to transport.
 
12 Apr 2013 08 Apr 2013 09 Apr 2013
Margaret Thatcher's obituary in full
 




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Joke about Margaret Thatcher.... taken in jest only... from our FaceBook Friends

Margaret Thatcher has only been in HELL for 5 days and she has already closed down 3 furnaces

Protesters complain at funeral cost

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/protesters-rail-over-funeral-cost-082741977.html#agkpZW8

A number of determined protesters have expressed their anger at the pomp and expense of Baroness Thatcher's funeral.

Those opposed to the former prime minister and her policies made their feelings known on the streets of the capital, as well as in South Yorkshire.

In London, protesters took to the streets as the former prime minister's coffin was moved from Westminster to St Paul's Cathedral.

Patricia Welsh, a 69-year-old retired youth worker, joined the Facebook-organised demonstration at the junction of Ludgate Hill and Ludgate Circus.

She said: "I am absolutely furious that Prime Minister David Cameron has decided to spend £10 million on a funeral when normal people are having to face cutbacks, libraries are closing and the NHS is being cut - for the funeral of a Conservative woman. Like anyone else she deserves a decent funeral, but not at the expense of the taxpayer."

Scotland Yard said no-one had been arrested in the capital and thanked Londoners and visitors for their co-operation.

Cabinet Office Minister Francis Maude, who oversaw the funeral arrangements, defended the spending on the event and claimed it will cost "much, much less" than the reported £10 million.

He did not reveal the actual cost of the funeral but said the state would always pay for the funeral and memorial service of a former prime minister, and Lady Thatcher's family would bear some of the cost.

In the former mining community of Goldthorpe, South Yorkshire, an effigy of the late Tory leader had been strung up in a noose outside the Union Jack social club with signs reading: "Thatcher the milk snatcher" and "Thatcher the scab". There were plans to pull a replica of her coffin through the streets before setting it ablaze.

In Liverpool, the city council made the decision not to show the funeral on the big screen in the town centre in Clayton Square. Lady Thatcher was seen as a particularly divisive politician by many in Merseyside due to her conflicts with the unions which affected thousands of dockers and her perceived lack of interest in the city's problems in the wake of the 1981 Toxteth riots.

Protesters turn back on coffin

Press Association – 17th April 2013

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/protesters-rail-over-funeral-cost-082741977.html#WsiJ4DL

Press Association - Phil Williams from Chester holds a banner outside the Courts of Justice in the Strand prior to the funeral service of Baroness Thatcher

Anti-Thatcher protesters on the streets of London for the former PM's funeral turned their backs as her coffin passed by.

Charmain Kenner, 58, was in Trafalgar Square as the hearse made its way towards St Paul's Cathedral and she highlighted the cost of the funeral as a reason for her protest.

She said: "Thatcher's policies were all about individualistic materialism. She created a much greater divide between rich and poor, she ruined many communities and many industries.

"Basically, she ruined this country and, to add insult to injury, we're expected to pay for her funeral. We're going to be living with Thatcher's legacy for a long time yet."

Ms Kenner, who carried a sign bearing the words "If there's no such thing as society pay for your own funeral", said she had attended a party to celebrate Lady Thatcher's death.

"I've been protesting against Margaret Thatcher since the 1980s and I shall continue to do so," she added.

Patricia Welsh, a 69-year-old retired youth worker, joined the Facebook-organised demonstration at the junction of Ludgate Hill and Ludgate Circus in central London.

She said: "I am absolutely furious that Prime Minister David Cameron has decided to spend £10 million on a funeral when normal people are having to face cutbacks, libraries are closing and the NHS is being cut - for the funeral of a Conservative woman.

"Like anyone else she deserves a decent funeral, but not at the expense of the taxpayer."

Others took a stance against the "glorifying" of Lady Thatcher's funeral and cuts to the welfare state. Dave Winslow, 22, an anthropology student from Durham, said: "The message is that spending £10 million on such a divisive figure in times of austerity, especially when austerity is being imposed on the poor, is wrong, especially when harm is being caused to the disabled and the NHS."

 

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/comment/talking-politics/prime-ministers-presidents-thatcher-forgotten-legacy-105642674.html#fzlzKNz

 

Of prime ministers and presidents: Thatcher’s forgotten legacy

By Guest writer | Talking Politics

By Tony Hudson

It all started with Maggie.

Before the Iron Lady, Britain's prime minister and the American president seemed to be operating in completely different political systems.

While the US president is often referred to as 'the most powerful man in the world', it may be more accurate to say the president is 'the most influential man in the world' as his actual power – within the US at least – is very limited by the strict institutional rules created by the US constitution.

In the UK, the prime minister was a man operating from a position of potential weakness: everything about his ability to govern depended on the size of his majority in the Commons.

Then came Thatcher. She was the first prime minister to really make the UK premiership 'presidential'. Tony Blair followed in her footsteps, going even further and blurring the boundaries between the two roles at the summit of the US-UK special relationship.

Dr James Boys, a senior visiting research fellow at King's College, London, says the media often likes to talk about the American system being "broken" when a president struggles to get legislation passed.

"What they fail to take into account is that the system is designed that way – it's an invitation to struggle. It is designed to frustrate presidents so that every piece of legislation is scrutinised within an inch of its life."

By the time Thatcher struck up her unusually close relationship with Ronald Reagan, it was clear this unusually forceful prime minister and her constrained colleague across the Atlantic had more in common than most of their predecessors.

In the early years of American independence, the separation of powers was a key part of the new constitution. They wanted to avoid setting up a system which would allow any one person to wield too much influence over the direction of the government.

Things are different in Britain. The prime minister may not be the head of state (that honour falls to the nice lady who lives in the big house by St James' Park) but does not have anywhere near that much difficulty pursuing a political agenda. His or her power is derived from the legislature, rather than being separate from it.

"If you want a strong leader you can get a one with parliamentary system with a huge majority," Boys adds.

"In a presidential system you don't have the potential for a runaway leadership because the president is checked by congress at every step. Tony Blair was elected with a huge majority and was able to get a lot of things done."

There is, however, a trade-off.

Despite having more power with regard to getting an agenda passed through the government, it is actually the prime minister whose grip on the levers of power can be easiest to wrest away.

"We fluctuate between greater power and greater accountability," explains Michael Pinto-Duschinsky, a senior consultant on constitutional affairs at Policy Exchange.

"The prime minister has more power with a majority in parliament than a president without a majority of Congress but is in greater danger of dismissal than a US president if there is a loss of confidence."

Pinto-Duschinsky cites the recent examples of Thatcher and Blair as prime ministers who were hurried out of power by their own governing party - as summed up by Norman Tebbit in his tribute to the late Baroness, when he said he regretted leaving her "at the mercy of her friends".

What a difference from the man in the White House, who is very difficult to unseat. The proceedings against Richard 'I am not a crook' Nixon following the Watergate scandal were pre-empted by his resignation and the attempted impeachment of Bill Clinton was unsuccessful.

Even when the president leaves office, there is a lengthy period of transition between executives. When a new president is elected in November, they receive the title president-elect until they take the oath of office in January. When there is deeply unpopular president and a wildly popular president-elect – as was the case in 2008 with George W Bush and president-elect Barack Obama, the handover of power takes months.

This is not the case with the premiership.

"Our first-past-the-post system allows for 'removal van government' that allows removal vans to take away the prime minister's belongings the day after a general election," Pinto-Duschinsky points out.

Despite this danger, term limits have historically been something more favourable to a prime minister's retention of power than a president.

When a president is elected, they know exactly how long they have until re-election. Every four years, without fail, the American electorate decides upon their commander-in-chief.

The prime minister, on the other hand, has until recently had the opportunity to call an election whenever it best suited their re-election chances.

If the president had that power, Boys argues, the world could be a very different place, citing the record poll numbers president George HW Bush had in the immediate aftermath of the Gulf War.

"If he'd have had a choice, he would have gone to the country right after the Gulf War, been re-elected in a walk and you'd never have heard of Bill or Hillary Clinton.

"As it was, he had to wait two years, domestic concerns took over and Bill Clinton was able to defeat him in the 1992 election on the strength of his economic message."

Even though prime ministers have this extraordinarily advantageous power, knowing when to use it is vital. Gordon Brown enjoyed a spell of great popularity following his succession to the premiership after Tony Blair's resignation but failed to capitalise on it by not going to the country.

If he had, Boys argues, he would have been elected to a five-year term and we'd most likely not have a coalition government today.

The method the two positions are filled is also very different, and can produce very different reactions in the voting public.

The US president's name is on every voting ballot across the country on election day, whereas the prime minister can only attain the top job if the rest of his party performs well enough to secure him a majority (or, as is currently the case, he is able to form a coalition).

"The president is a unifying figure because he's voted for by the entire country, whereas the prime minister is elected as a result of having a party majority," says Boys.

"A lot of people from outside the UK cannot understand how we can have prime ministers that a lot of people hate, but unless you live in Sedgefield, you didn't vote for Tony Blair."

The increasing dominance of political leaders in voters' minds as they make up their minds about which party to vote for started with Thatcher, and is becoming more and more pronounced at each general election.

Labour MP Graham Allen, who wrote The Last Prime Minister: Being Honest About the UK Presidency, believes this may actually be changing as politics and media have become so inextricably linked over the last few decades.

"Over time, MPs in parliament have ceded their political sovereignty to their leaderships. People are increasingly voting based on who they believe should be prime minister rather than who would make the best local MP," he says.

Allen also argues while that may be how it was originally intended, the role of the British prime minister has become increasingly akin to the presidency.

"The power of the prime minister has been rapidly increasing over the last century with no parliamentary constraints.

"However unintended, we have developed a system where the prime minister is, in effect, the UK president. To the electorate, the party leaders have become the party. David Cameron is the Conservative party and Ed Miliband is the Labour party."

There may be many differences between the rules restricting and empowering those sitting in Downing Street and the White House. But in an increasingly globalised and media-centric world, British party leaders are becoming increasingly similar to presidential candidates. It's just yet another way in which Thatcher shaped the Britain we're living in today. As well as transforming the country, she helped fundamentally rework the way Britain views her successors.

 

http://uk.news.yahoo.com/protesters-rail-over-funeral-cost-082741977.html#SGBiQw4



 
 

Margaret Thatcher: Lingering legacy of hate after battle with 'enemy within’ curbed union power and saved economy

More than 20 years after she left Downing Street, Baroness Thatcher remains a figure of hate for the trade unions whose power she confronted and destroyed.

Anti-Thatcher protesters react to the death of the former Prime Minister as they gather at Trafalgar Square in London
Anti-Thatcher protesters react to the death of the former Prime Minister as they gather at Trafalgar Square in London Photo: AP
 
By Tim Ross, Political Correspondent 08 Apr 2013
 

Margaret Thatcher: Lingering legacy of hate after battle with 'enemy within’ curbed union power and saved economy

More than 20 years after she left Downing Street, Baroness Thatcher remains a figure of hate for the trade unions whose power she confronted and destroyed.

Anti-Thatcher protesters react to the death of the former Prime Minister as they gather at Trafalgar Square in London
Anti-Thatcher protesters react to the death of the former Prime Minister as they gather at Trafalgar Square in London Photo: AP
By Tim Ross, Political Correspondent
10:05PM BST 08 Apr 2013
 
Margaret Thatcher: coverage in full
Margaret Thatcher obituary
Margaret Thatcher death: latest reaction
Her decade-long struggle to break the stranglehold of the union barons on British industry made her one of the most divisive figures in political history. Business leaders paid tribute to her reforms for transforming the economy after she cured the debilitating “British disease” of strike fever.
“Baroness Thatcher’s leadership took the UK out of the economic relegation zone and into the first division,” said John Cridland, the director-general of the CBI. “What Baroness Thatcher did to reshape the British economy gave us a generation of growth.”
Simon Walker, the head of the Institute of Directors, said she came to power at a critical time and went on: “Britain was privileged to have a prime minister who understood the importance of entrepreneurs, aspiration and business. She will be sorely missed.”
However, for all the cheer she brought to British entrepreneurs, through privatisation, market forces and union reforms, many on the Left of politics will never forgive her for curbing the influence of organised labour.
 
During last year’s TUC annual conference in Brighton, one stallholder even sold T-shirts emblazoned with the slogan: “A generation of trade unionists will dance on Thatcher’s grave.” The items were withdrawn, but the episode underlined the depth of animosity she continues to provoke, above all, in the hearts of former mine workers and their families.
David Hopper, the general secretary of the Durham Miners’ Association, who turned 70 on Monday, said Lady Thatcher’s death was the best present he could have hoped for.
“It looks like one of the best birthdays I have ever had,” he declared. “There’s no sympathy from me for what she did to our community. It’s a great day for all the miners.”
The reaction will have been echoed privately in the homes of thousands of former miners and other retired industrial workers. Such enduring bitterness seems likely to remain a part of her legacy for many years. To her supporters, however, it represents a sign of the extent to which she cured the “sick” power balance which had crippled British businesses and politicians before she came to No 10.
In the months leading up to the 1979 general election, the British economy had been brought to brink of collapse by the “winter of discontent”, which saw public sector staff on strike for weeks. Mountains of rubbish accumulated in city streets and, in Liverpool, bodies even remained unburied.
Although the crisis occurred under Labour, it marked the culmination of a period in which politicians of both parties, including her predecessor as Tory leader, Ted Heath, had been humiliated by the unions. When given the opportunity to tackle the power of the union barons head-on, Baroness Thatcher saw it as the domestic equivalent of the Falklands War.
“We had to fight the enemy without in the Falklands,” she observed in relation to the miners’ strike. “We always have to be aware of the enemy within, which is much more difficult to fight and more dangerous to liberty.”
The recession of the early 1980s had seen Britain’s manufacturing sector shrink, reducing union strength. Then, on March 9, 1984, the leader of the National Union of Mineworkers emerged as the face of her new enemy.
Arthur Scargill arrested at Orgreave
After a wave of job losses and pit closures, Arthur Scargill called his members out on a national strike, without first holding a ballot to gain their support. This handed a major tactical advantage to the Prime Minister as it divided the miners, some of whom, especially in Nottinghamshire, continued to work, keeping the power stations running.
The government later stockpiled coal and MI5 infiltrated both striking and working miners’ groups as the conflict between government and unions escalated. On May 29, violent clashes at the Orgreave coking plant near Sheffield saw 84 pickets arrested and 28 injured, along with 41 policemen. Mr Scargill was among those arrested and charged.
On March 4, 1985, almost exactly a year after the strike was called, miners voted to return to work, handing Baroness Thatcher her victory.
The result of the clash was clear. During her years in office, union power and support melted away. The Conservative government introduced a series of employment laws which curbed the influence of the unions.
Mass picketing was outlawed, ballots had to be held before industrial action could be taken, and union leaders had to face regular elections. Union membership stood at 12 million in the late 1970s but had fallen to almost half that total by the end of the 1980s. The number of working days lost through industrial action slumped from 29 million in 1979, falling to record low levels of less than half a million by the end of the 1990s.
Industrial relations in Britain would never be the same. Many, including David Cameron, believe her actions saved the economy.
 
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Lady Thatcher

Lady Thatcher, who has died aged 87 from a stroke, was not only Britain’s first woman Prime Minister, she was also the outstanding peacetime leader of the 20th century.

For more than a decade Margaret Thatcher enjoyed almost unchallenged political mastery, winning three successive general elections. The policies she pursued with ferocious energy and unyielding will resulted in a transformation of Britain’s economic performance.
The resulting change was also political. But by discrediting socialism so thoroughly, she prompted in due course the adoption by the Labour Party of free market economics, and so, as she wryly confessed in later years, “helped to make it electable”.
As for the effects of the Thatcher phenomenon upon British society, these were both more ambiguous and more debatable. Her remark “there is no such thing as society” was wrenched altogether out of the context of the interview in which it was made, and made to seem to be an advocacy of naked individualism, when she was really calling for more personal responsibility. Yet, rightly or wrongly, the 1980s came to be seen as a time of social fragmentation whose consequences are still with us.
Margaret Thatcher was the only British prime minister to leave behind a set of ideas about the role of the state which other leaders and nations strove to copy and apply. Monetarism, privatisation, deregulation, small government, lower taxes and free trade — all these features of the modern globalised economy were crucially promoted as a result of the policy prescriptions she employed to reverse Britain’s economic decline.
Above all, in America and in Eastern Europe she was regarded, alongside her friend Ronald Reagan, as one of the two great architects of the West’s victory in the Cold War. Of modern British prime ministers, only Margaret Thatcher’s girlhood hero, Winston Churchill, acquired a higher international reputation.
 

Margaret Thatcher obituary: Her early life

Margaret Hilda Roberts was born on October 13 1925 at Grantham, Lincolnshire, the second child of Alfred and Beatrice Roberts.

1929: Left to right: Margaret Thatcher, aged 4, with her sister Muriel, aged 8
Margaret Roberts, left, aged 4, with her older sister Muriel in 1929 
08 Apr 2013
Her father was a specialist grocer, the owner of two shops, where Margaret, her sister Muriel and their mother often worked. Alfred Roberts was the dominant influence in Margaret’s early life. A largely self-taught, intensely serious man, he was a locally venerated Methodist lay-preacher; he was also highly political.
Although he stood as a ratepayer candidate for the council, becoming alderman and mayor, he was a strong Conservative . Margaret developed what would be a lifelong appreciation of the sense of duty, the good neighbourliness and the civic pride which characterised the best of life in Grantham. She particularly admired the solidarity and generosity which marked out organisations such as Rotary, of which her father was a leading member.
Through Rotary, her family received an Austrian Jewish girl called Edith into their home after the Anschluss in 1938. Edith’s accounts of persecution induced in Margaret a particular loathing of anti-Semitism long before she came to represent the heavily Jewish Finchley constituency. The war years often saw the Roberts family gathered around their wireless listening to Churchill’s broadcasts. It would often be remarked that in later life Margaret Thatcher showed stronger hostility to Nazism — and, indeed, to Germany — than those who had been involved in combat.
She enjoyed her school years in Grantham. But when her thoughts turned to university it was Somerville College, Oxford, not the local Nottingham University, for which she plumped. And it was at Somerville that she duly arrived in 1943 to read Natural Sciences.
Once at Oxford, she proved a competent and hard-working Chemistry student. Her tutor was the Nobel Prize-winning (and extremely Left-wing) Dorothy Hodgkin. Hodgkin was helpful to her charge, obtaining a number of modest grants to help her make ends meet, but Margaret looked for friendship to the Methodist Church and, naturally, to politics.
She had joined the Oxford University Conservative Association (OUCA) as soon as she went up, and in the 1945 general election she campaigned for Quintin Hogg in Oxford and was a warm-up speaker for the Tory candidate back home in Grantham.
The following year this serious, determined and by now extremely attractive young woman was elected OUCA president, only the third woman to hold that position. Among Margaret’s contemporaries at university, her closest personal and political friend was Edward Boyle, for whom she retained a deep affection long after their views had diverged.
In 1947 Margaret Roberts went down from Oxford with a solid second-class degree and a growing political ambition. Yet the possibility of her managing to fulfil that dream looked remote. Having no independent income, she had to start earning a living at once. After several rejections, she began work at BX Plastics, outside Colchester. Later she worked as a research chemist at J Lyons in Hammersmith.
The move to London was necessary because Margaret Roberts had, in 1949, been selected as prospective Tory parliamentary candidate for Dartford. The choice was unusual: Dartford was an industrial seat where, it was then considered, a young woman politician might seem out of place . Aged just 24, she was the youngest woman candidate in the 1950 general election, and her picture appeared in the Illustrated London News and even in the West German press, where she was described as “junge Dame mit Charme”.
 

Margaret Thatcher obituary: her early political life

In December 1951, Margaret Roberts was married to Denis Thatcher at Wesley’s Chapel in City Road.

November 9, 1959: Margaret Thatcher watches her children Carol and Mark play
November 9, 1959: New MP Margaret Thatcher watches her children Carol and Mark play Photo: PA
 
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She was the second Mrs Thatcher, Denis having been divorced, and had not intended to marry so soon. But Denis brought stability, and though she had not married him for his money he brought that too, having inherited a family paint firm.
Margaret no longer had to work, and her life as the dutiful housewife of an often absent travelling businessman palled. So she started to study Law at home. In August 1953 she gave birth to twins, Mark and Carol. While still recovering in hospital, Mrs Thatcher sent in her application for the Bar finals, and then decided to specialise in tax law. Arguably this, too, was another way of training for Finance Bills.
In 1954 Margaret Thatcher was shortlisted for Orpington, but a local candidate got the seat. She now wrote to Conservative Central Office to say that she had no further thought of a parliamentary career for many years; but then, in February 1956, she seemed to change her mind and asked to be placed once more on the list of candidates.
The problem for her lay not with Central Office, but rather with the constituency party selection committees, which raised questions about the propriety and practicality of a young married woman with children pursuing a political career. None the less, in the summer of 1958, Margaret Thatcher applied for the safe seat of Finchley, in north London. She was selected, though not unanimously, and it took time to overcome the resentment of the defeated faction. In the 1959 election she was returned with a majority of more than 16,000.
In the House of Commons Margaret Thatcher quickly felt at home. Having come second in the annual ballot for Private Members’ Bills, she decided on a measure to prevent the exclusion of the press from council meetings. Sir Keith Joseph was the junior minister deputed to liaise with the Bill’s proposer. This was a first, but crucial, meeting, for he was later to be one of her key allies. The Thatcher speech introducing the Bill was acknowledged as a minor Commons triumph.
In October 1960 Margaret Thatcher joined Harold Macmillan’s government as Parliamentary Secretary at the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance. The choice was less a matter of merit than of tokenism — Pat Hornsby-Smith had wanted to leave the government, and so it was necessary to find another woman. But Margaret Thatcher was in the right department to suit her talents. She ever afterwards thought that those capable of mastering the subject of social security were well-equipped for high office; it was one of the reasons why she later conceived such a good opinion of John Major as Minister of State (1986-1987).
In the consultations to select a successor to Macmillan in 1963, Margaret Thatcher told the Whips that she supported Alec Douglas-Home — an unlikely choice, perhaps, for a young female meritocrat. At the election that year she held Finchley with a majority of 9,000. But the Conservatives were out, and Harold Wilson became Prime Minister.
Almost equally unlikely, for different reasons, was the fact that in the new leadership contest Margaret Thatcher supported Edward Heath rather than the favourite, Reginald Maudling. To add to the irony, it was Keith Joseph who persuaded her to switch her vote to Heath. Joseph told her as she wavered: “Ted has a passion to get Britain right.”
Margaret Thatcher and Heath had known each other for some years, and he promoted her to be spokesman on tax under the Shadow Chancellor, Iain Macleod. There had been some speculation that she might enter the Shadow Cabinet, but Heath had apparently decided (as he told Jim Prior) that if she came in they would never get her out again.
In any case, the new portfolio was to Margaret Thatcher’s taste. With her training as a tax lawyer, her head for figures, her retentive memory and her sharp tongue, she excelled in the role. In 1967 she became front-bench spokesman on fuel and power, and the following year was moved by Heath to transport.
 
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Margaret Thatcher's obituary in full
 

Margaret Thatcher obituary: Life in the Shadow Cabinet

By joining the Shadow Cabinet, Margaret Thatcher had been drawn by a reluctant Edward Heath into a position of potential influence.

Margaret Thatcher, then Education Secretary, meets children modelling clay at Gospel Oak primary school, 1970
Margaret Thatcher, then Education Secretary, meets children modelling clay at Gospel Oak primary school in 1970 Photo: Bob Hope

But in the ensuing struggle between Heath and Enoch Powell for the soul of the Tory party, Margaret Thatcher played barely a walk-on part; and there is no reason to believe that she understood at the time the magnitude of the issues at stake.

In October 1969 she was appointed Shadow Education Secretary, in succession to Sir Edward Boyle, Bt, who had incurred the wrath of many grassroots Conservatives by his failure to mount an effective defence of grammar schools. Margaret Thatcher was more robust on the issue, having no qualms about the principle of selection. As Education Secretary after the surprise Tory election victory in June 1970, she supported the right of local authorities to decide for or against school reorganisation on comprehensive lines. In practice, this meant that the grammar schools went on closing.

Her strengths were administrative, not conceptual. She was, though, a powerful and effective Secretary of State, fighting obstruction by politically unsympathetic officials on the one hand, and successfully pressing the spending plans of her department upon the Treasury on the other.

