Edward Snowden's girlfriend Lindsay Mills: At the moment I feel alone

Mills's blog – in which she described life with her boyfriend on Hawaii – taken down after Snowden identified as source of leaks


  • The Guardian,
  • guardian.co.uk,
  • http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/11/edward-snowden-russia-asylum-request

  • The Guardian,
  • Russia has offered to consider an asylum request from the US whistleblower Edward Snowden, in the Kremlin's latest move to woo critics of the west.

    Snowden fled the United States before leaking the details of a top-secret US surveillance programme to the Guardian this month. He is currently believed to be in Hong Kong, but has reportedly changed hotels to keep his location secret.

    Fearing US retaliation, Snowden said at the weekend that "my predisposition is to seek asylum in a country with shared values", citing Iceland as an example. He defended his decision to flee to Hong Kong by citing its relative freedom compared with mainland China.

    Snowden is not known to have made any asylum requests, including to Russia. Yet speaking to the Russian newspaper Kommersant, Dmitry Peskov, Vladimir Putin's spokesman, said: "If such an appeal is given, it will be considered. We'll act according to facts."

    Peskov's comments were widely carried by the Russian media, which have largely ignored Snowden's revelations that the National Security Agency (NSA) was secretly empowered with wide-reaching authority to collect information from the US mobile provider Verizon and to snoop on emails and internet communications via a data-mining programme called Prism. Russia's feared security services are widely believed to maintain similar powers.

    Peskov's comments on potential asylum opened the floodgates on support for Snowden. Robert Shlegel, an influential MP with the ruling United Russia party, said: "That would be a good idea."

    Alexey Pushkov, head of the Duma's international affairs committee and a vocal US critic, said on Twitter: "By promising asylum to Snowden, Moscow has taken upon itself the protection of those persecuted for political reasons. There will be hysterics in the US. They only recognise this right for themselves."

    He continued: "Listening to telephones and tracking the internet, the US special services broke the laws of their country. In this case, Snowden, like Assange, is a human rights activist."

    Russia has a roundly poor reputation for human rights and freedom of speech, with people regularly persecuted for their political beliefs. Dozens have been arrested for protesting against Putin, and the president's top critics continue to face the decision of whether to flee the country or end up in jail.

    The country's own whistleblowers suffer harrowing fates. Sergei Magnitsky, a lawyer who revealed a multimillion-dollar corruption scheme involving officials from the interior ministry and tax police, was arrested and later died in jail after being refused medical attention. His body also showed signs of torture. Alexey Navalny, a prominent anti-corruption activist, is currently on trial on charges widely believed to be politically motivated.

    Yet Russia is often among the first countries to offer support for whistleblowers who expose wrongdoing in the west. Julian Assange, the head of WikiLeaks, found many a champion among Russian officials and was given a programme on Russia Today, the Kremlin's English-language propaganda television channel.

    Putin has made a concerted effort to woo those who forsake the west. This year, he loudly welcomed Gérard Depardieu after the French actor declared his desire to renounce his citizenship in protest at France's high tax rate. Putin granted the actor Russian citizenship and other Russian officials have given him flats around the country, including in Grozny, the postwar capital of Chechnya.

    MI6 are the War Lords of the Drug Trade
    by James Casbolt
    from JamesCasbolt Website
    MI6 are the War Lords of the Drug Trade

               There Is Still Hope Amongst The Sadness   


    Email from June Saunders in London -INLNews.com Reader that needs to be read:


    There is hope amongst the sadness..

    ..Things are happening--please watch Russia (RT) on TV.. There is an Oxford Professor who says that most world leaders of countries and psychos, according to a test that can be applied...even people like Winston Churchill, David Cameron, Tony Blair. George Bush, Barrack Obama etc...they are unfeeling people and unfeeling for the people....but he says that is OK..  that is because me need these psychos to make uncomfortable decisions...I say this is bollocks....what we need if love and caring for others..How have these psycho leaders helped humanity ..... with half of the world starving...They don't get it...If people were educated and fed properly…. they would use birth control to  regulate their lives..and they would have knowledge to have a happier balanced informed community....these ignorant evil people have destroyed our planet with their hatred and  greed... Edward Snowden blowing the whistle on the CIA... its all coming out now... There is hope amongst the sadness..


    It may be a revelation to many people that the global drug trade is controlled and run by the intelligence agencies. In this global drug trade British intelligence reigns supreme.
    As intelligence insiders know MI-5 and MI-6 control many of the other intelligence agencies in the world (CIA, MOSSAD etc) in a vast web of intrigue and corruption that has its global power base in the city of London, the square mile. My name is James Casbolt, and I worked for MI-6 in 'black ops' cocaine trafficking with the IRA and MOSSAD in London and Brighton between 1995 and 1999.
    My father Peter Casbolt was also MI-6 and worked with the CIA and mafia in Rome, trafficking cocaine into Britain. My experience was that the distinctions of all these groups became blurred until in the end we were all one international group working together for the same goals. We were puppets who had our strings pulled by global puppet masters based in the city of London. Most levels of the intelligence agencies are not loyal to the people of the country they are based in and see themselves as 'super national'.

    It had been proved beyond a shadow of a doubt that the CIA has been bringing in most of the drugs into America for the last fifty years (see ex LAPD officer Michael Rupert's 'From the wilderness' website for proof).
    The CIA operates under orders from British intelligence and was created by British intelligence in 1947.
    The CIA today is still loyal to the international bankers based in the city of London and the global elite aristocratic families like the Rothschild's and the Windsor's. Since it was first started, MI-6 has always brought drugs into Britain. They do not bring 'some' of the drugs into Britain but I would estimate MI-6 bring in around ninety percent of the drugs in.
    They do this by pulling the strings of many organized crime and terrorist groups and these groups like the IRA are full of MI-6 agents.

    MI-6 bring in heroin from the middle east, cocaine from south America and cannabis from morocco as well as other places. British intelligence also designed and created the drug LSD in the 1950's through places like the Tavistock Institute in London. By the 1960's MI-5, MI-6 and the CIA were using LSD as a weapon against the angry protestors of the sixties and turned them into 'flower children' who were too tripped out to organize a revolution.

    Dr Timothy Leary the LSD guru of the sixties was a CIA puppet. Funds and drugs for Leary's research came from the CIA and Leary says that Cord Meyer, the CIA agent in charge of funding the sixties LSD counter culture has "helped me to understand my political cultural role more clearly".
    In 1998, I was sent 3000 LSD doses on blotting paper by MI-5 with pictures of the European union flag on them. The MI-5 man who sent them told my father this was a government 'signature' and this LSD was called 'Europa'.

    This global drugs trade controlled by British intelligence is worth at least 500 billion a year. This is more than the global oil trade and the economy in Britain and America is totally dependent on this drug money. Mafia crime boss John Gotti exposed the situation when asked in court if he was involved in drug trafficking.
    He replied "No we can't compete with the government".
    I believe this was only a half truth because the mafia and the CIA are the same group at the upper levels. In Britain, the MI-6 drug money is laundered through the Bank of England, Barclays Bank and other household name companies. The drug money is passed from account to account until its origins are lost in a huge web of transactions.
    The drug money comes out 'cleaner' but not totally clean. Diamonds are then bought with this money from the corrupt diamond business families like the Oppenheimers.
    These diamonds are then sold and the drug money is clean. MI-6 and the CIA are also responsible for the crack cocaine epidemic in Britain and America. In 1978, MI-6 and the CIA were in south America researching the effects of the natives smoking 'basuco' cocaine paste. This has the same effect as crack cocaine. They saw that the strength and addiction potential was far greater than ordinary cocaine and created crack cocaine from the basuco formula.
    MI-6 and the CIA then flooded Britain and America with crack.
    Two years later, in 1980, Britain and America were starting to see the first signs of the crack cocaine epidemic on the streets. On august 23, 1987, in a rural community south of Little Rock in America, two teenage boys named Kevin Ives and Don Henry were murdered and dismembered after witnessing a CIA cocaine drop that was part of a CIA drug trafficking operation based at a small airport in Mena, Arkansas.
    Bill Clinton was the governor of Arkansas at the time. Bill Clinton was involved with the CIA at this time and $100 million worth of cocaine was coming through the Mena, Arkansas airport each month.
    For proof see the books 'Compromise' and 'Dope Inc'.

    On my father's international MI-6 drug runs, whatever fell off the back of the lorry so to speak he would keep and we would sell it in Britain. As long as my father was meeting the speedboats from Morocco in the Costa del Sol and then moving the lorry loads of cannabis through their MI-6, IRA lorry business into Britain every month, British intelligence were happy.
    As long as my father was moving shipments of cocaine out of Rome every month, MI5 and MI6 were happy. If my father kept a bit to sell himself no one cared because there was enough drugs and money to go round in this £500 billion a year global drugs trade. The ones who were really paying were the people addicted. Who were paying with suffering.
    But karma always catches up and both myself and my father became addicted to heroin in later years and my father died addicted, and poor in prison under very strange circumstances. Today, I am clean and drug-free and wish to help stop the untold suffering this global drugs trade causes.
    The intelligence agencies have always used addictive drugs as a weapon against the masses to bring in their long term plan for a one world government, a one world police force designed to be NATO and a micro chipped population known as the New World Order. As the population is in a drug or alcohol-induced trance watching 'Coronation Street', the new world order is being crept in behind them.

    To properly expose this global intelligence run drugs trade we need to expose the key players in this area:
    1. Tibor Rosenbaum, a MOSSAD agent and head of the Geneva based Banque du Credit international. This bank was the forerunner to the notorious Bank of Credit and Commerce international (BCCI) which is a major intelligence drug money laundering bank. 'Life' magazine exposed Rosenbaum's bank as a money launderer for the Meyer Lanksky American organized crime family and Tibor Rosenbaum funded and supported 'Permindex' the MI6 assassination unit which was at the heart of the John F. Kennedy assassination.
    2. Robert Vesco, sponsored by the Swiss branch of the Rothchilds and part of the American connection to the Medellin drug cartel in Colombia.
    3. Sir Francis de Guingand, former head of British intelligence, now living in south Africa (and every head of MI5 and MI6 has been involved in the drug world before and after him).
    4. Henry Keswick, chairman of Jardine Matheson which is one of the biggest drug trafficking operations in the world. His brother John Keswick is chairman of the bank of England.
    5. Sir Martin Wakefield Jacomb, Bank of England director from 1987 to 1995, Barclays Bank Deputy Chairman in 1985, Telegraph newspapers director in 1986 (This is the reason why this can of worms doesn't get out in the mainstream media. The people who are perpetrating these crimes control most of the mainstream media. In America former director of the CIA William Casey was, before his death in 1987, head of the council of the media network ABC. Many insiders refer to ABC as 'The CIA network.)
    6. George Bush, Snr, former President and former head of the CIA and America's leading drug baron who has fronted more wars on drugs than any other president. Which in reality is just a method to eliminate competition. A whole book could be written on George Bush's involvement in the global drug trade but it is well-covered in the book 'Dark Alliance' by investigative journalist Gary Webb.
    Gary Webb was found dead with two gunshot wounds to the back of his head with a revolver. The case was declared a 'suicide'. You figure that out. Gary Webb as well as myself and other investigators, found that much of this 'black ops' drug money is being used to fund projects classified above top secret.
    These projects include the building and maintaining of deep level underground bases in,
    • Dulce in New Mexico
    • Pine Gap in Australia
    • Snowy mountains in Australia
    • The Nyala range in Africa
    • west of Kindu in Africa
    • next to the Libyan border in Egypt
    • Mount Blanc in Switzerland
    • Narvik in Scandinavia
    • Gottland island in Sweden,
    ...and many other places around the world (more about these underground bases in my next issue).
    The information on this global drugs trade run by the intelligence agencies desperately needs to get out on a large scale.
    Any information, comments or feedback to help me with my work would be greatly welcomed.

               There Is Still Hope Amongst The Sadness   


    Email from June Saunders in London -INLNews.com Reader that needs to be read:


    There is hope amongst the sadness..

    ..Things are happening--please watch Russia (RT) on TV.. There is an Oxford Professor who says that most world leaders of countries and psychos, according to a test that can be applied...even people like Winston Churchill, David Cameron, Tony Blair. George Bush, Barrack Obama etc...they are unfeeling people and unfeeling for the people....but he says that is OK..  that is because me need these psychos to make uncomfortable decisions...I say this is bollocks....what we need if love and caring for others..How have these psycho leaders helped humanity ..... with half of the world starving...They don't get it...If people were educated and fed properly…. they would use birth control to  regulate their lives..and they would have knowledge to have a happier balanced informed community....these ignorant evil people have destroyed our planet with their hatred and  greed... Edward Snowden blowing the whistle on the CIA... its all coming out now... There is hope amongst the sadness..


    Famous Oxonians

    Throughout its history, Oxford has produced gifted men and women in every sphere of human endeavour who have studied or taught at the University.

    Among these are 26 British Prime Ministers, including the current one, the Rt Hon David Cameron MP; at least 30 international leaders; 50 Nobel Prize winners; 7 current holders of the Order of Merit; at least 12 saints and 20 Archbishops of Canterbury; and some 120 Olympic medal winners.

    At least 117 Oxonians were elected to Parliament in the UK's General Election in 2010, and more than 140 sit in the House of Lords. The offices of Prime Minister, Foreign Secretary, Home Secretary and Chancellor of the Exchequer are all currently held by Oxford graduates, as are those of Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, Secretary of State for Education, Secretary of State for Defence, Secretary of State for Health, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland and the Chief Secretary to the Treasury. In addition, at least five members of the US House of Representatives, one members of the US Senate and one US State Governor were educated at Oxford.

    Please take the time to read the full list of Famous Oxonians forther below on this INL News Page...


    Edward Snowden spoke, so why did the British press turn a deaf ear?

    Edward Snowden: largely ignored by the UK press

    Why did the majority of the British press ignore a story regarded as hugely important by newspapers in the United States and Europe and, for the matter, the rest of the world?

    On Monday, Edward Snowden - the National Security Agency whistleblower regarded as the most wanted man in the world - did an online question-and-answer session arranged through The Guardian.

    The American media were across it: the Washington Post of course (see commentary here), and the New York Times here, and the Los Angeles Times here plus the Wall Street Journal here. And most of the main metro papers across the US weighed in too.

    Well, you might say, it's a big story in the USA, what with Snowden being an American who leaked American secrets.

    But it was taken to be a big story across Europe too, in Le Monde and in Germany's Die Zeit and in Sweden's Expressen. And outside Europe too - here in the Times of India, and here in South Africa's Star. And plenty more.

    This was only the mainstream media. The Q&A was widely discussed and dissected across the net. See Salon.com and Buzzfeed and Gigaom, plus scores more. Many thousands of tweets were devoted to it too.

    Yet, with the exception of The Independent (here), no UK national paper thought it worthy of coverage.

    Why? Are British newspapers' news values different from those elsewhere? Does the story itself run counter to their political agendas? Is it due to hostility towards The Guardian?

    Is it a collective belief among a largely right-of-centre press that The Guardian is beyond the pale? This view emerged in a Daily Mail piece by Stephen Glover in which he spoke of the paper being so "driven by its own obsessions" as to "carelessly reveal the important secrets of the British government."

    The Mail holds aloft the banner of press freedom when citing the public's right to know about Hugh Grant's private life, but it appears to find it unacceptable for a paper to inform the people that their privacy has been compromised by their own government.

    Even Snowden's revelations in The Guardian that British intelligence had spied on delegates at two G20 summits passed under most editors' radars, though The Times did cover the story. Most papers, however, turned a blind eye.

    As I say, I'm genuinely uncertain why newspapers that make so much of their independence from the state have failed so badly in this instance. Just why did they turn a deaf ear?


    Edward Snowden

    Latest on the computer analyst whistleblower who provided the Guardian with top-secret NSA documents leading to revelations about US surveillance on phone and internet communications

    Keith Alexander NSA

    NSA chief claims 'focused' surveillance disrupted more than 50 terror plots

    19 Jun 2013:

    Keith Alexander testifies to Congress that programs revealed by Edward Snowden have stopped 'more than 50' attacks

    19 Jun 2013: Simon Jenkins: Snowden's revelations are causing outrage in the US. In the UK, Hague deploys a police-state defence and the media is silenced

    18 Jun 2013:

    Journalist says he was asked by unnamed intermediary to notify Icelandic government that Snowden may want to seek asylum

    18 Jun 2013: Key points from the whistleblower's responses to questions about the NSA leak

    China is building up a cyber warfare capability by recruiting hackers, the US fears. 18 Jun 2013:

    John Bolton: Whatever his grandiose claims, the NSA leaker has betrayed his country by gifting China moral equivalence for its cyber warfare

    18 Jun 2013:

    Lonnie Snowden asks his son to 'measure what you're going to do' but says he disagrees with the US surveillance

    Where is the outrage over Prism in Australia?

    Global surveillance is a threat to our personal freedom. And yet, the NSA revelations have barely caused a ripple on this side of the world



  • Protesters hold placards as they march to the US consulate in support of Edward Snowden.
    Protesters hold placards as they march to the US consulate in Hong Kong, in support of Edward Snowden. Photograph: Philippe Lopez/AFP/Getty

    Politicians and journalists ignore public opinion at their peril. Less than two weeks after the explosive revelations by former National Security Agency (NSA) contractor Edward Snowden on the creation of a privatised, American surveillance apparatus, a TIME poll finds a majority of Americans support the leak, and Snowden receives a higher approval rating than US citizens view Congress. History has also been kind to one of the great leakers in history, the Pentagon Paper’s Daniel Ellsberg (who backs Snowden, too). Never under-estimate the public’s desire to discover what the state is doing in its name.

    In Australia, however, the story has barely caused a ripple. Attorney general Mark Dreyfus refuses to acknowledge that Canberra receives information from the Prism system, instead saying that Australians should rest easy and feel protected by the warm glow of intelligence sharing with Washington. In reality, evidence has emerged that the Labor government is building a massive data storage facility to manage massive amounts of information from the US. Unsurprisingly, the US claims its monitoring is proportionate and legal, despite some members of Congress having no idea of the scope of the secret programs.

    This is spying by any other name – and Snowden makes clear that everybody is doing it, despite protestations from Australia and America that only China is unleashing constant cyber attacks (Foreign Policy recently revealed that the NSA hacks into Chinese systems).

    Dreyfus tried to appease whatever public anger exists – and thus far it’s been muted – by calling an inquiry into protection of information in the digital age. The Federal Greens rightly want far greater transparency on government surveillance, knowing that both Labor and the likely incoming Liberal government have spent decades colluding on ever-expanding powers of security services to monitor and track citizens with little accountability. Don’t expect support from the privacy commissioner, either, who shrugged his shoulders and implied in a statement that national security should trump privacy. Nothing to see here, move along now.

    It’s shocking that so few Australians even know about the existence of the intimate intelligence sharing known as “five eyes” between Britain, the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Trust the system, we’re told by The Australian’s editorial last week; it isn't just “extreme libertarians” who question the prevalence of the surveillance state. Australia's role as a US ally should never be to blindly accept dictates from Washington though if history is any guide Canberra sits too comfortably under America’s hypnotic war machine.

    If this current assault on our communications isn’t bad enough, the growth of internet censorship and the private companies that back it is a growing issue across the world, including Australia and Asia-Pacific. Although Labor’s plans for web filtering were squashed, it’s inevitable that such calls will grow in the coming years, as is already happening across the globe. Besides, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore are just some of our neighbours that proudly restrict access for their citizens.

    Democracies are increasingly being pushed into a pincer move of censorship and surveillance that would be impossible without the co-operation of private firms making billions in profits. The US hires corporations to monitor social media; Israeli-linked companies have been essential in assisting the NSA spying program as well as, in one case, selling Big Brother monitors to Egypt’s Mubarak and Libya’s Qaddafi.

    Snowden’s NSA revelations only touched the surface of the deep collaboration between government and outsourcers. US journalist Tim Shorrock estimates that about 70% of America’s intelligence budget is spent on private industry since 9/11. The extent of the NSA’s cyber army is enough, according to a feature in Wired, to “launch devastating cyber attacks”.

    Whistle-blowers are an essential part of any democracy, despite the bleating of officials in Canberra, London and Washington. Governments are only outraged when embarassing leaks are finally unveiled; they continually give details to the press that makes them look strong. 

    The largely supine response of the Australian parliament to the Prism revelations – with opposition spokesman Malcolm Turnbull being a notable exception – proves how far this country is from proudly displaying an independent streak. Global surveillance, along with internet censorship, is a threat to both our personal freedom and ability to communicate openly.

    The post 9/11 world has taught us that states exaggerate threats to scare citizens into acquiescence. Multinationals have picked a side and it’s the bottom line. Shining a light on the NSA and its global couriers is a public service that is only opposed by those with a vested interest in keeping the public in the dark.

    Officials: Edward Snowden took NSA secrets on thumb drive
    Edward Snowden
    Edward Snowden, who worked as a contract employee at the National Security Agency. (The Guardian / Associated Press / June 9, 2013)
    WASHINGTON -- Former National Security Agency contract employee Edward Snowden used a computer thumb drive to smuggle highly classified documents out of an NSA facility in Hawaii, using a portable digital device supposedly barred inside the cyber spying agency, U.S. officials said.
    Investigators “know how many documents he downloaded and what server he took them from,” said one official who would not be named while speaking about the ongoing investigation.
    Snowden worked as a system administrator, a technical job that gave him wide access to NSA computer networks and presumably a keen understanding of how those networks are monitored for unauthorized downloads.
    “Of course, there are always exceptions” to the thumb drive ban, a former NSA official said, particularly for network administrators. “There are people who need to use a thumb drive and they have special permission. But when you use one, people always look at you funny.”
    FBI Director Robert Mueller III said Thursday that he expects Snowden to be arrested and prosecuted in this country.
    “He is the subject of an ongoing criminal investigation,” Mueller told a House hearing. “We are taking all necessary steps to hold this person responsible for these disclosures.”
    Confirmation of a thumb drive solved one of the central mysteries in the case: how Snowden, who worked for contracting giant Booz Allen Hamilton, physically removed classified material from an spy agency famous for strict security and ultra-secrecy.
    He acknowledged on Sunday that he gave two news organizations details of secret NSA surveillance programs on telephones and the Internet, but did not say how he had transferred the data. He is believed to be hiding in Hong Kong.
    Officials said they still don’t know how Snowden got access to an order marked “Top Secret” from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, or a highly-classified directive from President Obama authorizing a military target list for cyber attacks. Neither document would be widely shared, or normally available to a low-level NSA employee.
    A larger number of NSA employees and contractors might have access to a PowerPoint slide show on PRISM, which uses online data from nine U.S. Internet and technology companies. Snowden said he provided the slides to the Washington Post and The Guardian.
    “There is a certain level of information that is not specific to a mission, but helps people who work there understand how the place functions,” the former NSA operator said.
    The Pentagon, which includes the NSA, banned connecting thumb drives and other portable storage devices to classified computers after malicious software was discovered on the military’s classified network in October 2008.
    The chief suspect was Russian intelligence, and investigators determined that the malware was introduced through a corrupted thumb drive. The years-long effort to clean up the system was code-named Operation Buckshot Yankee. Many of the external drives on Defense Department computers were disabled.
    Two years later, Army Pfc. Bradley Manning, an intelligence analyst in Iraq, downloaded hundreds of thousands of classified documents onto thumb drives and computer discs, and transferred the data to the anti-secrecy website Wikileaks.
    After that, “there was a lot of focus on this type of insider threat,” the former operator said. “If it is still easy to use a thumb drive, that is a major problem.”
    Manning is on trial at Fort Meade, Md., on charges of aiding America’s enemies. If convicted, he could be sentenced to life in prison. He already has pleaded guilty to 10 lesser counts.
    In testimony Wednesday, NSA director Gen. Keith Alexander acknowledged “grave concerns” about Snowden’s access to so many secret programs and documents.
    “In this case, this individual was a system administrator with access to key parts of the network,” he said. “That is of serious concern to us and something that we have to fix.”


    A supporter holds a picture of Edward Snowden, a former CIA employee who leaked top-secret information about U.S. surveillance programs, outside the U.S. Consulate General in Hong Kong Thursday, June 13, 2013. The news of Snowden's whereabouts, revealed by an editor of a local newspaper that interviewed him Wednesday, is the first since he went to ground Monday after checking out of his hotel in this autonomous Chinese territory. (AP Photo/Kin Cheung)

    Posted Jun 13, 2013
    For months, China has tried to turn the tables on the U.S. to counter accusations that it hacks America's computers and networks. Now, former intelligence contractor Edward Snowden may have handed Beijing a weapon in its cyber war of words with Washington.
    In an interview with the South China Morning Post newspaper, Snowden claims the U.S. has long been attacking a Hong Kong university that routes all Internet traffic in and out of the semiautonomous Chinese region.
    Snowden said the National Security Agency's 61,000 hacking targets around the world include hundreds in Hong Kong and mainland China, the paper reported late Wednesday. The Post, Hong Kong's main English-language newspaper, said Snowden had presented documents to support those claims, but it did not describe the documents and said it could not verify them.
    Snowden's comments were his first since the 29-year-old American revealed himself as the source of a major leak of top-secret information on U.S. surveillance programs. He flew to Hong Kong from Hawaii before revealing himself, and the Post said he is staying out of sight amid speculation the U.S. may seek his extradition.
    Snowden, who worked for the CIA and later as a contractor for the NSA, has revealed details about U.S. spy programs that sweep up millions of Americans' telephone records, emails and Internet data in the hunt for terrorists. American law enforcement officials are building a case against him but have yet to bring charges.
    U.S. officials have disputed some of his claims, particularly his assertion to the Guardian newspaper of Britain that he "had the authority to wiretap anyone." He also said he made $200,000 a year, although contractor Booz Allen Hamilton, where he worked before being fired this week, said his salary was $122,000.
    Snowden's allegations about U.S. hacking add a new twist to the long-running battle between Washington and Beijing over cybersecurity.
    The U.S. been delivering a steady flow of reports accusing China's government and military of computer-based attacks against America. U.S. officials have said recently that the Chinese seem more open to trying to work with the U.S. to address the problems.
    Snowden's allegations follow comments last week from China's Internet security chief, who told state media that Beijing has amassed huge amounts of data on U.S.-based hacking. The official held off on blaming the U.S. government, saying it would be irresponsible and that the better approach is to seek to cooperate in the fight against cyberattacks

    Read more: http://www.pjstar.com/free/x1615045415/Leaker-Edward-Snowden-alleges-NSA-hacking-on-China-world#ixzz2WaQLh6w5

    NSA leaker Snowden not welcome in UK

    Britain tells airlines NSA leaker Snowden should not be allowed on flights to UK

    obama charlie rose 17 Jun 2013:

    Addressing leaked NSA files, president says Department of Justice is investigating 'possible extradition' of Edward Snowden

    17 Jun 2013:

    The whistleblower behind the biggest intelligence leak in NSA history answered your questions about the NSA surveillance revelations

    17 Jun 2013:

    Jeff Jarvis: Snowden's NSA leak revelations are changing people's assumptions about online privacy, killing trust in web freedom

    Gene Hackman in The Conversation in 1974, 
    17 Jun 2013: Vague, far-reaching laws mixed with phenomenal technology mean agencies bug, listen and surveil just because they can

    17 Jun 2013: NSA whistleblower tells Guardian readers he would be enjoying a life of luxury in Beijing if he was an intelligence mercenary

    17 Jun 2013: Helen Gao: China's social media features praise for the NSA revelations as state media decries US double standards – while glossing over surveillance issues, and the Hong Kong connection

    edward Snowden 
    17 Jun 2013: Remarks follow accusation from Dick Cheney that whistleblower was a 'traitor' who may have had connection with China

    Edward Snowden 'not a Chinese spy' - Beijing

    edward Snowden 
    17 Jun 2013: Remarks follow accusation from Dick Cheney that whistleblower was a 'traitor' who may have had connection with China

    17 Jun 2013:

    In a live chat with Guardian readers, NSA whistleblower says US leaders cannot 'cover this up by jailing or murdering me'

    Edward Snowden Supporters Gather In Hong Kong 16 Jun 2013:

    Gary Younge: The violation of civil liberties in the name of security has had a profound impact on those who came of age after 9/11

    16 Jun 2013:

    Former vice-president tells Fox he is 'suspicious because he went to China' as senior figures discuss surveillance leaks

    16 Jun 2013: John Patterson: From Enemy of the State to Eagle Eye to Minority Report, US films have accustomed us to the idea that we are constantly being watched

    New Prism slide 16 Jun 2013:

    Revelations about the National Security Agency's online surveillance raise important questions about privacy in a digital age. Explore the issues in class with these resources

    15 Jun 2013:

    Observer/Opinium poll also found 45% saying Edward Snowden should be reprimanded, but only 30% believing he had committed a crime

    A protester with a photograph of Edward Snowden at the protest in Hong Kong Gallery (10 pictures), 15 Jun 2013:

    Protesters march to US consulate and urge Hong Kong's government not to extradite whistleblower

    Protesters blow whistles during a protest in support of Edward Snowden in Hong Kong 15 Jun 2013:

    Demonstrators call on government to protect NSA whistleblower and attack US over internet spying programmes

    15 Jun 2013:

    Open thread: NSA leaker Snowden has sought refuge in Hong Kong. What would you do next in his shoes?

    14 Jun 2013: Glenn Greenwald: The NSA whistleblower's only concern was that his disclosures would be met with apathy. Instead, they're leading to real reform

    14 Jun 2013: British government issues travel alert to airlines around the world saying Snowden likely to be refused entry to UK

    14 Jun 2013:

    Film about NSA whistleblower already being planned, along with separate feature about Barack Obama's drones programme

    Edward Snowden. 14 Jun 2013:

    Pratap Chatterjee: The firm that formerly employed both the director of national intelligence and the NSA whistleblower merits closer scrutiny

    How MI6, CIA spend tax money on propping up drug production

    Annie Machon is a former intel­li­gence officer for the UK's MI5, who resigned in 1996 to blow the whistle. She is now a writer, public speaker and a Director of Law Enforcement Against Prohibition
    Published time: May 07, 2013 10:48
    An Afghan farmer collects raw opium as he works in a poppy field in Khogyani District of Nangarhar province on April 29, 2013. (AFP Photo)
    An Afghan farmer collects raw opium as he works in a poppy field in Khogyani District
    With both the CIA and MI6 secretly providing 'ghost money' bribes to the Afghan political establishment, it’s likely that Afghans will increasingly support a resurgent Taliban and the drug trade will be further propped up.
    Afghan President Hamid Karzai, has recently been criticized for taking 'ghost money' from the CIA and MI6. The sums are unknown – for the usual reasons of 'national security' – but are estimated to have been in the tens of millions of dollars. While this is nowhere near the eye-bleeding $12 billion shipped over to Iraq on pallets in the wake of the invasion a decade ago, it is still a significant amount.

    And how has this money been spent?  Certainly not on social projects or rebuilding initiatives.  Rather, the reporting indicates, the money has been funneled to Karzai's cronies as bribes in a corrupt attempt to buy influence in the country.

    None of this surprises me. MI6 has a long and ignoble history of trying to buy influence in countries of interest.  In 1995/96 it funded a 'ragtag group of Islamic extremists,' headed up by a Libyan military intelligence officer, in an illegal attempt to try to assassinate Colonel Gaddafi.  The attack went wrong and innocent people were killed. When this scandal was exposed, it caused an outcry.

    Yet a mere 15 years later, MI6 and the CIA were back in Libya, providing support to the same 'rebels,' who this time succeeded in capturing, torturing and killing Gaddafi, while plunging Libya into apparently endless internecine war. This time around there was little international outcry, as the world's media portrayed this aggressive interference in a sovereign state as 'humanitarian relief.'

    And we also see the same in Syria now, as the CIA and MI6 are already providing training and communication support to the rebels – many of whom, particularly the Al Nusra faction in control of the oil-rich north-east of Syria are in fact allied with Al-Qaeda in Iraq.  So in some countries the UK and USA use drones to target and murder "militants" (plus villagers, wedding parties and other assorted innocents), while in others they back ideologically similar groups.
    fghan policemen destroys a poppy field in the Nad-e Ali district of Helmand province on March 20, 2013. (AFP Photo)
    fghan policemen destroys a poppy field in the Nad-e Ali district of Helmand province on March 20, 2013. (AFP Photo)
    Recently, we have also seen the Western media making unverified claims that the Syrian regime is using chemical weapons against its own people, and our politicians leaping on these assertions as justification for openly providing weapons to the insurgents.
    Other reports are now emerging that indicate it was the rebels themselves who have been using sarin gas against the people. This may halt the rush to war, but not doubt other support will continue to be offered by the West to these war criminals.
    So, how is MI6 secretly spending UK taxpayers' money in Afghanistan? According to Western media reporting, it is being used to prop up warlords and corrupt officials. This is deeply unpopular amongst the Afghan people, leading to the danger of increasing support for a resurgent Taliban.
    There is also a significant overlap between the corrupt political establishment and the illegal drug trade, up to and including the president's late brother, Ahmed Wali Karzai. So, another unintentional consequence may be that some of this unaccountable ghost money is propping up the drug trade.
    Afghanistan is the world's leading producer of heroin, and the UN reports that poppy growth has increased dramatically. Indeed, the UN estimates that acreage under poppy growth in Afghanistan has tripled over the last 7 years.  The value of the drug trade to the Afghan warlords is now estimated to be in the region of $700 million per year.  You can buy a lot of Kalashnikovs with that.
    On the one hand, we have Western governments bankrupting themselves to fight the 'war on terror,' breaking international laws and murdering millions of innocent people across North Africa, the Middle East and central Asia, while at the same time shredding what remains of our hard-won civil liberties at home.
    On the other hand, we apparently have MI6 and the CIA secretly bankrolling the very people in Afghanistan who produce 90 percent of the world's heroin. And then, of course, more scarce resources can be spent on fighting the failed 'war on drugs,' and yet another pretext is used to shred our civil liberties.
    This is a lucrative economic model for the burgeoning military-security complex. However, it is a lose-lose scenario for the rest of us.
    The statements, views and opinions expressed in this column are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of RT.

    Ghost money from MI6 and CIA may fuel Afghan corruption, say diplomats

    Failure of peace initiatives raises questions over whether British eagerness for political settlement may have been exploited
  • The Guardian, Tuesday 30 April 2013
  • Hamid Karzai in Helsinki
    Hamid Karzai with the Finnish prime minister, Jyrki Katainen, in Helsinki. Photograph: Lehtikuva/Reuters
    The CIA and MI6 have regularly given large cash payments to Hamid Karzai's office with the aim of maintaining access to the Afghan leader and his top allies and officials, but the attempt to buy influence has largely failed and may have backfired, former diplomats and policy analysts say.
    The Guardian understands that the payments by British intelligence were on a smaller scale than the CIA's handouts, reported in the New York Times to have been in the tens of millions, and much of the British money has gone towards attempts to finance peace initiatives, which have so far proved abortive.
    That failure has raised questions among some British officials over whether eagerness to promote a political settlement may have been exploited by Afghan officials and self-styled intermediaries for the Taliban.
    Responding to the allegations while on a visit to Helsinki on Monday, Karzai said his national security council (NSC) had received support from the US government for the past 10 years, and the amounts involved were "not big" and were used for a variety of purposes including helping those wounded in the conflict. "It's multi-purpose assistance," he said, without commenting on the allegations that the money was fuelling corruption.
    Yama Torabi, the director of Integrity Watch Afghanistan said that the presidency's low-key response to the reports had "outraged people".
    "As a result, we don't know what was the amount of money that was given, what it was used for and if there was any corruption involved. Money when it is unchecked can be abused and this looks like one. In addition, it can be potentially used to corrupt politicians and political circles, but there is no way to know this unless there is a serious investigation into it," Torabi told The Guardian.
    Kabul sources told the Guardian that the key official involved in distributing the payments within the NSC was Ibrahim Spinzada, a close confidant of the president known as Engineer Ibrahim. There is, however, no evidence that Spinzada personally gained from the cash payments or that in distributing them among the president's allies and sometimes his foes he was breaking Afghan law.
    Officials say the payments, referred to in a New York Times report as "ghost money", helped prop up warlords and corrupt officials, deepening Afghan popular mistrust of the Kabul government and its foreign backers, and thereby helped drive the insurgency.
    The CIA money has sometimes caused divisions between the various branches of US government represented in Kabul, according to diplomats stationed in Kabul, particularly when it helped give the CIA chief of station in Kabul direct access to Karzai without the US ambassador's knowledge or approval.
    One former Afghan budgetary official told the Guardian: "On paper there was very little money that went to the National Directorate of Security [NDS, the Afghan intelligence service], but we knew they were taken care of separately by the CIA.
    "The thing about US money is a lot of it goes outside the budget, directly through individuals and companies, and that opens the way for corruption."
    Khalil Roman, who served as Karzai's deputy chief of staff from 2002 until 2005, told the New York Times: "We called it 'ghost money'. It came in secret, and it left in secret."
    One American official told the newspaper: "The biggest source of corruption in Afghanistan was the United States."
    Sources said the MI6 aid was on a smaller scale, and much of it was focused on trying to promote meetings between Karzai's government and Taliban intermediaries, as was embarrassingly the case in 2010 when MI6 discovered a would-be Taliban leader in talks with Karzai was an impostor from the Pakistani city of Quetta.
    The British payments have also been designed to bolster UK influence in Kabul, in what a source described as "an auction with each country trying to outbid the other" in the course of an often fraught relationship with the Karzai government.
    Vali Nasr, a former US government adviser on Afghanistan, said: "Karzai has been lashing out against American officials and generals, so if indeed there has been funding by the CIA, you have to ask to what effect has that money been paid. It hasn't clearly brought the sort of influence it was meant to."
    Nasr, now dean of the Johns Hopkins school of advanced international studies and author of a new book criticising US policy in Afghanistan, The Dispensable Nation, said: "If the terms of such payments are not clear, the question is how well do they tag with US policy … The CIA has a narrow, counter-terrorism purview that involved working with warlords, but that is quite a different agenda, on how we conduct the war or how we build a government."
    The CIA has also been heavily criticised for conducting drone attacks against suspected militants over the border in Pakistan and for calling in air strikes inside Afghanistan while on joint operations with NDS units, leading to civilian casualties. A report on Monday by the Afghanistan Analysts Network, a thinktank in Kabul, said the latest such NDS-CIA operation, in Kunar province on 13 April, killed 17 civilians.
    Kate Clark, one of the network's analysts, said: "It is one thing to conduct covert operations in a hostile country. I'm flabbergasted that the CIA is running these kind of covert operations in a friendly country. It runs counter to accountability, democracy and the rule of law, and is damaging what the US is trying to do.
    "The CIA puts certain things as a priority – whether someone is against al-Qaida, for example – and damn the rest."
    Our Man in Iran: How the CIA and MI6 Installed the Shah