It was the minor matter of the ending of free school milk that caused her to be the object of an extraordinary campaign of vilification and won her the cruel sobriquet of “Milk Snatcher”. In November 1971. The Sun newspaper even named her “The Most Unpopular Woman in Britain”.

Margaret Thatcher had made public expenditure savings on milk as a non-educational aspect of her budget in order to protect the rest. But for a paltry £9 million it was never worth the pain. She survived, emerging toughened from the experience and better able to face future hostility. She was then able to benefit from the subsequent loosening of the financial purse-strings . Margaret Thatcher’s White Paper that December, appropriately entitled Education: A Framework for Expansion, with its ambitious targets and open-ended spending commitments, was the last gasp of the old order before the first oil price rise of 1973-74 reimposed economic reality.

Although she had acquired a high political profile at Education, she had also incurred the wrath of teachers, parents, students and the educational press. Perhaps most seriously, she had shown no real grasp of the larger forces which decided the fate of the Heath government and which would shape the world in which she herself would have, in due course, to operate as a political leader.

In Cabinet she had not voiced opposition to the budgetary indiscipline of 1972 or the industrial subsidies, the pay policy, and the effective abandonment of trade union reform through the Industrial Relations Act. When a new confrontation with the miners approached, precipitated by a pay policy introduced in direct contradiction to the party’s 1970 manifesto, she was one of the more hawkish cabinet ministers, arguing for an early election to determine: “Who Runs Britain?”

The Conservatives narrowly lost the February 1974 election, taking 296 seats against Labour’s 301, though with a slightly higher share of the vote than Labour. Out of office, the Conservative Party began to reconsider its approach — or, at least, all but Heath and the circle around him did. On the steering committee of shadow ministers only Keith Joseph, who was now beginning his agonised rethinking from first principles, and Geoffrey Howe, another former apostle of free enterprise who had finished up overseeing prices and incomes policy, seemed equipped to offer any alternative approach.

Margaret Thatcher had, like many others in the Tory hierarchy, become privately convinced that Heath had failed and should go. But no one at this stage felt strong enough to oppose him.


http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/margaret-thatcher/8093961/Margaret-Thatcher-obituary-The-rise-to-leader.html

Margaret Thatcher obituary: The rise to leader

Edward Heath now moved Margaret Thatcher to shadow the Department of the Environment. Since rate rises and soaring mortgage interest payments had inflicted heavy damage on the previous Conservative government, it was an appointment which was bound to put Mrs Thatcher in the public eye.

Her tasks were simplified by Heath’s determination to come up with solutions that had scant regard to either cost or practicability. Thus, under pressure from Heath, she committed the party to abolition of the domestic rates, leaving the alternative revenue source conveniently vague, and to limiting the mortgage rate to a maximum of 9.5 per cent, with the composite rate of tax paid by building societies held down by what amounted to a subsidy. This pledge, though politically attractive, was also, needless to say, a bribe that would have infuriated the later Margaret Thatcher; but she now sold the idea with bravura.

In March 1974 Heath had agreed to Joseph’s setting up the Centre for Policy Studies (CPS). The Centre was sold to the leader as a unit to make comparative studies of the economies of other countries. But in truth, under Joseph’s leadership, and energised by the wayward genius of Alfred Sherman, the CPS quickly became a focus for alternative free-market thinking. In May Joseph asked Margaret Thatcher to become involved, and she immediately agreed to become his vice-chairman.

The decision was a sign of the closeness that had grown up between the two. The relationship was one of friendship and of common instincts, but at this stage Joseph was the mentor and Margaret Thatcher the precocious pupil. As always, she briefed herself with painstaking thoroughness.

It had taken courage to join Joseph at the CPS, not least because, with some reason, he was accused by the leadership of undermining the party’s efforts in the run-up to the October 1974 election campaign. In the event, the Conservatives were again defeated, securing 277 seats to Labour’s 319.

Margaret Thatcher had enjoyed another good campaign. There was even some speculation that she might be a candidate at what now seemed an increasingly inevitable leadership election. She dismissed the suggestion, telling the Evening Standard: “I think it would be extremely difficult for a woman to make it to the top.” She had, in fact, assumed like everyone else that Joseph would be the Right’s candidate.

But on Saturday October 19, Joseph delivered a speech at Edgbaston which included some insensitive remarks about babies born to adolescent mothers “in social classes 4 and 5” threatening the balance of the population. A wave of criticism met the speech, and after a few vain attempts at explanation Joseph crumbled before it.

Heath was by now engaged in a bitter struggle with the 1922 Committee executive, of which his old enemy and another potential Right-wing candidate, Edward du Cann, was chairman. The ’22 wanted an early leadership election. In Heath’s reshuffle of the shadow cabinet, Margaret Thatcher became deputy to the shadow chancellor, Robert Carr. This turned out to be another of Heath’s misjudgments.

Margaret Thatcher spoke almost immediately for the Opposition in the Budget debate, and it was a sparkling performance. On the afternoon of Thursday November 21 Joseph came to see her with the news: “I am sorry, I just can’t run.” On impulse, Margaret Thatcher replied that if he did not run, she would.

The prospect seemed hopeless. When she went to tell Heath of her decision to stand against him, he just turned his back, shrugged his shoulders, and replied: “If you must.” Mrs Thatcher’s chances improved somewhat when Du Cann finally decided not to stand. Airey Neave, a backbencher with a grudge against Heath, would have been Du Cann’s campaign manager, but he now offered his services to her, and she accepted. Neave had the guile, tactical sense and contacts which she lacked.

Although the Heath campaign was confident of victory, that did not prevent their indulging in some dirty tricks. Thatcher was accused, on the basis of some advice given to pensioners in a magazine interview, of being a “hoarder”. She had to invite reporters and cameramen into her house to inspect the modest contents of her larder before the story was laid to rest.

The outcome of the first ballot was a shock; Margaret Thatcher came top of the ballot with 130 votes; Heath scored 119; Hugh Fraser (a crusty Right-winger with no time for women leaders) 16. A large number of Thatcher votes had come from members who were keener to dislodge Heath than to elect her. But once Heath was destroyed, the agent of his destruction acquired a new status as the front-runner.

She was also credited with having had the courage to do what so many in the parliamentary party had not dared. In the second round, William Whitelaw, James Prior, John Peyton and Geoffrey Howe also stood. Heath’s supporters rallied around Whitelaw. But many MPs had doubts about whether he had the toughness required to lead effectively. In the ballot on Tuesday February 11 1975, Mrs Thatcher won even more decisively, gaining 146 votes to Whitelaw’s 79. (Prior and Howe had 19 each, and Peyton 11).

In later years Thatcher would freely admit that she was not a good Leader of the Opposition, and in the technical sense that was true. In the Commons her performances, first against Harold Wilson and then, after Wilson’s surprise resignation in March 1976, against James Callaghan, were often disappointing. She was shrill, over-briefed and, until shortly before the end, lacking in confidence.

Knowing the fragility of her position, Margaret Thatcher defused criticism by ensuring that her reshuffled shadow cabinet presented a moderate face. She offered a job to Heath, though she was relieved when he refused it. Crucially, Whitelaw accepted the post of Deputy Leader. The key post of shadow chancellor went not to Joseph but to Geoffrey Howe. Two figures from the past returned: Lord Thorneycroft, who took over as party chairman, and (a less satisfactory appointment) Reginald Maudling, who became shadow foreign secretary.

On the home front, the most intractable difficulty for the new leader was how to formulate an economic policy which expressed her and Joseph’s (and increasingly Howe’s) convictions, but which sought to defend the approach of the previous Conservative government. It was, in fact, a circle which could not be squared. The role of incomes policy was the main focus of this disagreement.

The matter of trade union power was another, linked, element. In the wake of the failure of the Industrial Relations Act and the experience of the Three-Day Week, there was no enthusiasm within the shadow cabinet for root-and-branch reform of collective bargaining. With the violent industrial dispute at the Grunwick photographic processing factory in 1977, pressure for a more forceful line against trade union power grew.

But it took the strikes of the winter of 1978-79, the so-called “Winter of Discontent”, to cause Margaret Thatcher finally to conclude that the boil of union misrule must finally be lanced, and, equally important, that there was now sufficient support in the country for the operation.

The parliamentary Conservative Party remained in an unhappy state. In successive reshuffles, Margaret Thatcher moved or ejected some of her opponents; but there was a constant murmur of dissent from unhappy shadow ministers, while from Ted Heath it was more a roar than a murmur. The Lib-Lab Pact, which kept the government in power from March 1977, resulted in frustration in the Tory party. This was further deepened when Callaghan postponed what was seen as the inevitable general election in the autumn of 1978.

Yet despite these failures, Thatcher’s leadership had strengthened the party in significant respects. The Conservatives had reconnected with their natural supporters; they had regained a sense of purpose; they had also made deep inroads among hitherto hostile intellectuals and journalists.

This was particularly so among those worried about the advances of the Soviet Union. On such people Margaret’s Thatcher’s important defence speeches in 1975 and 1976 had a large impact. The second of these won her, from the Soviet Army’s official magazine, Red Star, the title of “The Iron Lady”. It was not meant as a compliment, but Margaret Thatcher was delighted, and the phrase stuck.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/margaret-thatcher/8094038/Margaret-Thatcher-obituary-From-Opposition-to-Government-and-battles-over-the-economy.html

Margaret Thatcher obituary: From Opposition to Government and battles over the economy

Whether the Conservatives would have won an overall majority in a general election in the autumn of 1978 is doubtful.

But the breakdown of relations between the Labour Party and the unions over pay policy, widespread disgust at the effects of public sector strikes and the sense that the government was impotent in the face of chaos created a completely different backcloth, one far more conducive to a Conservative Party led by Margaret Thatcher.

Sidestepping the constraints of ordinary collective responsibility, she appeared on Brian Walden’s Weekend World programme on Sunday January 7 1979, and dramatically hardened the Conservative line on trade union reforms. The difficulty now was to know how far the Opposition could go without running the risk of appearing irresponsible in its criticisms. In the House on Tuesday January 16, Margaret Thatcher accordingly made an offer of co-operation to the government if it would grasp the nettle of trade union reform. But Callaghan, who had built his career on collaboration with the unions, was not going to change now. The Conservatives would face no competition on the issue of union reform — and Margaret Thatcher had secured the moral high ground.

Callaghan was now desperate to avoid an election until the chaos of that winter’s strikes had been forgotten. But the Lib-Lab pact had ended the previous year. The government’s failure to secure popular support for its devolution proposals in referendums meant that the nationalist parties now had no interest either in keeping Labour in office. On the night of Wednesday March 28, Callaghan’s government lost the confidence of the House by one vote.

4 May 1979: Margaret Thatcher waves from the doorstep of Number 10 Downing Street (PA)

The election campaign had, from the Conservative point of view, effectively started the previous summer, when Margaret Thatcher authorised Saatchi and Saatchi, the party’s advertisers, to launch the brilliantly successful “Labour Isn’t Working” campaign. But between the fall of the Labour government and polling day on Thursday May 3 it was Labour which was more proactive and aggressive. Margaret Thatcher’s task was to persuade the country — and at times her own colleagues — that she could be entrusted with the responsibilities that taking office in such circumstances brings.

She was, as always, an effective if temperamental campaigner. The polls suggested that Labour was recovering its support, and one taken in the third week suggested that it was even ahead. But Labour’s assault failed. The Conservatives emerged from the election with a majority of 43 seats over all other parties, having achieved a swing of 5.6 per cent from Labour. The biggest Tory swing was among the skilled working class, those who would always be the most loyal Thatcher adherents.

Margaret Thatcher’s first Cabinet included a majority who were still unconvinced by the monetarist and deregulatory approach which she favoured. She was, therefore, doubly keen to ensure that the main economic departments were in the hands of drys (on the Right) rather than wets (on the Left), as she herself christened them.

Howe as Chancellor was joined as Chief Secretary by John Biffen, an early Powellite monetarist. Joseph took Industry, where he would wrestle with huge loss-making state-owned enterprises such as British Steel and British Leyland. John Nott, a committed monetarist and free marketeer, was appointed to Trade. Beyond that, Whitelaw could always be relied upon to provide support if the Prime Minister required it. Prior retained the Employment portfolio, where he spent his time obstructing any serious attempts to reform trade union law.

These years, from 1979 to 1981, saw a wide-ranging, if only partly successful, attempt to shift the British economy away from state control and towards the free enterprise model. Price controls were immediately abandoned; controls on dividends and wages were avoided. Most revolutionary, perhaps, was the ending of exchange controls that autumn. Of great significance for the future of Britain’s public finances was the early decision to end the link between the state retirement pension and incomes (as opposed to prices).

The government regarded inflation as a monetary phenomenon, and argued that it must therefore be controlled by monetary means. But the theory was tested to destruction. A combination of the previous government’s monetary relaxation, the Clegg Commission’s boost to public sector wage levels and Budget measures sharply increased the rates of Value Added Tax (VAT) and sent the Retail Price Index (RPI) soaring. All this was bad enough. But Margaret Thatcher also found herself faced with a worsening international recession, the result of the 1978-79 hike in oil prices.

Unemployment rose rapidly and remorselessly. This was partly because of world conditions, but mainly due to a combination of an over-tight monetary policy and continuing irresponsibility in wage bargaining. The 1980 budget introduced the Medium Term Financial Strategy (MTFS), whose purpose was to affect expectations by demonstrating a continuing commitment to monetary control and lower inflation. But its prospects seemed bleak.

Margaret Thatcher herself was utterly convinced that, as the phrase of the time had it, “there was no alternative”, and she was prepared to act on that conviction with a determination that, in the eyes of her critics, looked like recklessness. She refused to reflate. The 1981 budget, in which her economic adviser Alan Walters and the head of her policy unit, John Hoskyns, exercised crucial influence, stood the Keynesian consensus on its head.

In order to cut the swelling public sector borrowing requirement, to keep up the pressure of disinflation, and to allow interest rates to fall, so reducing the burden on industrial profits, the Budget did not index income tax reliefs against inflation. In other words, Margaret Thatcher’s stark response to recession was to raise income tax. The strategy was denounced by 364 economists in the letters column of The Times.

Moreover, the outbreak of urban riots in London, Manchester and Liverpool was widely linked to the government’s economic policies and to rising unemployment, which would reach three million by January 1982.

The government’s economic strategy was also the subject of coded attacks from senior Conservative figures, including Lord Thorneycroft and Francis Pym. It was soon clear to the Prime Minister that discipline had broken down irretrievably within the Cabinet. Accordingly, in September 1981 Mrs Thatcher responded with the most crucial and successful of her reshuffles. Ian Gilmour, Christopher Soames and Mark Carlisle were sacked. Prior reluctantly went to Northern Ireland, to be replaced by Norman Tebbit. Nigel Lawson entered the Cabinet, taking over the Energy department. A now somewhat war-weary Joseph went to Education. Thorneycroft handed over the chairmanship to the Thatcherite Cecil Parkinson.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/margaret-thatcher/8094153/Margaret-Thatcher-obituary-War-on-the-Left-and-in-the-Falklands-re-election.html


Margaret Thatcher obituary: War on the Left and in the Falklands: re-election

With her reshuffle, Margaret Thatcher now had a majority of her way of thinking in the key Cabinet positions.

Margaret Thatcher at the British War Cemetary at San Carlos in 1982
Margaret Thatcher at the British War Cemetary at San Carlos in 1982

She had effectively declared war on the party’s Left, and they replied in kind. But as the months went by there came the first signs of economic recovery.

Whether that recovery on its own would have sufficiently vindicated Margaret Thatcher’s economic policy to ensure the government’s re-election is unclear. But at the end of March 1982 the Prime Minister’s qualities were put to a new kind of test. She always afterwards regarded the Falklands War as the most important period of her premiership.

Hitherto she had taken relatively little interest in foreign affairs. In bringing Rhodesia to legality and independence after UDI she had subordinated her own instincts to the advice of Lord Carrington, who had attained apparently unassailable command over his own portfolio.

Argentina’s invasion of the Falkland Islands, which led to Carrington’s resignation and his replacement by Pym, brought home to Margaret Thatcher that there was more to government than the money supply. As it turned out, the single-mindedness, stubbornness and courage which she had demonstrated in domestic affairs proved to be even more valuable in a war leader.

Having authorised the dispatch of the Task Force to retake the islands, she never looked back — resisting pressure from the Reagan administration to compromise, matching diplomacy to military realities, above all giving the commanders of the operation the material and political support required to allow them to perform their hugely dangerous tasks.

The restoration of British rule in the Falklands was a personal triumph for the Prime Minister. Overseas, Britain’s prestige soared. Against such a background, it is not surprising that the Conservatives were re-elected in June 1983 with a majority of 144, the largest of any party since 1945.

Yet after such beginnings the 1983-87 parliament was, in retrospect, something of a disappointment. In Hong Kong, Thatcher’s early hopes of gaining continued British administration had to yield before Deng Xiao Ping’s determination to restore Chinese rule to the colony; but Mrs Thatcher believed that the resulting Anglo-Chinese Joint Agreement (1984) secured the best deal available.

In contrast, she came to regard both the Anglo-Irish Agreement of 1985 and the Single European Act of 1986 as deviations from her core policies of seeking to bolster the Union and to maintain British sovereignty. The government showed little innovative spirit in dealing with the problems of state quasi-monopolies in health and education or welfare reform.

Economic progress, though, continued. It was now that privatisation — first of state-owned businesses, later of public utilities — gathered pace. At the time of the 1983 general election the list of candidates for privatisation included British Telecom, British Airways, Rolls-Royce, parts of British Steel, British Leyland and airports; gas, water and electricity followed. (Mrs Thatcher remained unconvinced of the merits of privatisation of British Rail or the Post Office). The resulting wider share-ownership (including employee share-ownership) complemented the mass sale of council houses under the “right to buy” scheme in creating a property-owning democracy — one which would (in Thatcher’s words) see “every earner an owner”.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/margaret-thatcher/8094200/Margaret-Thatcher-obituary-The-miners-strike-and-her-second-term.html

Margaret Thatcher obituary: The miners' strike and her second term

Margaret Thatcher’s greatest achievement during this parliament was in resisting the year-long national miners’ strike.

Ronald Reagan with Margaret Thatcher on the White House lawn with Lucky, in 1985
Ronald Reagan with his ally Margaret Thatcher on the White House lawn in 1985 

Even more than the government’s trade union reforms, victory in this strike finally broke the back of militant trade unionism and established Britain’s reputation as a safe place in which to invest. Margaret Thatcher’s own steely resolve was again demonstrated by her conduct in the wake of the IRA bomb attack on the 1984 Brighton party conference: hours after the outrage she appeared on the platform to declare: “All attempts to destroy democracy will fail.”

Soon, though, her own position, and indeed her own integrity, were questioned as a result of the upheavals resulting from intra-Cabinet warfare surrounding the future of the Westland helicopter company. The loss of two Cabinet Ministers — Michael Heseltine and Leon Brittan — and doubts about the veracity of Mrs Thatcher’s own accounts of events constituted a blow which many imagined that she would not survive.

The anti-Americanism upon which Heseltine had drawn in his campaign over Westland was also fuelled by widespread political opposition to Britain’s support for America’s raids on Libya in the spring of 1986. Thatcher had needed much persuading by the Reagan administration that the action was required (the raids would be carried out by American F-111s based in the UK). Indeed, Thatcher’s support for Reagan throughout their partnership was never unqualified: she had, for example, disapproved of American policy in Lebanon, and had sharply disagreed with Reagan’s invasion of Grenada. But in public she now robustly defended her old friend’s decision. Although unpopular ar home, her loyalty to the United States at this juncture secured her a unique standing in Washington for as long as Reagan was President.

In fact, from about this time the Prime Minister’s position began to improve domestically as well. The economy was growing; meanwhile, Neil Kinnock was proving an erratic and unconvincing Leader of the Opposition. Above all, by her “discovery” of the future Soviet Leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, with whom she formed a close personal empathy and political friendship, Mrs Thatcher had ensured for herself a unique position on the world stage. Gorbachev, she had claimed in December 1984, was someone with whom the West could “do business”, and her other political friend, Reagan, was prepared to take her word for it. In March 1987 Thatcher made a triumphant five-day tour of the USSR.

That June’s general election was not, however, Thatcher’s finest hour. She was often tetchy (partly the result of toothache) and she became involved in a dispute about private health insurance at the expense of other, less prickly, issues. Some of the radical reforms in the manifesto turned out to have been insufficiently refined. This led to a disagreement with Kenneth Baker, the Education Secretary, over the details of the new Grant Maintained (GM) Schools. It would also later lead to the disaster of the community charge — or poll tax — devised as an ambitious replacement for local authority rates. But the Conservatives and Thatcher were, for the present, untouchable. The party was returned with a healthy majority of 102.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/margaret-thatcher/8094213/Margaret-Thatcher-obituary-Life-during-her-third-term-in-office.html

Margaret Thatcher obituary: Life during her third term in office

The work of Margaret Thatcher’s third parliament was intended to be heavily focused on reforming the public services in order to promote choice and efficiency.

Margaret Thatcher and Nigel Lawson; Margaret Thatcher: third term in office
Margaret Thatcher and Nigel Lawson could not reconcile their differences over the ERM Photo: DAVID MANSELL

A certain amount of progress was indeed made in education, liberating state schools from excessive local authority interference and establishing a national curriculum. But at the Department of the Environment, presided over by Nicholas Ridley, Thatcher’s closest ideological ally since the departure of Keith Joseph, the results were disappointing. Attempts to break up and improve public housing estates were met with obstruction by local councils; Labour-controlled councils also successfully sabotaged the new community charge by increasing spending.

Margaret Thatcher had been much more reluctant to embark upon radical reforms of the National Health Service, which was the source of increasing public disquiet because of long queues and inadequate facilities. She toyed with the idea of a Royal Commission. Eventually, the government settled on an approach of simulating markets within a still effectively state-run monopoly. Thatcher appointed the robust, but statist, Kenneth Clarke to implement the reforms.

Yet, with the exception of the community charge, it was not the shortcomings of the public services which would bring the government into crisis and propel Mrs Thatcher out of Downing Street. Chancellor Nigel Lawson’s budgets were acclaimed for their supply-side measures, including in 1988 large cuts in the basic rate of income tax (to 25 per cent) and the higher rate (to 40 per cent). But the “Lawson boom” itself was not sustainable. Since March 1987 Lawson had sought (without Thatcher’s authorisation) to keep sterling shadowing the Deutschmark in preparation for a planned (but equally unauthorised) entry into the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM). Interest rates had as a result been kept too low for too long. From June 1988 they had to rise. By the autumn of the following year they were up to 15 per cent. Recession beckoned. By then, however, Lawson had (in October 1989) jumped ship in circumstances which minimised the damage to him and maximised the difficulties for Thatcher.

Lawson’s casus belli was Thatcher’s refusal to dispense with the services of her economic adviser Alan Walters, whom Lawson accused of undermining him. But the policy background to Lawson’s resignation was the long-running dispute between Mrs Thatcher and her senior colleagues about the ERM in particular, and European integration in general. Before the June 1989 Madrid European Council at which Jacques Delors’s far-reaching proposals for Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) were to be discussed, Lawson and Howe tried to force Thatcher to set a date for sterling’s entry into the ERM. They failed. But the episode caused an irretrievable breakdown of trust.

In the following month’s reshuffle, Howe was thus abruptly ejected from his beloved Foreign Office to become Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House. He never forgave Thatcher — and if he had ever been minded to do so, Thatcher’s own gratuitous humiliations of him in front of his colleagues at Cabinet would have ensured otherwise.

A certain amount of progress was indeed made in education, liberating state schools from excessive local authority interference and establishing a national curriculum. But at the Department of the Environment, presided over by Nicholas Ridley, Thatcher’s closest ideological ally since the departure of Keith Joseph, the results were disappointing. Attempts to break up and improve public housing estates were met with obstruction by local councils; Labour-controlled councils also successfully sabotaged the new community charge by increasing spending.

Margaret Thatcher had been much more reluctant to embark upon radical reforms of the National Health Service, which was the source of increasing public disquiet because of long queues and inadequate facilities. She toyed with the idea of a Royal Commission. Eventually, the government settled on an approach of simulating markets within a still effectively state-run monopoly. Thatcher appointed the robust, but statist, Kenneth Clarke to implement the reforms.

Yet, with the exception of the community charge, it was not the shortcomings of the public services which would bring the government into crisis and propel Mrs Thatcher out of Downing Street. Chancellor Nigel Lawson’s budgets were acclaimed for their supply-side measures, including in 1988 large cuts in the basic rate of income tax (to 25 per cent) and the higher rate (to 40 per cent). But the “Lawson boom” itself was not sustainable. Since March 1987 Lawson had sought (without Thatcher’s authorisation) to keep sterling shadowing the Deutschmark in preparation for a planned (but equally unauthorised) entry into the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM). Interest rates had as a result been kept too low for too long. From June 1988 they had to rise. By the autumn of the following year they were up to 15 per cent. Recession beckoned. By then, however, Lawson had (in October 1989) jumped ship in circumstances which minimised the damage to him and maximised the difficulties for Thatcher.

Lawson’s casus belli was Thatcher’s refusal to dispense with the services of her economic adviser Alan Walters, whom Lawson accused of undermining him. But the policy background to Lawson’s resignation was the long-running dispute between Mrs Thatcher and her senior colleagues about the ERM in particular, and European integration in general. Before the June 1989 Madrid European Council at which Jacques Delors’s far-reaching proposals for Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) were to be discussed, Lawson and Howe tried to force Thatcher to set a date for sterling’s entry into the ERM. They failed. But the episode caused an irretrievable breakdown of trust.

In the following month’s reshuffle, Howe was thus abruptly ejected from his beloved Foreign Office to become Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House. He never forgave Thatcher — and if he had ever been minded to do so, Thatcher’s own gratuitous humiliations of him in front of his colleagues at Cabinet would have ensured otherwise.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/margaret-thatcher/8094268/Margaret-Thatcher-obituary-Ousted-from-Downing-Street-and-the-leadership.html

Margaret Thatcher obituary: Ousted from Downing Street and the leadership

By the summer of 1990, Margaret Thatcher’s position within her own Cabinet was exposed — far more so than she or the civil servant advisers on whom she increasingly relied were prepared to recognise.



She imagined, and they could hardly be expected to caution her otherwise, that those whom she had appointed from ideological backgrounds hostile to her own had truly been won over (“converted”, as she always put it), or were at least now beholden by gratitude. In truth, by the end only Cecil Parkinson was a friend. Her other, and more senior, supporter, Nicholas Ridley, had to resign in July because of some injudicious remarks reported in The Spectator. Margaret Thatcher was out of touch with her backbenchers; she was extremely unpopular in the country as a result of the community charge. But it was in the Cabinet that she lost her leadership.

Thatcher’s international standing by the summer of 1990 had also suffered. With the collapse of Soviet rule in Eastern Europe, commentators were quick to consign the Cold War warriors to the dustbin of history along with the Evil Empire. In the United States, Thatcher’s old soulmate Ronald Reagan had been replaced by George Bush. The new President was mistrustful of her influence and anxious at the behest of his advisers to promote the European leadership of Germany, whose reunification Thatcher had opposed up to (and indeed beyond) the last minute. But it was in mainland Europe itself that Thatcher faced challenges which, deprived of sufficient support at home, she lacked the means to defeat.

Margaret Thatcher has tears in her eyes leaving No 10 Downing Street for the last time in November 1990

Margaret Thatcher’s own attitude to European integration had undergone a greater shift than she ever liked to admit. Initially, she had been a moderate Euro-enthusiast. Paradoxically, her successful confrontations with the rest of the EEC over finance in the early years of her premiership — in pursuit of what she undiplomatically described as “our money” — had left behind them a somewhat hubristic belief that Britain’s European partners could ultimately be bullied into falling into line. Hence Thatcher’s willingness to concede national veto powers in a succession of areas in pursuit of the creation of a Single European Market, within which a “real” Common Market would be achieved. But the increased powers of the European Commission, headed by the formidable French Socialist Jacques Delors, were employed to advance a very different programme. Thatcher became increasingly alarmed at the ambitious talk of European federalism.

The result was her seminal Bruges Speech of 1988, which raised the flag of revolt against European centralisation at the expense of nation states. Ths approach received little support in Continental Europe; and while it was enthusiastically welcomed by most of the Conservative Party, it outraged a small but powerful group of pro-Europeans with disproportionate weight in government. By the time of Thatcher’s last European Council at Rome in October 1990, where she found herself isolated over both EMU and moves towards European political union, her party colleagues had no stomach for a new struggle with Europe. (She herself had recognised the weakness of her position by agreeing to her Chancellor John Major’s insistent demands that sterling enter the ERM: it did so on October 5.)

None the less, on her return from Rome she was in no mood to compromise. In the House of Commons she publicly rejected the Delors plans for a federal Europe with its own parliament, executive and senate — to each of which she replied “No! No! No!”. In response to this bold but rash performance, Howe resigned from the Cabinet and later delivered a devastating resignation speech in the House. This in turn precipitated a challenge by Michael Heseltine for the Conservative leadership.

Thatcher was ill-prepared to face it. The previous year Sir Anthony Meyer, acknowledged to be Heseltine’s “stalking horse”, had won just 33 votes. This time the contest would be far more serious. In Thatcher’s favour was the fact that her international star had again risen in the wake of Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Iraq in August. Her resolve and unique experience had been much appreciated by President Bush. For her part, Mrs Thatcher was ever afterwards contemptuous of what she saw as the treachery of her colleagues in ousting her as the country stood on the edge of armed conflict.

Unfortunately, this same international perspective, encouraging as it did her absence at the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) summit in Paris, also proved politically fatal. Her incompetently conducted campaign was marred by overconfidence and by the principal’s unwillingness to become personally involved. In the first ballot, on November 20, Thatcher secured 204 votes against Heseltine’s 152 with 16 abstentions — just insufficient to avoid a second ballot. Her power base had been irredeemably damaged.

On returning to London she sought support from her Cabinet, interviewing each member in turn. Adopting suspiciously similar formulas, the great majority expressed the view that she could not win. On November 22 Thatcher tearfully announced to Cabinet her decision not to contest the second ballot. The same afternoon she delivered her last, and perhaps finest, speech to the House of Commons, in defence of her government’s record. Six days later she resigned, having pledged strong support to the candidature of John Major, whom she (again mistakenly) believed shared her way of thinking.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/margaret-thatcher/8094280/Margaret-Thatcher-obituary-Life-after-politics.html

Margaret Thatcher obituary: Life after politics

Margaret Thatcher left office temporarily dazed and embittered, but sound in mind and body, full of energy and initially with nothing to do except write her memoirs — upon which she embarked the following year.

May 9, 1994: Michael Howard and Margaret Thatcher attend the opening of the Channel tunnel in Folkestone
May 9, 1994: Michael Howard and Margaret Thatcher attend the opening of the Channel tunnel in Folkestone Photo: Tim Rooke/REX FEATURES

 

She did not consciously wish to undermine her chosen successor; in fact, she consciously wished not to undermine him. But John Major made no attempt to ingratiate himself. Indeed, he sought wherever possible to stress the differences between the new and the old dispensations. For her part, Margaret Thatcher, deprived of the disciplines and bureaucratic protection of office, was often indiscreet in her comments.

She strongly attacked the Maastricht Treaty, which she saw as involving a large step towards the federal Europe she viscerally opposed; she was in turn condemned as a disloyal wrecker. Only with the collapse of the ERM and of the Major government’s reputation for economic competence in September 1992 did her political standing recover, as her warnings were proved correct. From now on she was again a major force within the Conservative Party — though she fully realised that there was no prospect of her ever returning as leader. (She had, in any case, received a life peerage as Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven in June 1992).

Although she delivered the occasional speech in Britain, her energies were mainly engaged by foreign affairs. She denounced the West’s indifference to the genocide in the former Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. Her standing remained extraordinarily high in the United States, where she was venerated as one of the greatest figures of the 20th century. There and in Asia she regularly spoke for large sums to appreciative audiences. She raised money for her own Margaret Thatcher Foundation, which spent it on assisting foreign students, on endowing a Chair of Enterprise Studies at Cambridge, and on other worthy causes

Margaret Thatcher published two volumes of memoirs. The first, The Downing Street Years (1993), covered her time as Prime Minister. The final chapters were unnervingly frank about her colleagues, some of whom did not appreciate it. The second volume, The Path to Power (1995), concerned her early life. She also published a magisterial volume on international affairs, Statecraft (2002).

Her relations with John Major’s successors as Conservative Party leader were generally warm. Her intervention probably secured the leadership for William Hague. She also backed Hague’s successor, Iain Duncan Smith, who was still more of Thatcher’s way of thinking. Moreover, she entertained a measure of affection and a spasmodic admiration for Tony Blair. Only the relentless march towards Britain’s submergence within a European superstate continued, to the end of her life, to fill her with deep anxiety.

Margaret Thatcher is survived by her son and daughter. Sir Denis Thatcher died in 2003.

Thatcher statue could be targeted by vandals, Tory MP Conor Burns warns

A close confidante of Baroness Thatcher’s has warned that a statue of the former prime minister in central London could become a “focus for vandalism”.

14 Apr 2013




Ind. man with 47 guns arrested after school threat


Associated Press

CEDAR LAKE, Ind. (AP) — A northern Indiana man who allegedly threatened to "kill as many people as he could" at an elementary school near his home was arrested by officers who later found 47 guns and ammunition hidden throughout his home.

Von. I. Meyer, 60, of Cedar Lake, was arrested Saturday after prosecutors filed formal charges of felony intimidation, domestic battery and resisting law enforcement against him. He was being held Sunday without bond at the Lake County Jail, pending an initial hearing on the charges, police said in a statement.

Cedar Lake Police officers were called to Meyer's home early Friday after he allegedly threatened to set his wife on fire once she fell asleep, the statement said.

Meyer also threatened to enter nearby Jane Ball Elementary School "and kill as many people as he could before police could stop him," the statement said. Meyer's home is less than 1,000 feet from the school and linked to it by trails and paths through a wooded area, police said.

Police said in the statement that they notified school officials and boosted security at all area schools Friday — the same day 26 people, including 20 students, were shot and killed at an elementary school in Newtown, Conn.

On Saturday, officers served warrants at Meyer's home and arrested him. The statement said police had learned that Meyer kept many weapons in his older, two-story home and "is a known member of the Invaders Motorcycle Gang."

Officers searched the home, finding 47 guns and ammunition worth more than $100,000 hidden throughout the home. Many of the weapons were collector's guns.

Cedar Lake is about 45 miles southeast of Chicago.

A dispatcher with Cedar Lake Police said that the police chief was not available for interviews until Monday.

Lake County police spokeswoman Patti Van Til said Sunday that a SWAT team from the department assisted in serving Saturday's warrants.



Jacintha Saldanha's Death: Australian DJs Behind Royal Prank May Face Police Probe

The two Australian DJs who pulled the prank call on the U.K. hospital where Kate Middleton was staying are now in hiding and may soon have to face police after the death of a nurse caught in the hoax.


Kate Middleton and Indian-born mother-of-two Jacintha Saldanha, 46, is thought to have taken her own life. 

 
2Day FM hosts, Michael Christian and Mel Greig.


Questions have been raised by members of the Australian public whether MI5, MI6 and/or their well known murder partners Mossad where involved somehow in the death of  Indian-born mother-of-two Jacintha Saldanha, 46, who the UK media are claiming that she took her own life...
and it is noted that all media reports coming from the United Kingdom only ever call it a suspected suicide... but was it a murder by  MI5, MI6 and/or their well known murder partners Mossad 
to make and example of the nurse who gave out the private information about
 Kate Middleton  who was in a U.K. hospital...



Australian readers of  INLNews.com and awn.bz who have read all about the murder of Thomas Allwood,
 

INL News Under-Cover Investigative Journalist  and co producer with Stephen Carew-Reid and
  the INL News Group of Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Shows Have, on the 21st June, 2012 in  Broxburn Scotland which is about an hour's drive from Edinburgh... and how the Scottish Lothian Borders Police and the Scottish Prosecution known in Scotland  as the Procurator Fiscal's Office  and the world's media are clearly not looking closely enough the evidence brought out at the recent trial of Kyle Montgomery heard from the 19th November to the 26th November 2012 in Scotland's High Court in Livingston, who had been charged by the Scottish Lothian Borders Police for the murder of Thomas Allwood ..the evidence clearly indicates strongly that Thomas Allwood was not murdered by Kyle Montgomery who locals in Broxburn say is a well known local mentally depressed Scitzophrenic  at around 2.20am on the 21st July, 2012 ... as implied by his father John Montgomery in his  sworn evidence at by Kyle Montgomery's  trial... when the much more believable independent evidence from two next door neighbours who have a common wall with John Montgomery's house in Galloway Cresent, Broxburn was produced at the trial that say they both heard and felt an enormous bang on their bedroom wall that felt like their bedroom wall was about to cave in...coming from John Montgomery's house at about 3.15 am on the 21st June, 2012.... which was the loudest bang that they had ever heard coming from John Montgomery's house which they stated was like living next door to a pub with drinking, shouting, arguing and fighting went on all the time all hours of the day and night... they said in evidence that before the enormous bang there was loud shouting, screaming, arguing and fighting coming from John Montgomery's house... however as soon as the enormous bang happened that felt like their bedroom wall was about to cave in... there was complete silence coming from John Montgomery's house... and then they heard the back door quietly open and close ... which was first time that that door was ever opened and close without being slammed for the last couple of years since they lived next door to John Montgomery's house..... John Montgomery had given sworn evidence at his sons trial that after his son grabbed a bread knife from his kitchen draw and ran out the back door after Thomas Allwood, who was unarmed when he left the house a few minutes before, and that his son Kyle Montgomery came back into the house a few minutes later with blood on the bread knife admitting to his Dad, John Montgomery, that he had just done something bad... John Montgomery then said he took to bread knife with blood on it from his Son, Kyle Montgomery and calmly placed it back into the draw still with the blook on it... then Kyle Montgomery left the house and John Montgomery calmly had another drink and then fell asleep on the lounge and did not wake up until the police turned up and arrested him at about 5 am on the 21st June, 2012... another person who was at John Montgomery's house that early morning on the 21st June, 2012 was a lady known as Maggie whose name is Margaret Shedden (Galloway being her birth name- a very well connected and influential family in Scotland with a famous politician George Galloway and a Freemason Scottish Police Officer Hugh Galloway  of 7 Tower Place Johnstone Renfrewshire Renfrewshire 791 being member of the family)...John Montgomery's family also are well connnected and respected in Scotland with war heros in the family and a Freemason Police Officer Alexander Montgomery  51 Parkhead Rd Glen Village by Falkirk Stirlingshire 484

also a member of the Montgomery Family.... so it does not seem believable that John Montgomery would not have been awake and/or woken up with the enormous bang coming from his house at about 3.15 that the next door neighbours say was the loudest bang they had ever heard from John Montgomery's house and felt like their bedroom wall was going to cave in... so this clearly indicates along with other evidence that John Montgomery had lied on the witness stand and in doing so has implicated his Kyle Montgomery as the person who was likely to have made a fatal six inch stab wound in the right chest of Thomas Allwood through cloths with a bread knife that would have cerated edge and no sharp point for stabbing anyone through clothing which is only suitable for a sawing acting rather that a stabbing action...however at the same time implicating Kyle Montgomery as the likely person who made the fatal six inch stab wound in Thomas Allwood's right chest that cut through a main archery causing the death of Thomas Allwood... John Montgomery gave evidence which is believed by the jury could get his son off the murder charge his Son Kyle Montgomery was facing and to try and convince the jury that his son

 Kyle Montgomery was only guilty of culperable homicide... which is like an accident homicide crime that resulted in the death of a person without intent in a drunken fight that got out of hand ... even though the bar maid gave evidence at the trial that Thomas Allwood was only drinking soft drinks that night... and Kyle Montgomery had been alcohol drinking heavily since about 1pm on the 20th June, 2012.....and so was his father John Montgomery drinking alcohol heavily since at least 8pm and likely most of the day since he received his government benefit cheque  that day... in fact the jury based mainly on his father's evidence... very conveniently  for all those Scottish Government officials  involved in the investigation into the murder of Thomas Allwood.... and others...  found Kyle Montgomery not guilty of the murder of Thomas Allwood and found Kyle Montgomery guilty of the lesser charge of Culperable homicide (accidental death) of Thomas Allwood....now the evidence that came out at the trial of Kyle Montgomery seems to clearly indicate that there were at least four people... maybe more in the house of Kyle Montgomery from 10pm on the 2oth June, 2012 and about 3.30 am on the 21st June, 2012... and in fact at least voices coming from John Montgomery's house that night and early morning were heard by the next door neighbours ....these seem to include...Thomas Allwood, John Montgomery, Kyle Montgomery and Margaret Shedden (Galloway being her birth name) and maybe others who did not want to make themselves known and kept reasonable quiet while at John Montgomery's house... the evidence seems to clearly indicate that at 2am to 2.30 am on the 21st June, 2012 when John Montgomery states was the time frame when his son Kyle Montgomery was meant to have gone out the back door and meant to have stabbed Thomas Allwood with a bread knife and came back with blood on the knife admitting he has just done something bad...making it fairly obvious to the at least three people left at the house which at the least included John Montgomery, Kyle Montgomery and Margaret Shedden (Galloway being her birth name)... that Kyle Montgomery had just stabbed Tomas Allwood outside in the back yard and/or a nearby street .. and that Thomas Allwood would be likely have been badly hurt from a stab wound and would have needed urgent medical attention.... regardless if  was considered that stabbing of Thomas Allwood by Kyle Montgomery deliberate and/or in self defense... either way it would have been clear to these three people and anyone else that may have been at John Montgomery's house at that time, that they should call an ambulance and the police immediately to make sure that Thomas Allwood obtained urgent medical attention which if had been done then could well have saved the life of Thomas Allwood... sure the fact that neither of these people bothered to ring the police and/or an ambulance to try and get urgent help for Thomas Allwood at around 2.20-2.30 am...if what John Montgomery says id true.... they all should be charged with being responsible for the murder and/or death of Thomas Allwood as they seemed to just let him die on the street or the back yard.. and under Australian law could well be charged as accessories after the fact and at least charged with some serious charge that resulted in the death of Thomas Allwood... very similar to walking away from a serious car accident where it is clear someone had been seriously hurt and not calling the police and/or an ambulance....

Now... when one looks at the evidence of the two next door neighbours that say they both heard and felt an enormous bang on their bedroom wall that felt like their bedroom wall was about to cave in...coming from John Montgomery's house at about 3.15 am on the 21st June, 2012.... which was the loudest bang that they had ever heard coming from John Montgomery's house... then the more believable  truth is that at about 3.15 am Thomas Allwood was king hit by someone and/or some people with either a fist or fists and/or a hard object that was enough to knock out Thomas Allwood.. then the body of Thomas Allwood was carried outside while Thomas Allwood was still unconscious ...then someone stabbed Thomas Allwood... not with a bread knife but a sharp pen knife which made the deep six inch stab wound into the right chest of Thomas Allwood that cut a main archery so that Thomas Allwood was never wake up and would bleed to death... and then quietly they carried Thomas Allwood body to the next streets Clarkson and Pyothall Roads and quietly left the body  there at about 3.30 am where the body was found at about 4.45 am by three boys walking past at that time...the neighbour that had a window open looking right over where Thomas Allwood's body was found says you can hear a pin drop in her street and there was not one sound or noise in her street that early morning... and the only noise that was heard was the sound of the police at about 5am looking at the body and the murder scene... so it is clear that there was not fighting in her street that morning at 2.00-4.00 am where the body was found that morning and so screaming or cries for help from Thomas Allwood in her street that morning at 2.00-4.00 am where the body was found that morning.. why?... because Thomas Allwood was obviously carried and left there and was already unconscious having been knocked out before he was stabbed with the six inch stab wound and then stabbed and then carried to to the next streets Clarkson and Pyothall Roads and quietly left there... private investigators employed by friends and family of Thomas Allwood have a strong belief that the evidence clearly suggests that Thomas Allwood was not murdered and/or even killed by Kyle Montgomery with a bread knife but was murdered by a contract killer well trained to know where and how to stab a person with one six inch stab wound with a very sharp and pointed pen knife which is designed to be able to kill some with just one stab wound.... the people in the world that are well known to be able to know how to murder someone with just one stab wound are agents and/or assets of MI5, MI6 and Mossad... and it is well known they work as agents for the state of the United Kingdom and the UK Prime Minister's Office to carry out murders of people like Thomas Allwood who was an undercover INL News Investigative Journalist who was working on a story to expose state of the United Kingdom and the UK Prime Minister, David Cameron and their Treasury Solicitors and Barristers for knowing being involved with having a false and fraudulent UK Border Agency document and having that false and fraudulent document presented to the High Court of Justice to stop Thomas Allwood from successfully claiming £500 million in damages claim for the wrongful arrest of USA Comedian Ronnie Prouty by the UK Border Agency on the 27th April, 2011 as a favour for the powerful Rupert and James Murdoch and their all powerful media group News Corporation as a way of commercially sabotaging the planned filming of the pilot fo the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show in Edinburgh in April- May 2011 being co-produced by Thomas Allwood, Stephen Carew-Reid (the author of the well known bboks The Triumph of Truth -Who Is Watching the Watchers? and the original founder of the INL News Group-formerly known as the Australian Weekend News Publishing Group) and the INL News Group to create an international showcase of talented entertainers that perform at the 60 year old Edinburgh Fringe Festival each year... which has become the biggest arts festival in the world with over 3,000 Fringe shows being performed during August each year in Edinburgh....

Below is some the transcripts of what was said at a court hearing in London's High Court of Justice heard on the 24th July, 2012 where applications were originally listed to be heard by Thomas Allwood prior to his murder on the 21st June, 2012 in Broxburn, Scotland for criminal contempt applications to be heard against  David Cameron the UK Prime Minister, George Osborne, the UK Chancellor, the UK Government, the UK Border Agency and their treasury solicitors  for knowingly having prepared a false and fraudulent UK Border Agency document and presenting such false and fraudulent UK Border Agency document to the High Court of Justice to try to stop Thomas Allwood from suing David Cameron the UK Prime Minister, George Osborne, the UK Chancellor, the UK Government, the UK Border Agency for £500 million in damages caused to the filming of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show by the wrongful arrest of USA Comedian Ronnie Prouty on the 27th April, 2012 at Heathrow Airport as favour David Cameron and George Osborne's good friends at the time...Rupert and James Murdoch and their all powerful multi- billion media group known as News Corporation..the murder of Thomas Allwood on the 21st June, 2012 meant that would stop Thomas Allwood continuing with his criminl contempt applications against suing David Cameron the UK Prime Minister, George Osborne, the UK Chancellor, the UK Government, the UK Border Agency and their treasury solicitors and well as other criminal contempt applications taken out against barristers and solicitors involving another legal fight Thomas Allwood and his de-facto partner Valerie Butler where involved with at the High Court of Justice in their fight over their 25 acre family farm known as Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Hardwicke, Gloucester in the UK... where Thomas Allwood alleged that powerful and well connected s Freemason solicitors and barrister in Gloucester that Thomas Allwood called the Gloucestershire Legal Mafia (GLM) were involved with the preparing a false will in the name of Valerie Butler's father Herbert Butler and presenting that false will for a wrongful grant of probate so that partners of the Gloucestershire Legal Mafia (GLM) could wrongly obtain the title deed of their 25 acre family farm known as Haywicks Farm, Haywicks Lane, Hardwicke, Gloucester in the UK which they had planned to turn into a multi-million luxury real estate development ... Thomas Allwood also had a firm belief and was not scared to openly say...that Valerie Butler's father Herbert Butler was also murdered as part of the conspiracy he alleged to defraud his de-facto partner Valerie Butler of her rightful ownership of Haywicks Farm..