    By Leon Hadar

    February 25, 2013 "Information Clearing House" - (Reason) -  Both the critics and the admirers of the Central Intelligence Agency have tended to portray it as an all-knowing, all-powerful, invulnerable entity and to exaggerate the ability of America's spies to determine the outcome of developments around the world. An American reporter interviewing an ordinary citizen—or an official—in Cairo, Buenos Aires, or Seoul may hear that “everyone knows” that the CIA was behind the latest rise in the price of vegetables or the recent outbreak of flu among high-school kids. It’s like you Americans aren't aware of what's obvious (wink, wink).
    New histories of the agency, drawing on recently released classified information and memoirs by retired spies, provide a more complex picture of the CIA, its effectiveness, and its overall power, suggesting that at times Langley was manned not by James Bond clones but by a bunch of keystone cops. My favorite clandestine CIA operation, recounted in Tim Weiner's Legacy of Ashes, involves its 1994 surveillance of the newly appointed American ambassador to Guatemala, Marilyn McAfee. When the agency bugged her bedroom, it picked up sounds that led agents to conclude that the ambassador was having a lesbian love affair with her secretary. Actually, she was petting her two-year-old black standard poodle.
    But the CIA's history does include efforts to oust unfriendly regimes, to assassinate foreign leaders who didn't believe that what was good for Washington and Wall Street was good for their people, and to sponsor coups and revolutions. Sometimes the agency succeeded.
    Topping the list of those successes—if success is the right word for an operation whose long-term effects were so disastrous—was the August 1953 overthrow of Iran's elected leader and the installment of the unpopular and authoritarian Shah in his place. Operation Ajax, as it was known, deserves that
    by a Hollywood scriptwriter peddling anti-American conspiracies.
    Ervand Abrahamian isn't a Hollywood scriptwriter but a renowned Iranian-American scholar who teaches history at the City University of New York. With The Coup, he has authored a concise yet detailed and somewhat provocative history of the 1953 regime change, which the CIA conducted with the British MI6. If you don't know anything about the story, The Coup is a good place to start. If you've already read a lot about Ajax and the events that led to it, the book still offers new insights into this history-shattering event.
    Abrahamian constructed his narrative by analyzing documents in the archives of British Petroleum, the British Foreign Office, and the State Department as well as the memoirs of the main characters in the drama. These characters—British spies and business executives, American diplomats and journalists, Soviet agents, Communist activists, Nazi propagandists, Shiite mullahs, Iranian crime bosses—have double or even triple agendas to advance as they jump from one political bed to another and back, lying, cheating, stealing, and killing. It all makes the CIA-led extraction of the American hostages in Iran, depicted in the film Argo, look kind of, well, boring.
    On one side there was Muhammad Mossadeq, the democratically elected prime minister of Iran from 1951 to 1953, a secular, liberal, and nationalist leader who wanted to join the “neutralist” camp that disavowed commitment to either of the superpowers during the Cold War. An aristocratic and eccentric figure who welcomed foreign officials into his house wearing pajamas, Mossadeq introduced many progressive social and economic reforms into the traditionally Shiite society, and sent shock waves across the world when he moved to nationalize Iran's oil industry, which had been under British control since 1913 through the Anglo-Persian Oil Company.
    On the other side there was Kermit “Kim” Roosevelt, Jr., Teddy's grandson, a legendary spymaster, a self-promoter who dined with major world leaders and business executives but also befriended power-hungry Iranian military generals, corrupt politicians, merchants in the bazzar, and quite a few thugs, who helped him achieve what became Washington's goal: to remove Mossadeq and his political allies, which included liberals, social democrats, and Communists, from power; to return the oil industry into British hands (with more American presence in Iran’s oil business); and to place reliable pro-western politicians in power.
    It seemed to work beautifully. The United States gained a key strategic ally in the Middle East. American companies received a considerable share of Iran’s enormous oil wealth. Other oil-producing Middle Eastern nations got a lesson in what might happen if they nationalized. At a time when the Americans were facing challenges from nationalists such as Egypt’s Gamal Abdel Nasser and were trying to contain the so-called Soviet threat in the Middle East, Our Man in Tehran welcomed American soldiers and investors (and purchased a lot of American weapons). It all looked good until it didn’t.
    While the coup did set back the nationalization of the oil resources in the Middle East, the delay ended in the 1970s. In that decade, Abrahamian writes, one country after another—not just radical states such as Libya, Iraq, and Algeria, but conservative monarchies such as Kuwait and Saudi Arabia—“took over their oil resources, and, having learned from the past, took precautions to make sure that their oil companies would not return victorious.”
    At the same time, the coup decimated the secular opposition, leaving Shiite clerics as the most viable political force when the Iranian Revolution deposed the Shah in 1979. The pro-American puppet gave way to a radical and anti-American Islamic Republic where the secular and liberal opposition remains weak and leaderless. That, as they say in Langley, is blowback.
    The coup also intensified what Abrahamian calls the “intense paranoid style prevalent throughout Iranian politics.” While the Iranian clerics worry that Washington wants to do a rerun of the 1953 regime change, many members of the opposition are counting on that to happen. In Tehran, they still think the CIA makes the world turn around.
    The Coup: 1953, the CIA, and the Roots of Modern U.S.-Iranian Relations, by Ervand Abrahamian, The New Press, 277 pages, $26.95.
    What's the difference between MI5 and MI6? What happened to MI1 - MI4 and are there agencies with higher numbers (MI7, MI8, etc.)?
    Matt Denham, Dorchester UK
    • I believe the difference is like the FBI and CIA in the USA - one is for domestic intelligence and one is for international intelligence. But I'm not sure which one is which. I also think that some of the other numbers may have been active in intelligence and of the like during the world wars.
    Benjy Arnold, London UK
    • MI (Military Intelligence) had agencies numbered up to 19, but not all at the same time. Most were folded into MI5, MI6 or GCHQ after the war. I've found the following after a few web searches: MI1 (Codebreaking), MI2 (Russia and Scandinavia), MI3 (Eastern Europe), MI4 (Aerial Reconnaisance), MI8 (Military Communication Interception), MI9 (Undercover operations), MI10 (Weapons analysis) MI14 and MI15 (German specialists), MI19 (PoW debriefing), MI17 (Military Intelligence "Head Office"). Conspiracy theorists will have you believe that there is still a clandestine MI7 dealing with matters extraterrestrial.
    Allan, Wimbledon UK
    • MI5 deals with threats inside the UK, and MI6 combats overseas threats, as anyone who has seen a recent James Bond film knows from the shots of MI6 headquarters at Vauxhall in London.
    James, London UK
    • MI5 - Domestic intelligence, MI6 - foreign intelligence. Interestingly, that makes James Bond a member of MI6.
    J R Scott, Aberdeen
    • MI5 is formally known as the Secret Service, and deals with matters internal, and MI6 should be known as the Secret Intelligence Sevice and deals with extrenal affairs.
    JB, London
    • MI5 is the British security service while MI6 is the British foreign intelligence service. Crudely, MI6 are "our" spies while MI5 is there to catch "their" spies. It gets a little more complicated in that MI6 has its own "counter-intelligence" section. "MI5/MI6" were the original designations when both organisations came under the War Office, now the MOD - "MI" stands for military intelligence. Their official names (acquired in the 30s) are the Security Service (MI5) and SIS, the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6). The former is responsible to the Home Office and the latter to the Foreign Office.
    John Burnes, Manchester Lancashire
    • MI5 investigates matters of national security in the UK (investigates terrorists, counterinsurgency, etc). Equivalent to the US National Security Agency (NSA). MI6 (now SIS) gathers intelligence pertenant to the UK's international affairs - spying on Iraq for example. Equivalent to the US's CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) NCIS (national criminal investigation squad) are top ranking police officers dealing with high profile crimes, and have little to do with intelligence, though often co-operate with intelligence agencies for practical reasons. Equivalent to FBI.
    • Anonymous' contention that NCIS stands for National Criminal Investigation Squad is a load of old tosh. NCIS is the National Criminal Intelligence Service, and far from being merely "top ranking police officers dealing with high profile crimes" it busies itself with identifying new criminal trends, acting as a clearing house for information from police forces around the UK, and liaising with Interpol, Europol, and various intelligence service around the world.
    Paul Bartholomew, Harrogate England
    • Also contrary to Anonymous' reply, MI5 is more equivalent to the US FBI. The UK equivalent of the NSA (National Security Agency) would be GCHQ.
    David, Madrid Spain
    • According to an American PBS documentary on the Allied Prisoners of War held in Colditz Castle during the Second World War, MI9 existed primarily to aid the escape of British soldiers held captive. One of the principal techniques MI9 used was to mail contraband to prisoners hidden in Red Cross care parcels. German money was hidden inside a Monopoly board, and decks of playing cards were sent containing military-grade maps of Germany.
    Christopher, Boston, Massachusetts USA
    • MI-8 was a cover name for S.O.E.--Special Operations Executive, the ad hoc covert ops and dirty tricks organization during WW2. See M.R.D. Foot's SOE, The Special Operations Executive 1940 - 1946. As mentioned above, MI-9 was the escape and evasion apparat. (Mr. Foot has apparently also written a book on that entity.)
    John C.Watson, Amherst, MA U.S.A.
    • They're all coming to get me...
    Bob, Exeter, UK
    • MI5 and MI6 were originally part of the Military Operations and numbered MO5 and MO6, lower numbers dealing with various administrative matters. They kept the same numbers when Military Intelligence was formed. I think that MI7 dealt with censorship.
    Jim Gilbert, Santa Ynez California
    • Well here is the list I've managed to come up with from searching on the net, no clues for what MI12 or MI18 were/are though. MI1 Codebreaking, MI2 Russia and Scandinavia, MI3 Eastern Europe, Germany? MI4 Aerial Reconnaisance MI5 domestic intelligence MI6 foreign intelligence MI7 Propaganda MI8 Military Communication Interception, MI9 Undercover operations, /POW escape MI10 Weapons analysis MI11 Field security police MI12 ??? MI13 Reconnaissance MI14 and MI15 German specialists, Mi16 royal secret service MI17 Military Intelligence "Head Office". MI18 ??? MI19 PoW debriefing,
    T Swindells, Hampshire
    • A full list of Miliary Intelligence (MI) Departments during world war 2 can be found on pages 147 and 148 of "Codebreaker in the Far East" by Alan Stripp, published in 1989 by Oxford University Press. This goes numerically up to MI19 plus MIL, MIR and MIX. The author says that the whole series has now been replaced anyway.
    Alastair Thomson, Northampton, UK
    • MI1-director of military intelligence; also cryptography MI2-responsible for Russia and Scandinavia MI3-responsible for Germany and eastern Europe MI4-Aerial reconnaissance during world war two MI5-domestic intelligence and security MI6-foreign intelligence and security MI8-interception & interpretation of communications MI9-clandestine operations (escape and evasion) MI10-weapons and technical analysis MI11-field security police MI14-German specialists MI17-secretariat body for MI departments MI19-POW debriefing unit
    Matt, Bracknell, Berkshire
    • Contrary to the above answers likening MI5 to the FBI, that's rubbish too. The FBI is not an intelligence service AT ALL. It has nothing whatsoever to do with the US Intelligence services and is simply the "Federal Bureau of Investigation". The FBI is a national and federally empowered police force - to investigate crime. They do NOT collect clandestine intelligence or have anything to do with the military. The NSA is the nearest equivalent to MI5 but GCHQ's role may well overlap in terms of jurisdiction. GCHQ collaborates with all the British intelligence services on a daily basis, both cross-checking information or providing useful intelligence for the MI community. GCHQ regularly recruit analysts, and have large teams who can understand and verify whether information is up to date, or translate documents and coded messages. GCHQ are experts on things like terrorist groups, and can almost immediately decide whether a groups' claim to an attack is genuine.
    John, London
    • At which time we the british empire have been called upon to defend itself, its allies and dependancies it became nessacery to form a number of departments and agencies. Over the years these dapartments have served a number of different roles and purposes. in answer to the above question: MI1 Code breaking, MI2 Russia and Scandinavia, MI3 Easton Europe, MI4 Aerial Reconnaissance, MI5 Domestic Intelligence, now The Security Service, MI6 Foreign Intelligence, now the Secret Intelligence service, MI7 Propoganda and censorship, MI8 Signals Intelligence, MI9 Undercover operations supporting POW, MI10 Weapons and technical Analysis, MI11 Field Intelligence, MI12 Military Censorship, MI13 Remains Classified, MI14 German Intelligence, MI15 Aerial Photography, MI16 Scientific Intelligence, MI17 Secretarial section, MI18 Remains Classifed, MI19 Extraction of information from foreign POWs MI20 - MI25 remain Classified. It is important to also remember that most of these where small departments and at the end of world war 2 they were mostly all merged into MI5, MI6, GCHQ and other agencies. most british intelligence agencies still remain classified to the general public x the only reason this information has been released is that these agencies have all now terminated activity and new agencies have replaced them. Captain S.S DG of MI section 25
    Captain S, England
    • I love these responses. I am watching a movie call MI-5. Excellent intelligence movie of our brothers over the Atlantic.
    Jay Casiano, Albany, NY, USA
    • By-the-way: NCIS stands for National Criminal Investigative Service. NCIS is a team of federal law enforcement professionals dedicated to protecting the people, family, and assets of the US Navy and the Marine Corps worldwide.
    Jay Casiano, Albany, NY, USA
    • The FBI does have a counter intelligence section and they work very closely with the CIA and other intelligence agencies in the US like the NIA (Naval Intelligence Agency) and DIA (Defense Intelligence Agency).
    John Smith, Chicago, United States
    • Minus one.
    Francisco Scaramanga, Secret Island, Carribean
    • To John C.Watson. Thanks for the info. Having lived and studied in Amherst, I'm wondering how you can possess such a deep and correct knowledge of matters military while in 'the valley', an area not exactly conducive, but rather hostile, to that region of scholarship. Hats off to you.
    Tom Roberts, Tokyo, Japan
    • In the United States, NCIS is the Naval Criminal Investigative Service. We do not have an agency called the National Criminal Investigative Service, because we have many federal agencies that investigate crimes nationally. Some of these are the FBI, DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency, ATF (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms), U. S. Postal Inspectors, and U. S. Marshal's Service. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has the Criminal Investigation Division to investigate tax fraud. Now included in the Department of Homeland Security (which was created in 2003) are these federal investigative agencies: CBP (U. S. Customs and Border Protection), ICE (U. S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement), U. S. Coast Guard, and U. S. Secret Service. The Transportation Security Administration also is within DHS. Finally, all federal agencies have Offices of Inspectors General (OIG) who have special agents with law enforcement responsibility and authority to investigate fraud, waste, and abuse within and against each agency. Law enforcement in the United States is very fragmented. There are many federal law enforcement agencies, each state has various investigative agencies (the number depends on the individual states), and of course every town and city has local police agencies. Every county in the U. S. has a sheriff's department to investigate crimes in the counties that are outside the jurisdiction of local police departments. Even many public school districts now have their own independent police departments and most colleges and universities of any size now have their own police departments. Altogether there are approximately 850,000 full-time law enforcement officers in the United States.
    J. R. Price, Arlington, Texas
    • No wonder conspiracy theories etc abound - I simply went to the source www.mi5.gov.uk and there all is explained. I never really understood the expression 'get a life' but now browsing the responces to this query, it has relevance.
    James, Newcastle upon Tyne UK
    • The binary distinction between MI5 and MI6 presented in some of the answers above is incorrect. As displayed on the MI6>FAQs and on the MI5 website>about us>myths sections, "SIS (MI6) collects secret intelligence overseas on behalf of the British Government. MI5, the Security Service, is the UK's security intelligence agency responsible for protecting the UK, its interests and citizens against major threats to national security." However, these 2 distinct roles entail actual operational overlap and thus "the scope of national security extends beyond the British Isles and may involve the protection of British interests worldwide, e.g. diplomatic premises and staff, British companies and investments and British citizens living or travelling abroad. Security threats to British interests anywhere in the world fall within the scope of our functions as set out in the Security Service Act 1989. In dealing with security threats overseas we co-operate closely with the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) and Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), who are responsible for gathering intelligence overseas, and with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office." Simples.
    Vinesh Patel, London, England
    • For John in London: The FBI is in fact partly an inteligence service. FBI has jurisdiction within the continental US while CIA has responsibilities over seas, NSA has ability now to monitor communications both domestically and over seas. Like our UK Counter Parts they are unsung heroes, who allow us to keep our freedom!!
    Jack Zalenski, Beverly, New Jersey, USA
    • Thanks for the info, guys.
    Manaal Basit, Budgam, India
    • dosent matter casue the usa is the best! go seal teams
    RYAN, rakin cille USA
    • "Question" I need to ask is: does anyone know if MI9 existing after WW2 in to the 50s & possibly 60s?My Canadian father was in R.C.A.F. Intelligence Services back then,served and married my mother in England in fifties,also served in France in fifties, I was told even though he was Canadian, he also worked for the British, is it possible that he could have worked for M19 after the War 2, I am trying to validate information I have been learning on him.Some older close associates have mentioned to me M19..He was recently killed while in Turks & Caicos Islands shot in isolated location, no weapon found or bullet or casing etc. Because of his past with the military, I am trying to connect some dots prior to and around the time of his death, local police kind, and still investigating, but not all are well educated,the Islands were bankrupt and political corruption caused The Queen to provide a temporary Governor till next elections: recently Britain has supplied T&C with additional police experts, investigations etc. I also read recently that there is an Interpol office located on the Islands as well. I am no expert in any of these matters..Just curious to see if there is any possible chance my father could have ever been linked with Britain's MI9, since his death people I'm connecting with are telling me he previously served with MI9: he was very brilliant and a serious intellectual.Advice would be appreciated.Thanking you for your assistance.
    ann, toronto canada
    • Mmm some interesting answers!! You are right that MI originally stood for Military Intelligence (followed by Department 1, 2, 3 etc). The current Security Service and Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) are still sometimes referred to as MI5 and MI6 respectively, though technically they are no longer 'military' being staffed by civil servants. You can find out more about the MI5/MI6 designations on their websites www.MI5.gov.uk etc - it is not a secret!
    GJB, Bishops Stortford UK
    • Mi5 is about affairs that happen on British soil. Mi5 is often referred to as security service or ss. On the other hand Mi6 deals with current affairs overseas and are often referred to as secret intelligence service or sis kind of like the FBI but the sis does not shed names or appearance of their agents.
    Euan McMurtrie, Glasgow Scotland
    • Having spent 21 years finding out about Lockerbie, I have some familiarity with various US, UK and Iranian and other agencies. The CIA and MI5 cooperate closely, though MI5 tries to prevent some of the FBI's more absurd plot ideas, like attributing the destruction of Pan Am 103 to the Irish. MI6 looks down on the CIA as the johnny-come-lately with too much firepower, the child of SOE and OSS. The Agency will do wet jobs - it helped blow up Pan Am 103 - while the SIS does not kill people, and there is a rule to that effect. The CIA London officer attends the first half of the JSC meeting every week in London, and the feeling that the UK should always take its lead from the US often grates to the British horribly. GCHQ is the child of BP is still respected by the NSA. The NSC is despised by all, as simply being the porthole by which the White House tells the world how it wishes to see things. Everyone detests the DIA, and BAFTA are regarded as fools and buffoons. The US security estate is far bigger than the UK one, but slow, bureaucratic and always fighting the last war but one. No-one liked the French, DST and DGSE, the Russians are still feared and the Germans uncooperative.
    Charles Norrie, London, UK
    • There are some very good answers here. However, I do believe that the most important department in British security has been overlooked. Not surprisingly it is only natural that, as all CI5 operations are very secretive and carried out by professionals, they are kept extremely quiet. George Cowley - Head of CI5
    George Cowley, London, UK
    • During WWII MI-9 was the organisation responsible for establishing networks behind enemy lines that assisted POW's and downed airmen in escaping or evading capture.
    Stuart Kohn, Maplewood, NJ US
    • Originally all MI, Military Intelligence was in one building. Each department had it's own 'Room'. The numbers following the letters MI refereed to room or door number.
    Paladin, Moncton Canada
    • There seems to be so many acronyms for NCIS so I googled it NCIS Naval Criminal Investigative Service NCIS National Coroners Information System (Australia) NCIS Nebraska Career Information System NCIS National Crime Intelligence Service NCIS National Coalition of Independent Scholars NCIS National Crop Insurance Service (gathers crop-hail statistics) NCIS Nuclear Criticality Information System NCIS NATO Common Interoperability Standards NCIS Navy Cost Information System NCIS New Century Infusion Solutions (Brea, CA) NCIS Naval Criminal Intelligence Command NCIS NATO Common Interface Standard NCIS No Change in Status NCIS National Coordinated Industry Survey (Australia) NCIS National Crime Investigation Squad
    jamo, Castletown Isle of Man
    • I think there all different
    Tee, Nashville TN USA
    • Adding to Stu Kohan's answer, MI9 was also called "Escape and Evade," and the American MIS-X was modeled after the British MI9.
    Bill Streifer, Inwood, NY USA
    • MI5 specializes in identifying and neutralizing domestic threats or security threats emanating from within UK while MI6 is tasked with combing and neutralizing external threats.
    Wycliffe, Eldoret Kenya
    • MI1: Codes and cyphers. Later merged with other code-breaking agencies and became Government Code and Cypher School (now known as Government Communications Headquarters). MI2: Information on Middle and Far East, Scandinavia, USA, USSR, Central and South America. MI3: Information on Eastern Europe and the Baltic Provinces (plus USSR, Eastern Europe and Scandinavia after Summer 1941). MI4: Geographical section — maps (transferred to Military Operations in April 1940). MI5: Liaison with Security Service, following the transfer of Security Service to the Home Office in the 1920s. MI6: Liaison with Secret Intelligence Service and Foreign Office. MI7: Press and propaganda (transferred to Ministry of Information in May 1940). MI8: Signals interception and communications security. MI9: Escaped British PoW debriefing, escape and evasion (also: enemy PoW interrogation until 1941). MI10: Technical Intelligence worldwide. MI11: Military Security. MI12: Liaison with censorship organisations in Ministry of Information, military censorship. MI13: Not used (except in fiction). MI14: Germany and German-occupied territories (aerial photography until Spring 1943). MI15: Aerial photography. In the Spring of 1943, aerial photography moved to the Air Ministry and MI15 became air defence intelligence. MI16: Scientific Intelligence (formed 1945). MI17: Secretariat for Director of Military Intelligence from April 1943. MI18: Used only in fiction. MI19: Enemy PoW interrogation (formed from MI9 in December 1941).
    Chris Meadow, Middleton, US
    • M15 is a secret Intelligent unit primarily deals with internal affairs but terrorists unusually and The Great MI6 deals with foreign affairs which has to do with the UK or not. M07 become MI7 in 1916 after the War.Which is responsible for information and press or propaganda. MI8 is the Radio Security Service (RSS).MI4 now the JARIC agency. In short you can be made to believe that MI1-M14 still exist after the second world war.
    Kwame Akonnor, Sakyikrom-Nsawam, Ghana
    • NCIS stands for NAVAL Criminal Intelligence Service. The word is not "national."
    Carole Parkinson, Portland United States
    • Firstly, NCIS does not refer to US Naval version it's referred to the UK National Criminal Investigative Service now known as SOCA (Serious Organized Crime Agency) this agency took over most of the MI5 responsibilities leaving matter of counter-intelligence and foreign diplomatic services up to MI6 which really no longer exist as an agency only unto itself. It may have a website etc, but any MI (Military Intelligence) office is overseen by the Foreign Secretary. Years ago the "operatives" used in Clandestine Services were reassigned and renamed under Her Majesty's Customs and Excise via Home Office. MI5 Secret Service is domestic only. Handles British territories with some travel. Most of the foreign embassies in the world have Diplomatic Protection Officers in them. Ian Flemming's Bond is loosely based on the association of these two agencies but they are not related and quite honestly MI5 is nothing more than an Interpol type office conducting mostly anti-terrorism operations where as SOCA is chiefly responsible for national investigations and policing. It can be argued because there is not substantial information available to the general public as to what or how each foreign service office or officer are assigned or their duties. As to what has happened to the other MI's they have been re-titled UKSF and INTCORP or ICA Intelligence Corp Association.
    P. M. Skellen, Herefordshire United Kingdom
    • All I can say is Thank God for the United Kingdom, the english language the principals of law and the rich heritage we have recieved from them. God bless all of our english speaking cousins around the world. Thank you.
    Robin L. Garces, Newberg Oregon, USA
    • Pretty much MI5 and MI6 have absolved all the other sections MI's activities. MI5 works closely with the Police as well in the UK. Now my next question is... What does MI6 do in this peace time activities. I have heard what the CIA is doing? MI6 is very secretive and am pretty sure that their actions are passive rather than active. Is there a secret hatchet unit that's unsanctioned by the British Government known as Section 20? Basically under the CIA, this is called Blake Ops. If there is one, then Sec 20 is the creme de la creme of international law enforcement.
    Dominic W S Chan, Shah Alam Malaysia
    • I believe that the closest to MI5 is the US Department of Homeland Security
    Harold Basa,
    • Contrary to John London's post, the FBI, like the CIA, is a member of the US Intelligence Community.
    Carson, Virginia US
    • My dad worked for MI8 at one point just after the war. It involved sitting in the back of a army waggon listening to Russian morse and transcribing it. He had no Russian language translation skills, that duty belonged to someone else. Not the most glamorous of jobs, but at least it sounded good....
    Nik, Leigh UK
    • In response to what the American NCIS stands for, it's not NATIONAL, but Naval Criminal Investigative Service. I believe the UK one is National. And I'm also watching MI-5, know in the UK as Spooks. I wanted to get a handle on the different intelligence agencies. To my understanding, MI-5 deals with domestic intelligence, but not equivalent to our FBI because of their clandestine nature (I would say equivalent to the NSA). And MI-6 is international intelligence, like the CIA. So can anyone elaborate more on GCHQ? Or what their American equivalent would be if there is one?
    Ike, San Diego, California USA
    • A big thank you for your post. Want more.
    forum profiles, NY USA