Some of the reasons why the Private Investigation Team employed by friends and family of the late Thomas Allwood to investigate who and why Thomas Allwood was murdered on the 21st June. 2012 in Broxburn, Scotland strongly believe that the powerful agents of the State of the United Kingdom such as MI5, MI6 and/or Mossad and/or some other professional contract murdered was and/or were involved in the murder of Thomas Allwood on the 21st June, 2012 include:

1. The Scottish Lothian Borders Police and the Scottish Prosecution known in Scotland  as the Procurator Fiscal's Office  and the world's media are clearly not looking closely enough the evidence brought out at the recent trial of Kyle Montgomery heard from the 19th November to the 26th November 2012 in Scotland's High Court in Livingston, who had been charged by the Scottish Lothian Borders Police for the murder of Thomas Allwood ... seem to be risking their worldwide good  reputation by quite openly protecting those at the house of John Montgomery on the evening of the 20th June, 2012 and the early morning of the 21st June, 2012 who according to the evidence of John Montgomery, and including John Montgomery knew that Thomas Allwood was likely badly wounded from a stab wound at about 2.20 am and did niot ring the police of an ambulance and simply went to sleep and left Thomas Allwood to die on the road just a street away from John Montgomery's house

2.  Why is there a complete worldwide media block out.. except for one lone Scottish Journalist Vic Roderick who was the only journalist to cover the trial... who has now been silenced by the world mainstream  media with what is called a "D Notice" on the reporting of the murder/death of Thomas Allwood who was an undercover INL News Investigative Journalist, Poet and TV Shows producer of the Fringe Shows have Talent TV Show...

3. Why is the a mentally sick person such as Kyle Montgomery whom the locals say is a well known Scitzophrenic which is capable to believing and/or repeating any story he is told is the truth.. being made a patsy for the death of Thomas Allwood.. .at about 2.20 am when  the evidence clearly indicates that Thomas Allwood was knocked unconscious in the house of John Montghomery at about 3.15 am on the 21st June, 2012 and then carried out of the house and then stabbed with a six inch wound in the right chest cutting a main archery nd then carried to be let to die on Clarkson and Pyothall Road, Broxburn

With the more believable  truth is that at about 3.15 am Thomas Allwood was king hit by someone and/or some people with either a fist or fists and/or a hard object that was enough to knock out Thomas Allwood.. then the body of Thomas Allwood was carried outside while Thomas Allwood was still unconscious ...then someone stabbed Thomas Allwood... not with a bread knife but a sharp pen knife which made the deep six inch stab wound into the right chest of Thomas Allwood that cut a main archery so that Thomas Allwood was never wake up and would bleed to death... and then quietly they carried Thomas Allwood body to the next streets Clarkson and Pyothall Roads and quietly left the body  there at about 3.30 am where the body was found at about 4.45 am by three boys walking past at that time...the neighbour that had a window open looking right over where Thomas Allwood's body was found says you can hear a pin drop in her street and there was not one sound or noise in her street that early morning... and the only noise that was heard was the sound of the police at about 5am looking at the body and the murder scene...

so it is clear that there was not fighting in her street that morning at 2.00-4.00 am where the body was found that morning and so screaming or cries for help from Thomas Allwood in her street that morning at 2.00-4.00 am where the body was found that morning.. why?... because Thomas Allwood was obviously carried and left there and was already unconscious having been knocked out before he was stabbed with the six inch stab wound and then stabbed and then carried to to the next streets Clarkson and Pyothall Roads and quietly left there... private investigators employed by friends and family of Thomas Allwood have a strong belief that the evidence clearly suggests that Thomas Allwood was not murdered and/or even killed by Kyle Montgomery with a bread knife but was murdered by a contract killer well trained to know where and how to stab a person with one six inch stab wound with a very sharp and pointed pen knife which is designed to be able to kill some with just one stab wound.... the people in the world that are well known to be able to know how to murder someone with just one stab wound are agents and/or assets of MI5, MI6 and Mossad...

Part of the transcripts of hearing before Justice Vos at High Court of Justice in London on the 24th July, 2012

Miss Love: The Border Agency matter.

Mr Justice Vos: I know, but I do not have any of the core papers in the Border Agency matter. What is the action no?

Miss Love: My Lord, it is HC11C04395

Mr Justice Vos: You see that is why, I have been through all the cases, and I do not have any papers in that except your letter and the correspondence.

Miss Love: Right

Mr Justice Vos: If I just pick it up. I have this much stuff on the UKBA, but it really is just your letter and a lot of historical material, and material concerning the famous INL News Group.

Miss Love: Mr Lord, we can remedy that situation _ I am sure your Lordship does not particularily want further copies of the correspondence, but certainly of the original claim form_

Mr Justice Vos: That is what I would like. So there was an application, was there, in that matter that was returnable today?

Miss Love: There was....

Mr Justice Vos: To do what?

Miss Love: If I could just start the procedural history, the claim by Mr Carew-Reid, which in essense was apparently a claim for damages in respect of treatment by the UK Border Agency of an individual known as Mr Prouty was issued on 9th December, 2011...

Page 6:

Miss Love: as you will see, it appears to be some hybrid of striking out and appealing the order of Master Bowles, an application for the cross-examination of myself and Mr Spanton, who was acting Treasury Solicitor and a generalised, if I might respectfully say so, rather difficult to grasp criminal contempt application..

Mr Justice Vos: It is another criminal contempt

Page 8:

Mr Geis: But the point was that Mr Prouty was refused entry into the UK and I've seen the forms that Mr Carew-Reid had, and there was one form which did not have a signature on. Now, I think this does cause for a bit of alarm and I think you should carefully consider this point and. if necessary, make an adjournment.

Mr Justice Vos: Thank you, Mr Gies...

Miss Lean: My Lord may have seen in the more recent correspondence from Mr Reid and INL that clearly they have concerns that this was a murder effected by MI5 or Mossad and/or other agents of the State, but as  far as we are aware it is being dealt with as a criminal murder charge (murder of Thomas Allwood)

Mr Justice Voss: Yes, and who was Mr Allwood- apart from being a party to litigation, did he occupy some important position?....

Miss Lean: My Lord, for completeness, I should mention I am afraid among the many letters and emails from members of the INL News Group I do not have that one. I think I have seen some reference in the correspondence to Mr Allwood being involved with the INL News Group in some capacity so that may be the...

Mr Justice Voss: Right, but he was a associate and friend of Mr Carew-Reid, that is what it comes to?.... Right, thank you. Well Mr Carew-Reid himself says he was a friend of Mr Carew-Reid's side, I do not think we need to go further than that.....

Jacintha Saldanha's Death: Australian DJs Behind Royal Prank May Face Police Probe

The two Australian DJs who pulled the prank call on the U.K. hospital where Kate Middleton was staying are now in hiding and may soon have to face police after the death of a nurse caught in the hoax.

This morning, there are also new questions about whether DJs Mel Greig and Michael Christian, radio shock jocks at Sydney's 2Day FM broke laws after they recorded the private conversation when they pretended to be Queen Elizabeth and Prince Charles.

British police have also contacted Australian police about a possible probe into the prank call, The Associated Press reported Sunday.

Rhys Holleran, CEO of Southern Cross Austereo, the parent company of Sydney's 2Day FM radio station said no laws were broken. The prank had been cleared by the Australian radio station's lawyers. Holleran said the DJs followed the company's procedures before broadcasting the call. "I think the more important question here is that we're very confident that we haven't done anything illegal. Our main concern at this point in time is what has happened is incredibly tragic and we're deeply saddened and we're incredibly affected by that," Holleran said Saturday. The hoax has caused public outcry after the death of a nurse, Jacintha Saldanha, who connected the pair to the Duchess' room.

Saldanha was found dead Friday morning after police were called to an address near the hospital to "reports of a woman found unconscious," according to a statement from Scotland Yard. Circumstances of her death are still being investigated, but are not suspicious at this stage, authorities said earlier. Lord Glenarthur, the chairman of King Edward VII's Hospital, the U.K. hospital where the Duchess of Cambridge was receiving treatment, condemned the prank Saturday in a letter to the Max Moore-Wilton, chairman of Southern Cross Austereo, the Australian radio station's parent company.

Glenarthur said the prank humiliated "two dedicated and caring nurses," and the consequences were "tragic beyond words," The Associated Press reported. Max Moore-Wilton, the chairman of Southern Cross Austereo, said in a letter to Lord Glenarthur Sunday that the company is reviewing the station's broadcast policies, the AP reported. "I can assure you we are taking immediate action and reviewing the broadcast and processes involved," Moore-Wilton said in the letter. "As we have said in our own statements on the matter, the outcome was unforeseeable and very regrettable." Saldanha came to England from India nine years ago, with her husband and two children. On Facebook, her 14-year-old daughter wrote this weekend, simply: "I miss you, I loveeee you."

Saldanha worked as a nurse at King Edward VII private hospital for four years. Her family lives 100 miles away in Bristol, but while on shift she slept in a residence for nurses. With no receptionist on duty overnight she answered the prank call and put it through. The hospital called her a "first-class nurse" and "a well-respected and popular member of the staff" and extended "deepest sympathies" to family and friends, saying that "everyone is shocked" at this "tragic event."

The duchess spent three days at the hospital undergoing treatment for hyperemesis gravidarum, severe or debilitating nausea and vomiting. She was released from the hospital Thursday morning. The hospital apologized for the mistake.

A man who stabbed a photographer to death in a drunken street brawl was caught after police found a blood-stained knife in a cutlery drawer.

http://local.stv.tv/edinburgh/203156-killer-who-stabbed-man-to-death-had-bloody-knife-in-cutlery-drawer/


A man who stabbed a photographer to death in a drunken street brawl was caught after police found a blood-stained knife in a cutlery drawer.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, denied murdering Thomas Allwood after a late-night drinking session but was found guilty of culpable homicide by a jury on Wednesday.

Jurors at the High Court in Livingston took four and a half hours to return a guilty verdict on the lesser charge.

Sentence on the first-time offender, of Winchburgh, West Lothian, was deferred until December 20 for background reports.

Mr Allwood, a 56-year-old photographer who worked for the Australian-based INL News Group, was stabbed in the chest during an incident on June 21.

Giving evidence in his own defence, Montgomery claimed he grabbed the knife to frighten Mr Allwood after being attacked by him at a house in Broxburn, West Lothian.

He said the killing was an accident and that he did not know the blade had sliced through the victim's chest and severed a major artery as he struggled with the victim.

Police who were called to the scene followed a trail of blood from Mr Allwood's body to Montgomery's father’s home. They found the knife, still stained with blood, in a cutlery drawer.

Montgomery was detained as he returned to the house from a nearby shop.

Mr Allwood was a photographer with the Australian-based INL News Group. Although he was born in Scotland, his family emigrated when he was a child and he spent most of his live in Australia.


http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/scottish-news/murder-trial-told-dna-of-victim-1453803

Murder trial told DNA of victim and alleged killer found on kitchen knife

24 Nov 2012 00:01

THE knife was found in the kitchen of the dad of Kyle Montgomery, who denies murdering Thomas Allwood.

THE DNA of a murder victim and his alleged killer were found on a kitchen knife, a court heard yesterday.

The High Court in Livingston was told the odds of the DNA matching anyone other than the deceased, Thomas Allwood, were 28,600,000-1.

Blood samples lifted from the blade were a billion-to-one match for 24-year-old Kyle Montgomery, who denies murdering Thomas in Broxburn on June 21.

The knife was found in Montgomery’s dad’s kitchen.

Forensic scientist Kirsty McTurk told the jury: “The findings are consistent with Kyle Montgomery having assaulted Thomas Allwood.”

The trial was adjourned until Monday.

http://www.scotsman.com/news/scottish-news/top-stories/man-caused-stab-death-by-accident-1-2664172


Man ‘caused stab death by accident’

Published on Wednesday 28 November 2012






A MAN accused of murdering an Australian journalist has claimed he must have stabbed the victim to death by accident.

Kyle Montgomery admitted that he armed himself with a kitchen knife and squared up to 56-year-old Thomas Graham Allwood.

He claimed in evidence at the High Court in Livingston that the blade was for his own “protection” and he had no intention of using it.

After being attacked twice by the victim, he said he just wanted to “scare him off” with the knife.

He struggled with Mr Allwood, who was armed with a metal pole or iron bar, but said he was unaware of inflicting the fatal blow which severed the main artery above his heart.

Montgomery, 24, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies murdering Mr Allwood in Broxburn on June 21.

In his closing speech yesterday, advocate depute Martin Macari asked the jury to convict Montgomery of murder. He said: “Whatever happened between those men, Kyle Montgomery had returned to the house to get a weapon.”

Derek Ogg QC, defending, said: “If he didn’t realise he’d caused that injury, he could not and did not have any criminal intent towards Mr Allwood.”

Judge Lord Doherty was due to deliver his charge to the jury this morning.

Comment from INL News Reader: Mary Gleeson

I have read all the published stories on the trial of Kyle Montgomery who was charged with the murder of INL Journalist Thomas Allwood, and all other previous media reports I could find on the web since Thomas Allwood was first reported on the BBC website on the 22nd June 2012 that he had been murdered in Broxburn, Scotland and that Kyle Montgomery was charged with Willfull murder of Thomas Allwood... and I have come to the conclusion that the way the evidence has presented at the trial of Kyle Montgomery and what evidence has been given by the witnesses the dots simply do not add up... and the trial has created more questions than answers..... when it seems clear that this Maggie lady, described as a female friend of Thomas Allwood and tJohn Montgomery, the father of the accused ..according to John Montgomery's evidence were in the house when Kyle Montgomery deliberately went outside to chase after Thomas Allwood with a bread knife... rather than jut locking lall the doors and windows of his father's house t make sure Thomas Allwood can not get back into their house....because they were meant to be in fear of him... then ring the police and say that Thomas Allwood was threatening Kyle Montgomery and had attacked Kyle Montgomery in John Montgomery's house ( all according the John Montgomery) and was continuing to bang on their door ... then the police would have come around immediately and arrested Thomas Allwood... who would then have spent the night in the police lock up.... where he would have woken up the next morning alive and be able to explain to a magistrate and/or the police what happened that night... no it all did not happen that way... John and Kyle Montgomery both claim that having removed Thomas Allwood from John Montgomery's house.... and expecting Thomas Allwood to have been unarmed....deliberately ran out of the back door of the house to the back garden for the purpose to chase Thomas Allwood with a bread knife in his hand.... instead of staying safe in his dads house and ringing the police.... now I read in the above article the unbelievable claim by Kyle Montgomery that Thomas Allwood   "
was armed with a metal pole or iron bar" and thus was acting in self defence after delieberately going outside to look for Thomas Allwood to attack him with a knife... other purpose  would he have grabbed the knife and run outside with it for... it can only be to stab Thomas Allwood who he thought was unarmed... now Kyle Montgomery seems on the evidence had been drinking heavily since bout 1pm at his dads house and would have been very drunk by 2am the next morning and Thomas Allwood looks like a big man and Kyle Montgomery looks like a small thin boy... and thus could easily be over powered by Thomas Allwood even without Thomas Allwood have a metal pole or an iron bar to defend himself with from a vicious knife attack... we also heard from John Montgomery who said that Thomas Allwood had his son Kyle Montgomery pinned on the floor with his foot on his chest... which shows that Thomas Allwood had no problem in over powering Kyle Montgomery without any weapon of any sort.... then se have the unbelievable story of John Montgomery that at the same time the Thomas Allwood had his son Kyle Montgomery pinned to the floor by having his foot on his chest... Thomas Allwood was meant to have his hands around Kyle Montgomery's throat trying to strangle Kyle Montgomery... this is simply physically impossible for a tall big man to do at the same time as standing up with his foot on the person's chest....it is simply also unbelievable that that Thomas Allwood was armed outside with a metal pole or iron bar because if that was the case having already being told by John Montgomery that Thomas Allwood had no problem about being able to overpower Kyle Montgomery without any weapon, the how the hell is Kyle Montgomery going to be able fatally stab Thomas Allwood with just one six inch stab wound with a bread knife ( bread knife do not have pointy tips and just a cerated edge for a sawing action for bread or meat but not a stapping action) through clothing knowing the exact place to stab (single handed) a big man to kil him with one stab wound in the front chest ( not in the back)  who is well aware that of the identity of the attacked and that the attcked is likely to attack because of a previous disagreement in the house.... and Thomas Allwood is also now armed with a metal pole or an iron bar.... which in one swing would have knocked small frail drunk Kyle Montgomery for six ... there is no way Kyle Montgomery is going to have any chance of being able to make that one fatal stab wound all by himself.... no normal jury is going to beleive this story.. so there seems no doubt what ever happened that morning Thomas Allwood must have been unarmed and Kyle Montgomery would have have to hav had some helpers... if it was really Kyle Montgomery that handed the fatal stab wound on Thomas Allwood...at about 2.15 according to the timing given by his father John Montgomery... then John and Kyle Montgomery and the lasy Maggie have to explain what the enmormous bang against the wall of the next door neighbours bedroom that cam from John Montgomery's house at about 3.5 to 3.15 am that felt to them that their bedroom wall was abourt to cave in... then after there being constant arguing, shouting and fighting etc before this enormous bang at about 3.05 to 3.15 am on the 21st June 2012.. everything from John Montgomery's house suddenly went quiet and for the first tikme ever... the back door was opened and wht and the door was not slammed which indicated clearly that someone or some people went out the door of John Montgomery's very silently and quietly... and the only logical deduction as to what the enormous bang against the wall was just before that nearly push the wall in from John Montgomery's side... was someone king hitting Thomas Allwood with a fist or a heavy object.. making him unconscious....then carrying Thomas Allwood out the door while he was unconscious... then may be making soem more bruses on his boy and then the one fatal stab wound ... all while he was unconscious.... and then carrying the body of Thomas Allwood quietly to where he was found on Clarkson/Pyothall Roads... at about 4.45 am by passers by... 
However if one is to discount that theory and ignore the enormosu bang at 3.05 to 3.15 am coming from John Montgomery's house... and just still to what John Montgomery sated on the witness stand under oath.. that his sone Kyle Montgomery grabbed a bread knife from the kitchen draw and ran out the back door( obviously to go to try and stab Thomas Allwood or at least chase after himw ith the knife) then coming back ten minutes later with blod on the knife and admitting he had done something bad... and John Montgomery not asking any more questions and calmly oputting the knife woth the blood on it back into the draw... having one more drink,,, the son leave the house and he falls asleep on the lounge...and is woken uop at about 5am by the police arresting him... so why didn't John Montgomery, Kyle Montgomery and/or Maggie ring the police and/or an ambulance at about 2.20 am which would haved saved the life of Thomas Allwood..

http://www.lbp.police.uk/information/latest_news/news_archives/2012/november_2012/man_convicted_of_thomas_allwoo.aspx

Man convicted of Thomas Allwood death

28 November 2012 15:59



A man who stabbed his victim in the chest, resulting in his death has today been convicted.

At the High Court in Livingston today, Kyle Montgomery was found guilty of culpable homicide after killing 56-year-old Thomas Graham Allwood during a disturbance in Broxburn in the early hours of Thursday 21st June.

Members of the public found Mr Allwood's body in Clarkson Road and alerted police who launched a major investigation to identify his killer.

Detectives quickly traced and arrested Montgomery and charged him in connection Mr Allwood's death.

The 24-year-old is due to be sentenced on Thursday 20th December at Edinburgh High Court.

Detective Inspector Stuart Houston, who led the investigation said: "It is my sincere hope, that following today's verdict Mr Allwood's family can begin to move on with their lives and put this horrendous ordeal behind them.

"I would also like to thank the members of the community who came forward and assisted with this investigation.

"Lothian and Borders Police are committed to tackling violent crime and by working closely with our partners at the Crown Office, ensure that offences of this nature are investigated thoroughly and those responsible are removed from our communities."


Thomas Allwood was born in Scotland but spent most of his life in Australia

First offender Kyle Montgomery will be sentenced next month for the killing



http://www.s1broxburn.com/news/broxburn-killer-montgomery-convicted--1.html


Broxburn killer Montgomery convicted

by Rebecca GarrettWednesday, 28 November 2012

The monster who stabbed Thomas Graham Allwood in the chest in Broxburn, which resulted in his death, has been convicted.

Kyle Montgomery was found guilty of culpable homicide the High Court in Livingston. He killed 56-year-old Allwood during a disturbance in the early hours of Thursday, June 21.

Members of the public found Mr Allwood's body in the Clarkson Road/Pyothall Road area and alerted police. A major investigation to identify his killer was launched.

Detectives quickly traced and arrested Montgomery and charged him in connection Mr Allwood's death

The 24-year-old is due to be sentenced on Thursday, December 20 at Edinburgh High Court.

Detective Inspector Stuart Houston, who led the investigation, said: "It is my sincere hope, that following today's verdict Mr Allwood's family can begin to move on with their lives and put this horrendous ordeal behind them.

"I would also like to thank the members of the community who came forward and assisted with this investigation.

"Lothian and Borders Police are committed to tackling violent crime and by working closely with our partners at the Crown Office, ensure that offences of this nature are investigated thoroughly and those responsible are removed from our communities."



http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-edinburgh-east-fife-20526345

28 November 2012


Kyle Montgomery found guilty of killing journalist Thomas Allwood

A man who stabbed a journalist to death in West Lothian has been convicted of culpable homicide.

Kyle Montgomery, from Winchburgh, denied murdering 56-year-old Thomas Allwood in Broxburn in June.

A jury at the High Court in Livingston took four-and-a-half hours to find the 24-year-old guilty of the lesser charge.

Sentence was deferred until 20 December at the High Court in Edinburgh for background reports.

Montgomery had said he grabbed a knife to scare off Mr Allwood after claiming he was attacked by him at a house in Broxburn.

He said the killing was an accident and that he did not know the blade had sliced through the victim's chest and severed a major artery during the struggle.

After the attack, Mr Allwood, who was a journalist with the Australian-based INL News Group, was found on Clarkson Road by members of the public.

Police who were called to the scene followed a trail of blood from his body to Montgomery's father house.

They found the knife, still bloodstained, in a cutlery drawer. Montgomery was detained as he returned to the house from a nearby shop.

Mr Allwood was born in Scotland but his family emigrated to Australia when he was a baby and he spent most of his life there.

He was involved in producing a TV show called Fringe Shows Have Talent, to showcase entertainers performing at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.

Det Insp Stuart Houston, who led the Lothian and Borders Police investigation, said: "It is my sincere hope, that following today's verdict Mr Allwood's family can begin to move on with their lives and put this horrendous ordeal behind them.

"I would also like to thank the members of the community who came forward and assisted with this investigation.

"Lothian and Borders Police are committed to tackling violent crime and by working closely with our partners at the Crown Office, ensure that offences of this nature are investigated thoroughly and those responsible are removed from our communities."



http://local.stv.tv/edinburgh/203156-killer-who-stabbed-man-to-death-had-bloody-knife-in-cutlery-drawer/


Killer who stabbed man to death had bloody knife in cutlery drawer

STV 28 November 2012 16:45 GMT








Associated Press/Carolyn Kaster, File - FILE - In this Nov. 16, 2012, file photo, President Barack Obama acknowledges House Speaker John Boehner of Ohio while speaking to reporters in the Roosevelt Room of the White House in Washington, as he hosted a meeting of the bipartisan, bicameral leadership of Congress to discuss the deficit and economy. Admnistration officials say President Barack Obama and House Speaker John Boehner met Sunda, Dec. 9, 2012, at the White House to discuss the ongoing negotiations over the impeding "fiscal cliff." Spokesmen for both Obama and Boehner said the two men agreed to not release details of the conversation, but emphasized that the lines of communication remain open. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster, File)

Stock market is a wild card in fiscal cliff talks

By By CHARLES BABINGTON | Associated Press 

WASHINGTON (AP) — Congress and the White House can significantly soften the initial impact of the "fiscal cliff" even if they fail to reach a compromise by Dec. 31. One thing they cannot control, however, is the financial markets' reaction, which possibly could be a panicky sell-off that triggers economic reversals worldwide.

The stock market's unpredictability is perhaps the biggest wild card in the political showdown over the fiscal cliff.

President Barack Obama's re-election gives him a strong negotiating hand, as Republicans are increasingly acknowledging. And some Democrats are willing to let the Dec. 31 deadline pass, because a rash of broad-based tax hikes would pressure Republicans to give more ground in renewed deficit-reduction negotiations.

A chief fear for Obama's supporters, however, is that Wall Street would be so disgusted or dismayed that stocks would plummet before lawmakers could prove their newfound willingness to mitigate the fiscal cliff's harshest measures, including deep, across-the-board spending cuts that Defense Secretary Leon Panetta says could significantly damage the nation's military posture. SomeRepublicans believe that fear will temper the president's insistence on a hard bargain this month. Obama and GOP House Speaker John Boehner on Sunday held their first meeting between just the two of them since the election, and spokesmen for both emphasized afterward their lines of communication remain open.