    Britain's MI6 operates a bit differently than CIA

    By Walter Pincus
    Tuesday, November 2, 2010
    "The most draining aspect of my job is reading, every day, intelligence reports describing the plotting of terrorists who are bent on maiming and murdering people in this country."
    Those words, spoken last week, come from the first public speech given by a director of Britain's Secret Intelligence Service, MI6. Instead of Dame Judi Dench, who plays the role in James Bond films, Sir John Sawers, the real director of the legendary 101-year-old spy service, appeared before the Society of Editors in London. Early in his career, Sawers was an MI6 operative in the Middle East.
    It's worth looking at his precise presentation for its similarities and differences with what CIA Director Leon Panetta might say in a similar circumstance.
    While the U.S. intelligence community is made up of 16 agencies, including CIA and those in the Pentagon, "three specialised services form the [United Kingdom] intelligence community," said Sawers, 55, a Foreign Service diplomat. He listed MI5, which is a domestic service somewhat like the FBI; and GCHQ, the government's electronic eavesdropping agency, which is much like the Pentagon-based National Security Agency. Each also has the lead in the cyber world. Sawers' own service, like the CIA, operates outside the British homeland, gathering information primarily from human sources.
    British Defense Intelligence remains inside its Defense Ministry and under the chief of defense intelligence, normally a three-star general. He coordinates intelligence gathering and analysis for all the military services. Sawers made clear, however, that in Afghanistan his operatives "provide tactical intelligence that guides military operations and saves our soldiers' lives."
    Most different from the United States is management of Britain's MI6. Where the CIA "reports" to the director of national intelligence, the agency takes direction from the White House through the National Security Council, although the president, himself, must authorize its covert operations.
    MI6 "does not choose what it does," Sawers said. Under a 1994 law, cabinet ministers who make up the British National Security Council "tell us what they want to know, what they want us to achieve ... [and] we take our direction from the National Security Council," which is chaired by the prime minister. Other permanent members are the deputy prime minister, the chancellor of the exchequer, the secretary of state for foreign and commonwealth affairs, the home secretary, the secretary of state for defence, the secretary of state for international development and the security minister.
    Individually, Sawers said, "I answer directly to the foreign secretary," unlike the CIA's Panetta. MI6 submits plans for operations to the foreign secretary and "he approves most, but not all, and those operations he does not approve do not happen."
    "When our operations require legal authorization or entail political risk, I seek the foreign secretary's approval in advance. If a case is particularly complex, he can consult the attorney general," Sawers said.
    The three British intelligence agencies in the next five years "will see us intensifying our collaboration to improve our operational impact and to save money," Sawers said. "Yes, even the intelligence services have to make savings," he added, reflecting another issue in common with the Americans.
    Oversight of the U.S. intelligence community is done within both the executive and legislative branches. There is the President's Intelligence Advisory Board, a group of up to 16 members appointed from outside the federal government, who are given assignments by the White House, and there are also inspectors general within the intelligence agencies.
    On Capitol Hill, the House and Senate intelligence committees provide oversight but other panels can investigate when intelligence operations fall under their jurisdiction.
    In Britain oversight is performed both by members of Parliament and by judges. There is the single Intelligence and Security Committee, now chaired by Conservative Party member Sir Malcolm Rifkind, who was appointed by Prime Minister David Cameron. The committee traditionally includes other senior politicians, many of them former ministers. "They hold us to account and can investigate areas of our activity," Sawers said.
    In addition, two former judges have full access to MI6 files, as intelligence commissioner and interception commissioner. "They make sure our procedures are proper and lawful," Sawers said.
    As with U.S. intelligence, terrorism is central for the British services. "Over one-third of SIS resources are directed against international terrorism," Sawers said, making it "the largest single area of SIS's work." MI6 tries to penetrate terrorist groups.
    There are other ways in which the countries' two agencies differ. Like the CIA, MI6 has a website, but while the U.S. agency site is only in English, MI6's is also in Arabic, Russian, French, Spanish and Chinese. Another sign of British sophistication: while the CIA site has games and quizzes for kids, the MI6 site gives short tests to allow potential recruits to assess their analytical and administrative skills.
    Sawers spoke of matters that I doubt Panetta would include. Based on his experience in the Islamic world, he spoke out on ways to combat terrorism that fell into the policy field. For example, he talked about countries in the Middle East "moving to a more open system of government ... one more responsive to people's grievences" as one way to curtail the growth of terrorists. He then added this bit of advice to policymakers: "But if we demand an abrupt move to the pluralism that we in the West enjoy, we may undermine the controls that are now in place, and terrorists would end up with new opportunities."
    His look into the future was more characteristic of intelligence chiefs. "Whatever the cause or causes of so-called Islamic terrorism, there is little prospect of it fading away soon," he said.

    Most of us are coherent in our partisanship. Not Peter King

    I'll say this for the Republican congressman from Long Island: his political positions are so inconsistent, they're beyond bias


    Republican Peter King has called for Edward Snowden's extradition. Photograph: Jim Lo Scalzo/EPA


    As you may have noticed, New York Republican Congressman Peter King has been doing what he does best: calling for journalists to be prosecuted. The latest recipient of this badge of honour is the Guardian's Glenn Greenwald, whose behaviour King characterises as treasonous, thanks to his reporting on Edward Snowden's NSA leaks, and specifically for "threatening to disclose" the names of CIA agents.

    This last charge is pure fantasy, emerging from the mind of Peter King: Greenwald has threatened nothing of the sort.

    But that's nothing new: trying to understand King's positions on the basis of principle or connection to reality is an exercise in futility. He's a passionate defender of American freedom, except for the freedom of the press; he's one of Washington's most full-throated opponents of terrorism, except for his long history of support for the IRA; he claims to think that most US Muslims "are as loyal and patriotic as any Americans", but also that there are "too many mosques" in the country. It's appropriately decorous that the Guardian, in its official response to King, describes itself as "surprised". But speaking in a personal capacity, I'm not.

    It's interesting to consider King's outburst – and, indeed, the whole cacophony of opinionated responses to the Guardian's NSA revelations – in the context of a fascinating study highlighted on the Washington Post's WonkBlog the other day. It's a truism of America's partisan politics that people on different sides of an issue can't even agree on basic facts. Supporters and opponents of the Iraq war will express radically different views of the casualty rates there; Republicans are more likely to tell you that unemployment fell during the Bush years, while Democrats will claim (correctly, in this case) that it rose. But a new paper from researchers at Yale and the University of California at San Diego reveals something intriguing: offer people a material reward for answering such questions correctly – in this case, an Amazon gift card – and the gaps between partisans' answers shrinks by 55%.

    In other words: when there's money on the line, people get less partisan. Why? A reasonable conclusion is that, when money isn't on the line, their judgments aren't solely based on an honest appraisal of the facts – and that, consciously or unconsciously, they're heavily influenced by the desire to signal their affiliations with certain positions, parties or groups. On issues that divide Republicans from Democrats, each wants to demonstrate, whether to others or themselves, that Republicans or Democrats is what they are. On issues such as the NSA revelations, which divide us along different lines, all those columnists arguing in favour of trusting American power and of not rocking the boat want to show that's where they stand. And of course, we anti-surveillance, pro-Snowden types don't escape the charge, either. I have to accept that my position isn't just an unprejudiced assessment of the facts.

    In a sense, this simply underscores the most obvious truth imaginable about political opinions: that our backgrounds and loyalties shape the views we hold, while cynics like Peter King will spout any old nonsense to pander to their constituencies. Still, it's striking to see how far this affects even our understanding of basic, measurable facts, such as casualty rates or unemployment figures. When it comes to topics such as the likely impact of the Snowden leaks, the influence of affiliation-signalling is presumably vastly worse, since there's so much we still don't know and perhaps never could.

    This is all especially relevant in the rancorous world of op-ed columns and online commentary, which is systematically biased against expression of the kind of ambivalent stances that Ian Leslie writes about in Slate today. (Ambivalence is to be distinguished here from centrist "moderation", which gets a huge amount of column inches.)

    Yes, I'm inclined to believe that the world will be a significantly better place for Snowden's revelations. But it's worth never forgetting that my views on the matter – along with everyone else's – aren't simple and straightforward responses to the available facts. Even if they are rather more grounded in reality than the anti-journalistic witterings of Peter King.



    NSA leaker Snowden not welcome in UK

    Britain tells airlines NSA leaker Snowden should not be allowed on flights to UK

    LONDON (AP) -- The British government has warned airlines around the world not to allow Edward Snowden, who leaked information on top-secret U.S. government surveillance programs, to fly to the United Kingdom.

    A travel alert, dated Monday on a Home Office letterhead, said carriers should deny Snowden boarding because "the individual is highly likely to be refused entry to the U.K."

    The Associated Press saw a photograph of the document taken Friday at a Thai airport. A British diplomat confirmed that the document was genuine and was sent out to airlines around the world. Airlines in Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore also confirmed the alert had been issued.

    In London, Home Office officials refused Friday to discuss the travel alert.

    The diplomat said such alerts are issued to carriers that fly into the U.K., and if any airline brings Snowden into the country, it will be liable to be fined 2,000 British pounds ($3,100). He said Snowden would likely have been deemed by the Home Office to be detrimental to the "public good."

    The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he wasn't authorized to discuss the matter publicly. The U.K. Border Agency, which operates under the Home Office, has wide leeway to deny entry to people trying to enter the United Kingdom. It has been used to keep radical preachers and extreme right-wing politicians out of Britain.

    Snowden, 29, revealed himself Sunday as the source of top-secret documents about U.S. National Security Agency surveillance programs that were reported earlier by the Guardian and Washington Post newspapers. He is believed to be in Hong Kong. Snowden, an American citizen, has yet to be publicly charged with any crime and no known warrants have been issued for his arrest.

    U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder told reporters in Dublin on Friday that the case was still being investigated, but said he is "confident that the person who is responsible will be held accountable."

    Experts believe Snowden's travel options are narrow because of the intense publicity generated by the case and the wide circulation of his photo, which is also contained on the carrier alert.

    "He's cornered," said Magnus Ranstorp, a research director at the Swedish National Defense College. "Even without the U.K. alert, his name is now part of the intelligence matrix and his name would be flagged if he tried to travel anywhere in the world. He can't get into mainland China, they have a very sophisticated database and sneaking in is not easy, and if he tries to fly he won't even get out of Hong Kong airport."

    He said Snowden might try to use a false passport for travel, and also try to alter his facial appearance by shaving his head and his beard and wearing contact lenses, but would likely be caught. The best option, Ranstorp said, may be for Snowden to follow WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange's example and seek refuge in the consulate of a sympathetic country with a diplomatic presence in Hong Kong.

    Assange, who has spent almost a year inside the Ecuadorean Embassy in London, said he thought Britain had issued the alert on Snowden because "it doesn't want to end up with another Julian Assange."

    Assange sought shelter in the embassy after Britain agreed to send him to Sweden for questioning about alleged sexual assaults. Assange argues that could lead to extradition to the U.S., where he and WikiLeaks are being investigated.

    "The United Kingdom doesn't want to say no to the United States under any circumstances," Assange said. "Not in my case and not in the case of Mr. Snowden." He said Britain should be offering Snowden asylum, not excluding him.

    It isn't clear if other Western European countries have also alerted airlines not to bring Snowden into their countries. Officials in France, Germany, Spain and the Netherlands said they have not issued any warnings about possible travel by Snowden. In Amsterdam, foreign ministry spokesman Weibe Alkema said the government would execute an arrest warrant for Snowden if one had been issued.

    At one point, Snowden expressed an interest in seeking refuge in Iceland, but the government there said no contact had been made.

    In London, some human rights activists expressed disappointment with the British government's stance. Martyn Day, from the law firm Leigh Day, said it was "depressing" that Britain's approach is so tied to the U.S.

    "Mr. Snowden has been entirely open about being the whistle-blower on what is alleged to be one of the most outrageous invasions of privacy the world has ever seen," Day said. "If he wants to come to the U.K., he should be allowed to do so."

    Even without criminal charges, Snowden's world is now shrinking. If other countries follow Britain's example and bar his entry, Snowden would have few options if he weren't allowed to stay in his preferred sanctuary of Hong Kong, a semiautonomous Chinese territory.

    China has not made any public comment on what it plans to do with Snowden or how long he would be welcome to stay in Hong Kong. A popular Communist Party-backed newspaper, however, has urged China's leadership to milk Snowden for information rather than expel him, saying his revelations concern China's national interest.

    If the U.S. eventually calls for his return, Snowden does have the option of applying for asylum or refugee status in Hong Kong, which maintains a Western-style legal system. If Snowden chose to fight it, his extradition to the U.S. could take years to make its way through Hong Kong's courts.

    The alert was issued Monday by the Risk and Liaison Overseas Network, part of the U.K. Border Agency that has staff in several countries identified as major transit points for inadequately documented passengers.

    The document titled "RALON Carrier Alert 15/13" has a photograph of Snowden and gave his date of birth and U.S. passport number. It said: "If this individual attempts to travel to the U.K.: Carriers should deny boarding." It warned that carriers may "be liable to costs relating to the individual's detention and removal" should they allow him to travel.

    "Carrier alerts" are issued when the U.K. government wants to deny entry to people who don't normally need visas to enter the country, as is the case with most U.S. citizens, or already have visas but something has happened since they were issued, the diplomat said.

    Sometimes convicted sex offenders are denied entry into the U.K. in this way.

    People who are turned away are told in writing why they have been rejected, and some — but not all — have the right to appeal the ruling.

    A Bangkok Airways officer said the airline was notified on Thursday about the alert by the Airports of Thailand PCL, which operates national airports throughout the country. She said the notice wasn't intended to be seen by the public.

    The officer spoke on the condition of anonymity because she wasn't authorized to give the information to the media.

    National carrier Malaysia Airlines said in an emailed statement to the AP that it had also received the British advisory and issued notices to all its operating locations in the country. Singapore Airlines also received the alert.


    Doksone reported from Bangkok. Sylvia Hui and Jill Lawless in London and Shawn Pogatchnik in Dublin contributed to this report.