The so-called cliff's recipe of major tax hikes and spending cuts can actually be a gentle slope, because the policy changes would be phased in over time. Washington insiders say Congress and the White House would move quickly in January or February to undo many, but not all, of the tax hikes and spending cuts.

Financial markets, however, respond to emotion as well as to research, reason and promises. If New Year's headlines scream "Negotiations Collapse," an emotional sell-off could threaten the president's hopes for continued economic recovery in his second term, even if Republicans receive most of the blame for the impasse.

"Nobody can predict the markets' reaction," said Rep. Jim Cooper, D-Tenn.

Some Republicans are surprised that the White House has not made clearer efforts to reassure Wall Street that if the Dec. 31 deadline is breached, the worrisome pile of tax increases and spending cuts would not hit all at once.

A few liberal commentators are making just that case.

"If we go past the so-called fiscal cliff deadlines and all the resulting budget cuts and tax increases come into force, the administration can minimize the damage," Washington Post columnist E.J. Dionne wrote last week. "Obama can publicly announce he is delaying any cuts, on the theory thatCongress will eventually vitiate some of them. And he can make sure the bond markets know of his plans well in advance. ... Everyone (especially Wall Street) should calm down."

Some financial bloggers agree. "Although it would be bad to let the spending cuts and tax hikes fully go into effect, if this thing is addressed in early January, things will be okay," wrote Business Insider's Joe Weisenthal.

So far, the stock markets have stayed calm. The S&P 500 index is up 12 percent for the year.

That might be because investors agree that a temporary trip over the cliff wouldn't be too harmful. Chastened lawmakers, the thinking goes, would quickly minimize the economic damage with a deficit-reduction compromise that eluded them in December.

Or, it's possible that investors view the most pessimistic tones surrounding the fiscal cliff talks as posturing that will give way to a last-minute deal. If that is the thinking — and if the Dec. 31 deadline instead is breached — Obama's fear might come to pass: The expectation of a deal might produce a significant decline in stock prices if it doesn't occur.

As bad as that sounds, some liberals think it will be necessary to force many Republicans to drop their opposition to higher tax rates on the wealthy that Obama says are crucial to trimming the deficit.

Rep. Peter Welch, a Vermont Democrat who says temporarily going over the cliff wouldn't be so bad, noted what happened on Sept. 29, 2008. The House surprised investors by rejecting a proposed bailout of the crisis-stricken financial sector. Republicans strongly opposed the plan despite then-President George W. Bush's support. The Dow plunged 777 points, its largest one-day point drop ever. Four days later the House, shaken by the market reaction, passed a slightly modified bailout bill. 

Welch said a similar market meltdown next month, in the event of a fiscal cliff impasse, "is what will force members of Congress eventually to act." Few lawmakers in either party are eager to predict how the stocks and bonds markets would react to a failure to reach a fiscal cliff accord by year's end. "Let's not pretend the markets fully understand the politicians, or the politicians fully understand the markets," said Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., who has served in Congress for 37 years.

Follow Charles Babington on Twitter: http://twitter.com/cbabington



How the 'Mayan Apocalypse' came from a New Age magic mushroom trip

The 'prophecy' does not stem from the Mayans at all. Instead, the beliefs come from two New Age books in the Seventies and Eighties, says a British academic.

Jose Arguelles, author of The Mayan Factor (Image: Wikimedia)

The so-called 'Mayan' prophecy actually comes from New Age writers in the Seventies and Eighties (Image: Rex)

People who are expecting the world to end on December 21 - the so-called 'Mayan Apocalypse' - should be in for a pleasant disappointment.

The 'prophecy' does not stem from the Mayans at all - or date from thousands of years ago.

Instead, the beliefs come from two New Age books in the Seventies and Eighties. 

The two books predict outcomes as surreal as a 'upgrade' to human consciousness predicted by a spirit from the seventh century. The date itself comes from a prophecy based on a magic mushroom trip.

“December 21st will be just another Friday morning,” said Andrew Wilson, Assistant Head of Social Studies at the University of Derby. “A hippy guru called Jose Arguelles associated the date with the Mayan calendar in a book called The Mayan Factor in 1987. But it's an obsolete form of the calendar, which had not been used since the year 1100AD.”

“He claimed to be channelling various spirits, including the spirit of a Mayan king from the seventh century. He predicted a ‘shift in human consciousness’ - mass enlightenment.”

The actual date of December 21 first appeared in an earlier work - a 1975 book by Terence McKenna,  a writer known for his descriptions of “machine elves” seen while under the influence of drugs.

The date appeared in McKenna's ‘Timeline Zero’ prophecy, and was based on McKenna’s own mathematics, the Chinese I Ching and a magic mushroom trip.

McKenna later met Arguelles and the two became, Wilson says, part of a circle of New Age authors who cited each other’s work, lending the ‘prophecy’ an air of believability.

“The significance of December 21 2012 in ‘New Age’ circles emerged from the work of ‘ethnobotanist’ Terence McKenna as he travelled deep into the Amazon in the 1970s,” says Wilson. His calculations of a ‘zero time wave’ suggested the world would go through a large change on December 21.”

“Arguelles, who had a long-held interest in Native American spiritualties, was inspired by McKenna’s work. He popularised the date in connection with the ‘long count calendar’ of the Mayan people in his new-age circles.”

As the belief has evolved, it has become associated with other, wilder predictions - such as the idea that Earth will be hit by a ‘rogue planet’, Nibiru, or swallowed by a black hole.

“There is no central belief,” says Wilson, “It varies from the ideas that Earth’s magnetic poles might shift, to the idea of a ‘galactic council’ visiting Earth. There’s no one, definite idea - it mirrors the New Age beliefs from which it comes.”

“It’s become part of a lot of religious movements. For instance, ‘The Galactic Federation of Light’ believes that ‘Planet X’ will make a close pass by the earth in 2012 – causing a deep transformation of human life on Earth.

“What this and other apocalyptic dates have in common across new religious movements is that they are often predicted to occur within a believer’s lifetime - making their beliefs urgent and important,” said Wilson.

“However, most people who believe in the significance of December 21 2012 have tempered their predictions of an apocalypse to, instead, signifying some significant change in humanity. Whether that is a change in culture or a world-wide event - most believers in an apocalypse won't be preparing for an earthly end but looking forward to an imminent transformation."

“A lot of people look to this story for reassurance - about the financial climate, or even about fears of, for instance, the Large Hadron Collider.”

“What’s been popularised is the dramatic stuff - but I am definitely still doing my Christmas shopping as normal this year.”

Wilson’s paper, ‘From Mushrooms to the Stars’, will be published by Ashgate in 2013.



Georgia details nuke black market investigations

By By DESMOND BUTLER | Associated Press


 This June 24, 2012 photo shows the Hotel L Bakuria in Batumo, Georgia, Black Sea coast near the Turkish Border. In April 2012, three men gathered in secret at the hotel to talk about a deal for radioactive material for sale. The Georgian seller offered cesium, a byproduct from nuclear reactors that terrorists can use to make a dirty bomb.But one of the Turkish men made it clear he was after something much more dangerous: Uranium, the material used to make a nuclear bomb. The two Turks and the seller businessman Soslan Oniani, were convicted in  September, 2012 in a Georgian court, according to officials, and sentenced to six years in prison each. Despite years and hundreds of millions of dollars spent in the fight against illicit sale of nuclear contraband, the black market remain active in the countries around the former Soviet Union. (AP Photo by Desmond Butler)


This undated handout photo provided by the Georgia Interior Ministry shows components for four cylinders containing radioactive substances seized in Batumi, Georgia on April 10, 2012. Police, who have been tracking Georgian Businessman Soslan Oniani, for over  year, monitored him in a hotel room meeting with two Turskish citizens, trying to sell to sell the cylinders with the materials which included cesium-137 and strontium-90. The two Turks and the seller, Oniani, were convicted were convicted in  September, 2012 in a Georgian court, according to officials, and sentenced to six years in prison each.


Associated Press/Georgia Interior Ministry - This undated photo provided by the Georgia Interior Ministry shows part of a seizure of radioactive substances including iridium-192 and europium-152. Police in Kutaisi, Georgia arrested two people involved in the smuggling in February 2011. The investigation led police to track a third man, Soslan Oniani, who would be arrested in April 2012 trying to sell radioactive material to two Turkish men. Despite years of effort and hundreds of millions of dollars spent in the fight against the illicit sale of nuclear contraband, the black market remains active in the countries around the former Soviet Union. The radioactive materials, mostly left over from the Cold War, include nuclear bomb-grade uranium and plutonium, and dirty-bomb isotopes like cesium and iridium. (AP Photo/Georgia Interior Ministry) 

BATUMI, Georgia (AP) — On the gritty side of this casino resort town near the Turkish border, three men in a hotel suite gathered in secret to talk about a deal for radioactive material.

The Georgian seller offered cesium, a byproduct of nuclear reactors that terrorists can use to arm a dirty bomb with the power to kill. But one of the Turkish men, wearing a suit and casually smoking a cigarette, made clear he was after something even more dangerous: uranium, the material for a nuclear bombThe would-be buyers agreed to take a photo of the four cylinders and see if their boss in Turkey was interested. They did not know police were watching through a hidden camera. As they got up to leave, the police rushed in and arrested the men, according to Georgian officials, who were present.

The encounter, which took place in April, reflected a fear shared by U.S. and Georgian officials: Despite years of effort and hundreds of millions of dollars spent in the fight against the illicit sale of nuclear contraband, the black market remains active in the countries around the former Soviet Union. The radioactive materials, mostly left over from the Cold War, include nuclear bomb-grade uranium and plutonium, and dirty-bomb isotopes like cesium and iridium. The extent of the black market is unknown, but a steady stream of attempted sales of radioactive materials in recent years suggests smugglers have sometimes crossed borders undetected. Since the formation of a special nuclear police unit in 2005 with U.S. help and funding, 15 investigations have been launched in Georgia and dozens of people arrested. Six of the investigations were disclosed publicly for the first time to The Associated Press byGeorgian authorities. Officials with the U.S. government and the International Atomic Energy Agency declined to comment on the individual investigations, but President Barack Obama noted in a speech earlier this year that countries like Georgia and Moldova have seized highly enriched uraniumfrom smugglers. An IAEA official, who spoke anonymously because he was not authorized to comment, said the agency is concerned smuggling is still occurring in Georgia.

Four of the previously undisclosed cases, and a fifth — an arrest in neighboring Turkey announced by officials there — occurred this year. One from last year involved enough cesium-137 to make a deadly dirty bomb, officials said.

Also, Georgian officials see links between two older cases involving highly enriched uranium, which in sufficient quantity can be used to make a nuclear bomb. The AP's interviews with the two imprisoned smugglers in one case suggested that the porous borders and the poverty of the region contributed to the problem. The arrests in the casino resort of Batumi stand out for two reasons: They suggest there are real buyers — many of the other investigations involved stings with undercover police acting as buyers. And they suggest that buyers are interested in material that can be used to make a nuclear weapon. "Real buyers are rare in nuclear smuggling cases, and raise real risks," said nuclear nonproliferation specialist Matthew Bunn, who runs Harvard's Project on Managing the Atom. "They suggest someone is actively seeking to buy material for a clandestine bomb." The request for uranium raises a particularly troubling question. "There's no plausible reason for looking for black-market uranium other than for nuclear weapons— or profit, by selling to people who are looking to make nuclear weapons," Bunn said.

______________

Georgia's proximity to the large stockpiles of Cold War-era nuclear material, its position along trade routes to Asia and Europe, the roughly 225 miles (360 kilometers) of unsecured borders of its two breakaway republics, South Ossetia and Abkhazia, and the poverty of the region may explain why the nation of 4.5 million has become a transit point for nuclear material. Georgian officials say the radioactive material in the five new cases this year all transited through Abkhazia, which borders on Russia and has Russian troops stationed on its territory. Abkhazia's foreign ministry said it has no information about the Georgian allegations and would not comment, but in the past it has denied Georgian allegations.

Russia maintains that it has secured its radioactive material — including bomb-grade uranium and plutonium — and that Georgia has exaggerated the risk because of political tension with Moscow. But while the vast majority of the former Soviet Union's nuclear arsenal and radioactive material has been secured, U.S. officials say that some material in the region remains loose. "Without a doubt, we are aware and have been over the last several years that not all nuclear material is accounted for," says Simon Limage, deputy assistant secretary for non-proliferation programs at the U.S. State Department. "It is true that a portion that we are concerned about continues to be outside of regulatory control."

U.S. efforts to prevent smuggling have prioritized bomb-grade material because of the potential that a nuclear bomb could flatten a U.S. city. But security officials say an attack with a dirty bomb — explosives packed with radioactive material — would be easier for a terrorist to pull off. And terrorist groups, including al-Qaida, have sought the material to do so. A study by the National Defense University found that the economic impact from a dirty bomb attack of a sufficient scale on a city center could exceed that of the September 11, 2011, attacks on New York and Washington.

The U.S. government has been assisting about a dozen countries believed to be vulnerable to nuclear smuggling, including Georgia, to set up teams that combine intelligence with police undercover work. Limage says Georgia's team is a model for the other countries the U.S. is supporting. On Jan. 6, police arrested a man in Georgia's capital, Tbilisi, and seized 36 vials with cesium-135, a radioactive isotope that is hard to use for a weapon. The man said he had obtained the material in Abkhazia. In April, Georgian authorities arrested a group of smugglers from Abkhazia bringing in three glass containers with about 2.2 pounds (1 kilogram) of yellowcake uranium, a lightly processed substance that can be enriched into bomb-grade material.

"At first we thought that this was coincidence," said Archil Pavlenishvili, chief investigator of Georgia's anti-smuggling team. "But since all of these cases were connected with Abkhazia, it suggests that the stuff was stolen recently from one particular place. But we have no idea where. " Days later, more evidence turned up when Turkish media reported the arrest of three Turkish men with a radioactive substance in the capital, Ankara. Police seized 2.2 pounds (1 kilogram) of cesium-135, the same material seized in January in Tbilisi.

Georgian officials said the suspects were residents of Germany and driving a car with German plates, but that the material had come from Abkhazia. Turkish authorities said the men had entered Turkey from Georgia. Information provided by German authorities led to the arrest in June of five suspects in Georgia with 9 vials of cesium-135 that looked very similar to the vials seized in January. The Batumi investigation started after the arrest of two men in the city of Kutaisi in February 2011 year with a small quantity of two radioactive materials stolen from an abandoned Soviet helicopter factory, according to Georgian officials. The men said that a businessman, Soslan Oniani, had encouraged them to sell the material. Police interviewed Oniani and searched his house, but found insufficient evidence to arrest him, according to officials. Still, they kept monitoring him through phone taps and an informant. Georgian officials say Oniani was a braggart, who played on his relationship with his cousin, Tariel Oniani, a well- known organized crime boss convicted in Russia of kidnapping.

Early this year, Soslan Oniani started talking about a new deal. Through surveillance and phone taps, police learned of the meeting in Batumi and monitored it. While no money passed hands, the men discussed an illegal deal, which is sufficient for prosecution in Georgia. Tests by Georgian authorities later revealed that one lead cylinder held cesium-137, two strontium-90, and the fourth spent material that was hard to identify. All are useful for making a dirty bomb, although the material in the cylinders alone was not enough to cause mass casualties, according to data provided by Georgian nuclear regulatory authorities. The arrested Turks denied knowing they were negotiating for radioactive substances. They claimed to be musical instrument experts, who had come to Batumi seeking to buy violins. A skeptical interrogator asked them if they were familiar with the famed instrument maker Stradivarius.

One man said he had never heard of him. The two Turks and the seller, Oniani, were convicted in September in a Georgian court, according to officials, and sentenced to six years in prison each.

_______________

The Georgian smuggling cases suggest that the trade in radioactive materials is driven at least in part by poverty and the lingering legacy of Soviet corruption in a hardscrabble region. Georgian officials say that because of U.S. backed counter-smuggling efforts, organized crime groups seem to have concluded that the potential profit from trade in these materials doesn't justify the risk. But individuals sometimes conclude they can make a quick buck from radioactive material. For instance, in one newly disclosed case last year, authorities arrested two Georgian men with firearms, TNT and a lethal quantity of cesium-137. One was a former Soviet officer in an army logistics unit, who told police that at the end of his service in the early 90s, he had made a second career stealing from the military.

"He openly said: 'I was a logistics officer and my second duty was to steal everything possible," according to Pavlenishvili. The man kept the cesium for years before he and a relative tried to sell it last year to a Georgian undercover officer. He did not try to sell the weapons or explosives. Poverty and corruption also appear to have played into three smuggling incidents in 2003, 2006 and 2010 that involved bomb-grade highly enriched uranium.

In 2003, an Armenian man, Garik Dadaian, was arrested when he set off a radiation detector provided by an American program at a checkpoint on the Armenian-Georgian border. Days later, the man was released and returned to Armenia under murky circumstances.

Dadaian's name resurfaced in 2010 on a bank transfer slip in the pocket of the two smugglers arrested with highly enriched uranium. The men had obtained the material from Dadaian and were offering it as a sample of a larger quantity. Police say forensic analysis suggests the uranium may have come from the same batch seized in 2003. Russian investigators suspected Dadaian got the nuclear fuel from a manufacturing plant in Novosibirsk, Russia, where several disappearances of material have been documented. Pavlenishvili said Dadaian bribed prosecutors to win his release and take some of the uranium. The two smugglers in the 2010 case were Sumbat Tonoyan, a dairy farmer who went bankrupt, and Hrant Ohanian, a former physicist at a nuclear research facility in the Armenian capital of Yerevan. The AP interviewed both at a prison about 25 miles (40 kilometers) outside Tbilisi, where they are serving sentences of 13 and 14 years.

In separate interviews, each man blamed the other for the idea of smuggling uranium, and talked of financial hardship. Ohanian said his daughter needed urgent medical care that he couldn't afford, and Tonoyan said a bank had seized his house after his dairy factory collapsed. "I didn't have a job and I couldn't pay the bank," he said in Russian through an interpreter. The men also claimed they believed the material they were selling was to be used for scientific work, not nefarious purposes. Ohanian said a Georgian contact, who was also arrested, told him relations with Moscow were so bad that Georgian scientists could not get the uranium they needed from Russia on the open market. "I feel guilty because I behaved like an idiot," he said. "I should have known and I would never do something like this again."

Follow Desmond Butler at http://twitter.com/desmondbutler





  

Questions have been raised by members of the Australian public whether MI5, MI6 and/or their well known murder partners Mossad where involved somehow in the death of
  Indian-born mother-of-two Jacintha Saldanha, 46, who the UK media are claiming that she took her own life...
and it is noted that all media reports coming from the United Kingdom only ever call it a suspected suicide... but was it a murder by  MI5, MI6 and/or their well known murder partners Mossad 
to make and example of the nurse who gave out the private information about
 Kate Middleton  who was in a U.K. hospital...



Australian readers of  INLNews.com and awn.bz who have read all about the murder of Thomas Allwood,
 



Australian readers of  INLNews.com and awn.bz who have read all about the murder of Thomas Allwood,
INL News Under-Cover Investigative Journalist  and co producer with Stephen Carew-Reid and  the INL News Group of Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Shows Have, on the 21st June, 2012 in Broxburn Scotland which is about an hour's drive from Edinburgh... and how the evidence brought out at the recent trial of Kyle Montgomery,
who had been charged by the Scottish Lothian Borders Police for the murder of Thomas Allwood seems to clearly show that the Scottish Lothian Borders Police
and the Scottish Prosecution known as the Procurator Fiscal's Office and the UK Government are:
not interested the fact that their own prosecution witnesses agree that they did not ring the police and/or an ambulance when it was discovered that Kyle Montgomery has allegedly placed a 6 inch knife wound into the right chest of Thomas Allwood allegedly at about 2.15 am on the 21st June, 2012 ... and just let Thomas Allwood blead to death until he was found by three boys at 4.45 am two streets away...

David Cameron, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (whom he and his treasury solicitors was about to be exposed by Thomas Allwood at a High Court of Justice hearing London on the 24th July, 2012 for criminal comtempt of court); the Scottish Lothian Borders Police 
and/or the Scottish Prosecution known as the Procurator Fiscal's Office and the UK Government have not offered any official statement saying how sorry they are that Thomas Allwood was murdered on the 21st June, 2012..if fact they seem to be celebrating Thomas Allwood's death having appeared to have branded Thomas Allwood an enemy of the United Kingdom just for wanting the truth to be publicly known and for people who have wrongly victimised by the law obtain some fair justice...

None on the main stream international media have bothered to even report the murder of Thomas Allwood, INL News Under Cover Investigative Journalist, poet and co-producer of the Fringe Shows Have Talent TV Show and other feature films....as there seems to be a "D Notice" stopping them reporting the murder of Thomas Allwood... which is usually issued when sectret service organisations such as MI5, MI6 and/or Mossad are involved with the murder of someone that is declared an enemy of the state as it seems that Thomas Allwood was... just because he was prepared to speak the truth and wanted the public to know the truth..

Thomas Allwood was murdered for exposing the truth and fighting for  truth and justice for the ordinary people like Janice Pritchard ans her son Robert Carter who had their family home taken from them in a very wrongful way and put on the street in a very wrongful way by power powerful property developers and their even more powerful legal teams that had the power and influence to be able to tell a justice in the High Court of Justice what orders they wanted and such orders were always granted regardless of the rights and wrongs of the case presented to the judge hearing the case..
Investigators doing a two year undercover investigation into the running of the High Court of Justice have stated in their report that the London's High Court of Justice is one of the most corruptly run courts in the world...where the odds of a litigant in person who does not have formal legal representation getting fairness and justice are a million to one....where  judges, justices, masters and adjudicators simply do not bother on most occasions to closely read legal and factual submissions and statements made by litigants in person and only closely read legal and factual submissions and statements filed by the licensed solicitors and barristers that are representing the other side of the legal argument....the way it works is that when a litigant in person issues a claim and/or application in the High Court of Justice without using a licensed solicitor or barrister... the  judges, justices, masters and adjudicators simply do not bother on most occasions to closely read the litigants in person's legal and factual submissions and statements  and as a matter or routine simply rule against the litigant in person with an ruling that their case has no merit... whether in fairness the case had merit or not... which it may have merit but just not written in the formal legal way a licensed solicitor or barrister would have written their claim or application form... and then once one or two claims or applications have been unsuccessfully made and they are ruled as having no merit.... then a civil restraining order is made against the litigant in person to hinder them from issuing any further claims or applications to have their legal grievances aired in the courts...and thousands of pounds of legal costs are issued against them..so that their opposition solicitors and barristers sue the litigant in person for these court costs to make sure theydo not even trouble them again and/or obtain a court order that until the unfair court costs are paid that no claims and/or applications can be made by them... as another method to bury the truth...it has been found by the two year undercover operation compiled with the help of Thomas Allwood, INL News former head undercover investigative reporter, that on many instances the solicitors and barristers deliberately present false and misleading information to the court and deliberately withhold material information from the court... to obtain the court orders they require from the court... and what is even more shocking..... what Thomas Allwood and his investigation team found stated is even more shocking is that where  judges, justices, masters and adjudicators are well aware that  when the solicitors and barrister deliberately present false and misleading information to the court and deliberately withhold material information from the court... they simply condone such wrongful and illegal behaviour and help the solicitors and barristers cover this all up and make sure any complaint about their behaviour is completely buried by striking out any complaint made formerly to the court in a criminal contempt application and without reading the details of the complaint..strike out the criminal contempt application  as having no merit and rule thousands of pounds of court costs against the litigant in person for daring to try to bring the court's attention to this wrongful and illegal behaviour ... and sometimes as in the case of Thomas Allwood have the litigant in person murdered and organise the police and prosecution to cover up who really murdered the litigant in person and why he was murdered by trying to convince the public into believing it was just an accidental death as a result of some drunken argument, and not a planned and calculated murder.... so the person that has wrongly been blamed for the death is only found guilty of being officially being involved with an accidental death... and being a person not mentally well and being a


 Scitzophrenic with mental depression will simple spend a year or so in a luxury mental institution and then be let out to live a normal life taking medication... which they were taking anyway before the death of the enemy ( the litigant in person)... and the real professionally trained killer who works for some state secret service organisation like MI5, MI6 and/or Mossad is never looked for and never charged.. so he or she can be available when needed by state secret service organisation like MI5, MI6 and/or Mossad is never looked for and never charged.. so he or she can be available when needed by state secret service organisations like MI5, MI6 and/or Mossad for thei next murder assignment...