    13 Jun 2013:

    Lindsey Bever: Some call Snowden a hero; others label him a traitor. Here's our compilation of the best of the debate in the US media

    Protesters shout slogans in support of Edward Snowden in Hong Kong 13 Jun 2013:

    Politicians on all sides say the US needs to answer allegations it hacked targets including territory's businesses and universities

    13 Jun 2013:

    State-run China Daily points to countries' 'soured relationship' on cybersecurity and suggests huge surveillance net is unjustified

    13 Jun 2013:

    Poll finds two-thirds of Americans want NSA's role reviewed, and 56% find current congressional oversight insufficient

    South China Morning Post 13 Jun 2013: Chinese media awash with news of scandal as the internet surveillance whistleblower says he plans to remain in territory, despite Washington 'trying to bully' Hong Kong

    12 Jun 2013:

    NSA whistleblower says he is not in Hong Kong to 'hide from justice' and alleges US hacked hundreds of targets in China

    12 Jun 2013:

    NSA whistleblower speaks to South China Morning Post as agency's director prepares to testify before Congress

    E~dward Snowden 12 Jun 2013:

    Eleven organisations plan to stage march to oppose extradition to the US of former CIA employee behind NSA spying claims

    12 Jun 2013:

    Obama administration says NSA data helped make arrests in two important cases – but critics say that simply isn't true


    12 Jun 2013:

    Whistleblower could make case for rejecting US application for his return on grounds that alleged offence was political

    Thomas Drake, NSA whistleblower 12 Jun 2013:

    Thomas Drake: So we refused to be part of the NSA's dark blanket. That is why whistleblowers pay the price for being the backstop of democracy

    12 Jun 2013: Lindsay Mills's father Jonathan says whistleblower always had strong convictions and he wishes him luck

    12 Jun 2013:

    The full story behind the scoop and why the whistleblower approached the Guardian

    Xavier Becerra 12 Jun 2013:

    After a closed-door briefing of the House of Representatives, lawmakers call for a review of the Patriot Act


    Google asks government to reveal data on national security requests – as it happened

    A woman uses her smartphone at the waterfront in Hong Kong, where whistleblower Edward Snowden is currently located. 11 Jun 2013:

    • Kremlin spokesman says request would be considered
    • Obama welcomes debate over Patriot Act
    • International backlash against Prism programme
    • Live coverage of all today's developments

    11 Jun 2013:

    Civil liberties group accuses US government of running a program 'akin to snatching every American's address book'

    11 Jun 2013: Seumas Milne: Western spying agencies are instruments of control and their record is disastrous. They have to be held to account

    11 Jun 2013:

    Julian Borger: The language of the 1917 Espionage Act may be old-fashioned, but it offers little protection for the whistleblower's modern 'crime'

    11 Jun 2013: David Omand: As former GCHQ chief I believe we should set down some principles that would help guide the public debate on privacy

    US defense secretary Chuck Hagel 11 Jun 2013:

    Senator Ron Wyden suggests US intelligence chief James Clapper may have misled him as international pressure builds

    11 Jun 2013:

    Mills's blog – in which she described life with her boyfriend on Hawaii – taken down after Snowden identified as source of leaks

    11 Jun 2013:

    Bill would compel government to disclose opinions of secret Fisa court whose judgments underpin US surveillance programs

    NSA whistleblower 11 Jun 2013:

    The 29-year-old source behind the biggest intelligence leak in the NSA's history explains his motives, his uncertain future and why he never intended on hiding in the shadows

    11 Jun 2013: Hong Kong authorities have co-operated with the CIA in the past to remove enemies of US, says Human Rights Watch director

    11 Jun 2013:

    Clay Shirky: Beyond the leaks themselves, Snowden has exposed how the US government enforces secrecy in the very act of spying on us

    Edward Snowden 11 Jun 2013:

    Vladimir Putin's spokesman says any appeal for asylum from whistleblower who fled US will be looked at 'according to facts'

    Jesselyn Radack Video (2min 17sec), 11 Jun 2013:

    Jesseyln Radack, from the Government Accountability Project, which represents whistleblowers, says ordinary US citizens are right to feel violated by what Edward Snowden has revealed about the NSA's secret surveillance

    Jay Carney Video (1min 42sec), 11 Jun 2013:

    At a press briefing on Monday, White House spokesman Jay Carney says the balance between national security and privacy is appropriate

    Edward Snowden 11 Jun 2013:

    Edward Snowden's leaks about the NSA's electronic surveillance make him one of the most damaging whistleblowers in history. But what drives loyal employees to reveal the truth? And how do they live with the backlash?

    Secret to Prism success: Even bigger data seizure

    What makes Prism shine? National Security Agency's megadata collection from Internet pipeline

    FILE - In this Jan. 31, 2008, file photo President Bush waves after signing a 15-day extension of the Protect America Act after a speech in Las Vegas. Sternly prodding Congress, Bush told lawmakers they were jeopardizing the nation's safety by failing to lock in the government eavesdropping law. When the Protect America Act made warrantless wiretapping legal, lawyers and executives at major technology companies knew what was about to happen. They didn't know that its passage gave birth to a top-secret NSA program, officially labeled US-98XN. It was known as Prism. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong, File)" alt="
    FILE - In this Jan. 31, 2008, file photo President Bush waves after signing a 15-day extension of the Protect America Act after a speech in Las Vegas. Sternly prodding Congress, Bush told lawmakers they were jeopardizing the nation's safety by failing to lock in the government eavesdropping law. When the Protect America Act made warrantless wiretapping legal, lawyers and executives at major technology companies knew what was about to happen. They didn't know that its passage gave birth to a top-secret NSA program, officially labeled US-98XN. It was known as Prism. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong, File)" src="http://l1.yimg.com/bt/api/res/1.2/qoiw6NYvNvd.hOcyTj6XDQ--/YXBwaWQ9eW5ld3M7Y2g9MjQ2Mjtjcj0xO2N3PTM2MDA7ZHg9MDtkeT0wO2ZpPXVsY3JvcDtoPTQzMTtxPTg1O3c9NjMw/http://globalfinance.zenfs.com/images/US_AHTTP_AP_HEADLINES_BUSINESS/d2a9eaf40bfdd414340f6a706700bd69_original.jpg" width="630" height="431"
    Associated Press -
    FILE - In this Jan. 31, 2008, file photo President Bush waves after signing a 15-day extension of the Protect America Act after a speech in Las Vegas. Sternly prodding Congress, Bush told lawmakers they were jeopardizing the nation's safety by failing to lock in the government eavesdropping law. When the Protect America Act made warrantless wiretapping legal, lawyers and executives at major technology companies knew what was about to happen. They didn't know that its passage gave birth to a top-secret NSA program, officially labeled US-98XN. It was known as Prism. (AP Photo/Jae C. Hong, File)

    WASHINGTON (AP) -- In the months and early years after 9/11, FBI agents began showing up at Microsoft Corp. more frequently than before, armed with court orders demanding information on customers.
    Around the world, government spies and eavesdroppers were tracking the email and Internet addresses used by suspected terrorists. Often, those trails led to the world's largest software company and, at the time, largest email provider.
    The agents wanted email archives, account information, practically everything, and quickly. Engineers compiled the data, sometimes by hand, and delivered it to the government.
    Often there was no easy way to tell if the information belonged to foreigners or Americans. So much data was changing hands that one former Microsoft employee recalls that the engineers were anxious about whether the company should cooperate.
    Inside Microsoft, some called it "Hoovering" — not after the vacuum cleaner, but after J. Edgar Hoover, the first FBI director, who gathered dirt on countless Americans.
    This frenetic, manual process was the forerunner to Prism, the recently revealed highly classified National Security Agency program that seizes records from Internet companies. As laws changed and technology improved, the government and industry moved toward a streamlined, electronic process, which required less time from the companies and provided the government data in a more standard format.
    The revelation of Prism this month by the Washington Post and Guardian newspapers has touched off the latest round in a decade-long debate over what limits to impose on government eavesdropping, which the Obama administration says is essential to keep the nation safe.
    But interviews with more than a dozen current and former government and technology officials and outside experts show that, while Prism has attracted the recent attention, the program actually is a relatively small part of a much more expansive and intrusive eavesdropping effort.
    Americans who disapprove of the government reading their emails have more to worry about from a different and larger NSA effort that snatches data as it passes through the fiber optic cables that make up the Internet's backbone. That program, which has been known for years, copies Internet traffic as it enters and leaves the United States, then routes it to the NSA for analysis.
    Whether by clever choice or coincidence, Prism appears to do what its name suggests. Like a triangular piece of glass, Prism takes large beams of data and helps the government find discrete, manageable strands of information.
    The fact that it is productive is not surprising; documents show it is one of the major sources for what ends up in the president's daily briefing. Prism makes sense of the cacophony of the Internet's raw feed. It provides the government with names, addresses, conversation histories and entire archives of email inboxes.
    Many of the people interviewed for this report insisted on anonymity because they were not authorized to publicly discuss a classified, continuing effort. But those interviews, along with public statements and the few public documents available, show there are two vital components to Prism's success.
    The first is how the government works closely with the companies that keep people perpetually connected to each other and the world. That story line has attracted the most attention so far.
    The second and far murkier one is how Prism fits into a larger U.S. wiretapping program in place for years.
    Deep in the oceans, hundreds of cables carry much of the world's phone and Internet traffic. Since at least the early 1970s, the NSA has been tapping foreign cables. It doesn't need permission. That's its job.
    But Internet data doesn't care about borders. Send an email from Pakistan to Afghanistan and it might pass through a mail server in the United States, the same computer that handles messages to and from Americans. The NSA is prohibited from spying on Americans or anyone inside the United States. That's the FBI's job and it requires a warrant.
    Despite that prohibition, shortly after the Sept. 11 attacks, President George W. Bush secretly authorized the NSA to plug into the fiber optic cables that enter and leave the United States, knowing it would give the government unprecedented, warrantless access to Americans' private conversations.
    Tapping into those cables allows the NSA access to monitor emails, telephone calls, video chats, websites, bank transactions and more. It takes powerful computers to decrypt, store and analyze all this information, but the information is all there, zipping by at the speed of light.
    "You have to assume everything is being collected," said Bruce Schneier, who has been studying and writing about cryptography and computer security for two decades.
    The New York Times disclosed the existence of this effort in 2005. In 2006, former AT&T technician Mark Klein revealed that the company had allowed the NSA to install a computer at its San Francisco switching center, a spot where fiber optic cables enter the U.S.
    What followed was the most significant debate over domestic surveillance since the 1975 Church Committee, a special Senate committee led by Sen. Frank Church, D-Idaho, reined in the CIA and FBI for spying on Americans.
    Unlike the recent debate over Prism, however, there were no visual aids, no easy-to-follow charts explaining that the government was sweeping up millions of emails and listening to phone calls of people accused of no wrongdoing.
    The Bush administration called it the "Terrorist Surveillance Program" and said it was keeping the United States safe.
    "This program has produced intelligence for us that has been very valuable in the global war on terror, both in terms of saving lives and breaking up plots directed at the United States," Vice President Dick Cheney said at the time.
    The government has said it minimizes all conversations and emails involving Americans. Exactly what that means remains classified. But former U.S. officials familiar with the process say it allows the government to keep the information as long as it is labeled as belonging to an American and stored in a special, restricted part of a computer.
    That means Americans' personal emails can live in government computers, but analysts can't access, read or listen to them unless the emails become relevant to a national security investigation.
    The government doesn't automatically delete the data, officials said, because an email or phone conversation that seems innocuous today might be significant a year from now.
    What's unclear to the public is how long the government keeps the data. That is significant because the U.S. someday will have a new enemy. Two decades from now, the government could have a trove of American emails and phone records it can tap to investigative whatever Congress declares a threat to national security.
    The Bush administration shut down its warrantless wiretapping program in 2007 but endorsed a new law, the Protect America Act, which allowed the wiretapping to continue with changes: The NSAgenerally would have to explain its techniques and targets to a secret court in Washington, but individual warrants would not be required.
    Congress approved it, with Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., in the midst of a campaign for president, voting against it.
    "This administration also puts forward a false choice between the liberties we cherish and the security we provide," Obama said in a speech two days before that vote. "I will provide our intelligence and law enforcement agencies with the tools they need to track and take out the terrorists without undermining our Constitution and our freedom."
    When the Protect America Act made warrantless wiretapping legal, lawyers and executives at major technology companies knew what was about to happen.
    One expert in national security law, who is directly familiar with how Internet companies dealt with the government during that period, recalls conversations in which technology officials worried aloud that the government would trample on Americans' constitutional right against unlawful searches, and that the companies would be called on to help.
    The logistics were about to get daunting, too.
    For years, the companies had been handling requests from the FBI. Now Congress had given the NSA the authority to take information without warrants. Though the companies didn't know it, the passage of the Protect America Act gave birth to a top-secret NSA program, officially called US-98XN.
    It was known as Prism. Though many details are still unknown, it worked like this:
    Every year, the attorney general and the director of national intelligence spell out in a classified document how the government plans to gather intelligence on foreigners overseas.
    By law, the certification can be broad. The government isn't required to identify specific targets or places.
    A federal judge, in a secret order, approves the plan.
    With that, the government can issue "directives" to Internet companies to turn over information.
    While the court provides the government with broad authority to seize records, the directives themselves typically are specific, said one former associate general counsel at a major Internet company. They identify a specific target or groups of targets. Other company officials recall similar experiences.
    All adamantly denied turning over the kind of broad swaths of data that many people believed when the Prism documents were first released.
    "We only ever comply with orders for requests about specific accounts or identifiers," Microsoft said in a statement.
    Facebook said it received between 9,000 and 10,000 demands requests for data from all government agencies in the second half of last year. The social media company said fewer than 19,000 users were targeted.
    How many of those were related to national security is unclear, and likely classified. The numbers suggest each request typically related to one or two people, not a vast range of users.
    Tech company officials were unaware there was a program named Prism. Even former law enforcement and counterterrorism officials who were on the job when the program went live and were aware of its capabilities said this past week that they didn't know what it was called.
    What the NSA called Prism, the companies knew as a streamlined system that automated and simplified the "Hoovering" from years earlier, the former assistant general counsel said. The companies, he said, wanted to reduce their workload. The government wanted the data in a structured, consistent format that was easy to search.
    Any company in the communications business can expect a visit, said Mike Janke, CEO of Silent Circle, a company that advertises software for secure, encrypted conversations. The government is eager to find easy ways around security.
    "They do this every two to three years," said Janke, who said government agents have approached his company but left empty-handed because his computer servers store little information. "They ask for the moon."
    That often creates tension between the government and a technology industry with a reputation for having a civil libertarian bent. Companies occasionally argue to limit what the government takes. Yahoo even went to court and lost in a classified ruling in 2008, The New York Times reported Friday.
    "The notion that Yahoo gives any federal agency vast or unfettered access to our users' records is categorically false," Ron Bell, the company's general counsel, said recently.
    Under Prism, the delivery process varied by company.
    Google, for instance, says it makes secure file transfers. Others use contractors or have set up stand-alone systems. Some have set up user interfaces making it easier for the government, according to a security expert familiar with the process.
    Every company involved denied the most sensational assertion in the Prism documents: that the NSA pulled data "directly from the servers" of Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, AOL and more.
    Technology experts and a former government official say that phrasing, taken from a PowerPoint slide describing the program, was likely meant to differentiate Prism's neatly organized, company-provided data from the unstructured information snatched out of the Internet's major pipelines.
    In slide made public by the newspapers, NSA analysts were encouraged to use data coming from both Prism and from the fiber-optic cables.
    Prism, as its name suggests, helps narrow and focus the stream. If eavesdroppers spot a suspicious email among the torrent of data pouring into the United States, analysts can use information from Internet companies to pinpoint the user.
    With Prism, the government gets a user's entire email inbox. Every email, including contacts with American citizens, becomes government property.
    Once the NSA has an inbox, it can search its huge archives for information about everyone with whom the target communicated. All those people can be investigated, too.
    That's one example of how emails belonging to Americans can become swept up in the hunt.
    In that way, Prism helps justify specific, potentially personal searches. But it's the broader operation on the Internet fiber optics cables that actually captures the data, experts agree.
    "I'm much more frightened and concerned about real-time monitoring on the Internet backbone," said Wolf Ruzicka, CEO of EastBanc Technologies, a Washington software company. "I cannot think of anything, outside of a face-to-face conversation, that they could not have access to."
    One unanswered question, according to a former technology executive at one of the companies involved, is whether the government can use the data from Prism to work backward.
    For example, not every company archives instant message conversations, chat room exchanges or videoconferences. But if Prism provided general details, known as metadata, about when a user began chatting, could the government "rewind" its copy of the global Internet stream, find the conversation and replay it in full?
    That would take enormous computing, storage and code-breaking power. It's possible the NSA could use supercomputers to decrypt some transmissions, but it's unlikely it would have the ability to do that in volume. In other words, it would help to know what messages to zero in on.
    Whether the government has that power and whether it uses Prism this way remains a closely guarded secret.
    A few months after Obama took office in 2009, the surveillance debate reignited in Congress because the NSA had crossed the line. Eavesdroppers, it turned out, had been using their warrantless wiretap authority to intercept far more emails and phone calls of Americans than they were supposed to.
    Obama, no longer opposed to the wiretapping, made unspecified changes to the process. The government said the problems were fixed.
    "I came in with a healthy skepticism about these programs," Obama explained recently. "My team evaluated them. We scrubbed them thoroughly. We actually expanded some of the oversight, increased some of the safeguards."
    Years after decrying Bush for it, Obama said Americans did have to make tough choices in the name of safety.
    "You can't have 100 percent security and also then have 100 percent privacy and zero inconvenience," the president said.
    Obama's administration, echoing his predecessor's, credited the surveillance with disrupting several terrorist attacks. Leading figures from the Bush administration who endured criticism during Obama's candidacy have applauded the president for keeping the surveillance intact.
    Jason Weinstein, who recently left the Justice Department as head of its cybercrime and intellectual property section, said it's no surprise Obama continued the eavesdropping.
    "You can't expect a president to not use a legal tool that Congress has given him to protect the country," he said. "So, Congress has given him the tool. The president's using it. And the courts are saying 'The way you're using it is OK.' That's checks and balances at work."
    Schneier, the author and security expert, said it doesn't really matter how Prism works, technically. Just assume the government collects everything, he said.
    He said it doesn't matter what the government and the companies say, either. It's spycraft, after all.
    "Everyone is playing word games," he said. "No one is telling the truth."
    Associated Press writers Eileen Sullivan, Peter Svensonn, Adam Goldman, Michael Liedtke and Monika Mathur contributed to this report.
    Contact the AP's Washington investigative team at DCinvestigations@ap.org

    Edward Snowden Is Completely Wrong

     National Journal 
    Is he a hero—the most important whistle-blower in U.S. history, as Pentagon Papers leaker Daniel Ellsberg called him? Or is Edward Snowden a flat-out traitor and a very deluded young man? The 29-year-old contractor at the center of the biggest national security scandal in years is eloquent and impressively intelligent, having risen from high school dropout and security guard at the National Security Agency to uber systems administrator at the CIA. Snowdenalso appears to have acted genuinely out of conscience, because it’s clear he could have sold what he knows for quite a lot of money, taken down “the surveillance structure in an afternoon” (as he declared in an interview), or revealed undercover assets that might “have cost lives. Instead, Snowden, a product of the federal government ecosystem who grew up in the D.C. suburbs, says he has sacrificed his own “very comfortable” life to expose what he calls Washington’s “architecture of oppression.”
    What’s not clear is why Snowden thought that revealing the NSA’s surveillance methods would change very much in our government or society, except to make it much harder for the NSA, the CIA, and defense and intelligence contractors to hire anyone like him in the future.
    That process, if little else, must now change. Snowden will likely be charged with espionage, or worse. Washington will massively revamp its vetting procedures, especially for giant contractors such as Booz Allen Hamilton, which has grown fat on a diet of government work and appeared to hire Snowden in Hawaii at a generous salary of $120,000 almost as an afterthought. Contracts like the one he worked on—to help the government analyze an overwhelming stream of data—represented 99 percent of its revenue, most of them related to the NSA.
    Other than tightened security clearances, though, the startling revelations of the past several days will probably alter very little in the lives of Americans or the way the government works in a data-driven world. That’s not just because, apart from a few outraged senators—Democrats Ron Wyden of Oregon and Mark Udall of Colorado and libertarian Republican Rand Paul of Kentucky—almost the entire U.S. government, from the White House to Congress to the judiciary, has come out in support of the NSA program of collecting troves of telephone data and personal Internet information, using the servers and telecommunications systems of America’s biggest companies. If the mandarins of official Washington don’t amend their conduct, it’s because Americans aren’t asking them to.