Kate Hospital: Nurse's Family Pays Tribute

Sky News

The family of nurse Jacintha Saldanha have thanked people for their support and messages of condolence.

Speaking on their behalf, Keith Vaz MP described Mrs Saldanha as a "loving mother and a loving wife".

"This is a close family, they are devastated by what has happened, they miss her every moment of every day," he said, as he stood beside Mrs Saldanha's husband Benedict Barboza and her two teenage children.

"They are really grateful for the support of the British public and the public overseas for the messages of support and kindness," he added.

The post-mortem for the nurse, who put through a hoax call made about the Duchess of Cambridge's medical condition, will take place on Tuesday.

Mrs Saldanha took the initial call from Australian DJs Mel Greig and Michael Christian who posed as the Queen and the Prince of Wales when they rang the hospital where Kate was being treated for acute morning sickness.

Believing it to be genuine, she put the call through to another colleague who was duped into describing the duchess' condition in detail.

Mrs Saldanha was found dead days later, having apparently taken her own life.

Her post-mortem will take place at Westminster Mortuary.

Prime Minister David Cameron spoke of his "shock" at Mrs Saldanha's death.

He said: "I thought it was completely shocking ... I heard about the suicide of this nurse, who worked incredibly hard and obviously was incredibly dedicated.

"I feel incredibly sorry for her and her family. It is an absolute tragedy that this has happened and I am sure everyone will want to reflect on how it was allowed to happen."

It comes after the boss of Sydney radio station 2Day FM said five attempts were made to contact London's King Edward VII's Hospital about the prank call before it aired.

"Following the hoax call, the radio station did not speak to anyone in the hospital's senior management or anyone at the company who handles our media enquiries," a hospital spokesman said.

Earlier, Rhys Holleran - head of the station's parent company Southern Cross Austereo - said he was satisfied that the appropriate checks were carried out before the pre-recorded segment was broadcast.

"It is absolutely true to say that we actually did attempt to contact those people on multiple occasions," he told Fairfax Radio, an Australian broadcaster.

"We rang them up to discuss what we had recorded ... we attempted to contact them on no less than five occasions ... we wanted to speak to them about it."

Britain's Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt has told Sky News the nurse's response to the prank call does not point to a widespread breach of procedure.

Asked what lessons needed to be learned, he said: "I think we need to make sure that the right safeguards are in place, that the right training is in place, but I think it's too early for me to say whether this is something which is just an individual prank that went horribly wrong and it was an isolated breach or whether there are more widespread issues.

"My instinct is that this was an isolated incident with very exceptional circumstances."

Labour MP Mr Vaz, who visited Mrs Saldanha's family in Bristol on Sunday, has called on the hospital to hold an inquiry and provide more support to the relatives.

"What is needed, clearly, is an inquiry by the hospital into what has happened.

"The hospital has sent them a letter, which I have seen, but I'm surprised that nobody has made the journey to Bristol to sit with them and offer them the counselling that I think they need."

He said the family was in "terrible distress", adding: "More support in my view needs to be given."

A statement from King Edward VII Hospital said chief executive John Lofthouse had offered to meet Mrs Saldanha's husband.

It said it had also offered to establish a memorial fund in her name.

The statement read: "We hope that everyone will focus on doing all they can for the family of Jacintha Saldanha at this terrible time."





Royal hoax pranksters break silence

The two young 2Day FM hosts at the centre of the controversial Royal prank have broken their silence on the call that had such tragic repercussions.

Martin Frizell weighs in on royal hoax

Headlines and commentary in the UK have condemned the two young radio hosts at the centre of 2DayFM's tragic prank call.

The two young 2Day FM hosts at the centre of the controversial Royal prank have broken their silence on the call that had such tragic repercussions.

After the stunt received international coverage, the nurse who answered the call, 46-year-old Jacintha Saldanha, took her own life.

How much the prank had to do with the tragedy is open to conjecture, but what is certain is that Michael Christian and Mel Greig are two young people under unimaginable pressure.

Though they both say that they are emotionally stable in talking about the events, both Christian and Greig appear visibly distraught.

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When Greig describes hearing the dreadful results following the days after the prank she says "unfortunately I remember that moment very well because I haven't stopped thinking about it since it happened, and I remember my first question was 'was she a mother?'"

On hearing that Saldanha had indeed been the mother of two children, Greig says she was "very sorry and saddened for the family. I can't imagine what they'd be going through."

Christian says he is "gutted", "shattered", and "heartbroken".


He says "we're still trying to get our heads around everything. Trying to make sense of the situation."

According to Greig the whole tragedy doesn't even seem real. "It doesn't seem real because you just couldn't foresee something like that happening from a prank call. You know it was never meant to go that far. It was meant to be a silly little prank that so many people have done before. This wasn't meant to happen," she said.

When asked whether, in hindsight, they would they do something like that again, Christian says "I don't think that anyone could have predicted what could've happened. It was just a tragic set of circumstances. I don't think anyone could have thought that we'd be here."

Today Tonight's latest celebrity stories

So how did the idea of the prank first come up? Both Christian and Greig are clear that the idea was the whole team's - that there is no single person that can or should be blamed. "Everything's done as a team," the said.

When asked whether there was legal advice or guidance from senior staff on how best to tackle the call, both Christian and Greig are clear on the fact that the call was never meant to be more than a silly joke.

"The call to begin with wasn't about speaking to Kate. It wasn't about trying to get a scoop or anything. The call was just – I mean we'd assumed that we'd be hung up on and that'd be that," Christian said.

Indian-born mother-of-two Jacintha Saldanha, 46, is thought to have taken her own life. Photo: Supplied

However when the two weren't hung up on during the call last week, the prank was certainly treated as a scoop. The hosts were both shocked and amused when they were put through and given information about Princess Kate's health.

According to Greig "the accents were terrible. You know it was designed to be stupid. We were never meant to get that far - from the little corgis barking in the background – we obviously wanted it to be a joke."

Christian echoes that "the joke was always on us, not anyone else. It wasn't about trying to fool someone. I mean we just assumed that with the voices that we put on, you know, we were going to get told off and that was the gag – in us."

More stories from reporter Clare Brady

Asked whether Austereo provides any coaching or training about the legal and ethical implications of what is put on air, Christian is clear that his role is as a presenter and that there are others who make the tough calls.

"This phonecall is the same with any phonecall, with any prerecorded segment that goes to air. There's processes in place and people that make those decisions," he said.

"There are people that make those decisions for us."

2Day FM hosts, Michael Christian and Mel Greig. Photo: Supplied

Greig echoes the sentiments, saying "it went through the processes of every other recorded bit that we do – from interviews to you know anything at all that gets recorded and passed on to the appropriate people, goes through the process, and we're told whether it's yes or no to play."

While the powers that be made the decisions about whether to air the segment, the two DJs were certainly giddy that they'd pulled off such an unlikely prank.

"We couldn't believe that it had worked, absolutely. You didn't expect it to. We thought a hundred people before us would've tried the same thing. We just did not see that actually working," Greig said.

Yahoo!7 News: Sydney station tried to contact nurses

Christian is careful to reiterate that the point of the prank "wasn't to get something that no one else had. It wasn't about getting (information)."

However they did try to get a medical condition update - and the medical condition of a Royal at that.

Greig explains that "we didn't actually want that. We just wanted to be hung up on. We wanted to be hung up on with our silly voices and wanted a twenty second segment to air of us doing stupid voices."

Police officers stand outside the King Edward VII's hospital following the death of a nurse who took a hoax call concerning the Duchess of Cambridge's treatment on December 7, 2012 in London, England. Photo: Getty

The two didn't identify themselves at the end of the call (though today station management said that they'd tried to contact the two nurses who were part of the call a number of times before the segment went to air).

"That's where the process comes in. We just record everything and pass it to the team. That's what we do," Greig said.

"And again the call itself is – there's no malice in the call. There was no digging. There was no trying to upset or get a reaction," Christian reiterated.

Yahoo!7 News: Royals close ranks as radio station defends conduct

The extreme vilification of the two DJs by the UK media looks like a witch hunt - there are those that want someone to pay. At the same time hackers here are threatening to shut down the radio station and hack into the whole system if the two young DJs aren't sacked.

In tears, Greig says "there's nothing that can make me feel worse than what I feel right now. And for what I feel for the family. We're so sorry that this has happened to them."

Though both DJs are being given counseling and support from Austereo, they say their priority is that the family of the nurse gets the support and care they need.

"I care more about the family. I want to know that they've got the support that they need and that the public are, you know, being respectful of their privacy," Greig said.

She has not made contact with the family, deciding that it was no appropriate at this time.

"I don't think it's an appropriate time to do that yet. But this is where we want to say that we are thinking of you and if we could call you we would want to reach out to you."

So if they could turn the clock back, would these two DJs make the same phonecall?

"If we played any involvement in her death, then we're very sorry for that. And time will only tell," Christian said.

However he does maintain that "these are prank calls. They've been around for as long as radio's existed, and they're done by every radio station."

And while that's certainly true, the results of this specific prank call are horific. Christian is clear that "no one could have predicted this result."

What does the future hold for the two DJs at the centre of this disaster?

"I don't want to think about that right now. There's bigger, more pressing issues and that's making sure that family gets through this tough time. You know our careers aren't important at the moment," Greig said.

With Scotland Yard now involved, there is eery chance that they two will be called to an inquest, which will probably be in London, where they'll meet the family face to face. Are they prepared for that?

Not ready to look at the future just yet, Christian says "right now we're trying to wrap our heads around what's happened."

Greig assures that "if that's going to make them feel better then I'll do what I need to do, absolutely. If that's something that they want to do, to get some closure, then I'll do that."

Both Greig and Christian have a lot of support. A poll out today of 11,000 people, had two thirds saying they feel the two DJs are not to blame for this horrible result. However the other side are horrible comments in mainstream media and on Twitter saying they've ruined many lives, 'shame on you', and 'you've got blood on your hands'.

Christian says that that's not what they are focusing on.

"What's important right now is you know, that the family of Jacintha are getting the support and the love that they deserve. And I mean that's what's important here. You know, it was, it is, nothing more than a tragic turn of events that no one could have predicted and, you know, for the part that we played, we're obviously incredibly sorry."

"If we had any idea that something like this could be even possible to happen, you know, we couldn't see this happening. It was meant to be a prank call," Greig said.

When the phonecall first aired, Greig said it was the 'highlight of her career' - incredibly excited to get the call through. But of course, as she keeps repeating "we couldn't foresee what was going to happen in the future."

"The call itself was not malicious and no harm was intended on Jacintha, or the other nurse, or Kate, or Prince William, or anyone. It wasn't – from start to finish – there was no harm intended. And obviously, you know, we're incredibly sorry for the harm that we may have helped contribute (to)," Christian concluded.

Readers seeking support and information about suicide prevention can contact Lifelineon 13 11 14 or Suicide Call Back Service on 1300 659 467.

Indian-born mother-of-two Jacintha Saldanha, 46, is thought to have taken her own life. Photo: Supplied


Police officers stand outside the King Edward VII's hospital following the death of a nurse who took a hoax call concerning the Duchess of Cambridge's treatment on December 7, 2012 in London, England. Photo: Getty

2Day FM hosts, Michael Christian and Mel Greig. Photo: Supplied


Readers seeking support and information about suicide prevention can contact Lifelineon 13 11 14 or Suicide Call Back Service on 1300 659 467.





First Picture Of Kate Hospital Hoax Nurse
The first picture has been released of a nurse who apparently
First Picture Of Kate Hospital Hoax Nurse

Sky News –
 
The first picture has been released of a nurse who apparently committed suicide after being duped by a prank call.
Nurse Jacintha Saldanha was found dead days after taking the hoax call from an Australian radio station and putting it through to a nurse on the Duchess of Cambridge's ward, who divulged private information about her treatment.
The body of the 46-year-old mother-of-two was discovered at an address near King Edward VII's hospital in London - where she had worked for four years - on Friday morning.
Kate, who is understood to be well under 12 weeks pregnant, was admitted to the hospital on Monday with severe morning sickness and released again on Thursday.

                       INL News Picture of the Month December 2012
                     
                                Snow on the beach after a cold snap
                                                      

http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/world/story/2012-01-01/japan-earthquake/52310810/1

                    Japan Earthquake 2012: 6.4 Magnitude Quake Strikes Off Southeast Coast

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/06/17/japan-earthquake-2012-southeast-coast_n_1604183.html
Reuters  |  Posted: 06/17/2012

TOKYO, June 18 (Reuters) - A 6.4 magnitude earthquake struck off the coast of Japan early on Monday

tp://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-edinburgh-east-fife-20526345

28 November 2012 

Kyle Montgomery found guilty of killing journalist Thomas Allwood

Thomas Allwood was born in Scotland but spent most of his life in Australia

First offender Kyle Montgomery will be sentenced next month for the killing

A man who stabbed a journalist to death in West Lothian has been convicted of culpable homicide.
Kyle Montgomery, from Winchburgh, denied murdering 56-year-old Thomas Allwood in Broxburn in June.
A jury at the High Court in Livingston took four-and-a-half hours to find the 24-year-old guilty of the lesser charge.
Sentence was deferred until 20 December at the High Court in Edinburgh for background reports.
Montgomery had said he grabbed a knife to scare off Mr Allwood after claiming he was attacked by him at a house in Broxburn.
He said the killing was an accident and that he did not know the blade had sliced through the victim's chest and severed a major artery during the struggle.
After the attack, Mr Allwood, who was a journalist with the Australian-based INL News Group, was found on Clarkson Road by members of the public.
Police who were called to the scene followed a trail of blood from his body to Montgomery's father house.
They found the knife, still bloodstained, in a cutlery drawer. Montgomery was detained as he returned to the house from a nearby shop.
Mr Allwood was born in Scotland but his family emigrated to Australia when he was a baby and he spent most of his life there.
He was involved in producing a TV show called Fringe Shows Have Talent, to showcase entertainers performing at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.
Det Insp Stuart Houston, who led the Lothian and Borders Police investigation, said: "It is my sincere hope, that following today's verdict Mr Allwood's family can begin to move on with their lives and put this horrendous ordeal behind them.
"I would also like to thank the members of the community who came forward and assisted with this investigation.
"Lothian and Borders Police are committed to tackling violent crime and by working closely with our partners at the Crown Office, ensure that offences of this nature are investigated thoroughly and those responsible are removed from our communities."

http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/scottishnews/4671404/Nailed-for-Australian-guest-knife-kill.html

Nailed for Australian guest knife kill

The Sun -Thursday. November, 2012
News: 

A KNIFE thug was found guilty yesterday of stabbing an Aussie guest to death in a drunken brawl.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, was convicted of culpable homicide after he denied murdering Thomas Allwood, 56, after a late-night boozing session.
Montgomery stabbed the journalist as they battled in the street following a row at his dad’s house in Broxburn, West Lothian.
He told the High Court in Livingston he grabbed the blade to scare off his victim after being att-acked and killed him by accident in the struggle.
The fatal blow sliced through Scots-born Mr Allwood’s chest, severing a major artery.
Police called to the scene in June this year found a trail of blood leading from Mr Allwood’s body to the house.
The bloodstained knife was found in a cutlery drawer. Montgomery, of Winchburgh, will be sentenced on December 20.

http://www.ukcourtsnet.co.uk/uk-courts-p3?sort=size

http://www.ukcourtsnet.co.uk/courts-of-scotland?language=en

Journalist's killer found guilty

20 hrs ago | bbc.co.uk
First offender Kyle Montgomery will be sentenced next month for the killing A man who stabbed a journalist to death in West Lothian has been convicted of culpable homicide. Kyle Montgomery, from Winchburgh, denied murdering...Read more...

http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/scottishnews/4669456/Australian-guest-knifed-by-accident.html
 
http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/scottishnews/4671404/Nailed-for-Australian-guest-knife-kill.html
 
Nailed for Australian guest knife kill
The Sun -Thursday. November, 2012
News: 
 
A KNIFE thug was found guilty yesterday of stabbing an Aussie guest to death in a drunken brawl.
Kyle Montgomery, 24, was convicted of culpable homicide after he denied murdering Thomas Allwood, 56, after a late-night boozing session.
Montgomery stabbed the journalist as they battled in the street following a row at his dad’s house in Broxburn, West Lothian.
He told the High Court in Livingston he grabbed the blade to scare off his victim after being att-acked and killed him by accident in the struggle.
The fatal blow sliced through Scots-born Mr Allwood’s chest, severing a major artery.
Police called to the scene in June this year found a trail of blood leading from Mr Allwood’s body to the house.
The bloodstained knife was found in a cutlery drawer. Montgomery, of Winchburgh, will be sentenced on December 20.
 
http://www.ukcourtsnet.co.uk/uk-courts-p3?sort=size
 
http://www.ukcourtsnet.co.uk/courts-of-scotland?language=en
Journalist's killer found guilty
20 hrs ago | bbc.co.uk
First offender Kyle Montgomery will be sentenced next month for the killing A man who stabbed a journalist to death in West Lothian has been convicted of culpable homicide. Kyle Montgomery, from Winchburgh, denied murdering...Read more...
 
http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/scottishnews/4669456/Australian-guest-knifed-by-accident.html


Australian guest knifed ‘by accident’
The Sun Published: 28th November 2012
Victim ... Thomas Allwood
 
A MURDER accused told a trial yesterday he stabbed an Aussie house guest by accident.
Kyle Montgomery, 24, said he picked up a knife for “protection” in dad Robert’s kitchen when a boozy row with Thomas Allwood erupted in violence.
The High Court in Livingston heard he hoped to “scare off” Mr Allwood, 55, after the journalist attacked him.
Montgomery, of Winchburgh, West Lothian, said he had no memory of striking the fatal blow during the bust-up in Broxburn in June.
He told a jury: “My intention was to get him away from the house.”
Montgomery denies the murder of Mr Allwood. The trial continues.
 
http://www.glasgowwired.co.uk/news.php/1466752-Kyle-Montgomery-found-guilty-of-killing-journalist-Thomas-Allwood

Scotland

Kyle Montgomery found guilty of killing journalist Thomas Allwood

Published: 28th Nov 2012
A man who stabbed a journalist to death in West Lothian has been convicted of culpable homicide.
Kyle Montgomery, from Winchburgh, denied murdering 56-year-old Thomas Allwood in Broxburn in June.
A jury at the High Court in Livingston took four-and-a-half hours to find the 24-year-old guilty of the lesser charge.
Sentence was deferred until 20 December at the High Court in Edinburgh for background reports.
Montgomery had said he grabbed a knife to scare off Mr Allwood after claiming he was attacked by him at a house in Broxburn.
He said the killing was an accident and that he did not know the blade had sliced through the victim's chest and severed a major artery during the struggle.
After the attack, Mr Allwood, who was a journalist with the Australian-based INL News Group, was found on Clarkson Road by members of the public.
Police who were called to the scene followed a trail of blood from his body to Montgomery's father house.
They found the knife, still bloodstained, in a cutlery drawer. Montgomery was detained as he returned to the house from a nearby shop.
Mr Allwood was born in Scotland but his family emigrated to Australia when he was a baby and he spent most of his life there.
He was involved in producing a TV show called Fringe Shows Have Talent, to showcase entertainers performing at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.
Det Insp Stuart Houston, who led the Lothian and Borders Police investigation, said: "It is my sincere hope, that following today's verdict Mr Allwood's family can begin to move on with their lives and put this horrendous ordeal behind them.
"I would also like to thank the members of the community who came forward and assisted with this investigation.
"Lothian and Borders Police are committed to tackling violent crime and by working closely with our partners at the Crown Office, ensure that offences of this nature are investigated thoroughly and those responsible are removed from our communities."

Daily Record : dailyrecord.co.uk
 Convicted of killing journalist


Montgonmery_Guilty
29th November 2012 by Vic Roderick
A man who knifed a journalist to death in a drunken street brawl was convicted of culpable homicide yesterday. Kyle Montgomery, 24, of Winchburgh, West Lothianm had denied murdering Thomas Allwood, 56, after a booze session on June 21.
A jury at the High Court in Livingston took four-and-a-half hours to find him guilty of the lesser charge. Sentence was deferred until December 20 for reports.
In evidence, Montgomery claimed he'd grabbed the knife to scare Thomas off after being attacked by him at a house in Broxburn.
He said the killing was an accident and that he did not know the blade had sliced through the victims chest and severed a major artery as he struggled with him.
Scots-born Thoma's family emigrated Down Under when he was a baby.
 

Australian guest knifed ‘by accident’

The Sun Published: 28th November 2012
Thomas Allwood
Victim ... Thomas Allwood

A MURDER accused told a trial yesterday he stabbed an Aussie house guest by accident.

Kyle Montgomery, 24, said he picked up a knife for “protection” in dad Robert’s kitchen when a boozy row with Thomas Allwood erupted in violence.
The High Court in Livingston heard he hoped to “scare off” Mr Allwood, 55, after the journalist attacked him.
Montgomery, of Winchburgh, West Lothian, said he had no memory of striking the fatal blow during the bust-up in Broxburn in June.
He told a jury: “My intention was to get him away from the house.”
Montgomery denies the murder of Mr Allwood. The trial continues.



Murder victim tried to strangle accused in fight over a woman

20 November 2012 STV

http://news.stv.tv/scotland/201672-murder-victim-tried-to-strangle-accused-in-fight-over-a-woman/
  
Thomas Allwood: The 55-year-old was found dead in Broxburn earlier this year.

A father has told a murder trial that a man he invited home from the pub tried to strangle his son during an argument about a woman.

Robert Montgomery said he threw Thomas Allwood out of his home minutes later, but his son Kyle followed him armed with a bread knife.
 
 
He returned a short time later with the blade covered in blood, the High Court at Livingston was told on Tuesday.
Kyle Montgomery, 24, has pleaded not guilty to murdering Australian journalist Mr Allwood, 55, on June 21.
Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting the deceased, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife.
Mr Montgomery, 65, a self-confessed alcoholic, told how he had gone drinking in a local pub that night after his son gave him £20 for Father's Day. He befriended Mr Allwood and his girlfriend Maggie in a pub in Broxburn, West Lothian, and invited them back to his house for a drink.
When they got there, Maggie sat down beside the accused while Mr Montgomery and the Australian sat talking on another couch. He said he felt uncomfortable because he thought the woman, who was in her 40s, was behaving "inappropriately" towards his son, rubbing his hand and putting her head in his lap.
He asked Mr Allwood "are you going to do something about that?" and he responded - "he can have her".
Mr Montgomery went upstairs to the toilet at around 2am and returned a few minutes later to find his son pinned to the floor by Mr Allwood. He said the Australian had his foot on the younger man's chest and both hands clamped around his neck "strangling him".
He told the jury: "I could see the fear in Kyle's eyes. I told him (Allwood) to get off and he ran out the back door. He came back about 10 minutes later. He was banging on the back door real loud. I opened it and he tried to come through the door like a raging bull, going for Kyle. Kyle got up, pushed me out of the way and pushed him out into the back garden." A few minutes later his son also left the house, but returned shortly afterwards, pulled open a kitchen drawer and grabbed a bread knife.
He said: "Kyle was really furious at that point. I tried to take it (the knife) from him but he held it up above his head. He's a lot taller than me. He went out with it."
Mr Montgomery said he did not hear or see anything happening outside because he remained inside, sitting on the sofa.
Advocate depute Martin Macari asked him: "What's the next thing you remember happening?"
He replied: "Him (Kyle) coming back in again about five minutes later. There was blood on the knife."
He said his son, who seemed angry, was holding the weapon in his right hand with his arm out by his side and the blade pointing away from him. Asked what he did next, he said he took the knife from his son and put it back in the cutlery drawer.
He told the jury: "I said 'Have you done something bad?' He said 'Yup'."
Mr Macari said: "Did you ask him what it was?"
He replied: "No. I found it very traumatic."
Mr Montgomery said his son left the house without saying anything further. He fell asleep on the sofa and was wakened by police who handcuffed him.
Under cross-examination by defence counsel Derek Ogg, Mr Montgomery confirmed he had told police the Australian man had said something like "I'll kill him" as he was throttling the accused.
He added: "Kyle was really scared and wasn't fighting back."
Mr Montgomery said his son had been treated for depression after being bullied at school for having an English accent. He described the accused as a "sensitive" character, who was a "brilliant" chess player.
The case continues.