    The reason may not be entirely obvious at first. In the past decade, our very concept of privacy has changed to the point that we’re less likely to see information-sharing as a violation of our personal liberty. In an era when our daily lives are already networked, we have E-ZPasses that give us access to the fast lane in exchange for keeping the government informed about where we drive. We shop online despite knowing that the commercial world will track our buying preferences. We share our personal reflections and habits not only with Facebook and Google but also (albeit sometimes inadvertently) with thousands of online marketers who want our information. All of this means Americans are less likely to erupt in outrage today over one more eye on their behavior. “One thing I find amusing is the absolute terror of Big Brother, when we’ve all already gone and said, ‘Cuff me,’ to Little Brother,” jokes John Arquilla, an intelligence expert at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, Calif.
    The latest Allstate/National Journal Heartland Monitor Poll bears this out. Americans are vaguely aware of these slowly eroding walls of privacy, and 55 percent say they are worried about the overall accumulation of personal information about them “by businesses, law enforcement, government, individuals, and other groups.” The survey also found that an overwhelming majority of Americans believe that business, government, social-media sites, and other groups are accessing their most personal information without their consent. Even so, for the most part, they accept it as an unavoidable modern phenomenon. Most younger and college-educated people—in contrast to Snowden—take a benign view of these changes.
    Despite the press treatment of the NSA story, which judging from editorial opinion has come out largely on Snowden’s side, most Americans appear relatively unperturbed. A Pew Research Center/Washington Post poll conducted last weekend found that 56 percent of Americans believe NSA access to the call records of millions of Americans is an “acceptable” way for the federal government to investigate terrorism. An even bigger majority, 62 percent, said it was more important for the government to investigate terrorist threats than it was to safeguard personal privacy. That explains why soft queasiness has not congealed into hard political outrage.
    Another problem for the alarmists: No evidence suggests that the worst fears of people like Snowden have ever been realized. In his interview with The Guardian, which broke the story along with The Washington Post, Snowden warned that the NSA’s accumulation of personal data “increases every year consistently by orders of magnitude to where it’s getting to the point where you don’t have to have done anything wrong. You simply have to eventually fall under suspicion from somebody.”
    In a state with no checks and balances, that is a possibility. But even the American Civil Liberties Union, which has called NSA surveillance “a stone’s throw away from an Orwellian state,” admits it knows of no cases where anything even remotely Orwellian has happened. Nor can any opponent of NSA surveillance point to a Kafkaesque Joseph K. who has appeared in an American courtroom on mysterious charges trumped up from government surveillance. Several civil-liberties advocates, asked to cite a single case of abuse of information, all paused for long seconds and could not cite any.
    There is also great misunderstanding about how the NSA system works and whether such abuse could even happen in the future. It’s unclear if the government will be capable of accessing and misusing the vast array of personal data it is accumulating, as Snowden predicts. The NSA appears primarily to use computer algorithms to sift through its database for patterns that may be possible clues to terrorist plots. The government says it is not eavesdropping on our phone calls or voyeuristically reading our e-mails. Instead, it tracks the “metadata” of phone calls—whom we call and when, the duration of those conversations—and uses computer algorithms to trawl its databases for phone patterns or e-mail and search keywords that may be clues to terrorist plots. It can also map networks by linking known operatives with potential new suspects. If something stands out as suspicious, agents are still required by law to obtain a court order to look into the data they have in their storehouses. Officials must show “probable cause” and adhere to the principle of “minimization,” by which the government commits to reducing as much as possible the inadvertent vacuuming up of information on citizens instead of foreigners—the real target of the NSA’s PRISM program. The program, according to Director ofNational Intelligence James Clapper, has had success. He told NBC that tracking a suspicious communication from Pakistan to a person in Colorado allowed officials to identify a terrorist cell in New York City that wanted to bomb its subway system in the fall of 2009.
    Indeed, the scandal is perhaps narrower in scope than it’s made out to be. “The only novel legal development that I see in that area is the government says, ‘We know there’s relevant information in there—if we don’t get it now it will be gone; we won’t be able to find it when we need it. So we’ll gather it now and then we’ll search it only when we have a good basis for the search to be done,’ ” says Stewart Baker, who was the first assistant secretary for policy at the Homeland Security Department and is a former NSA general counsel. “The courts are still involved. They say, ‘You put it in a safe place, lock it up, come to me when you want to search it.’ If you’re serious about ways to make [counterterrorism] work and still protect privacy, it seems like a pretty good compromise.”
    Baker says the government built in as many controls and oversights as it could think of. “Two different presidents from two different parties with very different perspectives. Two different Intelligence committees led by two different parties. A dozen judges chosen from among the life-appointed judiciary. None of them thought this was legally problematic,” Baker says. “And one guy says, ‘Yeah, I disagree, so I’m going to blow it up.’ If the insistence is, ‘It only satisfies me if it’s out in public,’ then we’re not talking about intelligence-gathering. We’re not even talking about law enforcement. We’re talking about research. And I’m not sure you can run a large country in a dangerous world just by doing open-source research.”
    Other advocates of the NSA operation say the sheer vastness of the program is what helps shield citizens. “Individuals are protected by the anonymity granted by the quantity of information,” says Eric Posner, a University of Chicago law professor. “It’s just too difficult to spy on such a vast number of people in a way that’s meaningful.”


    Behavioral research shows that, like the proverbial frog in the pot of water who doesn’t notice the rising temperature, Americans have grown inured to the “culture of intrusion” in today’s world of continuous data exchange. “There are undeniable changes in behavior we have been observing in the past 10 years or so, with the birth and rise of social media,” says Alessandro Acquisti, an economist at Carnegie Mellon University who has studied the effects. “There is evidence that people will give away personal data for very small rewards, such as the psychological benefit of sharing with others, or even for a discount coupon,” he says. “For instance, on social media, people quite openly talk, without containing their audience only to their Facebook friends, about dating, eating, going out, success, and failures—something that 10 years ago you would have disclosed only to your direct friends.”
    The Michigan-based Ponemon Institute, which conducts independent research on privacy and data collection, has found that a relatively small number of Americans, only about 14 percent, care enough about their privacy on a consistent basis to change their behavior to preserve it. These are the people who will not buy a book on Amazon because they would have to surrender information about themselves, or don’t go to certain websites if they fear they’re going to be behaviorally profiled, or won’t contribute to political campaigns for the same reason. By contrast, a substantial majority of Americans, about 63 percent, say they care about their privacy, but “there’s no evidence to suggest they’re going to do anything different to preserve it,” says Larry Ponemon, who runs the institute. (Some 23 percent care so little about the issue they are known as “privacy complacent,” Ponemon says.)
    People are blithe even as they discover how much their online behavior can hurt them personally, on everything from job and college applications to terrorist investigations. “People are losing jobs because of things they posted on their Facebook page,” says Loren Thompson, chief operating officer of the Lexington Institute, who refuses to use Facebook or Twitter or even conduct potentially controversial searches on Google. “I just had a feeling all along that by the time people realized how vulnerable they were, it would be too late. There would be too much information about them online.”
    There is a difference, to be sure, between government and private-sector abuses of privacy. “Even I recognize that it’s one thing for Google to know too much, because they aren’t putting me in jail. It’s another thing for government, because they can coerce me,” says Michael Hayden, who as director of the NSA from 1999 to 2006 was a primary mover behind the agency’s transformation from Cold War dinosaur to a post-9/11 terror-detection leviathan with sometimes frightening technical and legal powers. “But if we weren’t doing this, there would be holy hell to raise.”
    That is likely true, too. Defenders of the program say, as Hayden does, that the government had no choice. “This is about taping foreign telecommunications transmissions that just happen to pass through the United States because of the way the Internet architecture is designed,” Thompson says. “It really doesn’t have anything to do with spying on Americans; it’s about spying on foreigners the easy way.” At first this meant finding the right communications hardware. The USS Jimmy Carter, a Seawolf-class submarine, was modified to tap into the trunk lines, but there are really only a handful of major Internet conduits to the Middle East, Thompson says. Eventually, someone probably said, “Jeepers, most of this traffic passes through the U.S. anyway. Why don’t we just talk to Verizon?”
    Hayden admitted this, surprisingly, in an open session of the House Intelligence Committee way back in 2000, telling the members that this monitoring was needed to enable the NSA to get in front of the data. No one listened right way, but after 9/11 and the passage of the USA Patriot Act, the mood shifted dramatically in favor of more aggressive surveillance. “This agency grew up in the Cold War. We came from the world of Enigma [the Nazi encryption device whose code was broken by the Allies], for God’s sake. There were no privacy concerns in intercepting German communications to their submarines, or Russian microwave transmissions to missile bases,” Hayden says today. Now, “all the data you want to go for is coexisting with your stuff. And the trick then, the only way the NSA succeeds, is to get enough power to be able to reach that new data but with enough trust to know enough not to grab your stuff even though it’s whizzing right by.” The demonization of the NSA now is ironic, he says, considering that in late 2002 the Senate Intelligence Committee (which included Wyden), in its joint 9/11 report with the House, criticized the agency for its “failure to address modern communications technology aggressively” and its “cautious approach to any collection of intelligence relating to activities in the United States.”
    Most Americans, based on the polls, seem willing to make the trade-off between what President Obama called “modest encroachments on privacy” and safety from terrorists. “There is a lot of authoritarian overreach in American society, both from the drug war and the war on terror,” David Simon, the writer and producer of the hit HBO shows The Wire and Treme, wrote in his blog this week, in a scathing blast at Snowden and the pundits who have lionized him. “But those planes really did hit those buildings. And that bomb did indeed blow up at the finish line of the Boston Marathon. And we really are in a continuing, low-intensity, high-risk conflict with a diffuse, committed, and ideologically motivated enemy. And for a moment, just imagine how much bloviating would be wafting across our political spectrum if, in the wake of an incident of domestic terrorism, an American president and his administration had failed to take full advantage of the existing telephonic data to do what is possible to find those needles in the haystacks.”


    Every time you go online, you’re a target. Advertisers are searching for you—maybe not by name, but through your interests and your assessed income and even your health symptoms, all based on your search-engine terms and the cookies deposited on your computer to watch you surf the Internet and report back on your habits. Sites may have an agreement with advertisers, which can target their messages to you. And they likely sell this information to third-party brokers who can do what they want with it.
    A sweeping Wall Street Journal investigation in 2010 found that the biggest U.S. websites have technologies tracking people who visit their pages, sometimes upwards of 100 tools per site. One intrusive string of code even recorded users’ keystrokes and transmitted them to a data-gathering firm for analysis. “A digital dossier over time is built up about you by that site or third-party service or data brokers,” says Adam Thierer, senior research fellow at the Mercatus Center’s Technology Policy Program at George Mason University. “They collect these data profiles and utilize them to sell you or market you better services or goods.” This is what powers the free Internet we know and love; users pay nothing or next to nothing for services—and give up pieces of personal information for advertisers in exchange. If you search for a Mini Cooper on one website, you’re likely to see ads elsewhere for lightweight, fuel-efficient cars. Companies robotically categorize users with descriptions such as “urban upscale” to “rural NASCAR” to tailor the advertising experience, says Jim Harper of the libertarian Cato Institute. “They’ll use ZIP codes and census data to figure out what their lifestyle profile is.”
    As a result of these changes, the government’s very concept of privacy has grown ever narrower and more technical. “Too often, privacy has been equated with anonymity; and it’s an idea that is deeply rooted in American culture,” Donald Kerr, the principal deputy director of national intelligence, said in 2007 as Congress was busy debating new rules for government eavesdropping. That’s quickly fading into history, Kerr said. The new version of privacy is defined by enough rules affecting the use of data that Americans’ constitutionally enumerated rights (privacy not among them) will be safe. “Protecting anonymity isn’t a fight that can be won. Anyone that’s typed in their name on Google understands that.” We’ve already given up so much privacy to the government, Kerr said back then, that it can be protected only by “inspectors general, oversight committees, and privacy boards” that have become staples of the intelligence community.
    Clapper seems to be relying on a similar concept. The United States, he said in an interview with NBC, can put all the communications traffic that passes through the country in a massive metaphorical library. Presumably, the “shelves” contain the phone numbers of Americans, the duration of their calls, and their e-mail correspondence. “To me, collection of U.S. persons’ data would mean taking the book off the shelf, opening it up, and reading it,” Clapper said. Instead, the government is “very precise” about which “books” it borrows from the library. “If it is one that belongs or was put in there by an American citizen or a U.S. person, we are under strict court supervision, and have to get permission to actually look at that. So the notion that we’re trolling through everyone’s e-mails and voyeuristically reading them, or listening to everyone’s phone calls, is on its face absurd. We couldn’t do it even if we wanted to, and I assure you, we don’t want to.”
    Critics say the Constitution’s Fourth Amendment, designed to guard against unreasonable searches and seizures, should impede the government’s access to personal data—even if that information is available in the commercial sphere. “If Google has it, that says nothing about whether the government should have it,” says Cato’s Harper. “It’s not reasonable to collect information without probable cause or reasonable suspicion.”
    For most Americans, the reassurance that the government won’t gratuitously pursue them may well be enough. For Snowden and his defenders, it clearly is not. In explaining his daring act, he said he hoped to provoke a national debate about surveillance and secrecy, and added: “The greatest fear that I have regarding the outcome for America of these disclosures is that nothing will change.”
    That fear is likely to be realized. Snowden offered a valuable window into a top-secret world The Washington Post wrote about in great detail three years ago, when it published a series on a clandestine intelligence-industrial complex that “has become so large, so unwieldy, and so secretive that no one knows how much money it costs, how many people it employs, how many programs exist within it, or exactly how many agencies do the same work.” Perhaps the country should thank Snowden for reopening that issue, even as it prosecutes him for what is plainly a violation of his oath of secrecy. But after the thanks are offered, we will probably just get back to business.
    1. Whether Edward Snowden is a “traitor,” as House Speaker John Boehner called him, or a whistle-blower trying to prevent his country’s descent into “turnkey tyranny,” as he claimed in an interview, is simultaneously a legal and a moral question – and the answers may not overlap in this case, legal experts say.
      Christian Science Monitor via Yahoo! News - Jun 14 08:08am
    2. By Matt Miller Edward Snowden was appalled. “They quite literally can watch your ideas form as you type,” the then-anonymous Snowden told reporters as his leaks first emerged. ...
      The Mckeesport Daily News - 11 hours ago

    1. National Journal via Yahoo! News   Jun 15 01:32am
      Is he a hero—the most important whistle-blower in U.S. history, as Pentagon Papers leaker Daniel Ellsberg called him? Or is Edward Snowden a flat-out traitor and a very deluded young man? The 29-year-old contractor at the center of the biggest national security scandal in years is eloquent and impressively intelligent, having risen from high school dropout and security guard at the National ...
    2. Christian Science Monitor via Yahoo! News   Jun 14 08:08am
      Whether Edward Snowden is a “traitor,” as House Speaker John Boehner called him, or a whistle-blower trying to prevent his country’s descent into “turnkey tyranny,” as he claimed in an interview, is simultaneously a legal and a moral question – and the answers may not overlap in this case, legal experts say.
    3. Los Angeles Times   Jun 15 06:49pm
      The self-declared NSA leaker says he has faith in Hong Kong justice at a time when some in the territory say freedoms are being 'stifled.' HONG KONG — It's probably for the best that Edward Snowden didn't turn up at a weekend rally in support of him here in this former British colony. Having declared that he has faith in Hong Kong's rule of law, and that he believes the courts and people of the ...
    4. Tracking Snowden’s reversals of fortune

      Seattle Times   Jun 15 06:07pm
      How Edward Snowden made the leap from underemployed security guard to well-paying CIA employee remains a mystery.
    5. Business Insider via Yahoo! Finance   Jun 15 07:51am
      The American public has known that the NSA has extensive Internet-spying programs since 2000.
    6. Sky News via Yahoo! UK & Ireland News   Jun 15 09:56pm
      A demonstration has taken place outside the US consulate in Hong Kong in support of American whistleblower Edward Snowden who is still believed to be in the region.
    7. The Atlantic Wire via Yahoo! News   Jun 14 08:08am
      Edward Snowden, the NSA leaker who has turned the United States intelligence apparatus upside-down, said that he won't be extradited back home without a fight. That fight won't take him to Britain in the meantime, but it does apparently involve letting the Chinese government know that he has information on the United States "using technical exploits to gain unauthorised access to civilian ...
    8. WKBT La Crosse   Jun 15 01:20pm
      When U.S. citizen Edward Snowden decided to flee to Hong Kong because of its "spirited commitment to free speech and the right of political dissent," he may not have anticipated that some in the city would launch a protest backing him.
    9. Toronto Star   Jun 14 02:49pm
      I don’t like reading about whistleblower Edward Snowden, for the simple reason that information about this young man distracts me from the overwhelming scale of the government surveillance he has described. He did indeed unfold a tale whose lightest word would harrow up the soul, and so on. Finally I understand what Hamlet’s dad was going on about on the ramparts — isn’t it weird that a 16th ...
    10. The Week via Yahoo! News   Jun 14 12:25am
      The NSA leaker reportedly just walked out of work with some of America's big secrets on a thumb drive in his pocket

      1. Who is Edward Snowden?

        Brisbane Times   Jun 14 05:13pm
        Edward Snowden was once a 'cheeky' teenager into video games, anime and girls, who went by the nicknames "The True HOOHA" and "Phish".        
      2. CNN   Jun 15 05:44am
        What do you think of Edward Snowden? By leaking classified documents to the media and revealing that the National Security Agency has been monitoring our phone and Internet usage, is he a traitor or a hero? Could he simply be a narcissist looking to get famous? Or do you not care about either him or the NSA surveillance programs?
      3. CBS News   Jun 15 06:06pm
        Hundreds turned out to rally in support of Edward Snowden in Hong Kong, the city he claims was a target of NSA spying. In a local newspaper, Snowden has alleged that hundreds of NSA hacking operations focused on Hong Kong and mainland China, while a group of Chinese lawmakers demand to know how the U.S. hacked into Chinese computers. Seth Doane reports.
      4. Hong Kong Civic Groups Plan March in Support of Snowden

        Bloomberg   Jun 14 08:37pm
        Hong Kong civic groups will today march in support of Edward Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor who is at risk of extradition from the city after he revealed a secret U.S. surveillance program.
      5. Why Edward Snowden, NSA whistleblower, is more hero than traitor: Burman

        Toronto Star   Jun 15 06:52am
        Daniel Ellsberg, take your leaked Pentagon Papers and step aside. There’s a new gunslinger in town: Edward J. Snowden — former CIA employee, 29 years of age and now whistleblower on the run. Whether Snowden ends up jailed in the U.S., dead in some dumpster overlooking Hong Kong’s harbour, or — even worse — if he winds up as a regular contributor to CNN or Fox News, we will be hearing about him ...
      6. Column: Edward Snowden and the selective targeting of leaks

        Reuters via Yahoo! News   Jun 12 08:30am
        By Jack Shafer (Reuters) - Edward Snowden's expansive disclosures to the Guardian and the Washington Post about various National Security Agency (NSA) surveillance programs have only two corollaries in contemporary history; the classified cache Bradley Manning allegedly released to WikiLeaks a few years ago and Daniel Ellsberg's dissemination of the voluminous Pentagon Papers to the New York ...
      7. CBS News   Jun 14 08:00am
        CBS News' John Miller explains why the U.S. may be facing a long fight to extradite NSA leaker Edward Snowden from Hong Kong, where he is believed to be living
      8. Chicago Tribune   Jun 15 09:19am
        HONG KONG (Reuters) - A few hundred rights advocates and political activists marched through Hong Kong on Saturday to demand protection for Edward Snowden, who leaked revelations of U.S. electronic surveillance and is now believed to be holed up in the former British colony.        
      9. The Washington Times   Jun 14 10:13am
        Edward Snowden did not have enough high-level access at the National Security Agency to obtain the kind of information that would compromise America's place among other nations, House Intelligence Committee members said Thursday. "He was lying," said Chairman Mike Rogers, Breitbart reported. "He clearly has over-inflated his position, he has ...
      10. Reuters via Yahoo! News   Jun 15 10:28am
        By Grace Li and Venus Wu HONG KONG (Reuters) - A few hundred rights advocates and political activists marched through Hong Kong on Saturday to demand protection forEdward Snowden, who leaked revelations of U.S. electronic surveillance and is now believed to be holed up in the former British colony. Marchers gathered outside the U.S. consulate shouting slogans denouncing alleged spying ...

        1. Edward Snowden: Whistle-blowing protections most likely won't help

          The Christian Science Monitor   Jun 14 10:03am
          While Edward Snowden, the former NSA contractor, and others portray him as a heroic whistle-blower, his decision to make top secret documents public severely limits his legal protections, analysts say.
        2. ABC News   Jun 12 12:38pm
          Alleged NSA leaker Edward Snowden claimed today to have evidence that the U.S. government has been hacking into Chinese computer networks since at least 2009 – an effort he said is part of the tens of thousands of hacking operations American cyber spies have launched around the world, according to a Hong Kong newspaper.        
        3. Who is Edward Snowden? Many questions remain.

          The Christian Science Monitor   Jun 12 09:26pm
          In interviews Edward Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor who revealed details of the government's collection of data, has also revealed details about himself. Some question his descriptions and the facts that are known paint an unclear picture of the leaker, currently hiding in Hong Kong. 
        4. Los Angeles Times   Jun 14 06:02pm
          Each carries risk, and analysts say Beijing is playing it savvy by doing nothing right now regarding the man who disclosed the NSA cyber surveillance program. BEIJING — WithEdward Snowden in Hong Kong dribbling out morsels on U.S. cyber surveillance activities to the press, Chinese authorities have several choices for dealing with him.        
        5. Washington Examiner   Jun 15 09:32am
          Hundreds of people marched to the U.S. consulate in Hong Kong on Saturday in support ofEdward Snowden, an American citizen who leaked top-secret information about U.S. surveillance programs.
        6. Guardian Unlimited   Jun 15 06:47am
          Demonstrators call on government to protect NSA whistleblower and attack US over internet spying programmes Hundreds of demonstrators have taken to the streets of Hong Kong despite heavy rain to support the NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden and press the US to change its surveillance policies. The gathering on Saturday came hours before Hong Kong's chief executive, CY Leung, broke days of silence ...
        7. ABC News   Jun 14 09:57am
          NSA leaker Edward Snowden has reached hero status for many Chinese internet users. His Chinese fans on Sina Weibo, China’s version of Twitter, have posted Snowden’s old modelling photos and “Snowden Handsome” is the first result to come back when his last name is entered...        
        8. CNN   Jun 14 06:51am
          China remains tight lipped about NSA leaker Edward Snowden, holed up in Hong Kong, who claims U.S. intel agents have hacked global networks for years.
        9. Agence-France Presse via Yahoo! New Zealand Sport   Jun 15 10:56am
          Hundreds of protesters staged a rally in rain-hit Hong Kong Saturday to urge the city's government not to extradite former spy Edward Snowden, and slam the United States for its surveillance programmes.
        10. Peoria Journal Star   Jun 13 10:05am
          A supporter holds a picture of Edward Snowden, a former CIA employee who leaked top-secret information about U.S. surveillance programs, outside the U.S. Consulate General in Hong Kong Thursday, June 13, 2013. The news of Snowden's whereabouts, revealed by an editor of a local newspaper that interviewed him Wednesday, is the first since he went to ground Monday after checking out of his hotel in ...

          1. Associated Press via Yahoo! News   Jun 14 09:23am
            The British government has warned airlines around the world not to allow EdwardSnowden, who leaked information on top-secret U.S. government surveillance programs, to fly to the United Kingdom. A travel ...
          2. ABC News via Yahoo! News   Jun 14 10:21am
            NSA leaker Edward Snowden has reached hero status for many Chinese internet users. His Chinese fans on Sina Weibo, China’s version of Twitter, have posted Snowden’s old modelling photos and “Snowden Handsome” is the first result to come back when his last name is entered...
          3. Los Angeles Times   Jun 13 10:52am
            WASHINGTON -- Former National Security Agency contract employee Edward Snowdenused a computer thumb drive to smuggle highly classified documents out of an NSA facility in Hawaii, using a portable digital device supposedly barred inside the cyber spying agency, U.S. officials said.        
          4. Denver Post   Jun 14 01:21am
            LONDON—The British government has warned airlines around the world not to allowEdward Snowden, who leaked information on top-secret U.
          5. ABC News via Yahoo! News   Jun 15 01:25pm
            Demonstrators Blew Their Whistles Saying They 'Were All Whistle-Blowers Today'
          6. ABC News   Jun 13 09:56am
            U.S. intelligence officials on the trail of rogue contractor Edward Snowden are now treating the National Security Agency leak case as a possible foreign espionage matter, raising fears that the 29-year-old computer whiz may be attempting to defect to China with a trove of America's most sensitive secrets, according to two U.S. officials.        
          7. The Huffington Post   Jun 14 07:46am
            BANGKOK — The British government has warned airlines around the world not to allowEdward Snowden, who leaked information on top-secret U.S. government surveillance programs, to fly to the United Kingdom.
          8. ABC News   Jun 13 10:07am
            The possibility that NSA leaker Edward Snowden could defect to China – or cooperate in any way with Chinese authorities – is a top concern for U.S. intelligence officials. For the ABC/Yahoo Power Players interview series, I did a “Politics Confidential” interview this morning with a...        
          9. ABC News   Jun 13 01:38pm
            Since he revealed himself as the source of the National Security Agency leaks, little by little, the details of Edward Snowden's life have emerged, providing a picture of a smart kid who dropped out of high school only to embark on his own patchwork college education on his way to working for one of the most shadowy espionage agencies in the world. Here's what we know so far:        
          10. The Washington Times   Jun 13 06:14am
            Edward Snowden, who fled the United States on the heels of releasing sensitive information about National Security Agency surveillance, may now try to present himself as a serious protector of American rights. But go back a few years, and he was — as he touted in a 2002 biographical profile ...

            1. New York Times   Jun 15 08:23am
              Protesters in Hong Kong urged that Edward J. Snowden be allowed to stay in the city without being turned over to the United States.
            2. Daily Telegraph   Jun 12 12:33pm
              Edward Snowden, the whistleblowing former CIA employee, on Wednesday night vowed to fight any attempt to extradite him from Hong Kong and said he would use the city as a base to reveal more "criminality".        
            3. Edward Snowden: Don't fly NSA whistleblower to UK, airlines told

              Guardian Unlimited   Jun 14 10:52am
              British government issues travel alert to airlines around the world saying Snowden likely to be refused entry to UK The British government is reported to have warned airlines around the world not to allow the National Security Agency whistleblower EdwardSnowden to fly to the UK. A travel alert, dated Monday 10 June on a Home Office letterhead, said carriers should not allow Snowden to board ...
            4. Portland Press Herald   Jun 14 05:15am
              Edward Snowden, an American citizen, has yet to be charged with any crime and no warrants have been issued for his arrest.
            5. The Atlantic via Yahoo! Finance   Jun 10 05:08pm
              Photos of Edward Snowden printed on the front page of Hong Kong newspapers. ( Reuters ) No matter how you feel about Edward Snowden's decision to dish on the government's spying habits, there's at least ...
            6. Peoria Journal Star   Jun 14 11:35am
              The British government has warned airlines around the world not to allow EdwardSnowden, who leaked information on top-secret U.S. government surveillance programs, to fly to the United Kingdom.
            7. Associated Press via Yahoo! News   Jun 14 09:23am
              LONDON (AP) — The British government has warned airlines around the world not to allowEdward Snowden, who leaked information on top-secret U.S. government surveillance programs, to fly to the United Kingdom.
            8. VOA News   1 hour, 2 minutes ago
              Hundreds of people rallied in Hong Kong Saturday in support of former U.S. government contractor Edward Snowden, who fled to the semi-autonomous Chinese city last month after confessing to leaking documents on two top secret U.S. surveillance programs. To many, the case raises questions about Snowden’s choice of Hong Kong as a haven as he fights an expected legal battle against extradition, and ...
            9. The Lookout via Yahoo! News   Jun 11 12:04pm
              Edward Snowden, the former defense contractor who blew the whistle on the National Security Agency's massive domestic surveillance program, is being hailed as a hero by many for exposing the government's controversial spy operations. "Edward Snowden is a national hero and should be immediately issued a full, free, and absolute pardon for any crimes he [...]
            10. Toronto Star   Jun 14 07:01am
              BANGKOK—The British government has warned airlines around the world not to allowEdward Snowden, who leaked information on top-secret U.S. government surveillance programs, to fly to the United Kingdom. A travel alert, dated Monday on a Home Office letterhead, said carriers should deny Snowden boarding because “the individual is highly likely to be refused entry to the UK.” The Associated Press ...

              1. Minneapolis-St. Paul Star Tribune   Jun 15 08:25am
                FORT MEADE, Md. — In the suburbs edged by woods midway between Baltimore and the nation's capital, residents long joked that the government spy shop next door was so ultra-secretive its initials stood for "No Such Agency."
              2. Los Angeles Times   Jun 15 11:15pm
                Previous employees have said that the cyber-spying agency is tracking Americans' communications. Intelligence officials maintain that is not the case. WASHINGTON — Mathematician William Binney worked for the National Security Agency for four decades, and in the late 1990s he helped design a system to sort through the digital data the agency was sucking up in the exploding universe of bits and ...
              3. Daily Telegraph   Jun 13 10:58am
                Edward Snowden, the former CIA analyst who admitted exposing secret US surveillance programmes, harmed national security, the FBI director has said, adding that the US government are taking "all necessary steps" to prosecute him.        
              4. The Atlantic Wire via Yahoo! News   Jun 13 11:58am
                Investigators have figured out that Edward Snowden took classified documents from the National Security Agency with a thumb drive — which means they "know how many documents he downloaded and what server he took them from," an official told the Los Angeles Times' Ken Dilanian. But they still don't know how Snowden got the secret court order compelling Verizon to give three months of metadata on ...
              5. Associated Press via Yahoo!7 News   Jun 15 03:05pm
                In the suburbs edged by woods midway between Baltimore and the nation's capital, residents long joked that the government spy shop next door was so ultra-secretive its initials stood for "No Such Agency." But when Edward Snowden grew up here, the National Security Agency's looming presence was both a very visible and accepted part of everyday life.
              6. Denver Post   Jun 15 12:35am
                The British government has warned airlines around the world not to allow EdwardSnowden, who leaked information on top-secret U.S. government surveillance programs, to fly to the United Kingdom.
              7. Independent   Jun 14 04:29am
                The ex-CIA employee and whistleblower Edward Snowden posted hundreds of messages on a public internet forum railing against citizen surveillance and corporate greed, it was revealed today. Related Stories Syria civil war: US will arm moderate rebels, says Barack Obama, confirming use of chemical weapons by President Bashar al-Assad's regime Rupert Murdoch's media empire thrown into doubt as he ...
              8. Toronto Star   Jun 11 05:43am
                HONG KONG—Edward Snowden, the former CIA employee who leaked top-secret documents about U.S. surveillance programs, has been fired from his job. Booz Allen Hamilton said Tuesday that Snowden “was terminated for violations of the firm’s code of ethics.” Snowden had worked for Booz Allen for less than three months and earned $122,000 a year, the company said. It posted his job, that of a systems ...
              9. Snowden may be working with China, lawmakers say

                UPI   Jun 14 01:18am
                WASHINGTON, June 14 (UPI) -- Rogue ex-contractor Edward Snowden may be cooperating with the Chinese government, U.S. lawmakers briefed on National Security Agency surveillance programs say.
              10. The New Zealand Herald   Jun 13 10:50am
                Edward Snowden, the whistleblowing former CIA and NSA employee, says that the United States has mounted massive hacking operations against hundreds of Chinese targets in the past four years.Snowden vowed to fight any attempt to...

                1. CNBC   Jun 16 01:31am
                  Rights advocates and political activists marched through Hong Kong on Saturday to demand protection for Edward Snowden.
                2. CBC.ca   Jun 13 05:57am
                  Edward Snowden tells the South China Morning Post that the U.S. has long been attacking a Hong Kong university that routes all Internet traffic in and out of the semiautonomous Chinese region.
                3. The Atlantic Wire via Yahoo! News   Jun 11 09:10am
                  There is a lot of fan fiction swirling around right now about Edward Snowden, the man who leaked the NSA's programs to collect all phone calls and all email. The NSA's surveillance programs, even if you wholeheartedly support them, are the more important story since it reveals that the government has computing power so awesome that it borders on sci-fi. But pundits prefer the personal and since ...
                4. Edward Snowden: Who is he, and what kind of life is he leaving behind?

                  Christian Science Monitor via Yahoo! News   Jun 11 02:58pm
                  In the interest of revealing what he saw as the privacy violations of millions of Americans by their own government, Edward Snowden, 29, has likely forfeited his future at an age when most young adults are still shaping the arc of their lives.
                5. The Atlantic Wire via Yahoo! News   Jun 10 09:55am
                  Edward Snowden is the most sought-after leaker of national security secrets in the world right now — maybe ever — except that, well, it appears that nobody has any idea where on earth he actually is. The 29-year-old former Booz Allen defense contractor working with the National Security Agency, reportedly in Hong Kong and trying to get out, has gone AWOL, and the chase is on, for sleuths both ...
                6. CNN   Jun 10 05:27pm
                  Edward Snowden, the former technical assistant for the CIA who has leaked details of a top-secret American program, has checked out of a Hong Kong hotel where he was holed up for three weeks.
                7. Boston Globe   Jun 15 08:15am
                  FORT MEADE, Md. (AP) — In the suburbs edged by woods midway between Baltimore and the nation's capital, residents long joked that the government spy shop next door was so ultra-secretive its initials stood for "No Such Agency." But when Edward Snowden grew up here, the National Security Agency's looming presence was both a very visible and accepted part of everyday life.        
                8. Quartz via Yahoo! Finance   Jun 10 04:00pm
                  For anyone wondering how a disgruntled and relatively junior official like Edward Snowdencould gain access to some of the US government’s most treasured secrets and leak them, the answer comes down to ...
                9. consortiumnews.com   Jun 13 06:58am
                  The mainstream media’s assault on Edward Snowden’s character has begun, with columns in outlets like the Washington Post and The New Yorker calling him “narcissistic” and reckless.
                10. Los Angeles Times   Jun 12 08:48pm
                  The former U.S. government contractor who says he leaked NSA secrets is planning 'to ask the courts and people of Hong Kong to decide' his fate. BEIJING — Edward Snowden, the former U.S. government contractor who says he leaked National Security Agency secrets, told Hong Kong media Wednesday that he intended to remain in the self-ruled Chinese territory and fight extradition to the United States.

                  1. Edward Snowden, NSA leaker, says he’ll fight extradition to the U.S.

                    TheCelebrityCafe.com   Jun 12 12:49pm
                    Edward Snowden, the man who leaked the information on the National Security Agency’s surveillance programs, is still holed up in Hong Kong and he plans to fight extradition to the U.S. in court. read more
                  2. Hong Kong Groups Plan Protest to Support Edward Snowden

                    Bloomberg   Jun 12 09:30pm
                    Hong Kong civic groups will march in support of Edward Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor who disclosed a U.S. surveillance program and said he will fight any attempt to extradite him.
                  3. CBS News   Jun 14 02:05am
                    AP: London warns carriers in travel alert to bar NSA leaker from boarding because he's highly likely to be kept out of Britain
                  4. Business Insider   Jun 14 03:22am
                    WASHINGTON (Reuters) - While working for U.S. intelligence agencies, Edward Snowdenhad another secret identity: an online commentator who anonymously railed against citizen surveillance and corporate greed.
                  5. Quartz via Yahoo! Finance   Jun 13 11:57am
                    Chinese officials haven’t officially commented on the Edward Snowden case and the US’s PRISM spying program, but inside China, state media are making the most of it. China’s foreign ministry has been careful ...
                  6. Independent   Jun 14 07:36am
                    The ex-CIA employee and whistleblower Edward Snowden posted hundreds of messages on a public internet forum railing against citizen surveillance and corporate greed, it was revealed today. Related Stories Edward Snowden posted comments attacking citizen surveillance while working for CIA Syria civil war: US will arm moderate rebels, says Barack Obama, confirming use of chemical weapons by ...
                  7. Daily Telegraph   Jun 12 07:34am
                    Edward Snowden, the whistleblowing former CIA employee, has spoken out for the first time since vanishing from his Hong Kong hideout on Monday, vowing to fight extradition to the US and to continue his battle to expose "criminality".        
                  8. Washington Post   Jun 15 03:24pm
                    “I wouldn’t want God himself to know where I’ve been,” the former NSA contractor wrote online in 2003.
                  9. Takepart.com via Yahoo! News   Jun 11 04:37pm
                    Edward Snowden was employed by an intelligence firm working for the National Security Agency (NSA) and disclosed documents about a secret program that he reasonably believed violated the law. His revelations are performing a vital public service. As a nation, we are now entering into a more informed national debate about what sacrifices Americans are willing to make to enhance their actual ...
                  10. National Journal via Yahoo! News   Jun 12 08:32am
                    National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden is contributing to Chinese complaints that the United States is engaged in acts of cyberespionage against Beijing.

                    1. Deseret News   Jun 13 05:49am
                      NSA leaker Edward Snowden says the NSA's 61,000 hacking targets include Hong Kong and mainland China
                    2. Los Angeles Times   Jun 13 04:59am
                      BEIJING -- Officially, the Chinese government has nothing at all to say about EdwardSnowden.        
                    3. The Malaysian Insider   Jun 14 06:54am
                      SAN FRANCISCO, June 13 – Long before Edward Snowden became known worldwide as the National Security Agency contractor who exposed top-secret US government surveillance programs, he worked for a Japanese anime company run by friends and went by the nicknames “The True HOOHA” and “Phish”. In 2002, he was 18 years old, a high school dropout, and his ...        
                    4. Guardian Unlimited   Jun 12 10:49am
                      NSA whistleblower says he is not in Hong Kong to 'hide from justice' and alleges US hacked hundreds of targets in China The NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden vowed on Wednesday to fight any move by the US to have him extradited from Hong Kong, saying he was not there to "hide from justice" and would put his trust in its legal system. In his first comments since revealing his identity in the ...
                    5. The Hindu   Jun 15 03:11am
                      Edward Snowden, the whistleblower who disclosed America’s secret surveillance programme, may have been working with the Chinese Government to reveal intelligence secrets, a US lawmaker has alleged...
                    6. Christian Science Monitor via Yahoo! News   Jun 10 11:47am
                      The person who leaked classified US documents on sweeping surveillance programs to the press has now leaked his own identity. Edward Snowden, a young computer system professional for a National Security Agency contractor, revealed on Sunday that he provided information on two NSA programs to The Guardian and Washington Post newspapers. He said his motive was to expose the extent of US electronic ...
                    7. Bloomberg   Jun 15 11:05pm
                      Hong Kong residents would oppose any demand for extradition of Edward Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor who fled to the city after exposing a U.S. surveillance program, according to a poll published today.
                    8. International Herald Tribune   Jun 15 05:27am
                      People called on the American government to allow Edward J. Snowden, who is accused of leaking documents about surveillance programs, remain in Hong Kong.
                    9. Edward Snowden currently in hiding in Hong Kong

                      WJXT Jacksonville   Jun 12 12:09pm
                      U.S. intelligence agents have been hacking computer networks around the world for years, apparently targeting fat data pipes that push immense amounts of data around the Internet, NSA leaker Edward Snowden claimed Wednesday to the South China Morning Post newspaper.
                    10. The Saratogian   Jun 13 11:21am
                      Edward Snowden soon will be prosecuted by federal authorities for disclosing top secret Government surveillance programs. While he styles himself a whistleblower, he is really something far more radical: He represents a new — and in my view, welcome — version of civil disobedience. He’s the calm before the storm.