25 June 2012 
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-edinburgh-east-fife-18581707

Man in court over Thomas Allwood murder

thomas allwoodThomas Allwood was found lying in the road
A man has appeared in court charged with murder following the death of a 55-year-old man in West Lothian last week.
Thomas Allwood was found by members of the public lying across Pyothall Road in Broxburn at about 04:45 on Thursday.
Kyle Montgomery, 24, of Winchburgh, appeared on petition at Livingston Sheriff Court.
He made no plea or declaration and was remanded in custody for further inquiries.



http://www.twylah.com/BBCScotlandNews/tweets/217293627293044736
A man has appeared in court charged with murder following the death of a 55-year-old man in West Lothian last week. Thomas Allwood was found by members of the public lying across Pyothall Road in Broxburn at about 04:45 on Thursday. Kyle Montgomery, 24, of Winchburgh, appeared on petition at Livingston Sheriff Court.



Australian visitor died in the street after being stabbed in chest

STV 19 November 2012

http://local.stv.tv/edinburgh/201510-australian-visitor-died-in-the-street-after-being-stabbed-once/


 Thomas Allwood: The 55-year-old was found dead in the street.
An Australian visitor to Scotland died in the street of a small town after being stabbed once with a knife.
On Monday, a jury was told Thomas Allwood's body was found in Broxburn, West Lothian, in the early hours of June 21 this year. At the High Court at Livingston, the prosecution and defence agreed the cause of death was a single stab wound to the 55-year-old investigative journalist's chest. Kyle Montgomery, 24, is on trial after pleading not guilty to murdering Mr Allwood. Montgomery, from Winchburgh, West Lothian, denies assaulting the Mr Allwood on various occasions on the night he died, repeatedly punching him on the head and body, pursuing him with a knife and striking him on the body with a knife. The attacks are alleged to have happened in Galloway Crescent, Clarkson Road and elsewhere in Broxburn. Mr Allwood was found by members of the public lying in Pyothall Road, near Clarkson Road, at about 4:45am. June Douglas, 44, who lives next door to Montgomery's father Robert in Galloway Crescent, said she saw the accused in the street at around 1pm on June 20 carrying a bag which she assumed contained alcohol.
A few minutes later she saw him at the door of his father's home trying to get in. She told the court her neighbour 
was a known alcoholic and frequently caused a nuisance. In the early hours of the following morning
 she said she was startled by a loud bang on the wall of her bedroom just after 3am.
She said: "It was as if somebody was going to come through the wall. It gave me a start - I'd never heard anything like the bang. 
I just took it that they were fighting and banging off the walls. It was something that happened all the time."
Under cross examination by defence advocate Derek Ogg, 
Ms Douglas agreed Mr Montgomery's house was "used like a drinking den". She added: "It was like living next door to a pub."
Her friend Christopher McDonald, 31, who was staying with her at the time, said loud music, banging and the sound of raised voices had continued long after Ms Douglas had gone to bed. He was also startled by the loud noise at around 3.15am.
He said: "The bang was the one thing that was out of the ordinary. I just assumed they were fighting again. 
The whole house shook."
He said he identified the sound of four voices in Mr Montgomery's one-bedroom maisonette that night. 
Things went quiet after the bang, then he said he heard someone leave by the back door.
He told the jury: "Someone went out quietly. The door was never closed quietly. 
What drew my attention was that it wasn't slammed. Later - after 5 0'clock - I heard really loud voices from the garden.
"I got really angry at that point. I pulled aside the curtain and I was ready to go mental, but the police were there."
Earlier barmaid Lisa Feenan, 30, said the accused's father Mr Montgomery had left the Badger's Brook pub 
in Broxburn just after 10 pm on June 20 with a man she knew only as "the Australian".
She said Mr Montgomery had been drinking Guinness in the bar for an hour and a half but the Australian visitor, 
who was with a woman she knew as Margaret, had only taken soft drinks.
In a joint minute of agreement read to the jury, the Crown produced technical evidence, 
including records of mobile phone calls by the accused, his father Robert and Tina Borst.
CCTV footage from cameras in Broxburn Main Street and the Badger's Brook pub was lodged as evidence along with a recording of a 999 call made by witness James McMillan on the morning of the incident.
A till receipt for cigarettes and a lighter from the Costcutter store at Fairfield Service Station along with CCTV film captured just before 5am have also been lodged.

Australian visitor died in the street after being stabbed in chest

STV 19 November 2012 




                    

Submariner Admits Official Secrets Act Breach

by Darren McCaffrey, Sky Reporter | Sky News
     

A former Royal Navy submariner has admitted collecting secret coding programmes that could be useful to an enemy of the UK.
Petty officer Edward Devenney, from Northern Ireland, pleaded guilty at the Old Bailey to gathering details of encryption programmes in breach of the Official Secrets Act.
The 30-year-old also admitted a charge of misconduct in a public office in relation to a meeting with two people he thought were from the Russian secret service.
He said he had discussed information relating to the movement of nuclear submarines with the pair.
They turned out to be British agents who carried out a sting operation in January of this year.
The Official Secrets Act charge was collecting information for a purpose prejudicial to the safety or interests of the state between November 18 last year and March 7 this year.
Devenney gathered details of "crypto material" - programmes used to encrypt secret information - which could be useful to an enemy.
He denied a second count of communicating information to another person and this will not be pursued by prosecutors.
The Ministry of Defence has said no classified information was ever passed on to the Russians or any other countries.
It has described Devenney as somewhat of a Walter Mitty character - referring to the fantasist character in James Thurber's book The Secret Life of Walter Mitty.
The judge, who said it was a highly unusual case, adjourned sentencing until December 12.
Some of that hearing will be held in private as the information relates to current British naval operations.
Devenney has been remanded in custody.


I am not in love with David Petraeus': Paula Broadwell's bizarre denial during interview filmed five months into her affair with disgraced CIA boss
by Daniel Bates
'I am not in love with David Petraeus': Paula Broadwell's bizarre denial during interview filmed five months into her affair with disgraced CIA boss
by Daniel Bates 12 November 2012
The woman who had an affair with David Petraeus denied she was in love with him in a bizarre interview she gave in the midst of their fling.
Speaking in an interview while promoting her book in February, Paula Broadwell said without prompting: 'I am not in love with David Petraeus', in what was something of a Freudian slip.
By that stage their affair was around five months having started when he became head of the CIA in September last year. It ended around July, according to reports.

 Freudian? In an interview with Arthur Kade, Paula Broadwell let slip: 'I'm not in love with David Petraeus'
In the interview Broadwell, who is married with two young sons, revealed that she had sent Petraeus' wife Holly a copy of her her fawning biography of her husband - and claimed that she loved it.
The disclosure could reignite the debate about what information she was given access to
If Petraeus, 60, was prepared to show her his intimate correspondence with mentors then he may have allowed her to see classified information too.

Affair: Former CIA boss David Petraeus is pictured with Paula Broadwell, his biographer and alleged mistress
Controversially, Broadwell even claims that it was Petraeus' idea, and not hers, to turn her dissertation project on military leadership into the book it became: 'All In: The Education Of General David Petraeus'.
The interview was carried out by Arthur Kade, a former financial advisor turned humanitarian who also conducts celebrity interviews.
He and Broadwell sit in front of an open fire for 13 minutes during which she speaks at length about the book.
Broadwell says: 'I conducted over 700 interviews, you can appreciate how time consuming that is, and to transcribe then and I was trying to do this all on my own as a dissertation project.
'But when I realised the opportunity I had to present this portrait of strategic leadership - you know it's not a hagiography, I’m not in love with David Petraeus, but I think he does present a terrific role model for young people, for executives, for men and women.

   
Betrayal: Broadwell has two children with her radiologist husband, Scott, pictured left. Petraeus has been married to his wife Holly, pictured right, for 38 years and they have two grown children together.

Look of love? A photo in June 2011 shows Broadwell watching as Petraeus and Holly arrive for a Senate Select Intelligence Committee hearing on Petraeus' nomination to be director of the CIA.
'There's a great role model there who is values oriented, who speaks the truth to power, who shows great example of taking initiative and other qualities we should be all be interested in ourselves and promoting in others.
Broadwell said that she had presented Petreaus with a copy of her book but added that 'he says he hasn't read it'
She said: 'I sent him and his wife a copy and I know his wife, Holly Petraeus, read it and she had great things to say.
'He's tracking how the book is being received and as an academic mentor of mine, if you will, he's proud of me.

Insistence: Broadwell made the bizarre claim about not loving Petraeus while promoting his biography, 'All In'.
He agreed, gave her a business card and she made multiple visits to Afghanistan to interview him - before romance finally flourished.
Turning to their relationship, Broadwell said in the interview: 'Our rapport increased and he decided to make it more of an official relationship, treating me like a biographer.
'I was able to look through correspondence he exchange with his mentors over three decades as a young captain and major and I was able to trace how he was thinking, the evolution of his thought about counterinsurgency, about how forces train and equip and fight and on leadership.
'I was particularly interested in leadership'.


U.S. Gen. John Allen


top commander of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) and U.S. forces in Afghanistan
, during an interview with The Associated Press



   

Associated Press/Musadeq Sadeq, File - FILE - This July 22, 2012, file photo shows U.S. Gen. John Allen, top commander of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) and U.S. forces in Afghanistan, during an interview with The Associated Press in Kabul, Afghanistan. The Pentagon says Gen. John Allen is under investigation for alleged "inappropriate communications" with Jill Kelley, the woman who is said to have received threatening emails from Paula Broadwell, the woman with whom former CIA Director David Petraeus had an extramarital affair. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta says the FBI referred the matter to the Pentagon on Sunday, Nov. 11, 2012. Panetta says he ordered a Pentagon investigation of Allen on Monday. (AP Photo/Musadeq Sadeq, File)

General investigated for emails to Petraeus friend

By ROBERT BURNS | Associated Press
PERTH, Australia (AP) — In a new twist to the Gen. David Petraeussex scandal, the Pentagon said Tuesday that the top American commander in Afghanistan, Gen. John Allen, is under investigationfor alleged "inappropriate communications" with a woman who is said to have received threatening emails from Paula Broadwell, the woman with whom Petraeus had an extramarital affair.
Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said in a written statement issued to reporters aboard his aircraft, en route from Honolulu to Perth, Australia, that the FBI referred the matter to the Pentagon on Sunday.
Panetta said that he ordered a Pentagon investigation of Allen on Monday. 
A senior defense official traveling with Panetta said Allen's communications were with Jill Kelley, who has been described as an unpaid social liaison at MacDill Air Force Base, Fla., which is headquarters to the U.S. Central Command. She is not a U.S. government employee.
Kelley is said to have received threatening emails from Broadwell, who is Petraeus' biographer and who had an extramarital affair with Petraeus that reportedly began after he became CIA director in September 2011.
Petraeus resigned as CIA director on Friday. 
Allen, a four-star Marine general, succeeded Petraeus as the top American commander in Afghanistan in July 2011.
The senior official, who discussed the matter only on condition of anonymity because it is under investigation, said Panetta believed it was prudent to launch a Pentagon investigation, although the official would not explain the nature of Allen's problematic communications. 
The official said 20,000 to 30,000 pages of emails and other documents from Allen's communications with Kelley between 2010 and 2012 are under review. He would not say whether they involved sexual matters or whether they are thought to include unauthorized disclosures of classified information. He said he did not know whether Petraeus is mentioned in the emails.
"Gen. Allen disputes that he has engaged in any wrongdoing in this matter," the official said. He said Allen currently is in Washington.
Panetta said that while the matter is being investigated by the Defense Department Inspector General, Allen will remain in his post as commander of the International Security Assistance Force, based in Kabul. He praised Allen as having been instrumental in making progress in the war.
 


                        Spotlight on second woman in General David Petraeus Scandal  


                        New details emerge about the woman who allegedly got menacing emails from the general's mistress.



Associated Press/Cliff Owen, File - FILE - In this June 23, 2011, file photo, Gen. David Petraeus, center, walks with his wife Holly, left, past a seated Paula Broadwell, rear right, as he arrives to appear before the Senate Intelligence Committee during a hearing on his nomination to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency on Capitol Hill in Washington. Petraeus quit Nov. 9, 2012, after acknowledging an extramarital relationship. As questions arise about the extramarital affair between Petraeus and his biographer, Paula Broadwell, she has remained quiet about details of their relationship. However, information has emerged about Jill Kelley, the woman who received the emails from Broadwell that led to the FBI’s discovery of Petraeus’ indiscretion. (AP Photo/Cliff Owen, File)

    

Spotlight on 2nd woman in Petraeus case

New details emerge about the woman who allegedly got menacing emails from the general's mistress.

By ADAM GOLDMAN, ANNE FLAHERTY and KIMBERLY DOZIER | Associated Press
WASHINGTON (AP) — As questions swirl about the extramarital affair that led to the resignation of CIA Director David Petraeus, the retired general and his biographer, Paula Broadwell, have been quiet about details of their relationship. However, information has emerged about the woman who received the emails from Broadwellthat led to the FBI's discovery of Petraeus' indiscretion.
A senior U.S. military official identified the second woman as Jill Kelley, 37, who lives in Tampa, Fla., and serves as an unpaid social liaison to MacDill Air Force Base in Tampa, where the military'sCentral Command and Special Operations Command are located.
In a statement Sunday, Kelley and her husband, Scott, said: "We and our family have been friends with Gen. Petraeus and his family for over five years. We respect his and his family's privacy and want the same for us and our three children." The military official who identified Kelley spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to publicly discuss the investigation. He said Kelley had received harassing emails from Broadwell, which led the FBI to examine her email account and eventually discover her relationship with Petraeus. The FBI contacted Petraeus and other intelligence officials, and Director of National Intelligence James Clapper asked Petraeus to resign. A former associate of Petraeus confirmed the target of the emails was Kelley, but said there was no affair between the two, speaking on condition of anonymity to discuss the retired general's private life. The associate, who has been in touch with Petraeus since his resignation, said Kelley and her husband were longtime friends of Petraeus and his wife, Holly.
Attempts to reach Kelley were not successful. Broadwell did not return phone calls or emails. The Petraeus news caught much of Washington by surprise and members of Congress said Sunday they want to know more details about the FBI investigation that revealed the extramarital affair between Petraeus and his biographer. They questioned when the retired general popped up in the FBI inquiry, whether national security was compromised and why they weren't told sooner. "We received no advanced notice. It was like a lightning bolt," Democratic Sen. Dianne Feinstein of California, who heads the Senate Intelligence Committee, said on "Fox News Sunday." Petraeus, 60, quit Friday after acknowledging an extramarital relationship. He has been married 38 years to Holly Petraeus, with whom he has two adult children, including a son who led an infantry platoon in Afghanistan as an Army lieutenant.
Broadwell, a 40-year-old graduate of the U.S. Military Academy and an Army Reserve officer, is married with two young sons.
Petraeus' affair with Broadwell will be the subject of meetings Wednesday involving congressional intelligence committee leaders, FBI deputy director Sean Joyce and CIA deputy director Michael Morell.




 

  


A rare fish taken off Cabo San Lucas ends up getting stolen in bizarre tale

By: David Strege Saturday, November 10, 2012 11:00pm PST

A fish rarely seen by humans and weighing in at 300 pounds became the center of a bizarre fish story in Cabo San Lucas, where the "mystery" fish wound up getting stolen.
The fish was described by the Pisces Sportfishing Fleet blog as having a dorado-shaped head, tuna-type body, wahoo tail (with half of it missing) and a snapper color. Pisces eventually identified the fish as a louvar or Luvaras Imperialis, a species last seen in Cabo waters some 22 years ago.
The boatful of fishermen who captured the rare beast knew it was something special, yet it became the fish that got away--stolen from under their noses.
As related by Capt. Josue Moreno to Pisces, the Marina II headed out for a half day of fishing when the crew and fishing tourists came across a huge fish circling on the top of the water.
"I thought it was a red snapper or tuna," Moreno told Pisces. "So we went over to investigate and saw this really weird fish, like something we had never seen before. It was still alive, but almost dead, struggling to breathe. So we gaffed it and had a really hard time getting it onto the swimstep. The tourists on board were amazed and kept asking us what it was, but we had no idea."
The Marina II was said to have stopped to catch a few dorado before heading in to have the big, mystery fish weighed and filleted.
Only that's not exactly what happened. 
As Pisces Sportfishing Fleet found out on Tuesday, the tale Moreno told was a lie. 
The real story surfaced when Pisces spoke with angler Joe Estrada of San Antonio, Texas. He and some friends had chartered the boat Dr. Pescado II. Less than four miles from the Lighthouse off Cabo, theyspotted the mystery fish circling on top of the water, they gaffed it and they tied it onto the swimstep.
"We wanted to head back with the fish," Estrada told Pisces. "We knew it was an unusual catch." But the captain said, "the dorado bite is good, let's stay and fish and I will find somebody to take it back."
So, not wanting the fish to sit out in the sun while they were fishing, the captain radioed the Marina II, and its captain agreed to take the fish in.
"Our skipper, Oscar, told the other skipper to take it back for us and put it on ice. You can hear him saying that on our video," Estrada told Doug Olander of Sport Fishing
The video below shows how the fish was transferred from one boat to the other. The fish was hooked to a buoy. The Dr. Pescado II left it floating for the Marina II, which scooped up the fish and headed in to port.
It was the last Estrada and his fishing group saw of the fish. As you can see in the photo above, Capt. Moreno had a photo taken with the fish before immediately filleting and distributing it to people around the marina. When the Dr. Pescado II returned to port to check on the fish, it was long gone.
"I like the fact that everybody was fed," Estrada told Pisces. "I hate to see fish go to waste and I am glad that so many families got fed."
But he sure wishes he had been able to take a few fillets home with him.
"I found out that they are really good eating," Estrada told Sport Fishing. "And I love to cook fish. That was heartbreaking."
 Estrada told Pisces that his skipper Oscar "felt betrayed," though we can't help but wonder if Oscar might have gotten any of those fillets. Hmmm. 
See Estrada's entire YouTube video here. We start the video below at 1:25, right when they describe how they're going to hand the fish off. "Let it be known we found the fish...We caught this fish, the rarest fish in the world," you can hear someone say. And, appropriately, you also hear, "Adios." 

www.piscessportfishing.com
 We started off as a family owned and operated business out of the City of La Paz, Baja, Mexico in 1978 with one 28 ft boat. A couple of years later we moved to Cabo and since then we have grown to be the largest and most respected charter fleet in Mexico. To keep pace with the growth of a more sophisticated market we gradually added more vessels and can now offer everything from the basic Baja Panga to mega yachts. Still, the favorite of most Cabo visitors(28-31ft) standard cruisers, seaworthy, clean boat, with very experienced crews which are great value for money. Slightly larger(32-48 ft), newer model, vessels with more comfort like salons and air-conditioning. Over 50 ft Sportfishers usually being new high tech vessels with great speed and more range. Last but not least, the Luxury Yachts, most being multi-purpose - fishing, cruising, snorkeling, diving -ideal for those want to be pampered with the very best. What sets us apart are the relationships we form with our clients, long-term; our focus is service, value for money and experienced crews. We have a proven track record that keeps our guests returning year after year.

We have not seen one of these strange fish in twenty two years and back in those days we were baffled having no idea what it was, but described it as "having a dorado shape head, tuna type body, wahoo tail and snapper color". Now we know that this fish is a louvar or Luvaras Imperialis. Not much is known about this elusive fish and it is rarely seen by humans and it is extremely rare to see a live specimen, as this one was.  Captain Josue Moreno, a twenty year old native of Cabo San Lucas and captain of the 28 ft cruiser Marina, left the dock this morning with some tourists he had signed up for a half day of fishing. They headed out to the Pacific in hopes of catching some dorado and were six miles off of the Old Lighthouse, when they spotted something big on the surface of the water "I thought it was a red snapper or a tuna" he told us, "so we went over to investigate and saw this really weird fish, like something we had never seen before. It was still alive, but almost dead, struggling to breathe. So we gaffed it and had a really hard time getting it on to the swimstep. The tourists on board were amazed and kept asking us what it was, but we had no idea".  Once secured on the back of the boat, they carried on fishing and picked up a few doardo before heading back to the marina at 11.30. The fillet guys knew what it was; they remembered the one from years ago and wrote up the photo board with the correct name for the captain to get his picture. After doing a bit of research we see that his 300 lb specimen is about as big as they get and learned that the flesh is delicious being compared to halibut and even swordfish. This species spends its entire life in the open ocean with jellyfish being its main diet.

How to Devise Passwords That Drive Hackers Away

The New York Times
How to Devise Passwords That Drive Hackers Away
By NICOLE PERLROTH | New York Times 



Not long after I began writing about cybersecurity, I became a paranoid caricature of my former self. It’s hard to maintain peace of mind when hackers remind me every day, all day, just how easy it is to steal my personal data.
Within weeks, I set up unique, complex passwords for every Web site, enabled two-step authentication for my e-mail accounts, and even covered up my computer’s Web camera with a piece of masking tape — a precaution that invited ridicule from friends and co-workers who suggested it was time to get my head checked. But recent episodes offered vindication. I removed the webcam tape — after a friend convinced me that it was a little much — only to see its light turn green a few days later, suggesting someone was in my computer and watching. More recently, I received a text message from Google with the two-step verification code for my Gmail account. That’s the string of numbers Google sends after you correctly enter the password to your Gmail account, and it serves as a second password. (Do sign up for it.) The only problem was that I was not trying to get into my Gmail account. I was nowhere near a computer. Apparently, somebody else was. It is absurdly easy to get hacked. All it takes is clicking on one malicious link or attachment. Companies’ computer systems are attacked every day by hackers looking for passwords to sell on auctionlike black market sites where a single password can fetch $20. Hackers regularly exploit tools like John the Ripper, a free password-cracking program that use lists of commonly used passwords from breached sites and can test millions of passwords per second.
Chances are, most people will get hacked at some point in their lifetime. The best they can do is delay the inevitable by avoiding suspicious links, even from friends, and manage their passwords. Unfortunately, good password hygiene is like flossing — you know it’s important, but it takes effort. How do you possibly come up with different, hard-to-crack passwords for every single news, social network, e-commerce, banking, corporate and e-mail account and still remember them all? To answer that question, I called two of the most (justifiably) paranoid people I know, Jeremiah Grossman and Paul Kocher, to find out how they keep their information safe. Mr. Grossman was the first hacker to demonstrate how easily somebody can break into a computer’s webcam and microphone through a Web browser. He is now chief technology officer at WhiteHat Security, an Internet and network security firm, where he is frequently targeted by cybercriminals. Mr. Kocher, a well-known cryptographer, gained notice for clever hacks on security systems. He now runs Cryptography Research, a security firm that specializes in keeping systems hacker-resistant. Here were their tips:
FORGET THE DICTIONARY If your password can be found in a dictionary, you might as well not have one. “The worst passwords are dictionary words or a small number of insertions or changes to words that are in the dictionary,” said Mr. Kocher. Hackers will often test passwords from a dictionary or aggregated from breaches. If your password is not in that set, hackers will typically move on.
NEVER USE THE SAME PASSWORD TWICE People tend to use the same password across multiple sites, a fact hackers regularly exploit. While cracking into someone’s professional profile on LinkedIn might not have dire consequences, hackers will use that password to crack into, say, someone’s e-mail, bank, or brokerage account where more valuable financial and personal data is stored.
COME UP WITH A PASSPHRASE The longer your password, the longer it will take to crack. A password should ideally be 14 characters or more in length if you want to make it uncrackable by an attacker in less than 24 hours. Because longer passwords tend to be harder to remember, consider a passphrase, such as a favorite movie quote, song lyric, or poem, and string together only the first one or two letters of each word in the sentence.
OR JUST JAM ON YOUR KEYBOARD For sensitive accounts, Mr. Grossman says that instead of a passphrase, he will randomly jam on his keyboard, intermittently hitting the Shift and Alt keys, and copy the result into a text file which he stores on an encrypted, password-protected USB drive. “That way, if someone puts a gun to my head and demands to know my password, I can honestly say I don’t know it.”
STORE YOUR PASSWORDS SECURELY Do not store your passwords in your in-box or on your desktop. If malware infects your computer, you’re toast. Mr. Grossman stores his password file on an encrypted USB drive for which he has a long, complex password that he has memorized. He copies and pastes those passwords into accounts so that, in the event an attacker installs keystroke logging software on his computer, they cannot record the keystrokes to his password. Mr. Kocher takes a more old-fashioned approach: He keeps password hints, not the actual passwords, on a scrap of paper in his wallet. “I try to keep my most sensitive information off the Internet completely,” Mr. Kocher said.
A PASSWORD MANAGER? MAYBE Password-protection software lets you store all your usernames and passwords in one place. Some programs will even create strong passwords for you and automatically log you in to sites as long as you provide one master password. LastPassSplashDataand AgileBits offer password management software for Windows, Macs and mobile devices. But consider yourself warned: Mr. Kocher said he did not use the software because even with encryption, it still lived on the computer itself. “If someone steals my computer, I’ve lost my passwords.” Mr. Grossman said he did not trust the software because he didn’t write it. Indeed, at a security conference in Amsterdam earlier this year, hackers demonstrated how easily the cryptography used by many popular mobile password managers could be cracked.
IGNORE SECURITY QUESTIONS There is a limited set of answers to questions like “What is your favorite color?” and most answers to questions like “What middle school did you attend?” can be found on the Internet. Hackers use that information to reset your password and take control of your account. Earlier this year, a hacker claimed he was able to crack into Mitt Romney’s Hotmail and Dropbox accounts using the name of his favorite pet. A better approach would be to enter a password hint that has nothing to do with the question itself. For example, if the security question asks for the name of the hospital in which you were born, your answer might be: “Your favorite song lyric.”
USE DIFFERENT BROWSERS Mr. Grossman makes a point of using different Web browsers for different activities. “Pick one browser for ‘promiscuous’ browsing: online forums, news sites, blogs — anything you don’t consider important,” he said. “When you’re online banking or checking e-mail, fire up a secondary Web browser, then shut it down.” That way, if your browser catches an infection when you accidentally stumble on an X-rated site, your bank account is not necessarily compromised. As for which browser to use for which activities, a study last year by Accuvant Labs of Web browsers — including Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome and Microsoft Internet Explorer — found that Chrome was the least susceptible to attacks.
SHARE CAUTIOUSLY “You are your e-mail address and your password,” Mr. Kocher emphasized. Whenever possible, he will not register for online accounts using his real e-mail address. Instead he will use “throwaway” e-mail addresses, like those offered by 10minutemail.com. Users register and confirm an online account, which self-destructs 10 minutes later. Mr. Grossman said he often warned people to treat anything they typed or shared online as public record.
“At some point, you will get hacked — it’s only a matter of time,” warned Mr. Grossman. “If that’s unacceptable to you, don’t put it online.”

Proud to Be One of the World's Worst Hotels

By DRAGANA JOVANOVIC Nov. 12, 2012


The good news? This hotel is a bargain, no room costs more 25 euros per night. The bad news: You get what you pay for. It may be the worst hotel in the world.

The people who own the Hans Brinker Budget Hostel in Amsterdam wrote the book on the subject with a simple idea in mind: If you were warned in advance, you can't complain after you arrive. Some of the Hans Brinker's advertising slogans include: "It can't get any worse. But we'll do our best" or "Improve your immune system – stay at Hans Brinker!" And this "honest" humorous approach works, if you judge by the high percentage of the hotel's 511 beds in 127 rooms that are occupied these days. 

The hotel's target clientele are mostly students and backpackers, who can appreciate the sarcastic humor and the price. The Hans Brinker ads make extremely modest claims: "Now with beds in every room" or "Now more rooms without a window," to go with the modest rate. 
And cheapness isn't the only virtue on display at the Hans Brinker Budget Hostel, there's also so-called ecological correctness. So the hotel's broken elevators becomes an "eco-friendly elevator"-- the stairs. No hot water in the shower? It keeps water consumption environmentally sound. No towels? Drying yourself off with the curtains saves on washing and helps save the planet. "It's an experience," says Tijmen Receveur, a manager at Hans Brinker. "Most of our guests are pleasantly surprised when they arrive at the hotel. They love our humor and sarcasm and they have diminished their expectations to less than nothing." A "legal note" posted on the hotel's website states that guests book there "at their own risk and will not hold the hotel liable for food poisoning, mental breakdowns, terminal illness, lost limbs, radiation poisoning, certain diseases associated with the 18th century, plague, etcetera."

"I've stayed in a lot of crummy places, but I like to think the Hans Brinker is the best of the worst," says Eleonor, a Belgian student, who stayed there recently. "It's the perfect place for teenage travelers or people in their twenties, who are likely to fall asleep in one of the bars around the corner anyway." Still, wacky humor can only take you so far, and recent comments on TripAdvisor indicate some guests may have forgotten the basis of their bargain: you get what you pay for, even or especially, at "The Worst Hotel in the World." Recent comments range from "For the reputation of the world's worst hotel it wasn't as bad as I thought. Pretty scabby still, very basic. The bathroom was atrocious! The winner for it was the location though. I wouldn't say don't stay there, but I would never stay there ever again" to the more flattering "Hans Brinker is a fun filled hostel with great facilities, friendly staff and great location. You will not be disappointed!"

Either way, you've been warned.
























Colorado investigating reports of machines changing Romney votes to Obama

November 6, 2012
The Republican party of Pueblo, Colorado, has begun an investigation into reports that voting machines have been switching voters' selections.
The Pueblo GOP received at least a dozen complaints about voting machines changing votes for Mitt Romney, Republican nominee, into votes for Barack Obama, the incumbent.
Speaking to local media outlet, KRDO, Gilbert Ortiz, Pueblo County clerk and recorder said:
"..Just like when you're texting on your cell phone or using any other touchscreen technology, there's a chance  that you might think your finger is touching one area and it's actually touching another...."
Interactive: US inner circles of power
Meet the top consultants, advisers, and pollsters behind Barack Obama and Mitt Romney's candidacies.
Mohammed Haddad and Hasan Salim Patel Last Modified: 31 Oct 2012 10:45


US votes in tight presidential race
Long lines reported in some states as millions of voters take to the polls after a grueling campaign.
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2012 20:20
After a seemingly endless presidential campaign, voters in the United States are going to the polls to decide whether to give president Barack Obama a second term or replace him with his Republican challenger, former Massachusetts governor Mitt Romney.
Voters in dozens of states were lined up before dawn, with lengthy lines and hour-long waits reported in many places. In New York and New Jersey, eastern states battered last week by Hurricane Sandy, voters queued outside of tents and other makeshift polling places.
There were scattered reports of irregularities across the country, particularly from voters who said they were asked to show identification while waiting in line. In Pennsylvania, a judge ordered Republicans to stop demanding ID from voters outside a polling station.
Voting machines also broke down in a number of polling stations. One man in Pennsylvania posted a video of a machine which did not let him vote for Obama, apparently a malfunction.
Romney voted on Tuesday morning near his home in Belmont, Massachusetts. From there he planned to hit the campaign trail, a rarity for presidential candidates on Election Day; his campaign has scheduled events in Pennsylvania and the battleground state of Ohio.
Obama voted more than a week ago in his hometown of Chicago, part of a campaign to encourage his supporters to take advantage of early voting. Some 30 million Americans have already voted, a record number.
The president plans to spend the day at his headquarters in the city, and has no plans to hit the campaign trail, though he did make phone calls to volunteers.
"[I] want to say to Governor Romney, congratulations on a spirited campaign," he told reporters on Tuesday morning. "We feel confident we've got the votes to win, but it's going to depend ultimately on whether those votes turn out."
His vice president, Joe Biden, cast his ballot in the early morning hours in his home state of Delaware. He will travel to Chicago in the afternoon to watch the results with Obama.
Tuesday's vote caps off a grueling campaign that became the most expensive in history: Candidates and outside groups spent some $2.6bn on the presidential race alone.
Both candidates have spent the last few weeks barnstorming the handful of "swing states" which will decide the election. Obama made campaign stops on Monday in Wisconsin, Iowa and Ohio, while Romney visited New Hampshire, Florida, Ohio and Virginia.
Obama used his final campaign stop to remind voters of his accomplishments: the economy's slow recovery from recession, the rescue of the American auto industry, and the end of the war in Iraq, among other things.
He sought to sharpen the contrast between his policies and those of his opponent.
"It's not just a choice between two candidates and two parties, it's a choice between two different visions for America," he said.
Obama has not laid out a detailed agenda for his second term, and Romney has seized on that in his final speeches, warning voters that the president will simply repeat his policies from the past four years - which the Republican nominee described as a failure.
"His plan for the next four years is to take all the ideas from the first term - the stimulus, the borrowing, Obamacare, all the rest - and do them over again," Romney said, referring to the president's $787bn economic stimulus package and his health care reforms.
"He calls that ‘Forward.’ I call it ‘Forewarned,'" the former governor quipped.
Polls positive for Obama
The last round of national polls heading into the vote were good news for the president. A Pew Research Center poll showed him leading Romney by three points, 48 per cent to 45 per cent. The same poll had them tied last week.
Two other polls showed a closer race: A Washington Post-ABC News poll had Obama leading by one point, 49 per cent to 48 per cent; and a CNN poll had the candidates tied with 49 per cent of the vote.
All three of those results were within the polls' margins of error. 
But the popular vote will not decide the outcome. States are apportioned a number of electoral votes based on their population, and the candidate who wins a majority - 270 - becomes president. And the final state polls showed the president leading in most of the crucial swing states.
Surveys in Ohio have had Obama leading by anywhere from three to five points. A victory there would mean Romney would have to win at least six of the remaining eight battleground states, which seems unlikely: Obama led every poll conducted in Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada, Virginia and Wisconsin; Romney's lone bright spot was North Carolina, where he looks poised to win by a narrow margin.
The other two battlegrounds, Colorado and Florida, seem too close to predict, with polls showing a range of possible outcomes.
In Dixville Notch, New Hampshire, a small village which traditionally opens its polling places just after midnight - the first vote in the nation - Romney and Obama tied, 5-5. It was the first tie in more than 50 years of midnight voting in the town, which is not a bellwether for the national result.





Scenes from Election Day: America heads to the polls

By Liz Goodwin, Yahoo! News | The Ticket 

A polling station in Los Angeles, California Tuesday. Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images)Obama mural in Philadelphia. (Tim Miller)

The most expensive presidential race in American history—some $2.6 billion was spent—is finally coming to an end. The barrage of political ads is quieting, and voters now have the chance to speak.
Polls close in Virginia, Indiana, Georgia, Kentucky, South Carolina and Vermont at 7 PM ET, with other states following close behind. Alaska's polling stations, the last to close, finally shutter at 1 AM Wednesday. In the meantime, we'll be gathering all the latest news about the candidates, polling stations and swing states here.
3:01 PM: If you thought it was a hassle for you to vote today, we'd like you to meet Galicia Malone. The 21-year-old first-time voter from Illinois managed to cast her ballot today even though she was in labor.
2:50 PM: Check out this series of photos of voters in Queens, who took a break from trying to salvage their Sandy-hit homes to vote in makeshift voting stations today.
2:40 PM: Guess they're not too nervous for a big lunch. Paul Ryan and Mitt Romney grabbed lunch at a Wendy's in a Cleveland suburb after stopping by a campaign office. Here's a photo of them greeting the staff. Joe Biden, meanwhile, grabbed lunch at a local restaurant in Sterling, Virginia, where he had a Cobb salad.
2:38 PM: For the third day in a row, Joe Biden and Mitt Romney's planes passed each other on the tarmac. This time, in Cleveland.
2:30 PM: A judge has ordered officials to cover up the Obama mural in a Philadelphia polling placethat raised controversy earlier today.
1:20 PM: An estimated 50 million eligible Americans will not vote today. Here's why.
1:00 PM: Better late than never? Google searches for "who's running for president" spiked in November.
12:25 PM: You might want to think twice before posting your filled out ballot to Facebook, Flickr, or Instagram. Propublica reports that some states have laws that prohibit people from showing their ballots to anyone. Violating the rule can result in having your ballot thrown out. See if it's legal in your state at the Citizen Media Law Project site.
12:18 PM: In Washington D.C., There are reports that some lines are so long at polling sites that people are giving up on voting. How was your polling place? Let us know in the comments.
12 PM: Republican National Committee official Tim Miller is complaining on Twitter that a Philadelphia polling place has put up voting booths right next to a mural of Obama. The location of the polling site is 35th ward-D18 Franklin School, according to the Weekly Standard. Miller wrote that the Pennsylvania GOP has filed a complaint. Electioneering is not allowed within 10 feet of a polling place. The Philadelphia City Commissioners' office is looking into the complaints.
11:40 AM: Elections officials in Pinellas county in Florida mistakenly sent hundreds of robocalls telling voters they had until 7:00 PM Wednesday to vote, the Tampa Bay Times reports. (The last polls close at 8 PM Tuesday in the state.) Elections officials sent a second message to alert voters who received the calls of the mistake. A majority of the county voted Democratic in 2008.
11 AM: A Chrysler official wrote on Twitter that the car company has given its entire workforce the day off to vote. (He added that the auto workers union and Chrysler, GM and Ford have agreed that workers get the day off to vote for years.) Late last month the company had strongly denied the accuracy of an ad from Mitt Romney's campaign stating that the automaker was moving its Jeep production to China. The company, in fact, said it recently added 1,100 jobs in the swing state of Ohio, where one in eight jobs is connected to the auto industry.
10 AM: All four major candidates have cast their ballots. President Barack Obama voted weeks ago in Chicago as part of his campaign's push to get their supporters to vote early in states that allow it. Voting on Tuesday: Vice President Joe Biden, at a Wilmington, Del., high school; Gov. Mitt Romney and his wife, Ann, near their Belmont, Mass., home; and Paul Ryan cast his ballot in his hometown of Janesville, Wis.
9:40 AM: The first election results are in—and it's a tie. In New Hampshire, Dixville Notch's 10 registered votes split evenly 5-5 between Romney and Obama. The small village has cast its ballots at midnight since 1960, giving political junkies an early look at how candidates are faring in the Granite State. President Obama carried the small village in 2008, but Dixville Notch went to George W. Bush in both 2000 and 2004.




























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Confession No.9: Will America Rise Up Against Jesuits, Vatican And New World Order Tyranny?
by Greg Szymanski, June 18, 2006
Last Updated: Sunday, June 18, 2006 10:05:52 AM

As the question lingers will Americans sit back and allow the 'powers that be' to refer to them as 'useless eaters' or will they rely on past history to uncover and remove the real culprits behind the destruction of America.
Greg SzymanskiGreg Szymanski
he term "useless eaters" was first used by Nazi doctors, referring to their concentration camp victims. It was later used by former CIA director William Colby, referring to the Mexican people.
Now it used in the inner circles of the Illuminati and the dungeons of the Vatican when referring to the people of the United States.
And the reason Americans are now considered "useless eaters" is they are being set-up by the spiritual controllers of the New World Order -- the Jesuits -- for mass eradication like the 22 million Russian citizens slaughtered during the failed fascist offensive at Stalingrad, as well as numerous other genocides orchestrated by fanatical elements in the Vatican.
As we move on with Confession No. 9 in our search for the true spiritual controllers of the New World Order by the shores of Brushy Creek, according to researcher John Judge the Vatican's dirty work through the Jesuits can be traced to the creation of the communist Soviet Union, as well as backing Nazi Germany's terror campaign.
In a lengthy article connecting the dots of the Vatican, the Illuminati and the impending destruction of America, Judge wrote:
"A group of the most fanatically conservative elements of the Catholic Church, men who still supported the inquisition in Spain and who used flagellation as prayer, formed a lay order known as Opus Dei, the Works of God.
"These were joined in rank by the ancient military order of the church ' the secretive Knights Hospitallers, or the Knights of Malta. Their ultimate objective was the downfall of the new Soviet government. No method or means was too extreme, so these forces backed and helped to create Franco in Spain, Mussolini in Italy, and Hitler in Germany. Some of the U.S. firms continued their financial trade and support of the fascists throughout all of World War II, with Russia as the target.
"But the fascist offensive failed at Stalingrad, though the cost had been enormous, with 22 million Soviet citizens dead. At this crucial turning point, they retreated and retrenched, adding to their ranks the embittered revanchists of Eastern Europe, the "cold warriors" and Klansmen of America, and even worse elements.
"From 1943 forward, plans began to escalate the "cold war" of propaganda and paramilitary spying into the nuclear exchange of World War III.. Still, no other goal was so important as the "recapture" of Mother Russia into monarchist and fascist hands. But now they had also added the perspective of the eugenicists and the "scientific" racists of the Third Reich, who saw most of the non-white world as expendable."
Judge's well researched article is a piece of lost history, highlighting the secret assassins from the World War II era who escaped justice, formulating the basis of the fascist movement now destroying America with the full cooperation and assistance of the Vatican through the Jesuit Order.
The following portion of the article reveals the names of the men most responsible for the establishment of the New World Order as well as naming those who worked together with them to determine how America is being undermined today.
Judge said the following is based on his own research and that of Mae Brussell, and the few researchers looking into the truth of what became of democracy in America:
Add to this international fascist cabal the following sources of power: Kameradenwerk, Die Spinne and Odessa -- the secret webs of Nazi SS men and mass murderers who escaped justice after the war and found a home in Europe, South America and the obliging United States.
Project Paperclip -- A successful American operation which brought to the U.S. literally hundreds of top aerospace and munitions experts from Nazi Germany to form the corporate leadership and the expertise behind the technological and military advances of a growing military-industrial I complex.[]
Belarus Brigade -- The dreaded combined forces of Nazi and White Russian troops in Byelorussia during World War II, a counter-revolutionary stronghold since World War I and a Nazi-infested army against Russia. The top government officials, nearly 300 of them, were brought to the
United States and given important government and intelligence jobs by our thankful CIA and OSS.
Dictatorships -- Arisen in South America and throughout the world whose fascist rhetoric and genocidal direction come directly from Nazi collusion and training, not historical chance.
The Gehlen Network -- A black orchestra of spies whose infamous dealings during World War II had put the Nazi spies in bed with every major intelligence network in the world from British M15 and M16, to the American OSS and the heavily infiltrated KGB,] Under the evil genius of Allen Dulles, whose espionage attacks on the Soviet Union date back to the 1920's, $200 million in Rockefeller and Mellon funds was directed into the hands of Hitler's spymaster Reinhard Gehlen and his 350 Nazi spies, who formed and founded our Central Intelligence Agency in 1947.] Later, these same forces created post-war European intelligence , our Defense Intelligence Agency, our National Security Agency, and covert groupings here and abroad whose very initials are considered classified information.
Assassins -- An international fascist network of terror, congealed in the grey underworld of Mafia murders, drug trafficking, gun smuggling and political murders worldwide. These mercenary armies still draw their ranks from the refugees encamped everywhere, still operate with names like Alpha 66 and Omega 7, ] AAA or DINA, the Kuomintang of Chiang Kai Shek, the Somocistas along the Honduran border now, the Hmong peoples of Laos and the reactionary ranks of the Vietnamese, the Phalangists in Lebanon, and even the Grey Wolves of Turkey whose members include Mehmet Ali Agca, the attempted assassin of the Pope now so falsely accused of working with the Soviet KGB.
Interpol -- An international police intelligence agency begun at the end of World War II in collaboration with Nazi war criminals and our own J. Edgar Hoover of FBI fame.[19]
These elements meet internationally under the aegis of organizations like the World Union of National Socialists, the Asian People's Anti-Communist League, and the World Anti-Communist League. Their cover is provided by "journalists" like Claire Sterling, [20] and Marvin Kalb of Opus Dei.[21] Their legitimacy and recruiting is aided by evangelical fronts like "World Vision," which runs many of the refugee camps and includes John W. Hinckley, Sr.[22] They draw their funds from the illevl and profitable world heroin and cocaine trade, [23] and their training from CIA experts like Mitch WerBell, Edwin Wilson, Frank Terpil and unreconstructed Nazi torturers who provide 'lechniques." [24] Their weapons come from an equally lucrative gun smuggling trade, assisted by intelligence agencies.[25]
This is the real historical framework of current events, that follow from "cold war" to "COINTELPRO" and "CHAOS," [26] from the framing of the Rosenbergs to "Operation Garden Plot," [27] from Alger Hiss to the "Houston Plan," [28] from McCarthy to "MK-ULTRA," [29] from the Third Reich to the Fourth. What the demon Dulles brothers engineered, [30] the massive cold-war lie [31] that justified any excess in the direction of fascism, is the root of Malcolm X's statement on Vietnam, that "the chickens are going to come home to roost." Under the current rubric of the World Anti-Cummunist League," [32] the Solidarists, the Nazis and other fascists, the reactionary forces in every part of the globe unit to bring us a legacy of deception and murder, of war profits and starvation, of open dictatorial rule. Their now three-quarter-century-old goal of crushing the Soviet revolution has brought us to both financial and physical ruin, and to the brink of World War III.[33] To attain that goal, fascism has come home to roost.[34]
During World War II, the Nazis in France gained collaboration and capitulation by going first to the task of corrupting the courts, compromising the judges, and turning the slim hope of judicial justice into a political weapon.[35] In our own country, the most respected Justice of the Supreme Court was unable to solve the obvious case of conspiracy in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. The primary role of the state police has become spying and suppression of legitimate attempts to challenge the undemocratic and secret rule of the national security state.[36] The purpose of the law now is to put the protection of profits above people at all costs, even to the point of police destruction of the evidence necessary to reconstruct the crime.[37] Do you think we are in some better or more holy condition in our own courts today? What special sort of American chauvinism leads us to blindly assert "it can't happen here?" For it has.
In a recent editorial in the Boston Globe, dated February 14, 1983, we can see the delayed reaction of the established press shortly after the extradition of Klaus Barbie, [38] the Nazi "Butcher of Lyons," from Bolivia to France:
Barbie is only one of many notorious Nazi leaders who were welcomed like prodigal sons into service with Western intelligence agencies after the war. Their unspeakable crimes against humanity were implicitly forgiven and conveniently forgotten. They were paid and protected so that they could return to active duty in the anti-Communist crusade which their fuhrer, Adolf Hitler, had temporarily discredited with his extremism.
Their names compose a rogue's gallery of fascist thuggery. Hitler's master spy, Reinhard Gehlen, was made chief of the Western German intelligence agency (BND) and shared his Nazi intelligence data with his protectors in the CIA. Otto Skorzeny, a Nazi specialist at organizing terror networks in occupied countries, was employed in the U.S. Army's historical division, which served as a way-station for former Nazis who would go on to serve in the Gehlen-CIA intelligence network. Skorzeny used his tacit immunity to shepherd old Nazi comrades out of Europe, working through cover organizations, known as Odessa, Kamaradenwerk, and Die Spinne.
As the years went by, Gehlen, Skorzeny and their network of old-boy collaborators accumulated enormous influence both In Europe and Latin America. Skorzeny shuttled between Franco's Spain and Peron's Argentina, where he served the Argentine dictator as a gray eminence. His goal was to foster the growth of a fascist Fourth Reich centered in Latin America.
He could count on such loyalist operatives as Josef Mengele in Paraguay, on Adolf Eichmann and Hans Ulrich Rudel in Argentina; on Walter Rauff in Chile; and on Klaus Barbie in Bolivia.
Rauff, who is charged with sending 97, 000 Jews to their death, has served as a revered adviser to the fascist dictatorship imposed on Chile by Augusto Pinochet after the overthrow of Salvador Allende, and was instrumental in setting up the infamous Chilean secret police agency known as DINA. Barbie, in Bolivia, organized paramilitary death squads and drug smuggling networks for a succession of military r6gimes.
To grasp the full meaning of Barbie's belated appointment with justice, his career may be seen as an emblem of the unchecked metastasis of fascism. It is particularly mortifying for Americans to be reminded that our government put Barbie on its payroll a few years after he worked for Hitler.
Erhard Dabringhaus of U.S. Army Intelligence sheltered this mass murderer, paid him $1700 a month to run a spy network in France, and helped him escape to South America. "I am a good American of German extraction and I did my job," he said recently from his position as a German history professor at Wayne State University.[39] These people, and those who aided them, have names, addresses, and connections to the top levels of the United States government. They figure prominently in the hidden history of our po