                      1. Los Angeles Times   Jun 13 09:58pm
                        He used a simple thumb drive to transfer information from the National Security Agency. In 1945, a tissue box was used to sneak files to the Soviets. WHITMORE VILLAGE, Hawaii — Sure, Edward Snowden just used a simple thumb drive to smuggle classified information out of the National Security Agency.        
                      2. New York Post   Jun 15 09:59pm
                        The feds are investigating a report that former National Security Agency employee EdwardSnowden is turning over classified data to the Chinese, according to The Sunday Times of London. Snowden, 29, is in Hong Kong and has said he would not jeopardize US interests. But the South China Morning Post...
                      3. Baltimore Sun   Jun 15 06:11am
                        HONG KONG (Reuters) - A few hundred rights advocates and political activists marched through Hong Kong on Saturday to demand protection for Edward Snowden, who leaked revelations of U.S. electronic surveillance and is now believed to be holed up in the former British colony.
                      4. The Christian Science Monitor   Jun 10 04:10pm
                        Edward Snowden and his decision to speak out as the leaker of classified national security documents have deflected attention from President Obama. The political odd couples defending and opposing the programs also insulate the president.
                      5. Christian Science Monitor via Yahoo! News   Jun 10 05:48am
                        Edward Snowden, the man who leaked NSA secrets to The Guardian newspaper, has chosen either luckily or on extremely good advice by seeking refuge in Hong Kong from possible prosecution.
                      6. Stuff   Jun 15 10:18pm
                        A few hundred rights advocates and political activists marched through Hong Kong to demand protection for Edward Snowden, who leaked revelations of US electronic surveillance and is now believed to be holed up in the former British colony.
                      7. National Post   Jun 12 07:31am
                        Edward Snowden was nowhere to be found Wednesday, despite being the central figure in the biggest news story in the world
                      8. CNN   Jun 15 06:46am
                        Unable to contact friends or risk being recognized, few can know the fear NSA leakerEdward Snowden has. But Christopher Boyce can.
                      9. Reuters via Yahoo! News   Jun 13 06:56pm
                        By John Shiffman, Mark Hosenball and Kristina Cooke WASHINGTON (Reuters) - While working for U.S. intelligence agencies, Edward Snowden had another secret identity: an online commentator who anonymously railed against citizen surveillance and corporate greed. Throughout the eight years that Snowden worked for the Central Intelligence Agency and National Security Agency contractors, he posted ...
                      10. BusinessWeek   Jun 10 10:23am
                        Where in Hong Kong is Edward Snowden? We know from the Guardian that the 29-year-old former CIA employee is somewhere in the former British colony. From what he said in the interview , Snowden seems to be staying in a nice hotel on the Hong Kong side of Victoria Harbor.

                        1. BusinessWeek   Jun 10 10:23am
                          Where in Hong Kong is Edward Snowden? We know from the Guardian that the 29-year-old former CIA employee is somewhere in the former British colony. From what he said in the interview , Snowden seems to be staying in a nice hotel on the Hong Kong side of Victoria Harbor.
                        2. The Huffington Post   Jun 12 08:32pm
                          By Mark Hosenball WASHINGTON, June 12 (Reuters) - U.S. government investigators began an urgent search for Edward Snowden several days before the first media reports were published on the government's secret surveillance programs, people familiar with the matter said on Wednesday.
                        3. Adelaide Now   Jun 14 11:50am
                          THE British government has warned airlines around the world not to allow NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden to fly to the United Kingdom.
                        4. Opposing Views   Jun 12 03:55pm
                          Edward Snowden, the whistleblower who previously exposed the National Security Agency's (NSA) spying on U.S. citizens via phones and the web, dropped another bombshell today. Now, Snowden claims that the U.S. government has been hacking into computers in Hong Kong and China since 2009. Snowden gave an interview to the South China Morning Post in a secret location that was not disclosed ...
                        5. Daily Telegraph   Jun 15 07:12am
                          Hero or traitor? That's the debate raging across America over Ed Snowden, the 29-year old NSA consultant-turned-leaker now holed up somewhere in Hong Kong, writes John Avlon.        
                        6. Q13 FOX Seattle   Jun 13 12:42pm
                          By Ken Dilanian, Los Angeles Times WASHINGTON — Former National Security Agency contract employee Edward Snowden used a computer thumb drive to smuggle highly classified documents out of an NSA facility in Hawaii, using a portable digital device supposedly barred …
                        7. The Christian Science Monitor   Jun 10 02:10pm
                          Edward Snowden and his decision to speak out as the leaker of classified national security documents have deflected attention from President Obama. The political odd couples defending and opposing the programs also insulate the president.
                        8. Los Angeles Times   Jun 11 10:03am
                          WASHINGTON – Consulting giant Booz Allen Hamilton said Tuesday that it had firedEdward Snowden “for violations of the firm’s code of ethics and firm policy” after the 29-year-old admitted he leaked secrets of the U.S. government’s surveillance programs to the news media.        
                        9. Forbes   Jun 10 09:22am
                          Edward Snowden yesterday revealed himself as the whistleblower behind the now infamous NSA leaks. Snowden, a former worker at the CIA and most recently an employee of private contractor Booz Allen, has worked on NSA related projects for the past four years. Amongst the statements made by Snowden, and at least partially supported by the leaked documents, is the claim the US government has ...

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     -  The Biggest Secret - by David Icke
     -  The Great Red Dragon - London Money Power - by L.B. Woolfolk
     -  The Rise of The House of Rothschild  - by Count Egon Caesar Corti
     -  The Rothschild Dynasty  - by John Coleman
     -  Tragedy And Hope  - by Carroll Quigley

     -  David de Rothschild y El Fraude del Calentamiento Global - Debunking David De Rothschild and The Global Warming Hoax
     -  Revelations of A Mother Goddess - David Icke 2006
     -  Ring of Power - The Empire of "The City" - World Superstate

    Related Reports
     -  Masons and Knights Templar - Main File
     -  The Federal Reserve Bank - Main File
     -  The Illuminati - Main File
    The image on The right, reproduces The outline of The eagle from The red shield, The coat of arms of The city of Frankfurt, Germany, adapted by Mayer Amschel Bauer (1744-1812) who changed his name from Bauer to Rothschild ("Red Shield").
    Rothschild added five golden arrows held in The eagle’s talons, signifying his five sons who operated The five banking houses of The international House of Rothschild:
    • Frankfurt
    • London
    • Paris
    • Vienna
    • Naples

    The New World Order
     -  Beyond Conspiracy Theory - SCADs - Patterns of High Crimes in American Government
     -  Bush's New World Order - The Meaning Behind The Words
     -  El Falso Terror - El Camino a La Dictadura
     -  False Flag Operations - Main File
     -  From Democracy to Plutocracy - The United States of Corporate America
     -  Global Militarism - Main File
     -  House of Theosophy Seminar - Reveals Plans For Last Stages Of New World Order
     -  New World Order in Their Own Words - Quotations From The Final Solutionists of The New World Order
     -  New World Order - The Final Solution - Humanty's Greatest Challenge - Fear or Love
     -  Peaceful Revolution - Push Back, Refuse, Non-Cooperation
     -  Phil Schneider vs. The New World Order - from "The Dulce Book"
     -  Sarkozy Booted in France in Favor of Socialist Leader - What is Socialism and What Does It Mean for the New World Order?
     -  The Coming World Government - The Global Elite
     -  The Committee of 300 - Main File
     -  The House of Rothschild - Main File
     -  The New World Order - from George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography
     -  The North America Union - Main File
     -  The Order of Skull & Bones - Main File
     -  The Rise of The Fourth Reich in America - Project Camelot Interviews Jim Marrs
     -  Two Faces of The Same Coin - Las Dos Caras de La Misma Moneda - Obama-McCain Pres. Candidates of Global Elite
     -  'War on Terror' - Main File
     -  Who Really Runs The World - An overview of what's behind the "New World Order"…

     -  33 Conspiracy Theories That Turned Out To Be True - What Every Person Should Know...
     -  Activists Go Face To Face With Evil As Rockefeller Confronted - 'We Are Change' Group Ask Arch-Elitist Why...
     -  American Laws Most Americans Don't Know! - But Should Know!
     -  An Octopus Named Wackenhut - Main File
     -  Beyond The Arab Spring, The European Winter - Hungary Becomes Third European State to Suspend Democracy
     -  Blackwater - War Mercenaries Inc. - The Privatization of War - Main File
     -  Bohemian Grove - Main File
     -  Bush Senior and Jeb Commanded to Sign Off In White House - It Took Them Ten Days to Fix Up a Photo-Op to...
     -  Conspiracy Theories - White Paper by Cass R. Sunstein
     -  Creating the "Domestic Surveillance State" - How America's Wars Are Systematically Destroying Our Liberties
     -  Dioses de Un Nuevo Orden Mundial - de 'Los Dioses del Nuevo Milenio'
     -  El Colapso de La Economía Estadounidense - Apocalípticas Predicciones Para USA
     -  El Fin Del Capitalismo - Según Wallerstein
     -  El Jaque Mate - Informaciones Para Materializar Un Mundo Nuevo
     -  El Proyecto Matriz - Presentacion Multimedia
     -  El Sistema Se Autodestruye - Señales del Apocalipsis
     -  El Sol Satánico - Lucifer 2000
     -  EndGame - JuegoFinal - Main File
     -  EndGame of The New World Order - The Revealing
     -  Engañando al Mundo Con Fotografías - Los Muertos en Georgia y Osetia
     -  EUROPOL
     -  Global Gridlock - How the US Military-Industrial Complex Seeks to Contain and Control the Earth and Its Eco-System
     -  Gods of A New World Order - from 'Gods of The New Millennium'
     -  Guerra Climática - Las Armas del Gobierno Mundial
     -  Guerra Fría Psicológica - Las Ciencias de La Dominación Mundial
     -  Guerra y Mentira - El Control Político y Militar De Nuestras Sociedades
     -  How To Run The World - Mega-Diplomacy - The New World Order
     - ¿Increible?... No Tanto... - Administracion Bush Financia Programa Nuclear de Iran
     -  In Effect, There Is Virtually No Candidate - The 2008 U.S. Elections
     -  Influenza - Virus H1N1 - Unintentional Contamination or Bioterrorism? - Main File
     -  Ingenieros del Shock - Investigación y Desarrollo
     -  Initiation Into The Incunabula - The Occult Technology of Power
     -  Interview With Putin... Banned - Read It Here!
     -  Is The World Too Big to Fail? - The Contours of Global Order
     -  Joint Statement on Wikileaks - UN and IACHR
     -  La City de Londres y la Sociedad Fabiana - Historia y Planes Actuales
     -  La Misión Anglosajona - La Tercera Guerra Mundial y El Legado del Nuevo Mundo
     -  La Primera Prueba del Shock - Dolores de Parto
     -  Law Suit Against 4 US Presidents and 4 UK Prime Ministers - For War Crimes, Crimes Against Humanity and Genocide...
     -  Leaked North Korean Documentary ‘Exposes Western Propaganda - And It’s Scary How True It Is
     -  Lucis (Lucifer) Trust - Main File
     -  Manipulating Matter - The Scientific Dictatorship as A Project in The Reconfiguration of Reality
     -  May 1995 Lecture given by Phil Schneider - about secret underground bases, the Greys, the New World...
     -  NASCO - Ron Paul Is "Confused" About NAFTA Superhighway - Road giants Use Semantics to Whitewash Lynchpin of...
     -  NWO Global Economic Dictatorship Exposed - The Trillion-Dollar Lawsuit That Could End Financial Tyranny - Ben. Fulford Interview
     -  Obama's War - Why is The Largest Military Machine on The Planet Unable to Defeat The Resistance in Afghanistan
     -  Old Religious Hegemony, NWO - Jesus to the Palestinians: "Love One Another" / God to the Jews: "Get Rid of the Arabs"
     -  Patriot Act - H.R. 3162 - Received October 24, 2001
     -  Police Brutality in The USA - Americans Too Are Oppressed
     -  Putin's Winning Hand - Once The Atlantic Alliance is Shattered, America's Lifeline to The World is Kaput
     -  Sensitivity International - Network for World Control
     -  Sí Es Posible Otro Mundo - Con Formas Diferentes de Gobernar y Ser Gobernados - CRÓNICA Desde Venezuela
     -  Spies For Hire - Who's Who in Intelligence Contactors
     -  State Terrorism and The New World Order - "Man's Stupidity Has No Bounds"
     -  Supplanting The United States Constitution - War, National Emergency and "Continuity of Government"
     -  The 9-11 Events - Main File
     -  The Anglo-Saxon Mission - The Third World War and The Inheritance of the New World
     -  The Anglo Saxon Mission - The Timeline - Letter from a Whistleblower…
     -  The Big Picture Behind North American Integration - Elites Plan For Regional Rule Under One-World Government
     -  The Bilderbergers and The New World Disorder - Lawmakers Finally Get Earful About Global Government
     -  The Demon-cratic Cryptocracy "Puppet Show" Book - How the New World Order Cult Communicates & Operates
     -  The Final Destruction of The Middle Class - The Great 2008 Transfer of Wealth
     -  The Financial New World Order - Towards a Global Currency and World Government
     -  The First Bricks in A New World Order - Gordon Brown Speech at G-20, 2009
     -  The First Earth Battalion - Dare to Think the Unthinkable, Ideas and Ideals for Soldiers Everywhere
     -  The Georgia Guidestones - Main File
     -  The Master File - "Rebellion in Heaven" unto Present and Future Time - Revelation of Awareness - P.Shockley as Interpreter
     -  The Microwave RFID Panopticon - Corp-State Lifetime Monitoring, Health/Civil Implications
     -  The New Age Movement - Main File
     -  The Plan to Disappear Canada - 'Deep integration' Comes Out of The Shadows
     -  The Satanic Sun - Lucifer 2000
     -  The Story Behind "Changing Images of Man" - Scientists On Acid
     -  The Vulnerability of Elites - Geopolitical Risk in 2013
     -  The World-Rule Conspiracy - The Destruction of Your Nation
     -  Top UN-Secret - What Would Happen if A Society of Counterfeiters Ruled The World?
     -  Transmission About The New World Order - Cathy O'Brien, MKULTRA, Project Monarch, and more...
     -  True Stories of Violation - Border Patrol (100 Miles From The Border)
     -  U.S. Government Spy Program - Main Core, PROMIS and The Shadow Government
     -  U.S. Sponsored "Democracy" in Colombia - Political Assassinations, Poverty and Neoliberalism
     -  Viajeros del Tiempo - Nazi Jehovitas - Una Historia Corta
     -  Vuelve La Era de Los Politburós - Comité Central
     -  Who Runs America? The CFR and Private Bankers - Hillary Clinton Speaks to The Rockefeller Founded CFR About  'American...'
     -  Whose War? - A Neoconservative Clique Seeks to Ensnare Our Country In A Series of Wars That Are Not in America's Int...
     -  Why Was President Obama Gifted The Nobel Peace Prize? - The Answer to The Burning Question Du Jour
     -  Zeitgeist - Main File

     -  An Imperial Strategy For a New World Order - The Origins of World War III
     - "Casino Jack and The United States of Money" - A Look at Corporate Money and Politics - DemocracyNow! Interview
     -  Counterinsurgency - A U.S. Army Field Manual
     -  Empire's Double Edged Sword - Global Military + NGOs - Tearing Down SovereignNations & Replacing Them With Global System...
     -  If The U.S. Loses Syria, The US Loses Its Empire - U.S. Threatens Russia, China for Not Supporting Campaign of Terror in Syria
     -  Il Vento dell'Est Temuto dagli USA - L'Arte Della Guerra
     -  Washington Teme al Viento del Oriente - El Arte de La Guerra
     -  Invisible Empire - A New World Order Defined

     -  Global Warfare USA - The World is The Pentagon's Oyster - US Military Operations in All Major Regions of The World
     -  Project for The New American Century (PNAC) - All About Them
     -  Rebuilding America's Defenses - Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century
     -  The Enemy-Industrial Complex - How to Turn a World Lacking in Enemies into The Most Threatening Place in The Universe
     -  El Nuevo Siglo Americano - Un Film de Massimo Mazzucco
     -  Il Nuovo Secolo Americano - Un Film di Massimo Mazzucco

     -  New World Order Blueprint Leaked - The Trans-Pacific Partnership
     -  Obama Administration Pushing a Secretive Trade Agreement - Leaked Trade Doc Shows Obama Wants to Help Corporations...
     -  Secretive Trans-Pacific Partnership  Talks Re-Commence in Lima, Peru - They Can Shut Us Out, But They Can’t Shut Us Up
     -  The Trans-Pacific Partnership’s “Global Economic Coup- Secret Negotiations Behind Closed Doors

     -  1984 - by George Orwell (Eric Blair)
     -  1984 - Español - por George Orwell
     -  America's Secret Establishment - by Antony Sutton
     -  America's Subversion - The Enemy Within - New World Order, Illuminati's One World Government - by Sonny René Stermole
     -  America's "War on Terrorism" - by Michel Chossudovsky
     -  Animal Farm - by George Orwell
     -  Behold a Pale Horse - by Milton William Cooper
     -  Brave New World - by Aldous Huxley
     -  Brave New World Revisited - by Aldous Huxley
     -  Changing Images 2000 - Integral Approaches to Re-Imagining and Re-Making Ourselves and the World - by Thomas J. Hurley
     -  Changing Images of Man - by Joseph Cambell, Duane Elgin, Willis Harman, Arthur Hastings, O. W. Markley, Floyd Matson ...
     -  Los Dossier del Gobierno Mundial - La Trama Oculta para Dominar a la Humanidad - por Anne Givaudan
     -  El Nuevo Orden Mundial - Génesis y Desarrollo del Capitalismo Moderno - por Martín Lozano
     -  Global Tyranny... Step by Step - The United Nations and the Emerging New World Order - by William F. Jasper
     -  Hitler Ganó La Guerra - por Walter Graziano
     -  Hitler Ha Vinto La Guerra - De Globalizzazione e Bugie - da Walter Graziano
     -  La Exteriorización De La Jerarquía - por Djwhal Khul a traves de Alice A. Bailey
     -  La Granja de Los Animales - por George Orwell
     -  Los Dossier del Gobierno Mundial - La Trama Oculta para Dominar a la Humanidad - por Anne Givaudan
     -  Matrix of Power - How The World Has Been Controlled By Powerful People Without Your Knowledge - by Jordan Maxwell
     -  Nadie Se Atreve A Llamarle Conspiración - por Gary Allen y Larry Abraham
     -  None Dare Call It Conspiracy - by Gary Allen and Larry Abraham
     -  Order Out of Chaos - Elite Sponsored Terrorism and the New World Order - by Paul Joseph Watson
     -  Politics and The English Language - by George Orwell (Eric Blair)
     -  Razones de Estado - por Chester Swann
     -  Rule by Secrecy - by Jim Marrs
     -  The Anglo-American Establishment - by Carroll Quigley
     -  The Externalization of The Hierarchy - by Djwhal Khul through Alice A. Bailey
     -  The Impact of Science on Society - by Bertrand Russell
     -  The Last Circle - by Carol Marshall
     -  The New World Order - by H.G. Wells
     -  The Open Conspiracy - by H.G. Wells
     -  The Police State Road Map - by Michael Nield
     -  The Secret Destiny of America - by Manly P. Hall
     -  The Secret Side of History - Mystery Babylon and The New World Order - by Dee Zahner
     -  The Shape of Things to Come - by H.G. Wells
     -  The Thousand-Year Conspiracy - Secret Germany Behind the Mask - by Paul Winkler
     -  The World Order - A Study in the Hegemony of Parasitism - by Eustace Mullins
     -  World Brain - by H.G. Wells

     -  9-11 Octopus - New World Order
     -  Adiós a Las Libertades - Taking Liberties (Since 1997)
     -  Agenda "Esoterica" - Esoteric Agenda
     -  A Jewish Defector Warns America - Benjamin Freedman Speech 1961 - An Alternate Look at WW-1 and WW-2
     -  A Political Road Movie - 'South of The Border'
     -  Aquarius - La Era del Mal - ¿Un Análisis Religioso o Propaganda Religiosa?
     -  Aquarius - The Age of Evil - A Religious Analysis or Religious Propaganda?
     -  Cimática - La Continuation de Agenda Esotérica
     -  Destrozando La Democracia - Hacking Democracy
     -  El Fin de Los Estados Unidos - Naomi Wolf
     -  El Llamado - The Calling
     -  El Proyecto Matriz #124 - Miguel Rx - El Nuevo Orden Mundial y Tú
     -  El Proyecto Matriz - Presentacion Multimedia
     -  Endgame - Blueprint for Global Enslavement - with Alex Jones - Subtitulos en Español
     -  Europe in 'The Net"...  - Scandalous and Terrifying - New World Order Propaganda
     -  Eustace Mullins Tells It Like It Is - About The New World Order
     -  Fall of The Republic - The Presidency of Barack H. Obama
     -  Freedom of Speech - Stories From The Edge of Free Speech